Kürşat (hero)

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Kürşat is a Turkish male name based on a fictional character. He is the idealized character of a real person whose name was given as Jiesheshuai (or Chie shih shuai) in the 7th-century Chinese chronicles.

Jiesheshuai event[edit]

Main article: Ashina Jiesheshuai

Eastern Turkic Khaganate collapsed in 630 and most of Turkic tribal leaders accepted the suzerainty of Tang China. Tang emperor Taizong tried to subjugate the Turkic tribes by offering posts to Turkic princes. Jiesheshuai of the Ashina house, was appointed as a general. However in 639, he staged a coup to arrest the emperor.[1] He was planning to buy the freedom of Turks and to enthrone Holohu, his nephew as the khagan of Turks. However he couldn't succeed and was executed.[2] Although the plot was unsuccessful, Taizong worried about the closeness of the Turkic tribes which were settled in the area south of Yellow River and changed the policy of Turkic settlement.[3]

Kürşat in literature[edit]

In old Turkic, kür means "arrow" [4] or "ambitious".[5] Şad (shad) was the title of a clan leader of the royal blood.[3] Şads were assistants of the khagan (emperor) or yabgu (ruler of the west portion of the empire).[6] Thus Kür-şat (or Kür-şad) was a compound name. It was popularized by Turkish author Nihal Atsız. Atsız told about the Jiesheshuai event and the name Kürşat to his colleague (later opponent) Sabahattin Ali who in 1936 wrote a play named Esirler (Captives) based on Jiesheshuai. But it was not an epic play and Kürşat was portrayed as a desperate lover. Nihal Atsız criticized the play [7] and decided to use the name in one of his novels.

Kürşat was mentioned in his 1946 epic novel named Bozkurtların Ölümü (The death of Grey Wolves). In Turkic mythology The wolf symbolizes honor and is also considered the mother of most Turkic peoples [8] In the novel, the death of the grey wolves refers to the collapse of Eastern Turkic khaganate. The first section of the novel refers to 621 events when Turks were independent. Second section is about the collapse of the khaganate and the last section is about the Jiesheshuai event.[9] The main difference from the historic event is that the author Nihal Atsız has named the hero Kürşat instead of Jiesheshuai. The name was further popularized when Niyazi Yıldırım Gençosmanoğlu wrote a poem based on the novel.[10]

Modern name Kürşat[edit]

Jiesheshuai was a Chinese transliteration, and therefore the original Turkic name was uncertain. But the story was popularized under the name of Kürşat and beginning by 1946, Kürşat is used as a male name in Turkey. According to a survey, the use of modern name Kürşat ranks 396th in male names in Turkey which corresponds to 1 out of 1841.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cultural history of China
  2. ^ Ahmet Taşağıl: Göktürkler, AKDTYK yayınları, Ankara, 2011, ISBN 978-975-16-2460-4, p.211
  3. ^ a b Lev Nikolayeviç Gumilev: Eski Türkler (trans:D.Ahsen Batur) ISBN 975-7856-39-8, p.281
  4. ^ Uludağ dictionary (Turkish)
  5. ^ Turkish language Assosiation Dictioanry (Turkish)
  6. ^ Turkbitig
  7. ^ Nihal Atsız page (Turkish)
  8. ^ The legend of grey wolf (Turkish)
  9. ^ Nihal Atsız:Bozkurtların Ölümü, ISBN 975-371-0542
  10. ^ Literature teacher page (Turkish)
  11. ^ Name survey site isimdidikle (Turkish)