KING-TV

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KING-TV
King5.svg
Seattle - Tacoma, Washington
United States
City of license Seattle, Washington
Branding KING 5 (general)
KING 5 News (newscasts)
Slogan Western Washington's Home Team
Channels Digital: 48 (UHF)
Virtual: 5 (PSIP)
Subchannels 5.1 NBC
5.2 LWN
Translators 13 K13ER Cashmere/Leavenworth
Affiliations NBC
Owner Gannett Company
(King Broadcasting Company)
First air date November 25, 1948; 65 years ago (1948-11-25)
Call letters' meaning KING County, Washington; pronounced 'King'
Sister station(s) KONG
Northwest Cable News
Former callsigns KRSC-TV (1948–1949)
Former channel number(s) Analog:
5 (VHF, 1948–2009)
Former affiliations CBS (1948–1953)
ABC (1953–1959)
DuMont (secondary, 1948–1953)
Transmitter power 960 kW
Height 239 m (784 ft)
Facility ID 34847
Transmitter coordinates 47°37′54.6″N 122°21′3.9″W / 47.631833°N 122.351083°W / 47.631833; -122.351083
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: Profile
CDBS
Website www.king5.com

KING-TV, channel 5, is an NBC-affiliated television station located in Seattle, Washington, United States. The station is owned by Gannett Company, as part of a duopoly with independent station KONG (channel 16). The two stations share offices and studios located on Dexter Avenue in the city's Denny Regrade district, and KING-TV's transmitter is located in the Queen Anne neighborhood of Seattle.

KING-TV is one of five Seattle television stations that are available in Canada on satellite providers Bell TV and Shaw Direct. The station is also carried on several cable providers in southeastern Alaska and northwestern Oregon.

History[edit]

Channel 5 first took to the air as KRSC-TV on November 25, 1948, becoming the first television station in the Pacific Northwest. The station was originally owned by Palmer K. Leberman's Radio Sales Corporation, which also operated KRSC radio (1150 AM, now KKNW, and FM 98.1, now KING-FM).[1] The first broadcast on channel 5 was a live remote of a Thanksgiving Day high school football game – the telecast was plagued with technical difficulties, but local viewers reported being impressed nonetheless.[2][3] Channel 5 was originally a primary CBS affiliate,[4] and carried secondary affiliations with NBC, ABC and DuMont.[5]

Eight months after the television station debuted, KRSC-TV and KRSC-FM were purchased by King Broadcasting Company, owners of KING radio (1090 AM, now KFNQ) and the original KING-FM (94.9, frequency now occupied by KUOW-FM), for $375,000 in May 1949.[6] The station changed its callsign to KING-TV to match its radio sisters[7] (according to legend, King Broadcasting president Dorothy Bullitt purchased the KING call letters while on a fishing boat).[citation needed] For many years, the stations' logo was "King Mike", an anthropomorphized microphone in ermine robes and a crown, drawn by cartoonist Walt Disney[8][9][10] (Portland, Oregon sister stations KGW-AM-FM-TV used a similar logo, called "Pioneer Mike";[citation needed] the King Mike logo was later brought back for KING's 50th anniversary in 1998 and still appears in promotional announcements to this day).

Once the Federal Communications Commission-imposed freeze on television station license awards ended in 1952, KING-TV lost its monopoly in the market. During 1953, the Seattle-Tacoma area received three new stations: KTNT-TV (channel 11, now KSTW) debuted in March as the market's CBS outlet; while NBC went to KMO-TV (channel 13, now KCPQ), which signed on in August. NBC moved a few months later to KOMO-TV (channel 4), which went on the air in December. By the end of the year, KING-TV was left with poor-performing ABC and DuMont, the latter of which ceased operations in 1956. Subsequently, Bullitt lobbied NBC for a group affiliation for her stations, and in October 1958, KING-TV and KGW-TV in Portland began carrying NBC programming.[11] In Seattle, channel 5 shared NBC and ABC with KOMO-TV for most of the 1958–59 television season. On September 27, 1959, KING-TV became a primary NBC station and KOMO-TV affiliated with ABC full-time.[12][13][14]

