|City of license||Seattle, Washington|
|Branding||KING 5 (general)
KING 5 News (newscasts)
|Slogan||The Home Team (general)
Coverage You Can Count On (news)
|Channels||Digital: 48 (UHF)
Virtual: 5 (PSIP)
|Translators||13 K13ER Cashmere/Leavenworth
57 K57AI Neah Bay
(sale to Gannett Company pending)
(King Broadcasting Company)
|First air date||November 25, 1948|
|Call letters' meaning||King County and counterpart of KONG as in King Kong|
|Sister station(s)||KONG, Northwest Cable News|
|Former callsigns||KRSC-TV (1948–1949)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
5 (VHF, 1948–2009)
|Former affiliations||CBS (1948–1953)
DuMont (secondary, 1948–1953)
|Transmitter power||960 kW|
|Public license information:||Profile
KING-TV, channel 5, is an NBC-affiliated television station located in Seattle, Washington, United States. The station is owned by Belo, as part of a duopoly with independent station KONG (channel 16). The two stations share offices and studios located in the city's Denny Regrade district, and KING-TV's transmitter is located in the Queen Anne neighborhood of Seattle.
KING-TV is one of five Seattle television stations that are available in Canada on satellite providers Bell TV and Shaw Direct. The station is also carried on several cable providers in southeastern Alaska and northwestern Oregon.
- 1 History
- 2 Digital television
- 3 Programming
- 4 News operation
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Channel 5 first took to the air as KRSC-TV on November 25, 1948, becoming the first television station in the Pacific Northwest. The station was originally owned by Palmer K. Leberman's Radio Sales Corporation, which also operated KRSC radio (1150 AM, now KKNW, and FM 98.1, now KING-FM). The first broadcast on channel 5 was a live remote of a Thanksgiving Day high school football game – the telecast was plagued with technical difficulties, but local viewers reported being impressed nonetheless. Channel 5 was originally a primary CBS affiliate, and carried secondary affiliations with NBC, ABC and DuMont.
Eight months after the television station debuted, KRSC-TV and KRSC-FM were purchased by King Broadcasting Company, owners of KING radio (1090 AM, now KFNQ) and the original KING-FM (94.9, frequency now occupied by KUOW-FM), for $375,000 in May 1949. The station changed its callsign to KING-TV to match its radio sisters (according to legend, King Broadcasting president Dorothy Bullitt purchased the KING call letters while on a fishing boat). For many years, the stations' logo was "King Mike", an anthropomorphized microphone in ermine robes and a crown, drawn by cartoonist Walt Disney (Portland, Oregon sister stations KGW-AM-FM-TV used a similar logo, called "Pioneer Mike"; the King Mike logo was later brought back for KING's 50th anniversary in 1998 and still appears in promotional announcements to this day).
Once the Federal Communications Commission-imposed freeze on television station license awards ended in 1952, KING-TV lost its monopoly in the market. During 1953, the Seattle-Tacoma area received three new stations: KTNT-TV (channel 11, now KSTW) debuted in March as the market's CBS outlet; while NBC went to KMO-TV (channel 13, now KCPQ), which signed on in August. NBC moved a few months later to KOMO-TV (channel 4), which went on the air in December. By the end of the year, KING-TV was left with poor-performing ABC and DuMont, the latter of which ceased operations in 1956. Subsequently, Bullitt lobbied NBC for a group affiliation for her stations, and in October 1958, KING-TV and KGW-TV in Portland began carrying NBC programming. In Seattle, channel 5 shared NBC and ABC with KOMO-TV for most of the 1958–59 television season. On September 27, 1959, KING-TV became a primary NBC station and KOMO-TV affiliated with ABC full-time.
In 1961, Dorothy Bullitt's son Stimson Bullitt became president of the King Broadcasting Company, while his mother remained chairwoman of the board. In 1966, he took the almost-unprecedented step of airing an anti-Vietnam war editorial, angering the Johnson Administration. Stimson also expanded the company to include Seattle Magazine and a variety of other businesses, much to the dismay of his mother, who felt he was losing focus on the family's broadcast properties. Investigative reporter Don McGaffin gave significant coverage to growing racial tensions in the city as well as corruption in the Seattle Police Department.
