|City of license||Dallas, Texas|
|Broadcast area||Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex|
|Branding||KFXR 1190 AM|
|First air date||1947|
|Power||50,000 watts day
(directional; 4 towers)
5,000 watts night
(directional; 12 towers)
|Callsign meaning||FoX Sports Radio (former station format)|
|Former callsigns||KLIF (1947-1991)
|Owner||Clear Channel Communications
(Capstar TX, LLC)
|Sister stations||KDGE, KDMX, KEGL, KHKS, KZPS|
|Webcast||Listen Live (via iHeartRadio)|
KFXR (1190 AM) is a radio station in Dallas, Texas, programing classic country and talk shows such as Jerry Doyle and Glenn Beck when it is not airing brokered programming. It began broadcasting in 1947 as KLIF. With a night array consisting of twelve (12) towers, this is one of the most directional AM broadcast stations in the United States and likely the world. It has separate transmitter sites for day and night operation.
The call letters KLIF achieved recognition in radio broadcasting through the efforts of Gordon McLendon. The station which formerly broadcast music and talk on 1190 AM, was Dallas' and one of the nation's biggest Top 40 radio stations. It virtually defined 1950s and 1960s Top 40 radio. Playing Top 40 music during the 1950s and 1960s, it achieved an over 50 share, an unparalleled ratings success.
The station saw success in music and talk radio broadcasting. In 1954 1190 KLIF switched from a more varied music programming approach to one that focused on hit music with periodic news. McLendon collected the names of local leaders in business and government working them into news on the station. McLendon said there were only two things that radio could compete with television on "music and news". KLIF-AM was headquartered at KLIF Triangle Point Studios from 1964 to 1980. It is a street front building with large windows where pedestrians and Downtown Dallas shoppers could look in the studio and see the action of live broadcasts. KLIF-AM was known for its promotions which included top 40 surveys with photo shoots of the broadcasters. Other types of photos were of the broadcast staff at live promotion events. KLIF-AM did live shows in different parts of Dallas. The announcers often toured the city in the KLIF radio vehicles. When FM radio took over Top 40 music during the late 1970s, the station lost its dominance in Top 40 music and later switched to talk radio. The KLIF call letters and format were moved to 570 AM in 1990. The frequency KLIF formerly occupied now hosts competitor news station KFXR.
A season of change
After a long and storied history on 1190, the owners of KLIF sold this station to Greystone Broadcasting in 1990 and moved KLIF call letters and format to 570. A temporary automated format of CNN Headline News was put in place along with the call letters KLAF while Greystone built new studios. Greystone added local news in the morning and afternoon drive and other syndicated talk shows (including Bruce Williams and Larry King) to the Headline News format and changed the calls to KYII - "Keeping You Instantly Informed." A popular top 40 station at the time, KHYI-FM, protested the call letters as being too similar to their own and Greystone agreed to change them to KUII in 1991. That same year, KUII added the Rush Limbaugh show to their lineup live from 11am-2pm. It had previously aired on the weekend afternoons on KLIF. Limbaugh quickly became the sole ratings hit on KUII. In the summer of 1992, the station hired a local psychologist to do a talk show in the morning and added an afternoon sports talk show with former Dallas Cowboys great Tony Hill from 3-6pm.
Former KLIF 1190 announcers
Gordon McLendon, Jimmy Rabbitt, Paxton Mills, Ralph Baker Jr., Charlie Van Dyke, Michael O'Shea, Dick Heatherton, Chuck Murphy, Dave Ambrose, Jim Tabor, Mike Selden, Ron Chapman, Johnny Dark, Hal Martin, Ken Dowe, Rod Roddy, Cuzzin Lennie, Wes Wise, Bob McCord, Brant Miller, John London, Randy Robbins, Russ Knight, Jim O'Brian, Chuck Dunaway, Ken Knox, Dick Kemp, Dick McCurdy, Jack Woods, Don Keys, Barry Kaye, Bill Stewart, Don Keyes, Buddy McGregor, George Michael, Deano Day, Gary Mack, Don Berns, Ken Reed, Stan Richards, Larry Wilson, Rex Miller, Mike Scott, Don McGregor, Lee Douglas, Jay Lawrence, Bill Ennis, Don Robertson, Bill Robbins, Gary Hamilton, Van Winkle, Koyote, Tony Booth, Gary Owens, Rex Jones, and Brice Armstrong
In the latter part of 1992, the station lost Limbaugh's program to WBAP. To make up for the loss, the station hired Ron Engelman to do a midday talk show. Larry King's syndicated talk show moved to afternoons. It was about this time that Morton Downey Jr. brought his syndicated radio show to Dallas and hosted it out of the station. He took a stake in station ownership for a time as well. It changed call letters to KGBS "Great B-S" and called itself "Hot Talk 1190 - KGBS."
Ron Engelman's show gained a little traction and he developed a devoted, but small, following. Among the people listening were the Branch Davidians in Waco. When the standoff with the Davidians took place, Engelman found out they were listening and got them to put banners out the window. His show was devoted to the standoff almost every day until the fiery end. He had calls from all over the world from family members of people still in the compound. At least 2 sect members came out of the compound and gave up after family members were interviewed on Engelman's show. At one point Engelman tried to get into the compound, but was turned back by the FBI. Engelman continued to devote most of his show to the Davidians and the aftermath of the fire for weeks after it happened. Station management was not happy with this and Engelman ultimately announced his departure - to the surprise of management - at the end of a show.
Downey lasted at the station for another year or so before moving on.