Dissatisfied with Stimson Bullitt's management style, Dorothy Bullitt, and Mr. Bullitt's sisters, arranged for his voluntary resignation from King Broadcasting in 1972.[citation needed] Stimson sold his company shares to his sisters, Harriet and Patsy. He then received control of the family's real estate interests. Ancil Payne, who had served as general manager of the company's Portland stations since 1965, became president and CEO. By the 1970s and 1980s, KING-TV was the flagship of a growing regional media empire which at various times included ventures in publishing, the film industry, cable television systems (under the name of King Videocable, the assets of which have by now been absorbed into Comcast) and even various timber assets in the Far East.[citation needed]

Locally produced programs that debuted on the station during the 1970s and 1980s included Seattle Today, a mid-morning talk show hosted by Cliff Lenz and Shirley Hudson and later by Susan Michaels and Colby Chester; Seattle Tonight, Tonite!, hosted by Ross McGowan and later Dick Klinger; Almost Live!, a Saturday night talk and sketch-comedy program originally starring Ross Shafer; and a local Evening Magazine franchise, first hosted by Penny LeGate and Brian Tracey. Of these, only Evening Magazine exists today. How Come?, a half-hour early Sunday evening family television program hosted by Al Wallace, won several awards during its run during the 1970s and early 1980s. The show covered topics on how things were made or done in the world. Dick Klinger hosted the show after Al Wallace died.

King Broadcasting's stations included KGW radio and television in Portland, KREM-TV in Spokane, KTVB-TV in Boise, KHNL-TV and KFVE-TV in Honolulu and KYA/KOIT radio in San Francisco. Long-time station-owner Dorothy Bullitt died in June 1989. Dorothy Bullitt's daughters Harriet Bullitt and Priscilla "Patsy" Bullitt Collins decided to sell the King assets in 1992 – eventually selling King Broadcasting (including KING, KREM, KGW, KTVB, KHNL/KFVE and the cable provider assets) to The Providence Journal Company. KING-TV and other King Broadcasting stations later became Belo properties as a result of that company's merger with The Providence Journal Company in 1997.[15]

Bonneville International Corporation purchased KING-AM in 1994. The 1990s saw the end of Almost Live!. During this decade, the show launched the career of Bill Nye the Science Guy, Joel McHale (of The Soup fame) and locally, Pat Cashman and John Keister (who replaced Ross Shafer as host). KING-TV was also the home for Watch This!, a fast-paced Emmy Award-winning show aimed at children and teenagers;[citation needed] the show lasted five years and was hosted by local anchors, Jim Dever and Mimi Gan. On December 18, 1995, King Broadcasting launched Northwest Cable News, a 24-hour regional cable news channel available primarily to cable providers in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho with lesser cable coverage in Alaska, Montana and California.

On June 13, 2013, the Gannett Company announced that it would acquire Belo.[16] The sale was completed on December 23.[17]

In April 2014, KING announced plans to sell its current South Lake Union headquarters and re-locate, taking advantage of a booming real estate market in the South Union Lake area. In September 2014, it was reported that Gannett was planning to lease multiple floors at the Home Plate Center—a complex across the street from Safeco Field in the SoDo area of Seattle.[15]

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[18]
5.1 1080i 16:9 KING-HD Main KING-TV programming / NBC
5.2 480i 4:3 LWN Live Well Network

On December 6, 2011, Belo signed an agreement with the Live Well Network to affiliate with digital subchannels of KING-TV and Spokane sister station KSKN; Live Well Network replaced Universal Sports on digital subchannel 5.2 on January 1, 2012, as Universal Sports transitioned into a cable and satellite channel during the first quarter of 2012.[19]

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

KING-TV discontinued its regular program over analog, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television.[20] As the "analog nightlight" station for the Seattle-Tacoma market, it aired a loop reminding viewers to get a digital converter box on analog channel 5 until June 26, 2009.[21] The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 48,[22][23] using PSIP to display KING-TV's virtual channel as 5 on digital television receivers.

