|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2012)|
|Branding||CBS 5 (general)
CBS 5 News (newscasts)
|Slogan||Only CBS 5 (general)
Telling It Like It Is (newscasts)
|Channels||Digital: 17 (UHF)
Virtual: 5 (PSIP)
5.2 Weather Now
|Affiliations||CBS (1949–1953 and 1994–present)|
(KPHO Broadcasting Corporation)
|First air date||December 4, 1949|
|Call letters' meaning||PHOenix|
|Sister station(s)||KTVK, KASW|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
5 (VHF, 1949–2009)
|Transmitter power||1,000 kW|
|Height||507 m (1,663 ft)|
|Public license information:||Profile
KPHO-TV, virtual channel 5 (UHF digital channel 17), is a CBS-affiliated television station located in Phoenix, Arizona, United States. The station is owned by the Meredith Corporation, as part of a duopoly with independent station KTVK (channel 3). Meredith also operates CW affiliate KASW (channel 61) under a shared services agreement. KPHO has its studios located on Black Canyon Highway in the Alhambra Village section of Phoenix, with its transmitter located on South Mountain on the city's south side. KPHO extends its signal throughout northern Arizona by way of more than a dozen translators.
- 1 History
- 2 Digital television
- 3 Programming
- 4 News operation
- 5 Rebroadcasters
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The station first signed on the air on December 4, 1949 as the first television station in Arizona. It was originally owned by a group of entrepreneurs – one of whom, John Mullins, would later launch KBTV (now KUSA) in Denver. Majority interest was held by Phoenix Broadcasting, owners of KPHO radio (910 AM, now KFYI at 550 AM); the television station, which was originally assigned the call letters KTLX, had its callsign changed to KPHO-TV to match its radio sister shortly before its debut. It originally broadcast from studios at the Hotel Westward Ho in downtown Phoenix. The Meredith Corporation purchased the KPHO stations on June 25, 1952. In April 1950, the Lew King Ranger children's show broadcast live on KPHO with a young Wayne Newton as announcer. In 1954, it began airing The Wallace and Ladmo Show, a children's program which aired weekday mornings until 1989 – one of the longest-running locally produced children's shows in television history.
As the only television station in Phoenix during the first 3½ years of operation, it carried programming from all four networks of the time: it was a primary CBS affiliate, and had secondary affiliations with NBC, ABC and the now-defunct DuMont Television Network. NBC programming moved to KTYL-TV (channel 12, now KPNX) when it signed on April 1953, followed by CBS when KOOL-TV (channel 10, now KSAZ-TV) signed on in October. KPHO remained a dual ABC/DuMont affiliate (with ABC programming shared between KPHO-TV and KOOL-TV) until February 1955, when KTVK (channel 3) signed on and took the ABC affiliation full-time.
Channel 5 became an independent station when the DuMont network ceased operations in 1956. During the late 1950s, the station was briefly affiliated with the NTA Film Network. As an independent station, channel 5 programmed a schedule of movies and off-network series, along with local newscasts. KPHO-TV was separated from its sister station when Meredith sold KPHO radio in 1972. That same year, channel 5's operations moved to its current facility on Black Canyon Highway. During the 1970s, KPHO became a regional superstation that was available on cable television in much of Arizona and New Mexico, as well as parts of California, Utah and Nevada.
KPHO-TV was the sole English-language independent station in Phoenix until 1979, when KNXV-TV (channel 15) signed on with a general entertainment format during the day and subscription-based service ONTV at night (KNXV became a full-time general entertainment station by 1983). Even though channel 5 was the leading independent in the market, the upstart Fox Broadcasting Company opted to affiliate with channel 15 in 1986 after the E. W. Scripps Company purchased the station, promising to upgrade its syndicated programming and to launch a newscast (KPHO's other sister stations, KVVU-TV in Las Vegas and WOFL in Orlando landed affiliations with Fox upon its October 1986 launch, with the latter now owned by the network outright). Although it never did begin a newscast until the final months of its tenure with Fox in 1994, landing the Fox affiliation made KNXV a very strong competitor against KPHO. Early in 1994, KPHO signed a verbal agreement – but not a contractual one – with The WB, which was set to launch the following year in January 1995.
