Königsplatz, Munich

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Königsplatz in Munich)
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Königsplatz.
Propyläen (left) and Glyptothek (right) at the Königsplatz
State Museum of Classical Art
The Führerbau in 2007

Königsplatz (King's Square) is a square in Munich, Germany. Built in the style of European Neo-Classicism in the 19th century, it is a center of cultural life. The area around Königsplatz is today the home to the Kunstareal, Munich's gallery and museum quarter.

Architecture[edit]

The square was designed as part of the representative boulevard Brienner Straße by Karl von Fischer working for Crown Prince Ludwig of Bavaria and laid out by Leo von Klenze. Fischer modeled the Königsplatz on the Acropolis in Athens. The concept was classical rigor embedded in living green, and so an expression of urban ideas of Ludwig I. who wanted to see cultural life, civic ideals, Catholic Christianity, royal administration and the military all together and embedded in green.

Klenze framed the square with the "Ionic" Glyptothek and the "Doric" Propylaea (Propyläen; created as memorial for the accession of Otto of Greece). The "Corinthian" State Museum of Classical Art was erected by Georg Friedich Ziebland, on its back St. Boniface's Abbey is situated. The Glyptothek was built from 1816, the Propylaea were only completed in 1862.

The Lenbachhaus is situated at the north-west side of the square.

Königsplatz during the Third Reich[edit]

Hitler and Mussolini in front of one of the Honor Temples at Königsplatz

As a beautiful and monumental place, the Königplatz was used during the Third Reich as a square for the Nazi Party's mass rallies. The Brown House, the national headquarters of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) in Germany was located at 45 Brienner Straße close to the square.

Two "Honor Temples" (Ehrentempel) were erected at the east side of the Königsplatz in severe neo-Greek style to echo the architecture of the older buildings, they "enshrined" the remains of the sixteen Nazis killed in the 1923 Beer Hall Putsch, they were worshipped by Nazis as martyrs. Both temples were demolished by the US-Army in 1947, although their platforms remain to this day.[1] Two buildings of the Nazi party constructed by Paul Troost next to the temples still exist; in one of them, the Führerbau, the Munich Agreement was signed in 1938. Today it is a school for music and theatre called the Hochschule für Musik und Theater München.

Der Marsch zum Führer (English: The March to the Führer) is a Nazi propaganda film released in 1940. It depicts the nationwide march of Hitler Youth to Nuremberg and features the Königsplatz.

After the war the Königsplatz was restored to its pre-war appearance.

Transportation[edit]

The Königsplatz is served by a U Bahn station of the same name.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Viertel der NSDAP (German)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°8′44″N 11°33′55″E / 48.14556°N 11.56528°E / 48.14556; 11.56528