Kurdamir District

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Kurdamir
Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Kurdamir Rayon
Map of Azerbaijan showing Kurdamir Rayon
Country Azerbaijan
Capital Kürdəmir
Area[1][2]
 • Total 1,631 km2 (630 sq mi)
Population (2011)[3]
 • Total 106,128
Telephone code 0145

Kurdamir (also Kürdəmir) is a district (rayon) in Azerbaijan. The capital of the district is Kürdəmir.

Geography[edit]

Total area of the rayon is 1631,50 km2. It borders upon Agsu Rayon, Goychay Rayon, Ujar Rayon, Imishli Rayon, Sabirabad Rayon, Hajigabul Rayon and Zardab Rayon.

Kurdamir Rayon is located in the north-west from Baku, in Shirvan – historical oblast of Azerbaijan. It has a steppe climate. Its fauna is diverse – wild boars, wolves, foxes, jackals, pheasants, francolins, wild ducks and geese can be found here. The rayon is famed for its vineyards and “Shirvashahli” is its most popular sort of vine. Kurdamir Rayon also fames for its carpet weaving traditions. “Shilyan” is the most popular type of local carpets in the world market. These carpets are woven in a village of the same name, which is not far from Kurdamir.[4]

Etymology[edit]

Kurdamir Rayon was founded in 1930.

There are several claims about the meaning of Kurdamir. The most possible is that, the name is formed of “Kurd“ and “Amir“ which means Kurdish Prince. It is assumed that the name of Kurdamir is originated from “Kur” and “Damir” words (in Shirvan dialect “Kur” means extravagant, brave and valiant. And “Damir” was a leader of seven settlements originated in this region). But according to another version it is assumed that Kurdamir is originated from “Kur daymir” word, that it doesn’t suffer from floods of the Kura River. Afterwards, “y” letter was assimilated and the territory was called “Kurdamir”.[5]

General information[edit]

Total area of the rayon is equal to 163151 ha, which occupies 1,9% of the country’s territory. The rayon consists of 23 administrative units, 1 city, 2 settlements and 61 municipalities.

Its altitude is 200 meters, average annual temperature is 17,18°C, average annual amount of precipitation is equal to 250–300 mm and arid subtropical climate prevails in the rayon.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kürdəmir rayonu". 
  2. ^ "Kürdəmir rayonu". 
  3. ^ "Kürdəmir rayonu". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 
  4. ^ "Kurdemir". discoverazerbaijan.az. 
  5. ^ "Кюрдамирский район". azerbaijan.az. 
  6. ^ "Кюрдамирский район". azerbaijan.az. 


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Coordinates: 40°20′24″N 48°09′36″E / 40.34000°N 48.16000°E / 40.34000; 48.16000