Greystone sold the station to Salem Broadcasting—a religious broadcaster. They changed the call letters to KDFX and programmed a conservative talk format including the Alan Keyes show. Salem bought 94.9 from CBS in early 1997 and gave CBS the 1190 frequency as part of the deal.
When the switch to CBS took place, the station's call letters were changed to KOOO. First airing October 30, 1996, CBS programmed "Talk 1190" with a syndicated talk radio format including Don Imus, Dr. Joy Browne, Tom Leykis, and Opie & Anthony anchoring the lineup. This lasted for about a year until CBS decided to try a music format on the station.
From September 1998 through 2000, it was "Smokin' Oldies" KLUV, a sister station for KLUV-FM, playing pop oldies from the 1960s as well as music from the 1950s that was dropped from FM station's format. In 2000, Radio One acquired this station from Infinity/CBS and the callsign changed to KJOI. It was to become a Christian Talk station, but the format change never took place.
The station was acquired by Clear Channel Broadcasting from Radio One in 2001 for $16 million, and the license was transferred by Clear Channel to Capstar TX, Limited Partnership (a subsidiary of Clear Channel) the same day. The format was changed to a Fox Sports Radio format as KTRA ("Xtra Sports 1190").
Fox Sports Radio programming continued until late-March 2004 (hence the current call sign), when switching to an all-Beatles station. Shortly thereafter in late-May 2004, it returned to its oldies format as "Mighty 1190" just two months later. In 2005, the station switched to a country music format as "Lone Star 1190" and shifted to classic country as "Cowboy 1190" in February 2006. After four years of music, it once again switched formats and became news/talk "CNN 1190" on March 30, 2008; programming included a simulcast of the audio of HLN.
KFXR's format nominally changed from the HLN simulcast back to classic country in December 2009. However, by this time the station's programming had been, and continues to be, more-or-less dominated by brokered talk shows. In January 2010, this was to include a weekday evening show hosted by Jack E. Jett but it was cancelled before it even aired, reportedly for Jett's choice of language while being interviewed by Robert Wilonsky for the Dallas Observer.
Initially retaining the "CNN 1190" branding, in early 2010 KFXR rebranded as simply "1190 AM" to reflect on the current format and affiliation. In July 2012, KFXR added Glenn Beck to the midday slot. Today's programming is an array of news, financial, lifestyle, and entertainment talk shows (mostly brokered) with syndicated talk programs from Glenn Beck and Jerry Doyle plus Coast to Coast AM with George Noory.
- Top 40 1190 KLIF 1947-mid 70s KLIF
- News KLIF-AM mid 70s-1990 KLIF
- CNN Headline News audio Headline News 1190 1990-1992 KLAF/KYII/KUII
- Talk Hot Talk 1190 KGBS 1992-1996 KGBS
- Conservative Talk 1190 KDFX 1996 KDFX
- Syndicated Talk Talk 1190 1997-1998 KOOO
- Oldies Smokin' Oldies 1190 1998-2000 KLUV
- Sports Xtra Sports 1190 2001-2003 KTRA
- Fox Sports Radio Fox Sports 1190 2003-2004 KFXR
- All-Beatles KFXR 2004 KFXR
- Oldies Mighty 1190 2004-2005 KFXR
- Country Lonestar 1190 2005 KFXR
- Classic Country Cowboy 1190 2006-2008 KFXR
- News/Talk CNN 1190 2008-2010 KFXR
- Classic Country/News/Talk 1190 AM 2010-present KFXR
- "KLIF-AM radio owner acquires new AM frequency". Dallas Morning News. November 29, 1990.
- Fisher, Marc. Something in the Air. Random House. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-375-50907-0.
- Austin, John (June 29, 1997). "They just won't stop talking". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. 6. "Starting at 5 a.m. tomorrow, the station goes all talk, all the time."
- Austin, John (April 19, 1998). "Liddy's back, why not Stern?". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. 8.
- Austin, John (July 26, 1998). "Talk shows step aside for oldies on KOOO/1190". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. 6.
- Austin, John (September 13, 1998). "Two good radio stations, one spot on the dial". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. 6.
- Philpot, Robert (February 4, 2001). "Clear Channel kills KJOI, adds Xtra Sports to airwaves". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. 10.
- "Radio changes". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. April 1, 2005. p. 2B. "After months of speculation and curiosity, First Broadcasting pulled the plug at midnight Thursday on the Fox Sports Radio format on KFXR/1190 AM, and resurrected "The Mighty 1190." -- The slogan was used by seminal Top 40 station KLIF when it was a 1950s-'70s giant."
- "Dialing in the oldies". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. June 10, 2004. p. 2B.
- "Familiar voices". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. April 6, 2006. p. B2.
- Philpot, Robert (April 1, 2008). "Changes afoot at two area radio stations". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. B14.
- "Dallas’ KFXR Goes Classic Country". Radio-Info.com. December 22, 2009. Retrieved June 26, 2010.
- Wilonsky, Robert (January 19, 2010). "Jack E. Jett Now On Actual Radio, More or Less: Clear Channel-Owned CNN 1190". Dallas Observer.
- Wilonsky, Robert (January 20, 2010). "Before He Even Started, Clear Channel Fires Jack E. Jett, Who's Ready to Fire Back". Dallas Observer. Retrieved January 21, 2010.
- Query the FCC's AM station database for KFXR
- Radio-Locator Information on KFXR
- Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for KFXR
- History of KLIF 1190
- DFW Radio Archives
- DFW Radio/TV History