KA Commuter Jabodetabek
|KA Commuter Jabodetabek|
|Owner||PT Kereta Api Indonesia|
|Locale||Jabodetabek (Jakarta Metropolitan Area)|
|Transit type||Public transport, Commuter rail|
|Number of lines||6 (1 inactive)|
|Number of stations||80 (6 inactive)|
|Began operation||April 6, 1925 (as Dutch Colonial Railways or Staats Spoorwegen);
2000 (under PT Kereta Api);
September 15, 2008 (under PT KCJ and current branding)
|Operator(s)||PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek(KCJ)|
|Train length||8 cars per trainset|
|Headway||5 - 15 minute(s)|
|System length||235 km (146 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead catenary|
|Average speed||40 km/h (25 mph)|
|Top speed||90 km/h (55 mph)|
KA Commuter Jabodetabek or commonly known as KRL Jabodetabek is a mass rapid transit system in the Jakarta metropolitan area in Indonesia. KRL Jabodetabek is an acronym for "Kereta Rel Listrik Jakarta Bogor Depok Tangerang Bekasi" which can be loosely translated as "Jabodetabek Electrified Rail".
KRL Jabodetabek serves commuters in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, South Tangerang, and Bekasi. The current trains are mostly ex-Tokyo Metro, Toei Subway, Japan Railways and Tokyu trains and some are from PT INKA (a subsidiaries of PT Kereta Api or PTKA, Indonesian National Railways Company). KA Commuter Jabodetabek are operated by PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek, another subsidiaries of PTKA.
In 1923, before Indonesian declaration of independence, Staats Spoorwegen (SS), a Dutch colonial railways company, built the first electrified railway from Tanjung Priok to Meester Cornelis (Jatinegara) and began operation in 1925 with 3000 series locomotives from SLM–BBC (Swiss Locomotive & Machine Works - Brown Boveri & Cie), 3100 series electric locomotives from AEG Germany, 3200 series locomotives from Werkspoor Netherlands and passenger coaches from Westinghouse and General Electric. The electrification project continued in 1927 in an existing railway which served around Batavia and neighboring cities.
After independence in 1945, the railway operation was taken over by Djawatan Kereta Api Repoeblik Indonesia (Indonesian Railways Bureau, now PT Kereta Api). In 1976, the old locomotives and coaches were replaced with electric trains from Japan. The commuter system was started in 2000, integrating railway lines covered under PTKA's Division of First Operational Areas (Daop 1 Jakarta) and the said area was taken under its subsidiary, PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek, in 2008.
The modernization of the commuter railway system was started in 2011, which reduced the number of lines from 37 to 6 current integrated lines, removal of express class services, and simplifying the classes into 2 train classes (Economy class or non-air-conditioned train which is subsidized by Ministry of Transportation and Commuter class or air-conditioned train) which stops at every station. In July 2013, the operator introduced the Commet (Commuter Electronic Ticketing) system replacing the old paper ticket system and changing the old fare system into 'Progressive Fare' system (Fares counting per station), as well as modernization of all 80 serving stations.
After modernization project in 2011, the current system has 6 integrated commuter lines which serving Greater Jakarta.
|Line color||Line||Route||Stations served||Length||Fully Operated|
|orange||Jakarta Loopline||Jatinegara to Depok/Bogor||30||71.8 km||1987|
|red||Jakarta - Bogor||Jakarta Kota to Depok/Bogor||25||54.6 km||1930|
|green||Jakarta - South Tangerang||Tanah Abang to Serpong/Parung Panjang/Maja||19||55.7 km||2013|
|blue||Jakarta - Bekasi||Jakarta Kota to Bekasi||18||27.4 km||1987|
|brown||Jakarta - Tangerang||Duri to Tangerang||9||18.9 km||1997|
|pink||Tanjung Priok Line||Jakarta Kota to Tanjung Priok||4||7.9 km (total) 1.6 km (operated)||Partial service on Jakarta Kota - Kampung Bandan shuttle.|
- All Jakarta-Bogor route (Red and Yellow Line) also serving some trains that stops at Depok Station and travel back to Jakarta (without continuing to Bogor).
- Jakarta - South Tangerang (Green Line) have the majority of Tanah Abang - Serpong schedule with some services continuing to Parung Panjang and Maja prior to the track electrification program to Rangkasbitung.