Dissatisfied with Stimson Bullitt's management style, Dorothy Bullitt, and Mr. Bullitt's sisters, arranged for his voluntary resignation from King Broadcasting in 1972. Stimson sold his company shares to his sisters, Harriet and Patsy. He then received control of the family's real estate interests. Ancil Payne, who had served as general manager of the company's Portland stations since 1965, became president and CEO. By the 1970s and 1980s, KING-TV was the flagship of a growing regional media empire which at various times included ventures in publishing, the film industry, cable television systems (under the name of King Videocable, the assets of which have by now been absorbed into Comcast) and even various timber assets in the Far East.
Locally produced programs that debuted on the station during the 1970s and 1980s included Seattle Today, a mid-morning talk show hosted by Cliff Lenz and Shirley Hudson and later by Susan Michaels and Colby Chester; Seattle Tonight, Tonite!, hosted by Ross McGowan and later Dick Klinger; Almost Live!, a Saturday night talk and sketch-comedy program originally starring Ross Shafer; and a local Evening Magazine franchise, first hosted by Penny LeGate and Brian Tracey. Of these, only Evening Magazine exists today. How Come?, a half-hour early Sunday evening family television program hosted by Al Wallace, won several awards during its run during the 1970s and early 1980s. The show covered topics on how things were made or done in the world. Dick Klinger hosted the show after Al Wallace died.
King Broadcasting's stations included KGW radio and television in Portland, KREM-TV in Spokane, KTVB-TV in Boise, KHNL-TV and KFVE-TV in Honolulu and KYA/KOIT radio in San Francisco. Long-time station-owner Dorothy Bullitt died in June 1989. Dorothy Bullitt's daughters Harriet Bullitt and Priscilla "Patsy" Bullitt Collins decided to sell the King assets in 1992 – eventually selling King Broadcasting (including KING, KREM, KGW, KTVB, KHNL/KFVE and the cable provider assets) to The Providence Journal Company. KING-TV and other King Broadcasting stations later became Belo properties as a result of that company's merger with The Providence Journal Company in 1997 (KHNL and KFVE were later sold to Raycom Media in 1999).
Bonneville International Corporation purchased KING-AM in 1994. The 1990s saw the end of Almost Live!. During this decade, the show launched the career of Bill Nye the Science Guy, Joel McHale (of The Soup fame) and locally, Pat Cashman and John Keister (who replaced Ross Shafer as host). KING-TV was also the home for Watch This!, a fast-paced Emmy Award-winning show aimed at children and teenagers; the show lasted five years and was hosted by local anchors, Jim Dever and Mimi Gan. On December 18, 1995, King Broadcasting launched Northwest Cable News, a 24-hour regional cable news channel available primarily to cable providers in Washington, Oregon, and Idaho with lesser cable coverage in Alaska, Montana and California.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|5.1||1080i||16:9||KING-HD||Main KING-TV programming / NBC|
|5.2||480i||4:3||LWN||Live Well Network|
On December 6, 2011, Belo signed an agreement with the Live Well Network to affiliate with digital subchannels of KING-TV and Spokane sister station KSKN; Live Well Network replaced Universal Sports on digital subchannel 5.2 on January 1, 2012, as Universal Sports transitioned into a cable and satellite channel during the first quarter of 2012.
KING-TV discontinued regular programming on its analog signal on June 12, 2009, as part of the FCC-mandated transition to digital television for full-power stations. As the "analog nightlight" station for the Seattle-Tacoma market, it aired a loop reminding viewers to get a digital converter box on analog channel 5 until June 26, 2009. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 48, using PSIP to display KING-TV's virtual channel as 5 on digital television receivers.
Syndicated programming currently broadcast on KING-TV includes Dr. Phil, Inside Edition (which has moved to KONG since September 2013), The Ellen DeGeneres Show and Katie. KING opted not to carry NBC's telecasts of the 2006, 2007 and 2008 Stanley Cup Finals, and 2013, when the games began at 5 p.m. Pacific time, choosing to instead air its regular lineup of local newscasts and syndicated shows. KONG picked up the NBC telecasts of the games, and CBC Television's broadcasts of the games were available to most cable providers in the region through the network's Vancouver owned-and-operated station CBUT. For the 2007 and 2008 Stanley Cup Finals, however, KING aired NBC's Saturday night telecasts of the Stanley Cup Final, while KONG aired the other NBC Stanley Cup Final telecasts. As for the 2009 Stanley Cup Finals, KING aired games 1, 2 and 5 while KONG aired games 6 and 7.