Returning to CBS
On May 23, 1994, New World Communications signed an agreement with Fox to convert twelve of its stations to the network, resulting in a massive wave of affiliation switches throughout the country; locally, KSAZ-TV – which New World was in the process of acquiring from Citicasters – was included in the deal. CBS then sought to find a new Phoenix area affiliate. It briefly wooed KTVK, but its locally-based owners, the McFarland-Lewis family, turned the offer down in hopes of renewing its contract with ABC. CBS then approached KPHO, since it was the only area station not affiliated with a [Big Three television networks|Big Three network]] that had a functioning news department. On June 30, 1994, CBS agreed to a long-term contract with Meredith, allowing KPHO to rejoin the network after losing the CBS affiliation 42 years earlier to channel 10. The centerpiece of the deal was a renewal of CBS' affiliation with Meredith's Kansas City station, KCTV; it also called for another of KPHO's sister stations, NBC affiliate WNEM-TV in Bay City, Michigan, to join CBS. The ABC affiliation eventually went to KNXV when Scripps cut an affiliation deal which called for four of that company's stations to switch to ABC from other networks; KTVK replaced KPHO as the Valley's leading independent affiliation in September 1995 after an eight-month affiliation with The WB. Phoenix was one of just four television markets where the CBS affiliation moved from one VHF station to another during the affiliation switches spurred by Fox's deal with New World Communications.
CBS officially returned to KPHO on September 12, 1994, three days after New World's purchase of KSAZ-TV – which became an independent before affiliating with Fox three months later – was finalized. Initially, channel 5 continued to run a couple of cartoons and a moderate amount of sitcoms during non-network hours. By January 1995, the station began taking on the look of a major-network affiliate as the cartoons were removed from the schedule (outside of those provided by CBS); the station then gradually added more newscasts, talk and reality shows. The sitcoms were phased out and moved to KTVK, KUTP (channel 45), and upstart KASW (channel 61). KPHO has generally been one of CBS's weaker affiliates since the 1994 switch, due in large part to the station's lack of a strong syndicated programming inventory, although its 10 p.m. newscast led among Phoenix's English-language stations in total households during the November 2009 sweeps period. In stark contrast, channel 10 had been one of CBS's strongest affiliates and was at a strong second place in total day viewership at the time of the switch.
The station's digital channel is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|5.1||1080i||16:9||KPHO HD||Main KPHO-TV programming / CBS|
|5.2||480i||4:3||KPHO SD||Automated local weather|
On December 20, 2006, KPHO began broadcasting a local weather multicast service called CBS 5 Weather Now on digital subchannel 5.2, broadcasting 24 hours a day except for Sunday afternoons when they schedule FCC-mandated Educational/Informational children's programming. The service is automated through the station's weather computer and is carried on select cable systems in the Phoenix market. The service is still active as of 2014 and bucks the trend of many broadcast television stations using their subchannel bandwidth for entertainment multicast networks in the presence of multiple sources of weather information, including smartphone applications.
KPHO-TV formerly operated a third digital subchannel for use as an overflow game feed during the early rounds of the NCAA Men's Basketball Tournament. The station's analog channel 5 would break from the 5.1 digital channel in order to run coverage of four different games simultaneously. In 2008, when CBS restricted stations to only one multicast feed, the station aired the additional game over KPHO-DT2. The need for stations to multicast games ended in 2011, as CBS and the Turner Broadcasting System's TBS, TNT and TruTV began sharing the broadcast rights to the tournament.
KPHO-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 5, at 11:59 p.m. on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 17. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 5.
As part of the SAFER Act, KPHO kept its analog signal on the air until July 12 to inform viewers of the digital television transition through a loop of public service announcements from the National Association of Broadcasters.