- Currently, pink line serving from Jakarta Kota to Kampung Bandan Station with limited schedule.
List of Station in each Lines
Main, Transit, and Terminus appear in Bold. Pass-through, inactive, or not-yet fully operated stations appear in Italic.
1. Red Lines
- Jakarta Kota → Jayakarta → Mangga Besar → Sawah Besar → Juanda → Gambir → Gondangdia → Cikini → Manggarai → Tebet → Cawang → Duren Kalibata → Pasar Minggu Baru → Pasar Minggu → Tanjung Barat → Lenteng Agung → Universitas Pancasila → Universitas Indonesia → Pondok Cina → Depok Baru → Depok → Citayam → Bojoggede → Cilebut → Bogor.
2. Blue Lines
- Jakarta Kota → Jayakarta → Mangga Besar → Sawah Besar → Juanda → Gambir → Gondangdia → Cikini → Manggarai → Jatinegara → Cipinang → Klender → Buaran → Klender Baru → Cakung → Rawabebek → Kranji → Bekasi
3. Orange Lines
- Jatinegara → Pondok Jati → Kramat → Gang Sentiong → Pasar Senen → Kemayoran → Rajawali → Kampung Bandan → Angke → Duri → Tanah Abang → Karet → Sudirman → Mampang → Manggarai → Tebet → Cawang → Duren Kalibata → Pasar Minggu Baru → Pasar Minggu → Tanjung Barat → Lenteng Agung → Universitas Pancasila → Universitas Indonesia → Pondok Cina → Depok Baru → Depok → Citayam → Bojoggede → Cilebut → Bogor.
4. Green Lines
- Tanah Abang → Palmerah → Kebayoran → Pondok Betung → Pondok Ranji → Jurang Mangu → Sudimara → Ciater → Rawa Buntu → Serpong → Cisauk → Cicayur → Parung Panjang → Cileujit → Daru → Tenjo → Tigaraksa → Maja.
5. Brown Lines
- Duri → Grogol → Pesing → Kembangan → Bojong Indah → Rawa Buaya → Kalideres → Poris → Batu Ceper → Tanah Tinggi → Tangerang.
6. Pink Lines
- Jakarta Kota → Kampung Bandan → Ancol → Tanjung Priok.
List of Major Stations
Below are the list of main and terminus stations, some of them also servicing intercity train lines.
|Jakarta Kota||1926||Yes||Commuter, Suburban, and Intercity Terminus.|
|Gambir||1884||Yes||Intercity Terminus and Transit*|
|Manggarai||1918||Yes||Commuter main transit|
|Jatinegara||1910||Yes||Commuter terminus, transit, East Intercity and Suburban transit**|
|Tanah Abang||1910||No||Commuter terminus and transit****|
|Duri||No||Commuter terminus and transit*****|
|Kampung Bandan||No||Commuter transit|
|Pasar Senen||1925||Yes||Intercity terminus and Commuter transit******|
|Bogor||1881||No||Commuter and South Suburban terminus***|
|Bekasi||Yes||Commuter terminus, East Suburban transit and East Intercity transit (night-time only)|
* Currently, Gambir Station doesn't serving as commuter stops, because of intercity train's busy schedule in Gambir. Passengers who travels to Merdeka Square or around, can depart in neighboring station (Gondangdia or Juanda station)
** East Suburban (diesel) train are operated by PTKA. It serves from Jatinegara to Purwakarta.
*** South Suburban (diesel) train are operated by PTKA. There are two service, one is commonly known as Bumi Geulis (diesel multiple unit) and the other is a new service called Pangrango Express with first and third class passenger coaches pulled by locomotive. It serves from Bogor to Sukabumi.
**** West Suburban (diesel) train are operated by PTKA. It serves from Tanah Abang to Rangkasbitung.
***** In the future, Duri Stations will be transit for Airport Commuter Train, which will be under construction in 2014.
****** Pasar Senen station only serve the Jatinegara - Depok/Bogor commuter service, while the Bogor/Depok - Jatinegara service doesn't stop here.