KING was the official broadcast home of Seattle Seahawks preseason games, with the exception of those shown on national television, from 1981 to 2000 and again from 2005 to 2011 (sister station KONG carried Seahawks preseason games in 2003 and 2004). The station also airs Seahawks through NBC's broadcast contract with the NFL. Both KING and KONG serve as official television broadcasters of the city's Major League Soccer club Seattle Sounders FC, in which KONG airs a weekly magazine program on Sunday nights during the season called Sounders FC Weekly, and is rebroadcast Mondays on sister cable channel Northwest Cable News.
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (May 2010)|
KING-TV presently broadcasts 37 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 5½ hours on weekdays, five hours on Saturdays and 4½ hours on Sundays). For most of the last quarter-century, KING's newscasts have battled for first place in the ratings with KOMO-TV. However, for the past couple of years, KING has been in first place in virtually every local newscast. Some of its newscasts rank higher than all the other newscasts combined.
From the beginning, KING was deeply committed to the Seattle area. Former owner Dorothy Bullitt believed that a television station should serve the local public, while remaining commercially viable. KING set up one of the first local television news departments in the United States and quickly gained national attention for its high quality and thorough approach. In 1952, KING kept Senator Joseph McCarthy from delivering a potentially libelous attack on the air. McCarthy threatened to have the station's license revoked citing undue bias (the Bullitts were staunch Democrats), but was forced to back down. Reporters such as Charles Herring, Ted Bryant, Mike James, Bob Faw and Seattle's first female news anchor, Jean Enersen, set high standards for television journalism in Seattle.
After Alaska was hit by a major earthquake in March 1964, KING-TV worked with NBC News to get the footage of the quake's aftermath broadcast on the network. This was prior to the launch of a trans-Pacific television broadcast satellite and footage from Anchorage was flown to Seattle and driven to KING to be fed into the NBC network. NBC was the first network to show footage of the quake's aftermath, preceding ABC and CBS by several hours.
KING-TV was a pioneer of diversity in the newsroom. In 1972, KING-TV broke new ground by appointing Jean Enersen as an evening news anchor. According to The Washington Post, Enersen was the first permanent female evening news anchor in the country and is considered to be the longest-running female local evening news anchor. Additionally, KING-TV appointed Seattle's first African-American evening news anchor, John Raye, who co-anchored with Enersen for several years in the mid-1970s. The KING-TV news department also groomed several network news reporters during this time, including CNN's Aaron Brown and Lou Dobbs, former CBS Early Show contributor Hattie Kauffman, former CBS correspondent Linda Taira, NBC correspondent James Hattori and NBC Dateline correspondent Dennis Murphy. Future meteorologist and author Jeff Renner joined KING-TV in 1977. Also during this era, KING's staff of photojournalists, led for many years by Phil Sturholm and Ken Jones, were among the best in the nation. The National Press Photographers Association named KING the Television News Photography Station of the Year for 1979, 1981, 1982 and 2011.
KING was a pioneer with new types of newscasts. In 1979, KING debuted the first early morning newscast in Western Washington at 6:30 a.m., anchored by Don Madsen with Larry Schick as weather anchor; Don Madsen was known for coming in at 11:30 p.m. and working all night to prepare for his early morning newscast. The KING 5 Morning News became very popular with Western Washington viewers as well as viewers throughout British Columbia. In 1984, KING pioneered Top Story, hosted by Mike James and Lori Matsukawa, which aired at 6:30 p.m. weeknights; Top Story was a local version of Nightline focusing primarily on the top news story of the day with in-depth reporting and interviews. Despite efforts to produce a high-quality newscast, Top Story never became popular and was canceled in 1988.
