KA Commuter Jabodetabek
|Owner||PT Kereta Api Indonesia|
|Locale||Jabodetabek (Jakarta Metropolitan Area)|
|Transit type||Public transport, Commuter rail|
|Number of lines||6 (1 inactive)|
|Number of stations||80 (6 inactive)|
|Began operation||April 6, 1925 (as Dutch Colonial Railways or Staats Spoorwegen);
2000 (under PT Kereta Api, as "Jabotabek Division");
September 15, 2008 (under PT KCJ and current branding)
|Operator(s)||PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek(KCJ)|
|Train length||4, 6, 8, or 10 cars per trainset|
|Headway||5 - 8 minute(s)|
|System length||235 km (146 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||1,500 V DC overhead catenary|
|Average speed||40 km/h (25 mph)|
|Top speed||90 km/h (55 mph)|
KA Commuter Jabodetabek or commonly known as KRL Jabodetabek is a mass rapid transit system in the Jakarta metropolitan area in Indonesia. KRL Jabodetabek is an acronym for "Kereta Rel Listrik Jakarta Bogor Depok Tangerang Bekasi" which can be loosely translated as "Jabodetabek Electrified Rail".
KRL Jabodetabek serves commuters in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, South Tangerang, and Bekasi. The current trains are mostly ex-Tokyo Metro, Toei Subway, Japan Railways and Tokyu trains and some are from PT INKA (a subsidiaries of PT Kereta Api or PTKA, Indonesian National Railways Company). KA Commuter Jabodetabek are operated by PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek, another subsidiaries of PTKA.
In 1923, before Indonesian declaration of independence, Staats Spoorwegen (SS), a Dutch colonial railways company, built the first electrified railway from Tanjung Priok to Meester Cornelis (Jatinegara) and began operation in 1925 with 3000 series locomotives from SLM–BBC (Swiss Locomotive and Machine Works - Brown Boveri & Cie), 3100 series electric locomotives from AEG Germany, 3200 series locomotives from Werkspoor Netherlands and passenger coaches from Westinghouse and General Electric. The electrification project continued in 1927 in an existing railway which served around Batavia and neighboring cities.
After independence in 1945, the railway operation was taken over by Djawatan Kereta Api Repoeblik Indonesia (Indonesian Railways Bureau, now PT Kereta Api). In 1976, the old locomotives and coaches were replaced with electric trains from Japan. The commuter system was started in 2000, integrating railway lines covered under PTKA's Division of First Operational Areas (Daop 1 Jakarta) and the said area was taken under its subsidiary, PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek, in 2008.
The modernization of the commuter railway system was started in 2011, which reduced the number of lines from 37 to 6 current integrated lines, removal of express class services, and simplifying the classes into 2 train classes (Economy class or non-air-conditioned train which is subsidized by Ministry of Transportation and Commuter class or air-conditioned train) which stops at every station. Due to extreme crowding, unruly passengers (colloquially called Atappers) had been riding on top of the trains en masse, but that has since been brought under control with physical barriers. In July 2013, the operator introduced the Commet (Commuter Electronic Ticketing) system replacing the old paper ticket system and changing the old fare system into 'progressive fare' system, as well as modernization of all 80 serving stations. To improve passenger comfort, all non-airconditioned Economy class services are discontinued and replaced with air-conditioned train services.
In 2014, KA Commuter Jabodetabek served more than 206 million passengers, or more than 700,000 passengers per day in weekdays. It is predicted will serve 1.2 million passengers per day in 2019.
Starting on April 1, 2015 the trip per day become 872 which mostly are still dominant by Bogor/Depok route and Bekasi route with 391 trips and 153 trips per day, respectively. Headway of Bogor route is 5 minutes, while Bekasi route is still 12 minutes.
