K. Shivaram Karanth

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K. Shivarama Karantha
Shivaramakaranth.jpg
Kamat's Potpourri
Born (1902-10-10)10 October 1902
Saligrama, Udupi, Kingdom of Mysore, British India
Died 9 December 1997(1997-12-09) (aged 95)
Manipal, Udupi district, Karnataka
Occupation Novelist, Play write, Poet, Naturalist, Environmentalist, film director, journalist
Nationality Indian
Period 1902–1997
Genre Fiction, popular science, literature for children
Literary movement Navodaya

Kota Shivaram Karanth (10 October 1902 – 9 December 1997) was a Kannada writer, social activist, environmentalist, Yakshagana artist, film maker and thinker. He was described as the "Rabindranath Tagore of Modern India, who has been one of the finest novelists-activists since independence"[1] by critic Ramachandra Guha. He was the third writer[2] to be decorated with the Jnanpith Award for Kannada, the highest literary honor conferred in India.[3]

Early life[edit]

Shivaram Karanth was born on 10 October 1902,[4] in Kota near Udupi in the Udupi district of Karnataka to a Kannada speaking family. The fifth child of his parents Shesha Karantha and Lakshmamma, he completed his primary education in Kundapura and Mangalore. Shivaram Karanth was influenced by Gandhi's principles and took part in Indian Independence movement when he was in college. He did not complete his education and went to participate in the Non-co-operation movement and canvassed for khadi and swadeshi for five years up to 1927.[4] By that time Karanth had already started writing fiction novels and plays.[4]

Career[edit]

Karanth was an intellectual and environmentalist who made notable contribution to the art and culture of Karnataka.[4] He is considered one of most influential novelists in the Kannada language. His novels Marali Mannige, Bettada Jeeva, Alida Mele, Mookajjiya Kanasugalu, Mai Managala Suliyalli, Ade OOru Ade Mara, Shaneeshwarana Neralinalli, Kudiyara Koosu, Svapnada Hole, Sarsammana Samadhi, and Chomana Dudi are widely read and have received critical acclaim.[4] He wrote two books on Karnataka's ancient stage dance-drama Yakshagana (1957 and 1975).

He was involved in experiments in the technique of printing for some years in the 1930s and 1940s and printed his own novels, but incurred financial losses. He was also a painter and was deeply concerned with the issue of nuclear energy and its impact on the environment.[5] At the age of 95, he wrote a book on birds (published during 2002 by Manohara Grantha Mala, Dharwad)

He wrote, apart from his forty seven novels, thirty one plays, four short story collections, six books of essays and sketches, thirteen books on art, two volumes of poems, nine encyclopedias, and over one hundred articles on various issues.[5]

Literary and National honours[edit]

Film awards[edit]

National Film Award – (Posthumously)

Writings[edit]

Novel

  • Mookajjiya Kanasugalu ("Dreams of a Silent Granny") (Jnanpith award winning novel)
  • Marali Mannige ("Back to the Soil")
  • Chomana Dudi ("Drum of Choma")
  • Mai Managala Suliyalli ("In the Whirlpool of Body and Soul")
  • Bettada Jeeva ("Life in the Hills")
  • Sarasammana Samadhi ("Grave of Sarasamma")
  • Dharmayana Samsara ("Family of Dharmayana")
  • Alida Mele ("After Death")
  • Kudiyara Kusu ("Infant of Kudiya")
  • Mailikallinodane matukate ("Conversation with the Milestone")
  • Chiguridha Kanasu"
  • Mugida Yudda" ("Completed War")
  • Moojanma
  • Dharmarayana samsara
  • Kevala Manushyaru
  • Illeyamba
  • Iddaru chinthe
  • Navu kattida swarga
  • Nashta diggajagalu
  • Kanniddu kanaru
  • Gedda doddasthike
  • Kannadiyalli kandatha
  • Antida aparanji
  • Halliya hattu samastharu
  • Sameekshe
  • Moga Padeda Mana
  • Shaneeshwarana Neralinalli
  • Nambidavara Naka Naraka
  • Oudaryada Urulalli
  • Onti Dani
  • Odahuttidavaru
  • Swapnada Hole
  • Jaruva Dariyalli
  • Ukkida Nore
  • Balveye Belaku
  • Ala Nirala
  • Gondaranya
  • Ade Uru Ade Mara
  • Innonde Dari
  • Jagadoddara Na

