K. B. Sahay

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Krishna Ballabh Sahay
कृष्ण बल्लभ सहाय
K B Sahay.jpg
Member Bihar Legislative Council
In office
1936–1952
Member of Constituent Assembly of India
In office
9 December 1946 – 26 January 1950
Preceded by Post Created
Succeeded by Post Abolished
Revenue Minister, Government of Bihar
In office
1947–1962
Chief Minister S K Singh
Member Bihar Legislative Assembly
In office
1952–1967
Constituency Giridih
4 thChief Minister of Bihar
In office
2 October 1963 – 5 March 1967
Governor M. A. S. Ayyangar
Deputy S N Sinha
Preceded by Pandit Binodanand Jha
Succeeded by Mahamaya Prasad Sinha
Personal details
Born (1898-12-31)31 December 1898
Sheikhpura, Patna, Bihar
Died 3 June 1974(1974-06-03) (aged 75)
Sindur, Hazaribag
Political party Indian National Congress
Alma mater St. Columba's College, Hazaribag
Profession Social Activist, Nationalist, Freedom Fighter
Religion Hinduism
Kayastha

Krishna Ballabh Sahay (Hindi: कृष्ण बल्लभ सहाय) (31 December 1898 – 3 June 1974) was a Indian freedom fighter, who after independence became the Revenue minister of Bihar and then became the Chief Minister of unified Bihar.[1][2]

Early life[edit]

Krishna Ballabh Sahay popularly known as K. B. Sahay was born on 31 December 1898 at Sheikhpura in the Patna district of Bihar. He was the eldest son of Munshi Ganga Prasad, who served as a Daroga under British Rule. In 1919, he graduated with first class in English honors from St. Columba's College, Hazaribag and was also awarded the Gait's Gold Medal from the then Governor of Bihar & Orissa Mr. Gait.

Independence movement[edit]

Soon thereafter in 1920, Sri Krishna Ballabh Sahay jumped into the fray giving up further studies by joining the Civil Disobedience Movement at the call of Mahatma Gandhi. Between 1930 and 1934, he was jailed four times for different periods while taking part in the independence movement. During one of these incarcerations, he met his mentor Sri Babu and this bond of friendship remained intact throughout their lives. He was also close to Anugrah Narayan Sinha, the other legendary nationalist from Bihar.

Came 1942 and with it came Gandhi's battle cry of "Do or Die" for the "Quit India Movement". Before this, senior leaders of Bihar including Dr. Rajendra Prasad & Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha visited Bihar to convey the conclusions of the "Vardha Accord" as well as to charter an action plan for Bihar during the Quit India Movement, in an important meeting at Sadaquat Ashram. Sri Krishna Ballabh Sahay was a notable contributor to this plan. "Quit India Movement" was launched with great fierceness all over India and K B Sahay led the movement at Hazaribagh. The British Government ordered immediate arrest of all its leaders. An order to arrest K B Sahay was passed by Deputy Commissioner, Hazaribagh (Order No.: 132 of 10.08.1942) and the very next day he was sent off to jail. In jail, he was instrumental in the escape of Jayaprakash Narayan from jail along with his associates namely Rama Nandan Mishra, Yogendra Shukla, Suraj Narayan Singh, Sri Gulab Chand Gupta and Sri Shaligram Singh on 9 November 1942. As a consequence, he was sent off to Bhagalpur jail with orders for rigorous imprisonment.

Political life[edit]

Earlier, when provincial autonomy was granted by the British Raj, Sri K B Sahay was elected to the Bihar Legislative Assembly in 1936 and was made a parliamentary secretary in Sri Krishna Sinha's ministry in 1937.

During this period, K. B. Sahay also developed sympathy for the poor peasants whose inhuman suffering at the hands of zamindars had a great bearing on his mind. At a meeting at Chhapra on 11 May 1942, presided over by Dr. Rajendra Prasad and at another such meeting at Kudra in Shahabad, he spoke at length on the subject. Chief Minister of Bihar Sri Babu and Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar Anugrah Babu, also came from zamindar families. Sri Babu asked him to arrange a public meeting at his native place Tarapur in Munger. At this meeting, issues related to "Torture of inhabitants of Banaili Raj by their Zamindar" was taken up by Sri Babu and Krishna Ballabh Babu. This meeting which was also attended by Acharya J. B. Kriplani and was a grand success.

After independence, when the interim government was formed in Bihar, K.B. Sahay was given the Revenue ministry since it was his pet subject. This gave him an opportunity to fulfill his cherished dream of relieving the peasants from the clutches of zamindars. K. B. Sahay was assisted suitably by Sri Bajrang Sahay in drafting "Abolition of Zamindari" Bill and the credit for its successful implementation goes to Sri Krishna Babu who faced the brunt of the zamindars in the Bihar Assembly and got it passed successfully.

