KAKE

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KAKE
KAKEland logo.png

MeTV KAKE.png
Wichita, Kansas
United States
Branding KAKEland (general)
KAKE News (newscasts)
(pronounced "cake")
Slogan Always Tracking. Always Alerting. Always Protecting.
Channels Digital: 10 (VHF)
Virtual: 10 (PSIP)
Subchannels 10.1 ABC
10.2 Me-TV
Translators (see article)
Affiliations ABC (secondary until 1955)
Owner Gray Television
(Gray Television Licensee, LLC)
First air date October 19, 1954 (1954-10-19)
Call letters' meaning The word "cake" (sic)
Sister station(s) WIBW-TV
Former callsigns KAKE-TV (1954–2010)
Former channel number(s) Analog:
10 (VHF, 1954–2009)
Digital:
21 (UHF, 1999–2009)
Former affiliations NBC (1954–1955)
Transmitter power 56.5 kW (main signal)
15 kW (fill-in translator)
Height 309.8 m
Facility ID 65522
Transmitter coordinates 37°46′52.9″N 97°31′9.1″W / 37.781361°N 97.519194°W / 37.781361; -97.519194
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: Profile
CDBS
Website www.kake.com

KAKE, virtual and VHF digital channel 10, is an ABC-affiliated television station located in Wichita, Kansas, United States. The station is owned by Gray Television. KAKE maintains studio facilities located on West Street in northwestern Wichita, and its transmitter is located in rural northwestern Sedgwick County (on the town limits of Colwich). On cable, the station is available on Cox Communications and AT&T U-verse channel 10 in standard definition, and in high definition on U-verse channel 1010 and Cox digital channel 2010.

KAKE also serves as the flagship of the KAKEland Television Network, a regional network of six stations (two full-power, two low-power and two translators) that relay ABC network programming and other programs provided by KAKE across central and western Kansas, as well as bordering counties in Colorado and Oklahoma. The station's distinctive call sign is pronounced as "cake," although it has been branded as "KAKEland" – after the aforementioned statewide relay network – since July 2011.

History[edit]

The station first signed on the air on October 19, 1954 as KAKE-TV (the "-TV" suffix was dropped in 2010). It originally operated as a primary NBC and secondary ABC affiliate, taking both networks from KTVH (channel 12, now KWCH-DT) and NBC programming from KEDD-TV (channel 16), which operated as an independent station for a short time after losing the affiliation before shutting down shortly after KAKE signed on. Channel 10 lost the NBC affiliation after KARD-TV (channel 3, now KSNW) signed on in September 1955, leaving it exclusively affiliated with ABC. KARD's sign-on and the loss of the NBC affiliation from KAKE resulted in Wichita becoming one of the smallest U.S. cities to have three television stations that each maintain exclusive affiliations with one of the major networks. On October 28, 1964, KAKE signed on KUPK-TV (channel 13) in Garden City to serve as a satellite station for southwestern Kansas.

During the 1970s, KAKE received letters, poems and packages from the "BTK" serial killer. One claimed responsibility for several of the BTK murders; another contained clues about an intended victim (who was not murdered). During an interview with Wichita's police chief in the late 1970s, subliminal messages were broadcast on KAKE to convince the BTK killer to turn himself in; the effort was unsuccessful. In 2004 and 2005, the BTK killer once again sent letters to KAKE – one included a word puzzle, while another expressed concern about the colds that anchors Susan Peters and Jeff Herndon had suffered at the time. Park City resident Dennis Rader was eventually arrested and convicted of the murders.

In 1979, the station was sold to the San Francisco-based Chronicle Publishing Company, run by the de Young family, who also owned KRON-TV in San Francisco and WOWT-TV in Omaha, Nebraska; KRON (as well as a translator of that station), WOWT and KAKE and its translators all have facility IDs in the same range (which were assigned by the Federal Communications Commission around 1980). In 1987, Chronicle purchased KLBY (channel 4) in Colby, an independent station that had maintained its own separate programming inventory, and converted it into a satellite of KAKE. In 1988, KAKE moved all of its translators on UHF channels 70 to 83 (which were being phased out from broadcasting use) to other, lower channel positions; in addition, a small number of the affected translators were shut down outright.