In the late 1970s, KING-TV and its sister stations in Spokane, Boise, and Portland formed the KING Northwest Network. The stations often shared news reports and jointly covered significant stories such as the eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980. The mid-morning talk show, Seattle Today, was renamed Northwest Today and expanded to 90 minutes. While the majority of the show was produced in Seattle, each member station had a local host who would provide short local segments.
In 1999, to compete against KOMO, KING began broadcasting its newscasts in high definition; at the time it only had one studio camera that was HD-capable. In April 2007, KING upgraded all of its studio cameras, graphics and weather system to high definition, and began broadcasting its public affairs programming in the format as well."HDTV". king5.com. Field reports continue to be broadcast in standard definition (480i converted to 1080i HD for telecast) but are taped in a 16:9 aspect ratio, giving the appearance of high-definition. According to KING, it is "Seattle's First HD Newscast".
In 2008, chief newscaster Jean Enersen celebrated her 40th year at KING with a one-hour special which aired August 1; 36 of those years as primary evening anchor, setting the record for the longest serving female evening anchor in the country. In 2013, Jean celebrated her 45th year with KING 5, still on-the-air as primary evening anchor for 41 years now. Jean still does the weeknight 5 and 6:30 p.m. news for KING 5.
On September 9, 2013, KING expanded its 6:30 p.m. weeknight news to an hour with the addition of KING 5 News at 7 which is then followed by KING 5's Evening Magazine at 7:30 p.m. Also on that same day, KING added a weeknight 9 p.m. newscast on KONG, known as KING 5 News at 9 on KONG.</ref>
- The Pacific Northwest News Report (1948–1949)
- KING-TV News (1949–1960)
- KING-TV Night Report (1960–1965)
- KING News Final (1965–1970)
- KING News (1965–1971)
- KING Newservice (1971–1978)
- KING 5 News (1978?–present)
- NewsCenter 5 (early to mid-1980s; used in conjunction with KING 5 News)
- "First in the Great Northwest" (1950s–1960s and 1970s)
- "News Headquarters for the Great Northwest" (1970s)
- "Part of Your Life" (1975–1978)
- "The Home Team" (1978–1979 and 1986–present; general slogan)
- "We Give You The Extras" (1979–1981)
- "There's Only One News KING" (1981; news slogan)
- "KING 5, Our Pride is Showing" (1981–1982; localized version of NBC ad campaign)
- "News You Can Rely On From People You Trust" (1982; news slogan)
- "We're KING 5, Just Watch Us Now" (1982–1983; localized version of NBC ad campaign)
- "All the News for Western Washington" (1990–1999)
- "Coverage You Can Count On" (1994–present; news slogan)
- "Community, Context, Commitment." (used for the public affairs program Up Front during its 2001–2012 run)
- "Issues That Matter" (2004–2012; used for the public affairs program Up Front)
- "Number One in Western Washington" (2013-present, news slogan)
- Dennis Bounds - weeknights at 5, 6:30, 7, 10 (KONG) and 11 p.m.
- Greg Copeland - weekend mornings (6-7 Saturdays and 7-10 a.m. weekends); also Monday-Wednesday morning reporter and NWCN weekend morning anchor
- Meg Coyle - weekends at 5 and 11 p.m.; also general assignment reporter
- Jean Enersen - weeknights at 5, 6:30 and 7 p.m.; also HealthLink reporter/Specials anchor
- Sabra Gertsch - freelancer anchor; also Northwest Cable News - NWCN freelancer anchor
- Cam Johnson - fill-in anchor; also Northwest Cable News - NWCN weekday morning anchor
- Mimi Jung - weekdays at noon; also general assignment reporter
- Shaniqua Manning - weekends at 6:30 & 10 (KONG); also weekday NWCN anchor.
- Lori Matsukawa - weeknights at 7, 10 (KONG) and 11 p.m.
- Rob Piercy - weeknights at 9 p.m. (KONG); also Northwest Cable News - NWCN anchor
- Joyce Taylor - weekday mornings (4:30-7 on KING and 7-9 a.m. on KONG)
- Mark Wright - weekday mornings (4:30-7 on KING and 7-9 a.m. on KONG)
- Jeff Renner (AMS Certified Broadcast Meteorologist Seal of Approval) - chief meteorologist; weeknights at 5, 6:30, 7, 10 (KONG) and 11 p.m.