KPHO-TV clears the entire CBS programming schedule, with the exception of program preemptions for breaking news coverage or scheduled special programming. However, the station currently airs two of the network's programs out of pattern: due to its hour-long local newscast at 5 p.m., the station runs the CBS Evening News at 6 p.m., a half-hour later than the network's recommended 5:30 p.m. timeslot for the program in the Mountain Time Zone. The station also airs The Price Is Right at 9 a.m., one hour earlier than CBS's recommended timeslot for the program.
Syndicated programming featured on KPHO includes The People's Court, Leverage, Republic of Doyle, White Collar, Storm Stories and Steve Harvey. The station also produces Better Arizona, a daily lifestyle program which features locally produced segments interspersed with segments from the national Better program that is produced and syndicated by Meredith, which airs weekday mornings at 10 a.m.
KPHO-TV presently broadcasts 28 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with five hours on weekdays, two hours on Saturdays and one hour on Sundays); unlike most CBS affiliates within the top 50 television markets, KPHO-TV does not carry local newscasts on weekend mornings. Atypical for CBS stations located outside of the Pacific and Eastern Time Zones, KPHO runs its weeknight 5 p.m. newscast for one hour; it is also the largest (as well as one of the few) CBS affiliates in the country that does not air a 6 p.m. newscast on Monday through Friday evenings, in addition to having a 5 p.m. newscast.
KPHO-TV has operated a news department since it signed on, and by the time it lost its status as a network affiliate in the mid-1950s, had become one of several major market independent stations to produce their own news programs. By the 1960s, the station ran its late evening newscast at 9 p.m., becoming the first primetime newscast in Arizona (years before KSAZ launched its own 9 p.m. newscast as a Fox station). By the late 1980s, the station ran two newscasts a day: a midday newscast at 11:30 a.m. on weekdays and a nightly primetime newscast at 9:30 p.m., this program expanded a half-hour earlier to 9 p.m. by the fall of 1994.
When KPHO assumed the CBS affiliation in December 1994, the station gradually expanded its news programming with newscasts being added at 5 and 6 p.m. each weeknight; its midday and late evening newscasts were respectively moved a half-hour later to noon and 10 p.m. The 10 p.m. newscast by 1995 only aired for five minutes (which expanded to eight minutes by 1997) on weeknights, followed by a Seinfeld rerun; on January 1, 2001, KPHO expanded the newscast to the standard 35-minute timeslot, which had already been the length of the station's weekend 10 p.m. newscasts. By 1996, KPHO had added a weekday morning newscast; this program later expanded to 4:30 a.m. (almost a decade before it became commonplace for stations to expand their weekday morning newscasts into that timeslot), the program's start time was reduced to 5 a.m. on January 1, 2001.
On March 1, 2009, KPHO-TV began sharing a news helicopter as part of an agreement with KTVK and KPNX. The helicopter is operated by Helicopters Inc. and is branded as "News Chopper 20", a combination of the over-the-air virtual channel numbers of the three stations – 3, 5 and 12. On March 14, 2009, KPHO became the fourth television station in the Phoenix market to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition.
On May 8, 2009, KPHO-TV entered into a second agreement to share newsgathering resources, when it partnered with KSAZ-TV and KNXV-TV to join a Local News Service agreement that was originally formed between the two stations' respective owners Fox Television Stations and the E. W. Scripps Company on April 1, 2009 involving stations owned by those companies in Phoenix, Detroit and Tampa. The service allows the pooling of newsgathering efforts for local news events and each station provides employees to the pool service in exchange for the sharing of video.
