The Tozai Line and the Namboku Line are the original operation of the railway company while the Hokushin Line is a recent addition to its business. As for all lines, the company is the Category-3 Operator(第三種鉄道事業者,dai-sanshu-tetsudō-jigyōsha?) under the 1986 Railway Business Act of Japan.
The company operated and administrated the stations on the Tozai Line and the Namboku Line until September 2010 (except for Sannomiya Station operated by Hankyu, Motomachi Station operated by Hanshin, Nishidai Station operated by Sanyo and Minatogawa Station operated by Shintetsu), then the operation of the stations on the Tozai Line were transferred to Hanshin and Hankyu, and Shinkaichi Station on the Namboku Line to Shintetsu.
Formerly the Hokushin Line was owned by the operator, Hokushin Kyuko Electric Railway. When Hokushin Kyuko suffered financial difficulties in 2002, Kobe Rapid Railway purchased the assets of the railway trackage from Hokushin Kyuko. Since then, Kobe Rapid Railway owns the Hokushin Line.