K. Shivaram Karanth
|K. Shivarama Karantha|
© Kamat's Potpourri
10 October 1902|
Saligrama, Udupi district, Karnataka
|Died||9 December 1997
Manipal, Udupi district, Karnataka
|Occupation||Writer, Film director, Journalist|
|Genres||Fiction, Popular science, Literature for children|
Kota Shivaram Karanth (October 10, 1902 – December 9, 1997) was a Kannada writer, social activist, environmentalist, Yakshagana artist, film maker and thinker. He was described as the "Rabindranath Tagore of Modern India who has been one of the finest novelists-activists since independence" by Ramachandra Guha. He was the third person among eight recipients of Jnanpith Award for Kannada the highest literary honour conferred by the Govt. of India.
Shivaram Karanth was born on 10 October 1902, in Kota near Udupi in the Udupi district of Karnataka to a Kannada family. Being the fifth child of his parents Shesha Karantha and Lakshmamma, he completed his primary education in Kundapura and Mangalore. His older brother was K. R. Karanth, who served as minister in the Madras Presidency in the 1940s. Shivaram Karanth was influenced by Gandhi's principles and took part in Indian Independence movement while he was in college. He did not complete his education and went to participate in the Non-cooperation movement and canvassed for khadi and swadeshi for five years up to 1927. By that time Karanth had already started writing fiction-detective novels, to begin with — as well as plays. He married Leela Karanth when he was past thirty.
Karanth was an intellectual and environmentalist who tremendously contributed to art and culture of Karnataka. He is considered one of the greatest novelist in Kannada. Some of his novels — including Marali Mannige, Bettada Jeeva, Alida Mele, Mookajjiya Kanasugalu, Mai Managala Suliyalli, Ade OOru Ade Mara, Shaneeshwarana Neralinalli, Kudiyara Koosu, Svapnada Hole, Sarsammana Samadhi, and Chomana Dudi — are widely read and continue to be discussed even today. He wrote 45 novels and was said to have tried to write at least one novel per year. Yakshagana (1957) and Yakshagana (1975) are two of his books on Yakshagana. He is the first person to do some serious research in Yakshagana, collecting old Prasangas, searching the roots of yakshagana, its musical heritage etc. He tried to revive this medieval semi-folk art and made some experiments in Yakshagana using Ballet and other modern form of dances. He took Yakshagana troops to European countries, a unique effort in those days. He also made experiments in printing during 1930 - 40s and printed his own novels, but incurred serious financial losses. Interestingly, his earlier novels have cover pages of art work made by himself and this fact, that the novelist drawing the cover page of his own books may be a unique record in modern literature! At the age of 95, he wrote a book on birds (published during 2002 by Manohara Grantha Mala, Dharwad)
Apart from his 47 novels, he also wrote 31 plays, four short stories, six books of essays and sketches, thirteen books on art, including a history of world art in Kannada and a work on Chalukyan sculpture and architecture, a standard treatise on the Yakshagana (with which dramatic form, his name is identified), a three volume book of knowledge for children, a four volume encyclopedia on science for grown ups, 240 children's books, six books on travel, two books on birds, three Travelogues, an autobiography. The list is incomplete. Dr. Karanth has 417 books to his credit.
He rescued two tiger cubs from starvation when their mother was killed by poachers. He experimentally built the first children's toy-train in Asia which was later copied in Cubbon Park, Bangalore. His son Ullas Karanth continues his work in the field of environmentalism with research into the ecology, biology and future of the tiger in India.
Foray into politics
- Jnanpith Award - 1978
- Padma Bhushan - He returned his Padma Bhushan honor in protest against the Emergency, imposed by Indira Gandhi.
National Film Award - (Posthumously)
- National Film Award – Special Jury Award / Special Mention (Feature Film) Writer - Bettada Jeeva - K. Shivaram Karanth - 2011
- Mookajjiya Kanasugalu ("Dreams of a Silent Granny") (Jnanpith award winning novel)
- Marali Mannige ("Back to the Soil")
- Chomana Dudi ("Drum of Choma")
- Apoorva Paschima ("Incomparable West")
- Abuvinda Baramakke (A Travelogue)
- Arasikaralla (A Travelogue)
- Mai Managala Suliyalli ("In the Whirlpool of Body and Soul")
- Bettada Jeeva ("Life on the Hills")
- Sarasammana Samadhi ("Grave of Sarasamma")
- Dharmayana Samsara ("Family of Dharmayana")
- Alida Mele ("After Death")
- Kudiyara Kusu ("Infant of Kudiya")
- Jnana ("Knowledge")
- Mailikallinodane matukate ("Talks with the Milestone")
- Adbhuta jagattu ("Wonderful World")
- Vijnana prapancha ("The World Of Science")
- Yaksagana, English translation, Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts (1997)
- Yakshagana Bayalata
- Bharatheya chitrakale
- Hucchu Manasina Hatthu Mukhagalu, autobiography, English translation: "Ten Faces of a Crazy Mind", by H Y Sharada Prasad), Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan 1993.
- Chiguridha Kanasu"
- Mugida Yudda" ("Completed War")
- Dharmarayana samsara
- Kevala Manushyaru
- "Iddaru chinthe
- Navu kattida swarga
- Nashta diggajagalu
- Kanniddu kurudaru
- Gedda doddasthike
- Kannadiyalli kandatha
- Antida aparanji
- Halliya hattu samastharu
- Moga Padeda Mana
- Shaneeshwarana Neralinalli
- Nambidavara Naka Naraka
- Oudaryada Urulalli
Arts and entertainment
- Kala Darshana
- chalukya - shilpakale
Karantha Balavana, Puttur
One of the most celebrated places of historical interest in Puttur, the Balavana is notable for its fame under the name of the Jnanapeeta awardee Dr. K. Shivarama Karantha. His works, created in a span of forty years of observation, hard work and devotion earned him the titles “Nadedaaduva Vishwakosha (Walking Encyclopaedia), “Kadalateerada Bhargava”. He had a keen ear and eye for the beauty, majesty and mystery of Nature which are reflected in his works. Puttur, for him who migrated from Kota, meant more than a geographic location on a map; it became a pristine arena where he understood the complexities, the struggles of life, rendering him with the imaginative power of looking at the world from dimension of reality. With the departure of this great soul from this mortal world, Balavana became an empty shell. Balavana is getting rejuvenated, thanks to the efforts of the good-hearted citizens of Puttur, with the unfailing support of the governmental authorities, making the spirit of this great soul immortal.
Puttur Balavana Located at Dakshina Kannada District and It consists some attractions to the visitors. they are Art Gallery, Library, Museum, Natyashala, Rangamandira, Playground, Swmming Pool.
Art Gallery: 9.30 A.M – 1.00 P.M & 2.00 P.M – 6.00 P.M
Museum: 9.30 A.M – 1.00 P.M & 2.00 P.M – 6.00 P.M
Library: 10.00 A.M – 1.00 P.M & 3.30 P.M - 7.00 P.M
- The Arun Shourie of the left
- "Jnanapeeth Awards". Ekavi. Archived from the original on 2013-11-03. Retrieved 2006-10-31.
- "Jnanpith Laureates Official listings". Jnanpith Website.
- Guha, Ramachandra (13 October 2002). "The Kannada colossus". The Hindu. Retrieved 2006-11-24.
- Malini Mallya, Hattiradinda Kanda Hattu Mukhagalu
- Malini Mallya, Naanu Kanda Karantaru