- Today's News (1949–1952)
- News in Focus (1952–1956)
- 3-Star News Report (1956–1960)
- The Arizona News Report (1960–1962)
- The Big News on 5 (1962–1966)
- 24 Hours (1966–1969)
- Midday News/The 6 O'Clock Report (1969–1973)
- Eyewitness News (1973–1978)
- News 5 (1978–1994 and 2002–2004)
- Arizona 5 News (1994–1997)
- CBS 5 News (1997–2000 and 2004–present)
- TV-5 News (2000–July 2002)
- "5'll Getcha" (1976–1979)
- "5 is the Place" (1979–1983)
- "First in Arizona" (1983–1987)
- "Local, Live, Latebreaking" (1994–1998)
- "Be in the Know with KPHO" (1998–2000)
- "Your Valley News Station" (2002–2003)
- "Live. Latebreaking. Investigative." (2004–2009)
- "Telling It Like It Is" (2009–present)
- "Holding The Powerful Accountable" (2011–present)
- "Asking The Tough Questions" (2011–present)
- "Only CBS 5" (2010–present; local version of CBS ad campaign)
Current on-air staff
Notable former on-air staff
- Elise Finch - weather anchor (now with WCBS-TV in New York City)
- Tammy Leitner - investigative reporter (now with WMAQ-TV in Chicago)
KPHO is rebroadcast on the following translator stations:
- "TV Transfers". 1972 Broadcasting Yearbook. Retrieved 2009-01-14.
- "Early History of KPHO". KPHO-TV website. 2007-04-13. Retrieved 2008-12-01.
- "KPHO-AM-TV sale; Meredith to pay $1.5 Million." Broadcasting - Telecasting, May 5, 1952, pg. 23. 
- "KPHO-AM-TV sale approved by FCC." Broadcasting - Telecasting, June 30, 1952, pg. 84. 
- "Require Prime Evening Time for NTA Films". Boxoffice: 13. November 10, 1956.
- "Meredith portfolio pared by one AM." Broadcasting, August 9, 1971, pg. 20. 
- "Challenge is dropped; KPHO sale goes through." Broadcasting, September 25, 1972, pg. 32. 
- Broadcasting and Cable, May 30, 1994.
- Carter, Bill (May 24, 1994). "FOX WILL SIGN UP 12 NEW STATIONS; TAKES 8 FROM CBS". The New York Times. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- "Meredith Shifts Stations to CBS." New York Times 30 June 1994; p6
- Meisler, Andy (August 29, 1994). "Murdoch's Raid Brings a Shuffling of TV Stations in Phoenix". New York Times. p. 2. Retrieved 2009-10-22.
- RabbitEars TV Query for KPHO
- "KPHO Phoenix launches 24-hour local weather channel". TVNEWSDAY. 2006-12-20. Retrieved 2008-12-01.
- "KPHO online schedule". TitanTV. Retrieved 2014-04-13.
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- "DTV Transition Status Report". FCC CDBS database. 2008-02-04. Retrieved 2008-12-01.
- "UPDATED List of Participants in the Analog Nightlight Program" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. June 12, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2012.
- "Phoenix TV goes digital, can you still see our signal?". KNXV-TV. Retrieved 2009-06-12.
- "Syndie titans spark sked struggle". Variety. July 24, 1995. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "KPHO Monday, December 1, 1997 schedule". kpho.com. November 11, 1997. Archived from the original on January 17, 1998. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- Robertson, Anne (December 31, 2000). "Viewer campaign spurs changes at KPHO-TV 5". Phoenix Business Journal. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "KPHO Saturday, December 6, 1997 schedule". kpho.com. November 11, 1997. Archived from the original on January 17, 1998. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "KPHO Sunday, December 7, 1997 schedule". kpho.com. November 11, 1997. Archived from the original on January 17, 1998. Retrieved February 4, 2014.
- "3 TV stations to share helicopter to cover the news". azcentral. February 24, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-25.
- "Channels 5, 3, 12 To Share Chopper". KPHO. February 25, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-25.
- "Phoenix TV stations to share news helicopter". KTAR. February 25, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-26.
- "Chicago stations join to share video crews for ENG". BroadcastEngineering. May 8, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-28.
- "Fox, Scripps Create Local News Service". Broadcasting & Cable. April 1, 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-28.
- KPHO Noon Open 2006 on YouTube
- KPHO TV5 News 2001 Open on YouTube
- News Team
- CBS5AZ.com - Official website
- Query the FCC's TV station database for KPHO-TV
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on KPHO-TV
- The Official Wallace and Ladmo Website (History, Photos, Desktops)