He is credited with having authored and passed the first pioneering legislation in the country to abolish the Zamindari system. In 1952, it was the first such legislation in the country. With the Bill becoming an Act (Bihar Act 30 of 1950), it sent shock waves among the zamindars all over Bihar and these zamindars under the leadership of Dr. Kameshwar Singh of Darbhanga decided to challenge the Act as a violation of Article 14 of the Constitution of India. During this period, Sri K. B. Sahay also survived a body blow intended to wipe him out. K.B. Sahay was almost alone in his crusade for land reforms in the formative 1950s and '60s. Bihar was the first to introduce legislation to abolish zamindari. But Patna High Court struck down the Act, as did the Supreme Court. It was this that led an exasperated Jawaharlal Nehru to push the first amendment to the Constitution. The Constitution of India was amended for the first time and Article 31 (A) and Article 31 (B) were added to nullify the effect of Article 14. The legislation on land ceilings was introduced in the Assembly in 1955. A watered-down version was passed only in 1959 and got presidential assent in 1962.

K. B. Sahay contested the first assembly elections of 1952 from Giridih and won by a handsome margin to return as the revenue minister to the Government of Bihar in Sri Babu's cabinet. But in 1957, he was defeated in the assembly election from Giridih by Raja Kamakhya Narayan Singh of Padma (Hazaribag). However, K. B. Sahay won the assembly elections of 1962 to enter the Bihar Assembly for the third time. In 1957, during the leadership struggle between Dr. S K Sinha and Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha, he supported Anugrah Babu for becoming Chief Minister. However Sri Krishna Babu won and again became the CM with Anugrah Babu as his deputy.

Chief Minister of Bihar[edit]

In the years that followed, Kamraj, the veteran Congress leader came forward with his "Kamraj Plan" to strengthen the party. On 19 September 1963, with the announcement of "Kamraj Plan" came the news of Sri B. N. Jha being taken as one of the eight Chief Ministers to look after the affairs of Congress Party. Sri Beer Chand Patel threw his hat in the contest for the Chief Minister of Bihar. K. B. Sahay who was deputy minister in B. N. Jha's cabinet was the other contestant. Satyendra Narayan Sinha, the prominent Education Minister, who was decidedly second-in-command in the Binodananda Jha Cabinet announced his support for K B Sahay. B. C. Patel was no match for K. B. Sahay, who polled double the number of votes as Sri Patel.

On 2 October 1963, the birth anniversary of Gandhi was celebrated in Bihar along with the swearing in ceremony of Sri Krishna Ballabh Sahay as the fourth Chief Minister of Bihar with Satyendra Narayan Sinha again becoming second in command.

K. B. Sahay lost the 1967 elections but won the local body elections in 1974 to enter the Bihar Legislative Council as an MLC. He faced enquiries by the Aiyyar Commission in between but was vindicated. Sri K. B. Sahay met with a fatal road accident on 3 June 1974 just after winning the election, on his way back to his native place Hazaribag.

Among the leaders of Bihar belonging to the 20th century, whom the people of this state would long remember for the constructive and invaluable services rendered towards the progress of Bihar, Sri Krishna Ballabh Sahay would certainly find a prominent place. His life is a superb example of how a man can attain his cherished dream by dogged determination, systematic planning and hard labour. He dreamt of an independent India and an ever progressing Bihar for which he sacrificed his whole life.

Industries and education[edit]

Sri. Krishna Ballabh Sahay was responsible for setting up of several industries in the state, prominent among them are the Barauni Refinery,[3] and the Bokaro Steel Plant.[4] Both were commissioned during his tenure as Chief Minister of Bihar. The Heavy Engineering Corporation was commissioned during his tenure.

As the Chief Minister of Bihar, he gave full support for the establishment of Sainik School in Tilaiya.[5] He was also instrumental in starting women's college in Hazaribah in 1963, which is named after him.[6]

Family[edit]

He belonged to Hazaribagh and is survived by his sons and grandchildren who continue to dwell in the areas surrounding Hazaribagh - Tilaiya, Giridih, Patna and Delhi. His third eldest son Shri Rameshwar Prasad was an Member of Legislative Council, Bihar. His eldest son Neelkanth Prasad was Engineer in Chief of Mahatama Gandhi Setu Project linking Patna with Vaishali across Ganga river.His two sons Shri Radha kant Sahay ,ex coal mines owner and Shri Shri kant sahay engineer and coal mines owner are still residing in Hazaribag.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://cm.bih.nic.in/formercm-bihar.htm
  2. ^ List of Chief Ministers of Bihar
  3. ^ http://www.iocl.com/AboutUs/BarauniRefinery.aspx
  4. ^ http://www.sail.co.in/pnu.php?tag=bokaro
  5. ^ http://www.sainikschooltilaiya.org/sweb/ContentPage.aspx?ContentMaster=1
  6. ^ http://www.kbwomenscollege.org/index.html