Cologne/Bonn Airport station

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Köln/Bonn Flughafen S-Bahn-Logo.svg
Operations
Category 3[1]
Type Through station
Platforms in use 4
DS100 code KFKB[2]
Station code 4762
Construction and location
Opened 12 June 2004
Location Porz
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
50°52′44″N 7°7′10″E / 50.87889°N 7.11944°E / 50.87889; 7.11944Coordinates: 50°52′44″N 7°7′10″E / 50.87889°N 7.11944°E / 50.87889; 7.11944
Waldstraße 247
51147 Köln[3]
Route information
List of railway stations in North Rhine-Westphalia
Terminal 2 with glass roof of the station hall
ICE 2 in station
Track plan of the airport loop with its connections to the high-speed line

Cologne/Bonn Airport station is a station at Cologne/Bonn Airport in the German state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It was built as part of the Cologne-Frankfurt high-speed railway and opened in June 2004 on an approximately 15 kilometre-long airport loop. It is served by Intercity-Express (ICE), Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn and regional services.[4]

The Cologne/Bonn airport was the third German airport to have a connection to the ICE network after Frankfurt Airport and Düsseldorf Airport.

The approximately 420 m-long and 40 m-wide underground station is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 3 station.[1] The four platform tracks are located 18 m below the surface.[5]

In 2002, the projected construction cost of the station stood at €58.3 million.[6] It was funded by the federal government, the state of North Rhine-Westphalia and the Cologne/Bonn Airport. In total, the federal government contributed approximately €255 million to the construction costs of the airport loop and station.[7]

Infrastructure[edit]

The station has two island platforms, each bordered by two tracks, between concrete walls under an arched glass roof. A large glass-walled staircase in the middle of the platforms is used to change of platform and leads to one of the emergency exits. Escalators and lifts from the platform lead to the basement of terminal 2. The difference in height between rail and platform edge on the outer tracks is 76 cm. The central tracks are laid a little lower, so that their platforms are 96 cm high above the rail. The high S-Bahn sets stop at the low platforms, which cannot be avoided for operational reasons.

The two island platforms are 405 m long[8] and 9.4 m wide.[6]

Crossovers at the north end of the station allow trains to change tracks between the two main platform tracks, allowing ICE services from the north to terminate and reverse, but there are no crossovers at the south end.

The station, which is located in the area between the two airport terminals, is spanned over a length of 156 m with a 36 m-wide steel and glass roof.[5][9] The 540 tonne roof covers an area of 6,100 square metres.[10]

In June 2007, a two-story connecting building was built at the southern end of the station as a check-in area for Terminal 1 B; this has a steel and glass facade with an area of 1400 m². There was previously only a temporary exit next to the access road. Two escalators and a lift were built as part of the construction.[11]

The platforms have alternating signs: Köln/Bonn Flughafen and Köln/Bonn Airport.

History[edit]

The link to the airport was proposed as part the Federal Cabinet’s decision on 20 December 1989 to build the new high-speed line on the eastern side of the Rhine.[12]

It also benefitted from the Berlin-Bonn Act of 26 April 1994, which compensated the Bonn region for the relocation of the parliament and parts of the federal government to Berlin. The operator of the airport hoped that the construction of the station, which would strengthen connection between transport modes, would stimulate growth, including of the number of passengers using the airport. Originally, the station, as set out in the design competition, was to be built in a covered tunnel, but instead it was built with a large glass roof. Nevertheless, it is an underground station and is also referred to as such by Deutsche Bahn. So smoking is banned as in other underground stations in Germany.

Planning[edit]

The building was designed by the architectural firm Murphy/Jahn, which had already designed terminal 2.