KAKE logo, used from 2007 to 2011.

On June 16, 1999, the deYoung family announced that it decided to liquidate Chronicle Publishing's assets. KAKE, its satellites, and WOWT were sold to LIN TV (KRON was later sold to Young Broadcasting, which became involved in a contract dispute with NBC, which had bid for the station, that led to KRON losing its NBC affiliation in January 2002). Almost as soon as the sale was finalized, LIN turned around and traded KAKE and WOWT to Benedek Broadcasting in a cash deal, in exchange for NBC affiliate WWLP in Springfield, Massachusetts. The acquisition of KAKE and WOWT could be seen as the ultimate undoing for the financially challenged Benedek, which in 2002 declared for Chapter 7 bankruptcy; the company then sold most of its stations, including KAKE and WOWT, to Atlanta-based Gray Television. Another translator shuffle occurred on August 15, 2003, as three of the station's low-power repeaters changed channel allocations: K20BU (channel 20) in Russell moved to channel 38 as K38GH, K22CP (channel 22, now KHDS-LD) in Salina moved to channel 51 as K51GC, and K69DQ (channel 69, now KGBD-LD) in Great Bend moved to channel 30 as K30GD.

Satellite stations[edit]

To reach viewers throughout the 69 counties comprising the Wichita-Hutchinson Plus Designated Market Area, KAKE extends its over-the-air coverage area through a network of eight full-power, low-power and translator stations encompassing much of the western two-thirds of Kansas, branded as the KAKEland Television Network (originally known as the Kansas Television Network until 2001).

Garden City satellite KUPK maintains a separate studio facility, which houses its Western Kansas newsroom, and produces a local news insert that airs nightly during simulcasts of KAKE's Wichita-based newscasts on KUPK and KLBY.

The KAKEland WeatherPlex, which is based in the main news set at KAKE's West Street studio in Wichita, can provide live continuous severe weather coverage to any combination of its five broadcast zones.

  1. KAKE and its DTV Replacement translator - south-central Kansas, including Wichita
  2. KUPK - southwest Kansas, including Dodge City and Garden City
  3. KLBY - northwest Kansas, including Goodland and Colby
  4. KHDS - north-central Kansas, including Salina
  5. KGBD-LD and its K25CV-D/K38GH-D translators - North Central Kansas, including Great Bend, Hays, and Russell

As an example, if a tornado is in progress near Colby, live continuous storm coverage will be carried exclusively on KLBY, while regularly scheduled programming is carried on KAKE and each of its other repeaters.[1]

Full-power stations[edit]

These stations mostly rebroadcast KAKE. However, their full-power license allows them to broadcast different programming and commercial content, when desired.

Station City of license RF
channel
Virtual
channel
First air date Call letters’
meaning
ERP
(Digital)
HAAT
(Digital)
Facility ID Transmitter Coordinates
KUPK1 2
Garden City 13 (VHF) 13 October 28, 1964 KUP-KAKE
"cupcake"
63 kW 262.4 m 65535 37°39′1″N 100°40′6″W / 37.65028°N 100.66833°W / 37.65028; -100.66833 (KUPK-TV)
KLBY3 4 5
Colby 17 (UHF) 4 July 4, 1983 KoLBY
"Colby"
625 kW 223 m 65523 39°15′9″N 101°21′9″W / 39.25250°N 101.35250°W / 39.25250; -101.35250 (KLBY)

Notes:

  • 1. The call sign changed from KUPK-TV to KUPK on July 13, 2010.
  • 2. KUPK-DT operated on channel 18 before February 17, 2009.
  • 3. KLBY was an independent station from its 1984 sign-on until it was acquired by KAKE in 1987.
  • 4. KLBY formerly operated on UHF analog channel 4 until August 19, 2008, becoming the first digital-only station in the KAKEland Television Network.
  • 5. KLBY had the call letters KBOM in 1983.[2]

Analog low-power and translator stations[edit]

The following stations will perform a flash-cut when converting to digital. The translators on channels 70 to 83 moved in 1988 and many moved again on 15 August 2003.

