Potassium channel subfamily K member 9 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the KCNK9gene.
This gene encodes K2P9.1, one of the members of the superfamily of potassium channel proteins containing two pore-forming P domains. This open channel is highly expressed in the cerebellum. It is inhibited by extracellular acidification and arachidonic acid, and strongly inhibited by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate is also known as 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA).
The KCNK9 gene is expressed as an ion channel more commonly known as TASK 3. This channel has a varied pattern of expression. TASK 3 is coexpressed with TASK 1 (KCNK3) in the cerebellar granule cells, locus coeruleus, motor neurons, pontine nuclei, some cells in the neocortex, habenula, olfactory bulb granule cells, and cells in the external plexiform layer of the olfactory bulb. TASK-3 channels are also expressed in the hippocampus; both on pyramidal cells and interneurons. It is thought that these channels may form heterodimers where their expressions co-localise.
Mice in which the TASK-3 gene has been deleted have reduced sensitivity to inhalation anaesthetics, exaggerated nocturnal activity and cognitive deficits as well as significantly increased appetite and weight gain. A role for TASK-3 channels in neuronal network oscillations has also been described: TASK-3 knockout mice lack the atropine-sensitive halothane-induced theta oscillation (4–7 Hz) from the hippocampus and are unable to maintain theta oscillations during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.
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^ abPang, DS; Robledo, CJ; Carr, DR; Gent, TC; Vyssotski, AL; Caley, A; Zecharia, AY; Wisden, W; Brickley, SG; Franks, NP (Oct 13, 2009). "An unexpected role for TASK-3 potassium channels in network oscillations with implications for sleep mechanisms and anesthetic action.". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America106 (41): 17546–51. doi:10.1073/pnas.0907228106. PMID19805135.Cite uses deprecated parameters (help)
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