With the opening of the Cologne-Frankfurt high-speed railway, two ICE and three S-Bahn trains could run each hour in each direction through the station.[13] According to the estimates of 1995, about 30 percent of passengers would in future travel to the airport by train.[14]

Construction[edit]

The station was constructed in three sections. In the middle section the construction workers encountered during excavation lignite and gravel that could be used directly as a building material, saving construction costs.[15]

After the two ends of the station were created during the reconstruction of the airport in the autumn of 2001, the station building was intended to be an aesthetically-sophisticated centre piece.[16] On 29 January 2002, Norbert Rüther, Ernst Schwanhold, Hartmut Mehdorn and Angelika Mertens performed its groundbreaking ceremony.[5][17] It was opened on 12 June 2004 in the presence of German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder.

A connecting structure between the station and Terminal 1 was built from May 2006 to June 2007. Deutsche Bahn owns this building, which cost €6 million. It was also designed by the Murphy/Jahn architecture firm.

The construction of the station was the final component of a comprehensive concept for the airport, Terminal 2000, costing more than €500 million. The catchment area of the airport was increased with the new station to more than 20 million people.[15]

Operations[edit]

The number of daily ICE trains was reduced from eight to six pairs of trains in 2007 as a result of low demand.[18]

S-Bahn connections[edit]

The construction of the airport loop was, for the most part, financed by funds under the Berlin–Bonn Act, especially to improve connections from the of Bonn/Rhine-Sieg region to the airport. Currently only Cologne and—Troisdorf in the Rhein-Sieg district—have direct connections to the airport via line S 13 of the S-Bahn. There is only an hourly service to the airport station via Regional-Express line RE 8 (the Rhein-Erft-Express) along the East Rhine Railway (Cologne–Troisdorf–Bonn-Beuel). Frequent connections are not possible, since the line carries dense freight traffic. A new track (in parts two) are planned to be built along the line from Troisdorf to Bonn-Oberkassel so that services on line S 13 can be extended from Horrem via Cologne Hauptbahnhof, the airport and Troisdorf to Oberkassel. It is planned that another service would run via Bad Honnef to Linz am Rhein.[19] No decision has yet been taken to extend line S 13.

Rail services[edit]

The following rail services stop at Cologne/Bonn Airport station:

Line Route Frequency
ICE 10 Berlin Ostbahnhof – Berlin Hbf – Hannover Hbf – Bielefeld Hbf – Hamm (Westf) – Dortmund Hbf – Duisburg Hbf – Düsseldorf Hbf (– Köln Messe/Deutz – Cologne/Bonn Airport) Individual services
ICE 41 (Dortmund Hbf –) Essen Hbf – Duisburg Hbf – Düsseldorf Hbf – Köln Messe/Deutz (– Cologne/Bonn Airport) – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt (Main) Hbf – Würzburg Hbf – Nuremberg Hbf – Munich Hbf Individual services
ICE 45 Cologne Hbf – Cologne/Bonn Airport – Montabaur – Limburg Süd – Wiesbaden Hbf – Mainz (– Darmstadt) Individual services
ICE 49 Cologne Hbf (– Cologne/Bonn Airport) – Siegburg/Bonn – Montabaur – Limburg Süd – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt (Main) Hbf Individual services
ICE International 78 Amsterdam CS – Arnhem – Duisburg Hbf – Düsseldorf Hbf – Cologne Hbf (– Cologne/Bonn Airport) – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt (Main) Hbf Single service
ICE International 79 Brussels – Aachen Hbf – Cologne Hbf (– Cologne/Bonn Airport) – Frankfurt Airport – Frankfurt (Main) Hbf Individual services
RE 8 Mönchengladbach Hbf – Cologne Hbf – Köln Messe/Deutz – Cologne/Bonn Airport – Troisdorf – Bonn-Beuel – Königswinter – Neuwied – Koblenz-Ehrenbreitstein – Koblenz Hbf Hourly
S 13 Horrem – Cologne  Hbf – Köln Messe/Deutz – Cologne/Bonn Airport – Troisdorf Every 20 minutes
Cologne/Bonn Airport S-Bahn service
Deutsche Bahn Cologne Stadtbahn Köln Hansaring
Deutsche Bahn Cologne Stadtbahn Köln Hbf
Hohenzollern Bridge
Deutsche Bahn Cologne Stadtbahn Köln Messe/Deutz
Köln-Trimbornstraße
Köln-Frankfurter Straße
Köln-Airport Business Park
Köln-Steinstraße
BSicon FLUG.svg Cologne/Bonn Airport
Porz (Rhein)
Porz-Wahn
Spich
Troisdorf
Deutsche Bahn Bonn Stadtbahn Siegburg/Bonn
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
ICE 10
select trains only
Terminus
Terminus
ICE 45
towards Stuttgart Hbf
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
RE 8
Rhein-Erft-Express
toward Koblenz Hbf
Preceding station   Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn   Following station
S 13
toward Troisdorf