Low-power stations[edit]

These stations mostly rebroadcast KAKE. However, their low-power license allows them to broadcast different programming and commercial content, when desired.

Station City of license Channel Call letters’
meaning
ERP
(Digital)
HAAT
Facility ID Transmitter Coordinates
KHDS-LD6 7
Salina 51 (UHF) 15 kW 87 m 65527 38°50′27″N 97°40′8″W / 38.84083°N 97.66889°W / 38.84083; -97.66889 (KDHS-LD)
KGBD-LD8 9
Great Bend 30 (UHF) K-Great BenD
"Great Bend"
15 kW 104 m 65534 38°24′22″N 98°43′20″W / 38.40611°N 98.72222°W / 38.40611; -98.72222 (KGBD-LD)

Notes:

  • 6. Call sign changed from K51GC to KHDS-LP on July 13, 2010, and to KHDS-LD on December 10, 2012.
  • 7. Originally on channel 34 (K34AA), then 22 (K22CP); moved to channel 51 (K51GC) on August 15, 2003.[2]
  • 8. Call sign changed from K30GD to KGBD-LP on July 13, 2010, and to KGBD-LD on February 7, 2013.
  • 9. Originally on channel 71 (K71BP); moved to channel 69 (K69DQ) in 1988, then to channel 30 (K30GD) on August 15, 2003.[2]

KGBD-LD translator stations[edit]

These stations can only rebroadcast KGBD-LD, due to their translator classification.

Station City of license Channel First air date ERP
(Analog)
HAAT
(Analog)
Facility ID Transmitter Coordinates
K25CV-D10 Hays 25 (UHF) May 23, 1988 8.9 kW 72 m 65533 38°54′54″N 99°19′40″W / 38.91500°N 99.32778°W / 38.91500; -99.32778 (K25CV-D)
K38GH-D11 Russell 38 (UHF) January 12, 1988 7.2 kW 135 m 65529 38°54′51″N 98°51′52″W / 38.91417°N 98.86444°W / 38.91417; -98.86444 (K38GH-D)
  • 10. The Hays translator formerly used the callsign K70FE, and originally broadcast on UHF channel 70, from the 1970s to 1988.[3]
  • 11. K38GH-D formerly used the callsign K75CB[3] from the 1970s to 1988, when its calls were changed to K20BU and moved to channel 20; the calls were changed on August 15, 2003 to K38GH until it converted to digital on October 21, 2013.[2]

Channel 70+ translators no longer in service[edit]

Station City of license Channel
K70EN Manhattan 70[2]
K71BO Herington 71[2]
K75CH Junction City 75[2]

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station's digital channel is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[4]
10.1 720p 16:9 KAKE-DT Main KAKE programming / ABC
10.2 480i 4:3 KAKE-DT2 Me-TV

On September 8, 2012, KAKE began carrying the classic television network Me-TV on its second digital subchannel.[5]

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

KAKE shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 10, on February 17, 2009, the original date in which full-power television stations in the United States were to transition from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate (which was later pushed back to June 12, 2009). The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 21 to VHF channel 10 for post-transition operations.[6][7]

"DTV Replacement" digital translator station[edit]

The FCC determined that after the digital transition, some full-power television stations would not be able to maintain the same signal coverage areas as their analog signals did, resulting in gaps in coverage. It created the "Replacement Digital Television Translator Service" to assist qualifying full-power stations. These are associated with, given the same call letters, cannot be transferred, and are renewed/assigned along with the station's main license.[8]

On February 9, 2010, KAKE filed an application to the FCC to operate a digital fill-in translator on its pre-transition digital allotment, UHF channel 21,[9] to serve Wichita proper and surrounding areas located north and west of the city. Some viewers using indoor "set-top antennas", which by the nature of their compact design perform better with UHF signals, had difficulty receiving the station's digital signal after it "moved" to VHF channel 10. The translator signed on the air on March 4, 2010.

