KA Commuter Jabodetabek

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KA Commuter Jabodetabek
Logo kcj baru.png
Overview
Owner PT Kereta Api Indonesia
Locale Jabodetabek (Jakarta Metropolitan Area)
Transit type Public transport, Commuter rail
Number of lines 6 (1 inactive)
Number of stations 80 (6 inactive)
Website http://www.krl.co.id/
Operation
Began operation April 6, 1925 (as Dutch Colonial Railways or Staats Spoorwegen);
2000 (under PT Kereta Api, as "Jabotabek Division");
September 15, 2008 (under PT KCJ and current branding)
Operator(s) PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek(KCJ)
Train length 10-12 cars per trainset
Headway 5 - 8 minute(s)
Technical
System length 235 km (146 mi)
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead catenary
Average speed 40 km/h (25 mph)
Top speed 90 km/h (55 mph)
System map

KAI Commuter Jabodetabek Map.jpg

KA Commuter Jabodetabek or commonly known as KRL Jabodetabek is a mass rapid transit system in the Jakarta metropolitan area in Indonesia. KRL Jabodetabek is an acronym for "Kereta Rel Listrik Jakarta Bogor Depok Tangerang Bekasi" which can be loosely translated as "Jabodetabek Electrified Rail".

KRL Jabodetabek serves commuters in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, South Tangerang, and Bekasi. The current trains are mostly ex-Tokyo Metro, Toei Subway, Japan Railways and Tokyu trains and some are from PT INKA (a subsidiaries of PT Kereta Api or PTKA, Indonesian National Railways Company). KA Commuter Jabodetabek are operated by PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek, another subsidiaries of PTKA.

History[edit]

In 1923, before Indonesian declaration of independence, Staats Spoorwegen (SS), a Dutch colonial railways company, built the first electrified railway from Tanjung Priok to Meester Cornelis (Jatinegara) and began operation in 1925 with 3000 series locomotives from SLM–BBC (Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works - Brown Boveri & Cie), 3100 series electric locomotives from AEG Germany, 3200 series locomotives from Werkspoor Netherlands and passenger coaches from Westinghouse and General Electric. The electrification project continued in 1927 in an existing railway which served around Batavia and neighboring cities.

After independence in 1945, the railway operation was taken over by Djawatan Kereta Api Repoeblik Indonesia (Indonesian Railways Bureau, now PT Kereta Api). In 1976, the old locomotives and coaches were replaced with electric trains from Japan. The commuter system was started in 2000, integrating railway lines covered under PTKA's Division of First Operational Areas (Daop 1 Jakarta) and the said area was taken under its subsidiary, PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek, in 2008.

The modernization of the commuter railway system was started in 2011, which reduced the number of lines from 37 to 6 current integrated lines, removal of express class services, and simplifying the classes into 2 train classes (Economy class or non-air-conditioned train which is subsidized by Ministry of Transportation and Commuter class or air-conditioned train) which stops at every station. In July 2013, the operator introduced the Commet (Commuter Electronic Ticketing) system replacing the old paper ticket system and changing the old fare system into 'progressive fare' system, as well as modernization of all 80 serving stations. To improve passenger comfort, all non-airconditioned Economy class services are discontinued and replaced with air-conditioned train services.[1]

Starting June 1, 2014 the trips per day become 645 from previously 589 which mostly are allocated to Bogor/Depok route with 294 trips and then Bekasi route with 117 trips.[2]

Lines[edit]

After modernization project in 2011, the current system has 6 integrated commuter lines which serving Greater Jakarta.

PT. KCJ will operate newly electrified branch line between Citayam Station in Depok and Nambo Station in Cibinong next year.

Line color Line Route Stations served Length Fully Operated
yellow Jakarta Loopline Jatinegara to Depok/Bogor 30 71.8 km 1987
red Jakarta - Bogor Jakarta Kota to Depok/Bogor 25 54.6 km 1930
green Jakarta - South Tangerang Tanah Abang to Serpong/Parung Panjang/Maja 19 55.7 km 2013
blue Jakarta - Bekasi Jakarta Kota to Bekasi 18 27.4 km 1987
brown Jakarta - Tangerang Duri to Tangerang 9 18.9 km 1997
pink Tanjung Priok Line Jakarta Kota to Tanjung Priok 4 7.9 km (total) 1.6 km (operated) Partial service on Jakarta Kota - Kampung Bandan shuttle.
  • All Jakarta-Bogor route (Red and Yellow Line) also serving some trains that stops at Depok Station and travel back to Jakarta (without continuing to Bogor).
  • Jakarta - South Tangerang (Green Line) have the majority of Tanah Abang - Serpong schedule with some services continuing to Parung Panjang and Maja prior to the track electrification program to Rangkasbitung.
  • Currently, pink line serving from Jakarta Kota to Kampung Bandan Station with limited schedule.

