K. Leroy Irvis

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K. Leroy Irvis
130th Speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
In office
May 23, 1977 – November 30, 1978
Preceded by Herbert Fineman
Succeeded by Jack Seltzer
In office
January 4, 1983 – November 30, 1988
Preceded by Matt Ryan
Succeeded by James Manderino
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
from the 19th district
In office
January 7, 1969 – November 30, 1988
Preceded by District created
Succeeded by William Russell Robinson
Member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
from the Allegheny County district
In office
January 6, 1959 – November 30, 1968
Personal details
Born (1919-12-27)December 27, 1919
Saugerties, New York
Died March 16, 2006(2006-03-16) (aged 86)
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Katharyne Jones, Cathryn L. Edwards
Profession Politician

K. Leroy Irvis (December 27, 1919 – March 16, 2006) was the first African American to serve as a speaker of the house in any state legislature in the United States since Reconstruction. John Roy Lynch (1847–1939) of Mississippi was the first African American to hold that position. Mr. Irvis, a Democrat, represented Pittsburgh in the Pennsylvania House of Representatives from 1958–1988.

Early life[edit]

Kirkland Leroy Irvis was born in Saugerties, New York, son of Francis H. and Harriet Irvis.[1] He graduated summa cum laude from the University of New York State Teachers College in 1938 with a master's degree in education—only the second black American to graduate from the college. Irvis proceeded to teach English and history in Baltimore high schools until World War II, when he became a civilian flying instructor in the War Department.

Pennsylvania career[edit]

After World War II, he moved to Pittsburgh and began working as the public relations secretary for the local chapter of the Urban League. While with the Urban League, he led a demonstration against Jim Crow employment discrimination by Pittsburgh's department stores in 1947, the first demonstration of its kind in American history [1]. It is likely that Mr. Irvis was blackballed from private-sector jobs for quite some time as a result.

He became an entrepreneur for a time, managing a toy factory and a hot dog stand. In 1950, he left his businesses and pursued blue-collar work in steel mills and road construction.

In 1954 he earned a law degree from University of Pittsburgh School of Law. He then worked in a series of prestigious government jobs, such as law clerk to Judge Anne X. Alpern and city solicitor, finally rising to become the first black assistant district attorney of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. He supplemented his income as a radio announcer for WILY. When his reputation had grown, he opened a private law practice downtown.

Irvis served Pittsburgh's Hill District for 15 straight terms. Rep. Irvis sponsored over 1600 bills, and is most known for bills promoting civil rights, fair housing, education, public health, highway safety, and modernization of the penal code. In 1977 he ascended to the role of speaker of the house by a unanimous vote.

His most noted achievements include the passage of legislation creating the Pennsylvania Human Relations Commission, the Pennsylvania Higher Education Assistance Agency and Equal Opportunity Program, the state's community college system, the Minority Business Development Authority, and the Pennsylvania Council on the Arts. He is also largely responsible for the Pennsylvania House Ethics Committee, lobbyist registration, and the Legislative Audit Advisory Commission.

Honors[edit]

K. Leroy Irvis Reading Room in Hillman Library at the University of Pittsburgh pays tribute to Irvis' life's work and houses items from the K. Leroy Irvis archives that he donated to the university

Among the organizations to have formally honored Irvis are the NAACP, University of Pennsylvania, Lincoln University of Pennsylvania, and Dominion Resources The University of Pittsburgh has a K. Leroy Irvis Reading Room in Hillman Library. In 2003, the South Office Building within the Pennsylvania Capitol Complex was renamed the Speaker K. Leroy Irvis Office Building.

Pennsylvania Democratic Party Chairman T. J. Rooney described Rep. Irvis as, "one of greatest legislative giants that the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania has ever seen ... [and] one of the most admired and respected Pennsylvanians we'll ever know."

Later life[edit]

Irvis's first wife, Katharyne Jones, died in 1958. In 1973 he married Cathryn L. Edwards, who survived him, as do his son Reginald and daughter Sherri.

In 1988, the same year that he retired from politics, Mr. Irvis wrote This Land of Fire, (ISBN 0-943556-01-5) a book of poems published by Temple University. His wood sculptures have been displayed in exhibits throughout the country. He died at age 86 of cancer.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Sources[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ "K. Leroy Irvis Papers". University of Pittsburgh Archives Service Center Finding Aids. University of Pittsburgh. Retrieved 4 October 2013.