This station can ONLY rebroadcast KAKE, due to its translator classification.

Station City of license RF
channel
Virtual
channel
First air date Call letters’
meaning
ERP
(Digital)
HAAT
(Digital)
Facility ID Transmitter Coordinates
KAKE Wichita 21 (UHF) 10 March 4, 2010 sounds like
"cake"
15 kW 309.8 m 65522 37°46′52.9″N 97°31′9.1″W / 37.781361°N 97.519194°W / 37.781361; -97.519194 (KAKE-LD)

Programming[edit]

KAKE broadcasts the entire ABC schedule, with the exception of program preemptions for breaking news or severe weather coverage. Syndicated programs currently broadcast by KAKE include Dr. Oz, Katie, Rachael Ray, Modern Family, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, Burn Notice, White Collar and Storm Stories.

News operation[edit]

KAKE presently broadcasts 34 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 5½ hours on weekdays, 3½ hours on Saturdays and three hours on Sundays); in addition, the station produces the hour-long political talk show This Week in Kansas, which airs Sundays at 10:00 a.m., and the half-hour legal advice program Lawyer on the Line, which airs Sundays at 10:35 p.m. For 30 years, KAKE was the highest-rated station in the Wichita-Hutchinson market, even though it did not build an extensive translator/satellite network in central and western Kansas until the 1980s. For most of the last quarter-century, it had served as a runner-up to long-dominant KWCH; however KAKE's newscasts have since been overtaken in the ratings for second place by KSNW.

In January 2011, KAKE expanded its weekday morning newscasts to 2½ hours, with the addition of a half-hour at 4:30 a.m., becoming the first station in the Wichita-Hutchinson market to expand its morning newscast to a pre-5:00 a.m. timeslot.[10] On July 17, 2011, beginning with its 5:30 p.m. newscast, KAKE became the second television station in the Wichita-Hutchinson market (after KWCH) to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition (KSNW remained the only station in the market whose newscasts were not produced in HD, broadcasting them in widescreen enhanced definition until January 27, 2014, with weather segments only broadcasting in high definition prior to that). With the change, the station introduced a new graphics package, a custom news music package (composed by Aircast Custom Music), and a new station logo that emphasizes the long used "KAKEland" sub-branding for its network of satellite and repeater stations.[11] KAKE discontinued its half-hour 4:00 p.m. newscast in September 2011, due to a lack of a solid syndicated programming lead-out for the program.[10] A 4:00 p.m. newscast returned to the schedule on September 9, 2013; later that week on September 15, KAKE debuted an hour-long Sunday morning newscast from 8:00 to 9:00 a.m.[12]

Notable former on-air staff[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Email exchange with Jay Prater, Managing Meteorologist KAKE-TV
  2. ^ a b c d e f g FCC query program: each of the stations in this chain have Facility IDs with 655__. Changing that number brings up a number of KAKE translators, WOWT, KRON and a KRON translator between 65521 and 65535.
  3. ^ a b http://www.w9wi.com/articles/gt69.html
  4. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KAKE
  5. ^ Where to Watch Me-TV: KAKE
  6. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ http://hraunfoss.fcc.gov/edocs_public/attachmatch/FCC-09-36A1.pdf
  9. ^ http://licensing.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/forms/prod/prefill_and_display.pl?Application_id=1356143&Service=LD&Form_id=346&Facility_id=65522
  10. ^ a b KAKE, Channel 10, to drop its 4 p.m. news; KWCH, Channel 12, to add 4 p.m. newscast on sister station, The Wichita Eagle, March 30, 2011. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
  11. ^ KAKE switches local newscasts to HD this weekend, Wichita Business Journal, July 15, 2011.
  12. ^ KAKE Adds Weekend, Afternoon Newscasts, TVSpy, September 9, 2013.
  13. ^ FOX News Network (2010-01-09). "FOX & Friends - FOXNews.com". FOX News Network. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 

External links[edit]