Stations[edit]

List of stations[edit]

Main, Transit, and Terminus appear in bold. Pass-through, inactive, or not-yet fully operated stations appear in italic.

1. Red Lines

Jakarta Kota → Jayakarta → Mangga BesarSawah Besar → Juanda → GambirGondangdiaCikiniManggaraiTebetCawangDuren Kalibata → Pasar Minggu Baru → Pasar Minggu → Tanjung Barat → Lenteng Agung → Universitas Pancasila → Universitas Indonesia → Pondok Cina → Depok Baru → Depok → Citayam → Bojoggede → Cilebut → Bogor.

2. Blue Lines

Jakarta Kota → Jayakarta → Mangga Besar → Sawah Besar → Juanda → Gambir → Gondangdia → Cikini → ManggaraiJatinegaraCipinangKlender → Buaran → Klender Baru → CakungRawabebek → Kranji → Bekasi

3. Orange Lines

Jatinegara → Pondok Jati → Kramat → Gang Sentiong → Pasar SenenKemayoran → Rajawali → Kampung BandanAngkeDuriTanah Abang → Karet → Sudirman → MampangManggarai → Tebet → Cawang → Duren Kalibata → Pasar Minggu Baru → Pasar Minggu → Tanjung Barat → Lenteng Agung → Universitas Pancasila → Universitas Indonesia → Pondok Cina → Depok Baru → Depok → Citayam → Bojoggede → Cilebut → Bogor.
KRL Jabotabek Express train headed by car #5017 at Jakarta Kota Station

4. Green Lines

Tanah AbangPalmerahKebayoran → Pondok Betung → Pondok Ranji → Jurang Mangu → Sudimara → Ciater → Rawa Buntu → Serpong → Cisauk → Cicayur → Parung Panjang → Cilejit → Daru → Tenjo → TigaraksaMaja.

5. Brown Lines

DuriGrogol → Pesing → Kembangan → Bojong Indah → Rawa Buaya → Kalideres → Poris → Batu Ceper → Tanah TinggiTangerang.

6. Pink Lines

Jakarta KotaKampung BandanAncol → Tanjung Priok.

List of Major Stations[edit]

Below are the list of main and terminus stations, some of them also servicing intercity train lines.

Station Lines Establishment Intercity Station Type
Jakarta Kota 1926 Yes Commuter, Suburban, and Intercity Terminus.
Gambir 1884 Yes Intercity Terminus and Transita
Manggarai 1918 Yes Commuter main transit
Jatinegara 1910 Yes Commuter terminus, transit, East Intercity and Suburban transitb
Tanah Abang 1910 No Commuter terminus and transitd
Duri No Commuter terminus and transite
Kampung Bandan No Commuter transit
Pasar Senen 1925 Yes Intercity terminus and Commuter transitf
Bogor 1881 Yes Commuter and South Suburban terminusc
Bekasi Yes Commuter terminus, East Suburban transit and East Intercity transit (night-time only)
^a Currently, Gambir Station doesn't serve as commuter stop, because of busy intercity train services in Gambir. Passengers who travel to areas near Merdeka Square, can depart in neighboring Gondangdia or Juanda station.
^b East Suburban diesel trains are operated by PT Kereta Api (PTKA), serving trips from Jatinegara to Purwakarta.
^c South Suburban diesel trains are operated by PTKA, serving trips from Bogor to Sukabumi. There are two such services, one is commonly known as Bumi Geulis (diesel multiple unit) and the other is a new service called Pangrango Express with first and third class passenger coaches pulled by locomotive.
^d West Suburban diesel trains are operated by PTKA. They serve from Tanah Abang to Rangkasbitung.
^e Duri Station is planned to be the transit for Airport Commuter Train, which will be under construction in 2014.
^f Pasar Senen station only serve the Jatinegara - Depok/Bogor commuter service, while the Bogor/Depok - Jatinegara service doesn't stop here.