- Rich Marriott (AMS Seal of Approval) - meteorologist; weekday mornings (4:30-7 on KING and 7-9 a.m. on KONG)
- Jim Guy (AMS Seal of Approval) - meteorologist; weeknights at 9 p.m. (KONG)
- Lisa Van Cise - weekends at 5, 6:30, 10 (KONG) and 11 p.m.
- Rick Van Cise (AMS Seal of Approval) - fill-in meteorologist
- Keisha Burns - weekdays at noon; also weekday mornings on NWCN
- Mary Lee - weekend mornings (6-7 Saturdays and 7-10 a.m. weekends)
- Paul Silvi - sports director; weeknights at 5, 6:30, 7 (9 and 10 on KONG) and 11 p.m.; also Northwest Sports Tonight anchor (NWCN/KONG)
- Chris Egan - sports anchor/reporter; weekends at 5, 6:30, 10 (KONG) and 11 p.m.; also Northwest Sports Tonight anchor (NWCN/KONG)
- Zahid Arab - general assignment reporter
- Linda Brill - general assignment reporter
- Linda Byron - investigative reporter
- Gary Chittim - general assignment reporter; also Environmental specialist
- Chris Daniels - general assignment reporter
- Glenn Farley - general assignment reporter; also Aviation specialist
- Jim Forman - general assignment reporter
- Susannah Frame - investigative reporter
- Heather Graf - general assignment reporter
- Elisa Hahn - general assignment reporter
- Chris Ingalls - investigative reporter
- Christie Johnson - weekday morning features reporter (4:30-7 on KING and 7-9 a.m. on KONG)
- Jesse Jones - consumer reporter
- John Langler - general assignment reporter
- Adam Mertz - general assignment reporter
- Drew Mikkelsen - South Bureau chief/reporter
- Mitch Pittman - general assignment reporter
- Roberta Romero - general assignment reporter
- Natasha Ryan - freelancer anchor/reporter
- Natalie Swaby - general assignment reporter
- Tracy Taylor - weekday morning traffic reporter (4:30-7 on KING and 7-9 a.m. on KONG)
- Jake Whittenberg - general assignment reporter
- Eric Wilkinson - general assignment reporter
- Teresa Yuan - general assignment reporter
Local program staff
- Saint Bryan - Evening Magazine reporter
- Jim Dever - Evening Magazine reporter
- Kim Holcomb - Evening Magazine reporter
- Michael King - Evening Magazine reporter
- Margaret Larson - New Day Northwest host
- Tom Voelk - Driving Northwest host
- Ciscoe Morris - Gardening with Ciscoe host
- Grant Goodeve - Northwest Backroads host
Local program shows
- New Day Northwest - weekdays at 11 a.m.; also shown on KING's digital channel Live Well Network
- Evening Magazine - weeknights at 7:30 p.m.; also shown on NWCN/KONG
- Gardening with Ciscoe - Sundays at 10 a.m.; also shown on NWCN/KONG
- Northwest Backroads - Saturdays at 7:30 p.m.; also shown on NWCN/KONG
Notable former on-air staff
- Meeghan Black - former Evening Magazine host, Gardening with Ciscoe co-host, weekend weather anchor, and weekday morning traffic anchor
- Aaron Brown - evening co-anchor (was at KIRO-TV, ABC News, and CNN; now anchoring at PBS and teaching at Walter Cronkite School of Journalism)
- Jim Compton - Host of The Compton Report (1985–1999)
- Lou Dobbs - Anchor (was at CNN; now at FOX Business)
- Joe Fryer general assignment/special projects reporter (2010 - 2013) (Now with NBC news as a Los Angeles based correspondent)
- David Kerley (was at KIRO-TV; currently at ABC News)
- Mark Mullen - morning/noon co-anchor (formerly with WNBC-TV and ABC News; currently at KNSD in San Diego)
- Shannon O'Donnell - weather anchor (1996–2000 and 2007–2009; now weekend weather anchor at KOMO-TV)
- Greg Palmer - reporter
- Don Poier (later radio voice of Vancouver/Memphis Grizzlies)
- Drew Soicher - sports anchor (now at KUSA-TV in Denver)
- "KRSC-TV; Seattle station planning new program formula." Broadcasting – Telecasting, November 22, 1948, pg. 36. 
