Küçükçekmece

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Küçükçekmece
Location of Küçükçekmece
Küçükçekmece is located in Turkey
Küçükçekmece
Küçükçekmece
Coordinates: 41°N 28°E / 41°N 28°E / 41; 28Coordinates: 41°N 28°E / 41°N 28°E / 41; 28
Country Turkey
Province İstanbul
Government
 • Mayor Temel Karadeniz (AKP)
 • Kaymakam Orhan Öztürk
Area[1]
 • District 124.20 km2 (47.95 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • District 721,911
 • District density 5,800/km2 (15,000/sq mi)
Website www.kucukcekmece.bel.tr

Küçükçekmece (pronounced [kyˈtʃyktʃekmedʒe]; ancient Rhegium, Ρήγιον in Greek) is a large, crowded suburb on the European side of Istanbul, Turkey 23 km west of the city, on the European shore of the sea of Marmara, beyond Atatürk Airport. The population of the area, which covers 118 km², reaches 600,000.

Location[edit]

Küçükçekmece lies on the European shore of the Sea of Marmara, on a lagoon called Küçükçekmece Gölü. Across the inlet is the district of Avcılar and the campus of Istanbul University. The inlet is connected to the Sea of Marmara by a very narrow channel so the water is not salty. The streams running into the inlet now carry industrial waste and the inlet is highly polluted but efforts are being made to clean it. There used be wildlife and many kinds of birds and efforts to get the wildlife back are taking effect slowly.

History[edit]

The lagoon has almost always been controlled by whichever imperial power was in control of Istanbul as the Via Egnatia (the road from Constantinopolis/Istanbul to western Europe) passed by here.

Until the 1950s Küçükçekmece was a popular weekend excursion, people would come by train from Istanbul to swim, fish for eels or just sit by the water, while children played in the woods.

However the land here is flat, rising slightly away from the shore, and as such is easily built upon so as bigger and bigger roads have been built the area has become industrial and crowded with huge housing projects.

This development is still going on and is indeed accelerated as the TEM motorway to Europe passes through here now. The Ikitelli area in particular is very industrial and still more factories are being built. The Nuclear Energy Research center is on the lake side.

Already during the Greek and Roman periods the site of Küçükçekmece has been inhabited. The ruins of this town, always remained visible, have been studied extensively in 1930 by the Swiss archeologist Ernest Mamboury,[3] who - basing upon ancient sources - identified the settlement with the town of Regium.[3] In 2009 a new identification has been proposed, this time with the Roman city of Bathonea.[4][5] Excavations are presently carried on under the direction of Dr. Şengül Aydıngün, an associate Professor of the Kocaeli University.

The settlement lies 20 kilometres west from Istanbul. The site is eight kilometers wide, reaching a small inlet west of Istanbul on the banks of Lake Küçükçekmece. Some remains of this city could be submerged in the waters of this lake. A researcher found in the middle of the lake a lighthouse that belongs to the settlement. If this is verified, it'll represent one of just three Roman lighthouses known to have existed in the eastern Mediterranean, next to those at Alexandria and Patara.

Küçükçekmece today[edit]

The population of Küçükçekmece is growing fast and it is acquiring schools, supermarkets, shopping centres and other facilities. However in most parts of Küçükçekmece this is very much a poor, working-class neighbourhood, with much crime in dirty streets where men gather in badly lit cafes to play cards, drink tea and smoke cheap cigarettes. Most of the housing is illegally built gecekondu. Most of the people are recent migrants from Anatolia, increasingly from the troubled south-east. Traditionally there has been much left-wing sympathy, but recently it seems changing to the central right-wing.

At sunset after walking by the lakeside, young people will find somewhere to sit, and they will drink Turkish tea, that is one of the bests Küçükçekmece offers.

Places of interest[edit]

A historic bridge, built by Ottoman architect Sinan, crosses the mouth of the lagoon. The bridge has been restored and is well maintained.

Economy[edit]

Pegasus Airlines is headquartered in the Halkalı area of Küçükçekmece.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ a b Mamboury, p. 569 (1953)
  4. ^ Heritage Key
  5. ^ Independent
  6. ^ "Headquarters." Pegasus Airlines. Retrieved on 6 September 2009.

Sources[edit]

  • Mamboury, Ernest (1953). The Tourists' Istanbul. Istanbul: Çituri Biraderler Basımevi.