New stations[edit]

On 17 April 2012, PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek (KCJ) spokesman announced that the new stations will be built at:[3]

  • Roxy (Central Jakarta)
  • Matraman (East Jakarta)
  • Tomang (West Jakarta)
  • Bandengan (North Jakarta)
  • Sukaresmi (Bogor)

KCJ will also refurbished old stations at:

  • Mampang
  • Grogol
  • Tanah Tinggi

Ticketing and fares[edit]

(in IDR)
First 5 stations 2,000
Every next 3 stations 500
Ticket deposit 5,000 (refundable)
Multi trip (black) and single-trip (white) ticket of KA Commuter Jabodetabek

In July 2013, the new ticketing system was adopted along with new fare system. The new electronic ticket or COMMET (Commuter Electronic Ticketing) was applied to ease the passengers along the travels. In this new system, passengers are given a single-trip card at the ticket counter, which must be tapped in entry gate and inserted into exit gate at the destination station. The ticket counters also sell multi-trip cards, which are tapped both at entry gate and exit gate. The multi-trip card is priced at IDR 50,000 (with IDR 30,000 credit inside the card).[4] There were losses of around Rp4 billion from passengers not returning tickets and exiting not through exit gates. To prevent further losses, on August 22, 2013, the authority began to sell Tiket Harian Berjaminan (Daily Deposit Ticket) with deposit price of IDR 5,000 for the ticket (plus the train fare). The Daily Deposit Ticket is refundable for 7 days after the latest top-up date. Since December 9, 2013, passengers can use the BCA Flazz Card to travel by KRL Jabodetabek, which is currently used in Transjakarta Busway. [5] This soon followed by other prepaid cards. Since June 2014, Brizzi, Mandiri e-Money and BNI TAPCASH prepaid cards are usable for passenger use in the network, creating ease on the integration to Transjakarta since the cards are also eligible for use in the BRT network. [6]

The new fare system is called 'progressive fares', applicable to all lines. The fare is determined based on number of stations passed. The first five stations passed is charged at IDR 3000 and every next three stations charged at IDR 1000. Between July and November 2013, the charges were lowered to IDR 2000 and IDR 500 respectively, due to government subsidy.[7] After one week of implementation of the new reduced ticket fares, the passengers increased by 30 percent especially from white-collar workers and executives from about 300,000 to 390,000 passengers per day, because of the cheaper price and the cars being relatively clean, comfortable, and the services suit their schedules. To anticipate increasing ridership and to make the services more convenient in the future, in early August 2013, KCJ added 10 cars in Bogor, and will add up to 170 cars by 2014.[8]

Rolling stock[edit]

A commuter train arriving at Gambir Station (ex-Tokyu 8000 series)

Most of KRL Jabodetabek rolling stock are air-conditioned second-hand rail cars imported from Japan serving alongside a minority of domestically made air-conditioned cars made by INKA (Industri Kereta Api Indonesia- Indonesian local train manufacturer).

Train without air conditioning (mainly economy class) are no longer operated as PT. KCJ (the operator) begins the single-service operation of air-conditioned for KRL Jabodetabek which means all train must be air-conditioned. One set of ex-economy class (Holec) has been retrofitted with air conditioning by PT. INKA. Moreover, PT. KAI (parent company of KCJ) stated that the economy class train are not feasible to use and the maintenance cost is high due to old age of train (some were made in 1976).

Trains are generally formed of 6 or 8 cars, with a capacity of 80 - 110 passengers per car. With the arrival of the ex- Japanese JR 205 series, PT. Kereta Api Indonesia will begin operation of 10-cars-consisted trainset.

Most KRL Ekonomi will be scrapped, and some will be preserved if there is a plan to preserve the first modern EMU in Indonesia.

Non-AC rolling stock (economy class)[edit]

  • KRL Ekonomi Holec (Retired, some train was modified become KRD(Diesel Commuter Train))
  • KRL Ekonomi Rheostat (KL3 series) (scrapped or stored)
  • KRL Hitachi (stored)
  • KRL ABB Hyundai (Retired, some train was modified become KRD(Diesel Commuter Train))

AC rolling stock[edit]

Set 6115 operated by KRL Jabotabek in Jakarta, Indonesia, November 2011

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to KRL Jabotabek at Wikimedia Commons