Programming[edit]

As of September 2014, KING broadcasts only two syndicated programs during its weekday schedule, Dr. Phil and The Ellen DeGeneres Show. This, as part of the station's reliance on NBC's daytime programming and the station's newscast and local programming, makes KING one of several stations in the U.S. to share a similar strategy; other stations relying on this strategy include WTMJ in Milwaukee, WFRV in Green Bay, KSNV and KTNV in Las Vegas, and KPNX in Phoenix (the latter is also owned by Gannett). Despite this, KING was airing 3 and a half hours of syndicated programming prior to September 2013, consisting of the two aforementioned programs at the beginning, as well as Katie and Inside Edition. However, Katie was cancelled by the end of the 2013-2014 TV season and Inside Edition moved to KONG, [24] as newscasts were used to replace the void.

Sports programming[edit]

KING opted not to carry NBC's telecasts of the 2006,[citation needed] 2007 and 2008 Stanley Cup Finals, and 2013, when the games began at 5 p.m. Pacific time, choosing to instead air its regular lineup of local newscasts and syndicated shows. KONG picked up the NBC telecasts of the games, and CBC Television's broadcasts of the games were available to most cable providers in the region through the network's Vancouver owned-and-operated station CBUT. For the 2007 and 2008 Stanley Cup Finals, however, KING aired NBC's Saturday night telecasts of the Stanley Cup Final, while KONG aired the other NBC Stanley Cup Final telecasts. As for the 2009 Stanley Cup Finals, KING aired games 1, 2 and 5 while KONG aired games 6 and 7.

KING was the official broadcast home of Seattle Seahawks preseason games, with the exception of those shown on national television, from 1981 to 2000 and again from 2005 to 2011 (sister station KONG carried Seahawks preseason games in 2003 and 2004). The station also airs Seahawks through NBC's broadcast contract with the NFL. Both KING and KONG served as official television broadcasters of the city's Major League Soccer club Seattle Sounders FC from 2009-2013, in which KONG aired a weekly magazine program on Sunday nights during the season called Sounders FC Weekly, and was rebroadcast Mondays on sister cable channel Northwest Cable News.

News operation[edit]

Former KING-TV newscast title card under Belo/Gannett ownership.
A morning news interview with the Secretary of the United States Navy Ray Mabus.

In 1999, to compete against KOMO, KING began broadcasting its newscasts in high definition; at the time it only had one studio camera that was HD-capable. In April 2007, KING upgraded all of its studio cameras, graphics and weather system to high definition, and began broadcasting its public affairs programming in the format as well.[25] Field reports continue to be broadcast in standard definition (480i converted to 1080i HD for telecast) but are taped in a 16:9 aspect ratio, giving the appearance of high-definition. According to KING, it is "Seattle's First HD Newscast".[26]

Following its sale to the company, KING adopted Gannett's standardized news presentation on June 18, 2014, which included new on-air graphics and the "This Is Home" music used by its new sister stations.[27] The station's new graphics incorporate a cleaner visual appearance, and color-coding for stories using the same colors used by Gannett's national newspaper USA Today.[28]

Notable current on-air staff[edit]

Notable former on-air staff[edit]

References[edit]

Specific citations:

  1. ^ "KRSC-TV; Seattle station planning new program formula." Broadcasting – Telecasting, November 22, 1948, pg. 36. [1]
  2. ^ "KRSC-TV goes on the air with fanfare." Broadcasting – Telecasting, December 6, 1948, pg. 44. [2]
  3. ^ Corr, O. Casey (October 6, 1996). "The day Seattle got TV–'It's cute, but I don't think it'll ever amount to much,' a radio broadcaster concluded". The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  4. ^ "KRSC-TV joins CBS television network." Broadcasting – Telecasting, October 25, 1948, pg. 28. [3]
  5. ^ "KRSC-TV will sign three TV networks." Broadcasting – Telecasting, November 8, 1948, pg. 68. [4]
  6. ^ "KRSC-FM-TV sold to KING for $375,000; subject to FCC okay." Broadcasting – Telecasting, May 16, 1949, pg. 30. [5]
  7. ^ "Seattle change; TV start, FM switch set by KING." Broadcasting – Telecasting, August 22, 1949, pg. 38. [6]
  8. ^ https://si0.twimg.com/profile_images/1748335017/kingmike.JPG
  9. ^ http://content.lib.washington.edu/u?/imlsmohai,5510
  10. ^ https://si0.twimg.com/profile_images/1445426282/KING_Mike.png
  11. ^ "KGW, KING stations affiliate with NBC." Broadcasting, October 20, 1958, pg. 74.
  12. ^ "Seattle partner-change in '59: KOMO-TV to ABC; KING-TV to NBC." Broadcasting, October 27, 1958, pg. 68.
  13. ^ "KOMO-TV joins ABC." Broadcasting, April 13, 1959, pg. 99.
  14. ^ "'Operation Switchover.'" Broadcasting, October 5, 1959, pg. 100.
  15. ^ a b "KING 5 puts building up for sale as South Lake Union booms". Seattle Times. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  16. ^ Ortutay, Barbara; Fowler, Bree (June 13, 2013). "Gannett to buy TV station owner Belo for $1.5B". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  17. ^ Gannett Completes Its Acquisition of Belo, TVNewsCheck, Retrieved 23 December, 2013
  18. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KING
  19. ^ Live Well Net Adds Two More Belo Stations, TVNewsCheck, December 6, 2011.
  20. ^ Congress postpones DTV transition, Seattle may not, KING/AP, February 5, 2009
  21. ^ http://www.king5.com/business/stories/NW_061209DTV-switchover-complete-JM.72d85dd1.html KING, KONG now all-digital[dead link]
  22. ^ "CDBS Print". FCC. Retrieved 2013-01-29. 
  23. ^ List of Digital Full-Power Stations
  24. ^ "Inside Edition's local girl Megan Alexander". KING5.com. Retrieved 29 September 2014. 
  25. ^ "HDTV". king5.com. Archived from the original on 16 May 2007. 
  26. ^ http://www.king5.com/topstories/stories/NW_041607hd_beginsSW.10f07231.html[dead link]
  27. ^ "New graphic look coming to KING 5 on Wednesday". KING5.com. Retrieved 16 June 2014. 
  28. ^ "Gannett Stations Clean Up Their Graphics". TVNewsCheck. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  29. ^ "Aaron Brown: Curriculum Vitae". Walter Cronkite School of Journalism. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  30. ^ Porterfield, Elaine (28 October 2003). "Ex-journalist says he asks tough questions". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  31. ^ [http://www.skyvalleychronicle.com/FEATURE-NEWS/SHOT-FIRED-INTO-FORMER-SEATTLE-NEWS-ANCHOR-S-HOME-br-CNN-s- Lou-Dobbs-Wife-Home-At-Time-207194 "Shot Fired Into Former Seattle News Anchor's Home"]. Sky Valley Chronicle. 31 October 2009. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  32. ^ Boss, Kit (13 August 1992). "KING Anchor Rejoins KIRO". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  33. ^ "Mark Mullen Biography". KNSD-TV. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  34. ^ "Sharon O'Donnell bio". KOMO-TV. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  35. ^ Clarridge, Christine (10 May 2009). ""Funniest guy in the room" told whimsical TV stories". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  36. ^ Moore, Jim (24 January 2005). "Don Poier, 1951-2005: Voice of Grizzlies honed his skills in NW". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 

General references:

  • Dorothy Stimson Bullitt: An Uncommon Life by Delphine Haley, from Sasquatch Press; ISBN 1-57061-327-3
  • King: The Bullitts of Seattle and Their Communications Empire by O. Casey Corr, from University of Washington Press; ISBN 0-295-97584-9
  • On the Air: The King Broadcasting Story by Daniel Jack Chasan, from Island Publishers; ISBN 0-9615580-6-7

External links[edit]