K. Shivaram Karanth

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K. Shivarama Karantha
Kamat's Potpourri
Born (1902-10-10)10 October 1902
Saligrama, Udupi, Kingdom of Mysore, British India
Died 9 December 1997(1997-12-09) (aged 95)
Manipal, Udupi district, Karnataka
Occupation Writer, film director, journalist
Nationality Indian
Period 1902–1997
Genre Fiction, popular science, literature for children
Literary movement Navodaya

Kota Shivaram Karanth (10 October 1902 – 9 December 1997) was a Kannada writer, social activist, environmentalist, Yakshagana artist, film maker and thinker. He was described as the "Rabindranath Tagore of Modern India who has been one of the finest novelists-activists since independence"[1] by Ramachandra Guha. He was the third person among eight recipients[2] of Jnanpith Award for Kannada the highest literary honour conferred by the Govt. of India.[3]

Early life[edit]

Shivaram Karanth was born on 10 October 1902,[4] in Kota near Udupi in the Udupi district of Karnataka to a Kannada family. Being the fifth child of his parents Shesha Karantha and Lakshmamma, he completed his primary education in Kundapura and Mangalore. His older brother was K. R. Karanth, who served as minister in the Madras Presidency in the 1940s.[citation needed] Shivaram Karanth was influenced by Gandhi's principles and took part in Indian Independence movement while he was in college. He did not complete his education and went to participate in the Non-co-operation movement and canvassed for khadi and swadeshi for five years up to 1927.[4] By that time Karanth had already started writing fiction-detective novels, to begin with – as well as plays.[4]


Karanth was an intellectual and environmentalist who tremendously contributed to art and culture of Karnataka.[4] He is considered one of the greatest novelist in Kannada. Some of his novels – including Marali Mannige, Bettada Jeeva, Alida Mele, Mookajjiya Kanasugalu, Mai Managala Suliyalli, Ade OOru Ade Mara, Shaneeshwarana Neralinalli, Kudiyara Koosu, Svapnada Hole, Sarsammana Samadhi, and Chomana Dudi – are widely read and continue to be discussed even today.[citation needed] He wrote 45 novels[4] and was said to have tried to write at least one novel per year.[citation needed] Yakshagana (1957) and Yakshagana (1975) are two of his books on Yakshagana.

He also made experiments in printing during the 1930s and 1940s and printed his own novels, but incurred serious financial losses. He was also a painter and an environmentalist, known for his stand against nuclear energy.[5] At the age of 95, he wrote a book on birds (published during 2002 by Manohara Grantha Mala, Dharwad)

Apart from his 47 novels, he also wrote 31 plays, four short stories, six books of essays and sketches, thirteen books on art, 2 volumes of poems, 9 encyclopaedias, and 100+ of articles on various issues and subjects,[5] including a history of world art in Kannada and a work on Chalukyan sculpture and architecture, a standard treatise on the Yakshagana (with which dramatic form, his name is identified), a three volume book of knowledge for children, a four volume encyclopaedia on science for grown ups, 240 children's books, six books on travel, two books on birds, three Travelogues, an autobiography.

National honours[edit]

Literary awards[edit]

Film awards[edit]

National Film Award – (Posthumously)

Books written[edit]

  • Mookajjiya Kanasugalu ("Dreams of a Silent Granny") (Jnanpith award winning novel)
  • Marali Mannige ("Back to the Soil")
  • Chomana Dudi ("Drum of Choma")
  • Apoorva Paschima ("Incomparable West")
  • Abuvinda Baramakke (A Travelogue)
  • Arasikaralla (A Travelogue)
  • Mai Managala Suliyalli ("In the Whirlpool of Body and Soul")
  • Bettada Jeeva ("Life on the Hills")
  • Sarasammana Samadhi ("Grave of Sarasamma")
  • Dharmayana Samsara ("Family of Dharmayana")
  • Alida Mele ("After Death")
  • Kudiyara Kusu ("Infant of Kudiya")
  • Jnana ("Knowledge")
  • Mailikallinodane matukate ("Talks with the Milestone")
  • Adbhuta jagattu ("Wonderful World")
  • Vijnana prapancha ("The World of Science")
  • Kaladarshana
  • Yaksagana, English translation, Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (1997)
  • Yakshagana Bayalata
  • Bharatheya chitrakale
  • Hucchu Manasina Hatthu Mukhagalu, autobiography, English translation: "Ten Faces of a Crazy Mind", by H Y Sharada Prasad), Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan 1993.
  • Chiguridha Kanasu"
  • Mugida Yudda" ("Completed War")
  • Moojanma
  • Dharmarayana samsara
  • Kevala Manushyaru
  • Illeyamba
  • "Iddaru chinthe
  • Navu kattida swarga
  • Nashta diggajagalu
  • Kanniddu kurudaru
  • Gedda doddasthike
  • Kannadiyalli kandatha
  • Antida aparanji
  • Halliya hattu samastharu
  • Sameekshe
  • Moga Padeda Mana
  • Shaneeshwarana Neralinalli
  • Nambidavara Naka Naraka
  • Oudaryada Urulalli

Arts and entertainment[edit]

  • Kala Darshana
  • chalukya – shilpakale

Kannada cinema[edit]

Karantha Balavana, Puttur[edit]

One of the most celebrated places of historical interest in Puttur, the Balavana is notable for its fame under the name of the Jnanapeeta awardee Dr. K. Shivarama Karantha. His works, created in a span of forty years of observation, hard work and devotion earned him the titles "Nadedaaduva Vishwakosha (Walking Encyclopaedia), "Kadalateerada Bhargava". He had a keen ear and eye for the beauty, majesty and mystery of Nature which are reflected in his works. Puttur, for him who migrated from Kota, meant more than a geographic location on a map; it became a pristine arena where he understood the complexities, the struggles of life, rendering him with the imaginative power of looking at the world from dimension of reality. With the departure of this great soul from this mortal world, Balavana became an empty shell. Balavana is getting rejuvenated, thanks to the efforts of the good-hearted citizens of Puttur, with the unfailing support of the governmental authorities, making the spirit of this great soul immortal.

Puttur Balavana Located at Dakshina Kannada District and It consists some attractions to the visitors. they are Art Gallery, Library, Museum, Natyashala, Rangamandira, Playground, Swmming Pool.

Art Gallery: 9.30 A.M – 1.00 P.M & 2.00 P.M – 6.00 P.M
Museum: 9.30 A.M – 1.00 P.M & 2.00 P.M – 6.00 P.M
Library: 10.00 A.M – 1.00 P.M & 3.30 P.M – 7.00 P.M

For more details visit Karanthabalavana Website.[6]

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Malini Mallya, Hattiradinda Kanda Hattu Mukhagalu
  • Malini Mallya, Naanu Kanda Karantaru