K. Kelappan

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K. Kelappan
Born (1889-08-24)August 24, 1889
Muchukunnu, Calicut
Died October 7, 1971(1971-10-07) (aged 82)
Calicut
Nationality Indian
Other names Koyapalli Kelappan Nair, Kerala Gandhi
Education Graduate
Occupation Freedom Fighter, Teacher, Editor and Founder President of Nair Service Society
Known for Indian independence movement
Title kerala Gandhi
Political party
Indian National Congress, Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party
Religion Hinduism
Spouse(s) T P Lakshmi Amma
Children T P K Kidav

K. Kelappan (August 24, 1889 - October 7, 1971) was a founding member and president of Nair Service Society, a reformer, an Indian freedom fighter, educationist and journalist. He is also known as Kerala Gandhi. Post independence he held various seats in Gandhian organizations.

Early life[edit]

K. Kelappan was born in the small village of Muchukunnu in Calicut in Kerala.[1]

He studied in Calicut and Madras and graduated from the University of Madras. He began his career as a teacher at in St. Berchmans High School, Changanassery and was the founding President of the Nair Service Society. Later he became the Principal of a school run by the society.[1]

As reformer[edit]

He fought for social reforms on one hand and the British on the other. He was called Kerala Gandhi.[1]

He worked hard for eradication of untouchability and worked for upliftment of Harijans. He set up many Harijan hostels and schools in Kerala.

Role in Indian Freedom movement[edit]

He joined studies in Law at Bombay which he gave up to join the Non-cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi and joined the Freedom movement.

During the Malabar rebellion, he faced a group of rebels who came to loot the Ponnani Treasury and persuaded them to retreat by appealing to their good sense.

He gave the lead to the Payyannur and Calicut salt Satyagraha and was chosen as the first Satyagrahi from Kerala in the individual satyagraha movement launched by Gandhiji. He played a dominant role in the famous Vaikom Satyagraha and was the leader of the Guruvayur Satyagraha in 1932. It was at Gandhiji's request that he ended his fast at Guruvayur.

He was jailed by several times during the Indian freedom movement including the Quit India Movement.

He was in the forefront of Swadeshi Movement and did his best to build up a base of Khadi and village industries.

Role post independence[edit]

After independence he left the Congress Party and joined the Kisan Mazdoor Praja Party and was elected to Parliament from the Ponnani Lok Sabha seat in 1952. At the end of his term, he left active politics and became a Sarvodaya worker and was actively associated with Bhoodan Movement in Kerala.[2]

He was the President of almost all major Gandhian organisations like Kerala Sarvodaya Sangh, Kerala Gandhi Samarak Nidhi, Kerala Sarvodaya Mandal and Gandhi Peace Foundation, Calicut.

He was an educationist as well as an accomplished and forceful journalist. He helped in starting 'Mathrubhoomi' and was its editor for a number of years. He worked for unification of Kerala into a new linguistic state.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Freeindia > Biographies > Freedom Fighters > K. Kelappan". Freeindia.org. Sh. Kelappan Centenary State Committee Kerala. Archived from the original on Apr 22, 2003. Retrieved 1 February 2011. 
  2. ^ "SOME PROMINENT LEADERS OF THE FREEDOM STRUGGLE IN KERALA". Retrieved 26 February 2013.