On 17 April 2012, PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek (KCJ) spokesman said that the new stations will be built at:
- Roxy (Central Jakarta)
- Matraman (East Jakarta)
- Tomang (West Jakarta)
- Bandengan (North Jakarta)
- Kebon Pedes (Bogor)
KCJ will also refurbished old stations at:
- Tanah Tinggi
Ticketing and Fares
In July 2013, the new ticketing system was adopted along with new fares counting system. The new electronic ticket or COMMET (Commuter Electronic Ticketing) was applied to ease the passengers along the travels. In this new system, the passengers will be given a single-trip card at the ticket counter, which must be tapped in entry gate and submit into exit gate at the destination station. The ticket counter also sells multi-trip card, which be tapped both in entry gate and exit gate. The multi-trip card are priced at IDR 33000 (with IDR 13000 credit inside the card). To avoid single-trip tickets loss as before with equivalent value of Rp4 billion or about $364,000 due to passengers didn't give backed the ticket and exit not through exit gate, on August 22, 2013 the authority begin sell Tiket Harian Berjaminan (Daily Deposit Ticket) with deposit price of Rp5,000 for the ticket plus additional daily fare. The Daily Deposit Ticket can be refundable maximum of 7 days after the latest top-up day. So, the single-trip and multy-trip ticket relatively same and both will be tapped to the same machines/gates.
The new fares counting system called 'Progressive Fares'. This new fare system depend on number of station passed, and applied on Commuter class in all line. The first 5 station passed will be charged IDR 3000 and every next 3 station passed will be charged IDR 1000. But, from July until November 2013, the fares will be lowered consecutively to IDR 2000 and IDR 500, due to Government's subsidy. The Economy class fares still at IDR 2000-3000, depends on each lines. After one week of implementation of the new reduced ticket fares, the passengers increase by 30 percent especially from white-collar workers and executives from about 300,000 to 390,000 passengers per day, because the cheaper price and the cars relatively clean, comfortable and suit their schedules. To anticipate the increasing passengers and makes more convinience in the future, the KCJ will add 10 cars in Bogor, in early August 2013 and by 2014 will add up to 170 cars.
Most of KRL Jabodetabek rolling stock are air-conditioned second-hand rail cars imported from Japan serving alongside a minority of domestically made air-conditioned cars made by INKA (Industri Kereta Api Indonesia- Indonesian local train manufacturer).
Train without air conditioning (economy class)are no longer operated as PT. KCJ (the operator) begins the single-service operation of air-conditioned for KRL Jabodetabek which means all train must be air-conditioned. One set of ex-economy class (Holec) has been retrofitted with air conditioning by PT. INKA. Moreover, PT. KAI (parent company of KCJ) stated that the economy class train are not feasible to use and the maintenance cost is high due to old age of train (some were made in 1976).
Trains are generally formed of 8 cars, with a capacity of 80 - 110 passengers per car.
Non-AC rolling stock (economy class)
- KRL Ekonomi Holec
- KRL Ekonomi Rheostat (KL3 series)
- KRL Hitachi
- KRL ABB Hyundai
AC rolling stock
- 103 series (ex-JNR/JR rolling stock)
- 203 series (ex-JNR/JR rolling stock)
- 205 series (ex-JNR/JR rolling stock)
- Toei 6000 series (ex-Toei Mita Line rolling stock)
- Tokyu 8000 series (ex-Tokyu rolling stock)
- Tokyu 8500 series (ex-Tokyu rolling stock)
- Tōyō Rapid 1000 series (ex-Tōyō Rapid Railway rolling stock)
- Tokyo Metro 05 series (ex-Tokyo Metro Tōzai Line rolling stock)
- Tokyo Metro 5000 series (ex-Tokyo Metro Tōzai Line rolling stock)
- Tokyo Metro 6000 series (ex-Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line rolling stock)
- Tokyo Metro 7000 series (ex-Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line rolling stock)
- KRLI (INKA)
- KRL i9000 KfW-Bombardier-INKA
- KRL Holec AC (former KRL Ekonomi Holec trains retrofited with AC from 1994-2001)
- "5 new stations to be built for commuter trains". April 17, 2012.
- "Tiket Harian Berjaminan Bikin Bingung". August 23, 2013.
- "Train commuters up by 30 percent". July 8, 2013.
Media related to KRL Jabotabek at Wikimedia Commons
- KRL Jabotabek website (Indonesian)
- Jabotabek Railnews (Japanese)
- KRL Jabodetabek (Japanese)
- KRL-Mania - KRL Jabotabek community site (Indonesian)