Copenhagen Central Station

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Copenhagen Central Station
S-tog.svg S-train and DSB
Copenhagen Central Station.jpg
Front facade seen from Vesterbrogade
Station statistics
Address Bernstorffsgade 16–22
DK-1557 Copenhagen V
Coordinates 55°40′22″N 12°33′52″E / 55.67278°N 12.56444°E / 55.67278; 12.56444Coordinates: 55°40′22″N 12°33′52″E / 55.67278°N 12.56444°E / 55.67278; 12.56444
Platforms 7
Tracks 13
Other information
Opened 1 December 1911
Architect Heinrich Wenck
Rebuilt 15 May 1934 (S-train)
Electrified 1934 (S-train), 1986 (Mainline)
Owned by DSB
Operator DSB
Location
Copenhagen Central Station is located in Denmark
Copenhagen Central Station
Location within Denmark

Copenhagen Central Station (Danish: Københavns Hovedbanegård, abbreviated København H) is the main railway station in Copenhagen, Denmark and the largest railway station in Denmark, although Nørreport Station has a larger passenger throughput if urban S-train and Metro services are included. It is situated between the districts of Indre By and Vesterbro with entrances from Bernstorffsgade (at Tivoli Gardens), Banegårdspladsen, Reventlowsgade and access to platforms from Tietgensgade.

Copenhagen Central Station is the hub of the DSB railway network serving Denmark and international destinations.[1] It offers InterCity and Express trains services across Denmark, as well as services to several international destinations, regular and frequent regional train services to and from Zealand and southern Sweden and commuter rail services on the S-train network.

The current station building opened in 1911 and is the work of architect Heinrich Wenck. The station has 7 platforms and 13 tracks. On the station concourse there are many small shops, cafeterias, and fast food outlets. It is in fare zone 1.

History[edit]

Copenhagen's first railway station, photographed in 1864.

The first railway station in Copenhagen was built in 1847. It served Roskildebanen, and it was made of wood because it was built outside the fortifications where buildings with foundations were not allowed. This was soon necessary due to plans to extend the railway network in Denmark. A new station, designed by H. J. Herholdt, opened in 1864.

The second station also proved too small, especially because there was only one track leading out of the city. It was decided to build a new station with a tube to Østerport station, and with tracks out of the city to the south. Designed by Heinrich Wenck, the present station was finished on 1 December 1911.

The station was overhauled in 1980. Escalators and lifts were established to the platforms, and the station concourse, which was originally split into arrival, departure, and freight sections, was redone completely. The station was overhauled again from 2004 to 2008. This overhaul replaced the roof, lowered platforms 3 to 6 to international standards and lengthened them. The towers and the bridge over the platforms, upon which the main station building is placed, were reconditioned.

The station recently celebrated its 100th birthday.

Services[edit]

Platforms.

Copenhagen Central Station provides Copenhagen with Intercity and Express trains across Denmark, as well as services to several international destinations. Direct international trains connect to Stockholm, Hamburg and Berlin several times a day, and a EuroNight train serves destinations as far as Prague, Amsterdam and Basel. Intercity trains run half-hourly from Copenhagen during daytime and serve as a link between the major cities and towns in Denmark, including Odense, Aarhus, Aalborg, Esbjerg, Frederikshavn, Thisted and Sønderborg. Regional trains (stops at major stations within the Greater Copenhagen area) connect the main parts of Zealand to the capital. Trains on the Oresundtrain regional rail network depart to southern and western Sweden every 20 minutes. (A special ticket fare system exists between the Copenhagen local traffic area and the most southern part of Sweden, Skåne county.).

All S-train services except the F-line stop at the station.


Copenhagen Central Station

Preceding station   S-train   Following station
H
toward Farum
C
toward Klampenborg
Bx
toward Østerport
B
toward Holte
toward Køge
E
toward Hillerød
A
toward Farum
Preceding station   Danske Statsbaner   Following station
Copenhagen-Frederikshavn
InterCity
Copenhagen-Århus-Struer
InterCity
toward Struer
Copenhagen-Herning-Struer-Thisted
InterCity
toward Thisted
Copenhagen-Esbjerg
InterCity
toward Esbjerg
Copenhagen-Sønderborg/Padborg
InterCity
toward Sønderborg or Padborg
Terminus Copenhagen-Ystad/Bornholm
InterCity
toward Rønne
toward Helsingør
Kystbanen
toward Malmö C
Elsinore-Roskilde
toward Roskilde
Copenhagen-Roskilde
Copenhagen-Odense
toward Odense
toward Østerport
Copenhagen-Nykøbing F/Rødby/Gedser
Copenhagen-Kalundborg
toward Kalundborg
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
Terminus ICE 75

The future[edit]

København H is not connected to the Copenhagen Metro network, but will become so following the completion of the Metro's future City Circle Line, expected by 2018.

Because of a new railway between Copenhagen and Ringsted (planned for construction start 2013), the station needs more capacity. There is already congestion on the tracks. The Danish Ministry of Transport has started planning of an extension: proposals include a four-track terminal station on a bridge over the present tracks, or in a tunnel under them.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Københavns Hovedbanegård at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Travelling in Denmark". DSB. Retrieved 25 November 2013.