Short story

  • Nature, Science and Environment
  • Vijnana prapancha ("The World of Science")
  • Adbhuta jagattu ("Wonderful World")
  • Prani Prapancha'
  • Prani Prapanchada Vismayagalu
  • Pakshigala Adbhuta Loka

Plays

  • Yaksagana - English translation, Indira Gandhi National Center for the Arts (1997)
  • Yakshagana Bayalata

Childrens books

  • Dum Dum Dolu
  • Oduva Ata
  • Vishala Sagaragalu
  • Balaprapancha - Makkalavishwakosha - Vol 1,2,3
  • Mailikallinodane Matukathegalu
  • Mariyappana Sahasagalu
  • Nachiketa - Ack
  • Ibbara Gaja Panditaru
  • Oduva Ata - Sirigannada Pathamale
  • Mathina Sethuve
  • Jatayu Hanumanta
  • Huliraya

Autobiography

  • Hucchu Manasina Hatthu Mukhagalu (English translation: "Ten Faces of a Crazy Mind", by H Y Sharada Prasad)
  • Smriti Pataladinda (Vol 1-3)

Travelogue

  • Abuvinda Baramakke
  • Arasikaralla
  • Apoorva Paschima ("Incomparable West")

Biography

  • Panje Mangesharayaru : Kannada Nadu Mattu Kannadigara Parampare
  • Sri Ramakrishnara Jeevana Charithre

Other

  • Kaladarshana
  • Bharatheya chitrakale
  • Jnana ("Knowledge")
  • Sirigannada Artha Kosha
  • Kala Prapancha
  • Yaksharangakkagi Pravasa
  • Arivina Ananda
  • Life The Only Light - A Guide To Saner Living
  • Chalukya Shilpakale

Kannada cinema[edit]

Karantha Balavana, Puttur[edit]

One of the most celebrated places of historical interest in Puttur, the Balavana is notable for its fame under the name of the Jnanapeeta awardee Dr. K. Shivarama Karantha. His works, created in a span of forty years of observation, hard work and devotion earned him the titles "Nadedaaduva Vishwakosha (Walking Encyclopaedia), "Kadalateerada Bhargava". He had a keen ear and eye for the beauty, majesty and mystery of Nature which are reflected in his works. Puttur, for him who migrated from Kota, meant more than a geographic location on a map; it became a pristine arena where he understood the complexities, the struggles of life, rendering him with the imaginative power of looking at the world from dimension of reality. With the departure of this great soul from this mortal world, Balavana became an empty shell. Balavana is getting rejuvenated, thanks to the efforts of the good-hearted citizens of Puttur, with the unfailing support of the governmental authorities, making the spirit of this great soul immortal.

Puttur Balavana Located at Dakshina Kannada District and It consists some attractions to the visitors. they are Art Gallery, Library, Museum, Natyashala, Rangamandira, Playground, Swmming Pool.

Timings:
Art Gallery: 9.30 A.M – 1.00 P.M & 2.00 P.M – 6.00 P.M
Museum: 9.30 A.M – 1.00 P.M & 2.00 P.M – 6.00 P.M
Library: 10.00 A.M – 1.00 P.M & 3.30 P.M – 7.00 P.M

For more details visit Karanthabalavana Website.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Malini Mallya, Hattiradinda Kanda Hattu Mukhagalu
  • Malini Mallya, Naanu Kanda Karantaru