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Stationspreisliste 2014" [Station price list 2014] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0. 
  3. ^ "Köln/Bonn Flughafen". Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "Flughafen Köln/Bonn: Künftig ICE- und S-Bahn-Anschluß". Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau (in German) 48 (12): 859. 1999. 
  5. ^ a b c "Das Projekt Neubaustrecke Köln–Rhein/Main". Eisenbahn JOURNAL: Tempo 300 – Die Neubaustrecke Köln–Frankfurt (special edition 3) (in German). Eisenbahn Journal. 2002. pp. 34–63. ISBN 3-89610-095-5. 
  6. ^ a b DBBauProjekt GmbH, ed. (February 2002). "Baubeginn ICE-Bahnhof Flughafen Köln/Bonn". Zum Thema (in German) (Darmstadt: Hestra) (1): 8. 
  7. ^ "Reply by the Federal Government to minor question by deputies Winfried Hermann, Dr. Anton Hofreiter, Peter Hettlich, and other members of the BÜNDNIS 90/DIE GRÜNEN party – printed matter 16/7104" (PDF; 69 kB) (in German). Deutscher Bundestag. 29 November 2007. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  8. ^ "Platform information" (in German). Deutsche Bahn. Retrieved 27 June 2013. 
  9. ^ "Flughafen-Bahnhof ist eröffnet" (Press release) (in German). Cologne/Bonn Airport. 12 June 2004. 
  10. ^ Inbetriebnahme der Flughafenschleife Köln/Bonn (in German) (7). Eisenbahn-Revue International. 2004. pp. 330 f. ISSN 1421-2811. 
  11. ^ "Zweite Verbindung zwischen Bahnhof und Terminal wird gebaut" (Press release) (in German). Cologne/Bonn Airport. 5 May 2006. 
  12. ^ "Das Planungsstadium". Eisenbahn JOURNAL: Tempo 300 – Die Neubaustrecke Köln–Frankfurt (special edition 3) (in German). Eisenbahn Journal. 2002. pp. 12–17. ISBN 3-89610-095-5. 
  13. ^ Bahnhöfe der Zukunft an den neuen Hochgeschwindigkeitsstrecken (in German). Cologne: Stadtplanungsamt der Stadt Köln. c. 1998. p. 23. 
  14. ^ DBBauProjekt GmbH, ed. (December 1995). "Vom Reißbrett zur Realität". Zum Thema (in German) (Darmstadt: Hestra) (1 (special)): 10–13. 
  15. ^ a b Die neue StartBahn (in German). Cologne: DB ProjektBau. 2004.  (brochure, 16 A4 pages, with status of 1 June 2004)
  16. ^ Klaus Dickhut (2001). "Schienenanbindung des Flughafens Köln/Bonn". Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau (in German) 50 (10): 594–601. 
  17. ^ "Spatenstich für den neuen ICE-Flughafen-Bahnhof". Eisenbahntechnische Rundschau (in German) 51 (3): 99. 2002. 
  18. ^ "Elektrischer Betrieb bei der Deutschen Bahn im Jahre 2007". Elektrische Bahnen (in German) 106 (1-2): 16. 2008. 
  19. ^ Rolf Kleinfeld (4 April 2012). "Bahnsteige für Vilich : Stadtbahnhaltestelle wird behindertengerecht umgebaut". General-Anzeiger (in German). Retrieved 27 June 2013.