Krishna Prasad Bhattarai

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Krishna Prasad Bhattarai
कृष्णप्रसाद भट्टराई
Krishna p Bhattarai.jpg
29th Prime Minister of Nepal
In office
31 May 1999 to – 22 March 2000
Monarch Birendra
Preceded by Girija Prasad Koirala
Succeeded by Girija Prasad Koirala
In office
19 April 1990 – 26 May 1991
Monarch Birendra
Preceded by Lokendra Bahadur Chand
Succeeded by Girija Prasad Koirala
4th President of the Nepali Congress
In office
17 January 1992 – 10 May 1996
Succeeded by Girija Prasad Koirala
In office
12 February 1976 – 16 January 1992 (Acting)
Preceded by Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala
Speaker of the Pratinidhi Sabha
In office
May 1959 – 26 December 1960
Personal details
Born (1924-12-13)13 December 1924
Died 4 March 2011(2011-03-04) (aged 86)
Kathmandu, Nepal
Political party Nepali Congress

Krishna Prasad Bhattarai (Nepali: कृष्णप्रसाद भट्टराई) (13 December 1924 – 4 March 2011) was a Nepalese political leader. He was one of the main leaders involved in transitioning Nepal from an absolute monarchy to a democratic multi-party system.

Bhattarai became Prime Minister of Nepal in April 1990 after a popular democratic movement referred as Jana-Andolan.

Bhattarai was twice the Prime Minister of Nepal, once heading the Interim Government from 19 April 1990 to 26 May 1991, and then as elected Prime Minister from 31 May 1999 to 22 March 2000.

Bhattarai was the officiating President of the Nepali Congress for nearly 26 years from February 12, 1976, and was elected to the post of president of party in 1992 till 1996. He actively participated in the democratic movement of Nepal from its inception. The Constitution of Nepal (1990) was promulgated while he was interim Prime Minister and he was credited for successfully holding the parliamentary election in 1990, a milestone in Nepalese political history.

Youth[edit]

In his youth, Bhattarai was a journalist. He was also one of the foreign journalists to interview the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Nikita Khrushchev.

First democratic movement of Nepal[edit]

Bhattarai had actively participated in a long struggle to modernize the Nepalese political system, aiming to transform a society that was isolated for centuries from the outside world.

He started politics to end the 104-year-rule of the Rana Dynasty. During the political movement of 1950 to overthrow the Rana autocracy, initiated by the Bairgania Conference of the Nepali Congress on 26–27 September 1950 (Ashvin 10-11, 2007 BS), he was in charge of armed group Congress Mukti Sena fighting in Gorkha district. This armed struggle was initiated by the Nepali Congress, of which he was founding member. The armed revolution by the Nepali Congress was supported by King Tribhuvan, who was in exile, and by Indian and Burmese socialists. The armed revolution ultimately brought an end to the 104-year-rule of the Rana Dynasty on February 18, 1951 (Falgun 7, 2007 BS). This day is celebrated as Democracy Day and is a public holiday in Nepal.

After the first parliamentary election of 1959, at the age of 36, he became Speaker of lower house of parliament, though he was not an elected member. After the coup of 1960, Bhattarai was held without trial for eight years at the Sundarijal Military Detention Camp.[1]

Bhattarai was nominated as the officiating President of the Nepali Congress on February 12, 1976 (Falgun 1, 2025 BS) by then party supremo Jananayak BP Koirala. He held this post for more than 25 years, during which time he was a key figure in Nepal's democratic movement. He was elected President of the Nepali Congress by the Eighth National Conference of the Nepali Congress, held in January 1992 (Falgun 2049 B S).

Interim government after democratic movement of 1990s[edit]

Bhattarai was the Prime Minister of the Interim Government after the 1990 People's Movement/Jana Andolan which brought democracy to the country, bringing an end to the 30-year-old Panchayati government, and to absolute monarchy in Nepal.

Bhattarai transformed the country from an absolute monarchy to a multi-party democracy without any major problems. He was prime minister when the constitution (1990) of Nepal was promulgated and successfully held the first multi-party election in 30 years. He was a popular leader but lost the election by a very narrow margin.

He again served as Prime Minister from May 1999 to March 2000. He also held the portfolio of foreign ministry from 1990 to 1991 and briefly during 1999 while he was prime minister. He was a founding member and former president of the Nepali Congress Party.[citation needed]

Family[edit]

His ancestor family is from politically influential district of Gorkha. It is the same district that later brought Ex-PM Baburam Bhattarai to the politics. His immediate family is from Gorkha. He does not have his own children but since he never married himself, he considers the six children of his brothers as his own.Also has numerous grandchildren. None of them have any noticeable presence in Nepalese politics at the moment.

Party politics[edit]

Until recently, both factions of the Nepali Congress, the Nepali Congress led by Girija Prasad Koirala and the Nepali Congress (Democratic) led by Sher Bahadur Deuba claimed Bhattarai on their side though his sympathy was more with Deuba from the beginning. Both congress parties elected him as Maha Samiti Member (General Convention Member) from Lalitpur District. On September 26, 2007 Bhattarai declared that he broke relations with the Nepali Congress; the day after the two factions had reunited. Bhattarai's decision was motivated by the move towards republicanism by the unified Nepali Congress.[2]

Death[edit]

The Late Krishna Prasad Bhattarai in repose

Bhattarai died at Norvic International Hospital, Kathmandu on 4 March 2011. He was the last surviving founding leader of Nepali Congress (NC).[3] The hospital reported that he died at 11:26 pm. Bhattarai had been in critical care unit at the Hospital for the last three weeks. He was suffering from chronic bronchitis, chronic renal failure and congestive heart failure and died after having recently said that he would live to be one hundred years old.[4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

[accessed 1 April 2007].

Political offices
Preceded by
Lokendra Bahadur Chand
Prime Minister of Nepal
1990–1991
Succeeded by
Girija Prasad Koirala
Preceded by
Girija Prasad Koirala
Prime Minister of Nepal
1999–2000
Succeeded by
Girija Prasad Koirala