- "KRSC-TV goes on the air with fanfare." Broadcasting – Telecasting, December 6, 1948, pg. 44. 
- Corr, O. Casey (October 6, 1996). "The day Seattle got TV–'It's cute, but I don't think it'll ever amount to much,' a radio broadcaster concluded". The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
- "KRSC-TV joins CBS television network." Broadcasting – Telecasting, October 25, 1948, pg. 28. 
- "KRSC-TV will sign three TV networks." Broadcasting – Telecasting, November 8, 1948, pg. 68. 
- "KRSC-FM-TV sold to KING for $375,000; subject to FCC okay." Broadcasting – Telecasting, May 16, 1949, pg. 30. 
- "Seattle change; TV start, FM switch set by KING." Broadcasting – Telecasting, August 22, 1949, pg. 38. 
- "KGW, KING stations affiliate with NBC." Broadcasting, October 20, 1958, pg. 74.
- "Seattle partner-change in '59: KOMO-TV to ABC; KING-TV to NBC." Broadcasting, October 27, 1958, pg. 68.
- "KOMO-TV joins ABC." Broadcasting, April 13, 1959, pg. 99.
- "'Operation Switchover.'" Broadcasting, October 5, 1959, pg. 100.
- Ortutay, Barbara; Fowler, Bree (June 13, 2013). "Gannett to buy TV station owner Belo for $1.5B". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
- RabbitEars TV Query for KING
- Live Well Net Adds Two More Belo Stations, TVNewsCheck, December 6, 2011.
- Congress postpones DTV transition, Seattle may not, KING/AP, February 5, 2009
- http://www.king5.com/business/stories/NW_061209DTV-switchover-complete-JM.72d85dd1.html KING, KONG now all-digital[dead link]
- "CDBS Print". FCC. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
- List of Digital Full-Power Stations
- "New Face of TV News First Seen in the '70s". The Washington Post. July 23, 2006.
- http://www.nppa.org/about_us/honors_and_recognitions/station_of_year/[dead link]
- http://www.king5.com/topstories/stories/NW_041607hd_beginsSW.10f07231.html[dead link]
- "KING-TV K5 news 1993 open". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-01-29.
- "Aaron Brown: Curriculum Vitae". Walter Cronkite School of Journalism. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- Porterfield, Elaine (28 October 2003). "Ex-journalist says he asks tough questions". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- [http://www.skyvalleychronicle.com/FEATURE-NEWS/SHOT-FIRED-INTO-FORMER-SEATTLE-NEWS-ANCHOR-S-HOME-br-CNN-s- Lou-Dobbs-Wife-Home-At-Time-207194 "Shot Fired Into Former Seattle News Anchor's Home"]. Sky Valley Chronicle. 31 October 2009. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- Boss, Kit (13 August 1992). "KING Anchor Rejoins KIRO". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "Mark Mullen Biography". KNSD-TV. 25 September 2013. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "Sharon O'Donnell bio". KOMO-TV. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- Clarridge, Christine (10 May 2009). ""Funniest guy in the room" told whimsical TV stories". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- Moore, Jim (24 January 2005). "Don Poier, 1951-2005: Voice of Grizzlies honed his skills in NW". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- "TV Stations Tap Portland, Hire Two Sports Reporters". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 26 September 2013.
- Dorothy Stimson Bullitt: An Uncommon Life by Delphine Haley, from Sasquatch Press; ISBN 1-57061-327-3
- King: The Bullitts of Seattle and Their Communications Empire by O. Casey Corr, from University of Washington Press; ISBN 0-295-97584-9
- On the Air: The King Broadcasting Story by Daniel Jack Chasan, from Island Publishers; ISBN 0-9615580-6-7
- KING-TV website
- KING-TV's Facebook page
- Query the FCC's TV station database for KING-TV
- Query TV Fool's coverage map for KING
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KING-TV
- Essay on Dorothy Bullitt from HistoryLink