Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed Pasha

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For other people from the same family, see Köprülü family.
Köprülü Fazıl
Ahmed
Pasha
Köprülü Ahmed kőrajz.jpg
An engraving
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
31 October 1661 – 3 November 1676
Monarch Murat IV
Preceded by Köprülü Mehmed Pasha
Succeeded by Kara Mustafa Pasha
Personal details
Born 1635
Veles (then named Köprülü, now in Macedonia)
Died 3 November 1676
Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
Nationality Ottoman
Relations Köprülü Mehmed Pasha (father)
Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha (brother)
Origins Albanian
Family Köprülü family
Military service
Allegiance  Ottoman Empire
Battles/wars Austro-Turkish War (1663–64)

Cretan War (1645–69)

Polish–Ottoman War (1672–76)

Another engraving of Ahmed Pasha, from 1690

Köprülü Fazıl Ahmed Pasha (Albanian: Fazıl Ahmed Pashë Kypriljoti; 1635 – 3 November 1676) was a member of the renowned Köprülü family originating from Albania, which produced six grand viziers of the Ottoman Empire.[1]

He served as a grand vizier from 1661 to 1676 after he inherited the title from his father, Köprülü Mehmed Pasha, the founder of the Köprülü political family. Prior to this appointment, he served as the Ottoman governor of the Damascus Eyalet (1660 to 1661) and the Erzurum Eyalet (1659 to 1660).[2]

He was dubbed Fazıl, meaning "wise" (from the Arabic fazilet, meaning "wisdom"), for reducing taxation and promoting education. On the other hand, he was brutal in war. He led the Ottoman army in the Austro-Turkish War (1663-1664). At the beginning of July 1664, he succeeded in destroying Novi Zrin Castle in northern Croatia after nearly a month-long siege. Although defeated in the Battle of Saint Gotthard, he was able to gain territory by the Treaty of Vasvar in 1664. Following this treaty, he concentrated on the Cretan War and captured Candia (present day Heraklion) from the Republic of Venice in 1669. At the end of the war against the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, he signed the Treaty of Buchach in 1672 and the Treaty of Zurawno in 1676.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire By Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters, [1]
  2. ^ Mehmet Süreyya (1996) [1890], Nuri Akbayar; Seyit A. Kahraman, eds., Sicill-i Osmanî (in Turkish) 1, Beşiktaş, Istanbul: Türkiye Kültür Bakanlığı and Türkiye Ekonomik ve Toplumsal Tarih Vakfı, p. 209 
Political offices
Preceded by
Köprülü Mehmed Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
31 October 1661 – 3 November 1676
Succeeded by
Kara Mustafa Pasha