After modernization project in 2011, the current system has 6 integrated commuter lines which serve Greater Jakarta.
|Line color||Line||Route||Stations served||Length||Fully Operated|
|yellow||Jakarta Loopline||Jatinegara to Depok/Bogor||30||71.8 km||1987|
|Duri - Nambo Branch Line||Duri to Nambo||20||50.8 km||2015|
|red||Jakarta - Bogor||Jakarta Kota to Depok/Bogor||25||54.6 km||1930|
|green||Jakarta - South Tangerang||Tanah Abang to Serpong/Parung Panjang/Maja||19||55.7 km||2013|
|blue||Jakarta - Bekasi||Jakarta Kota to Bekasi||18||27.4 km||1987|
|brown||Jakarta - Tangerang||Duri to Tangerang||9||18.9 km||1997|
|pink||Tanjung Priok Line||Jakarta Kota to Tanjung Priok||4||7.9 km (total) 1.6 km (operated)||Currently only service Jakarta Kota - Kampung Bandan.|
- All Jakarta-Bogor route (Red and Yellow Line) also serving some trains that stops at Depok Station and travel back to Jakarta (without continuing to Bogor).
- Jakarta - South Tangerang (Green Line) have the majority of Tanah Abang - Serpong schedule with some services continuing to Parung Panjang and Maja prior to the track electrification program to Rangkasbitung.
- Commuter line trains do not stop at Gambir.
- Currently, pink line serving from Jakarta Kota to Kampung Bandan Station only, but Starting on April 1, 2015 Jakarta Kota - Tanjung Priok will be fully operated.
List of stations
Main, Transit, and Terminus appear in bold. Pass-through, inactive, or not-yet fully operated stations appear in italic.
1. Red Lines
- Jakarta Kota → Jayakarta → Mangga Besar → Sawah Besar → Juanda → Gambir → Gondangdia → Cikini → Manggarai → Tebet → Cawang → Duren Kalibata → Pasar Minggu Baru → Pasar Minggu → Tanjung Barat → Lenteng Agung → Universitas Pancasila → Universitas Indonesia → Pondok Cina → Depok Baru → Depok → Citayam → Bojong Gede → Cilebut → Bogor.
2. Blue Lines
- Jakarta Kota → Jayakarta → Mangga Besar → Sawah Besar → Juanda → Gambir → Gondangdia → Cikini → Manggarai → Jatinegara → Cipinang → Klender → Buaran → Klender Baru → Cakung → Rawabebek → Kranji → Bekasi
3. Orange Lines
- Jatinegara → Pondok Jati → Kramat → Gang Sentiong → Pasar Senen → Kemayoran → Rajawali → Kampung Bandan → Angke → Duri → Tanah Abang → Karet → Sudirman → Mampang → Manggarai → Tebet → Cawang → Duren Kalibata → Pasar Minggu Baru → Pasar Minggu → Tanjung Barat → Lenteng Agung → Universitas Pancasila → Universitas Indonesia → Pondok Cina → Depok Baru → Depok → Citayam → Bojoggede → Cilebut → Bogor
4. Green Lines
- Tanah Abang → Palmerah → Kebayoran → Pondok Betung → Pondok Ranji → Jurang Mangu → Sudimara → Ciater → Rawa Buntu → Serpong → Cisauk → Cicayur → Parung Panjang → Cilejit → Daru → Tenjo → Tigaraksa → Maja
5. Brown Lines
- Duri → Grogol → Pesing → Kembangan → Bojong Indah → Rawa Buaya → Kalideres → Poris → Batu Ceper → Tanah Tinggi → Tangerang.
6. Pink Lines
7. Nambo Line
List of Major Stations
Below are the list of main and terminus stations, some of them also servicing intercity train lines.
|Jakarta Kota||1926||Yes||Commuter, Suburban, and Intercity Terminus.|
|Gambir||1884||Yes||Intercity Terminus and Transita|
|Manggarai||1918||Yes||Commuter main transit|
|Jatinegara||1910||Yes||Commuter terminus, transit, East Intercity and Suburban transitb|
|Tanah Abang||1910||No||Commuter terminus and transitd|
|Duri||No||Commuter terminus and transite|
|Kampung Bandan||No||Commuter transit|
|Pasar Senen||1925||Yes||Intercity terminus and Commuter transitf|
|Bogor||1881||Yes||Commuter and South Suburban terminusc|
|Bekasi||Yes||Commuter terminus, East Suburban transit and East Intercity transit (night-time only)|
- ^a Currently, Gambir Station doesn't serve as commuter stop, because of busy intercity train services in Gambir. Passengers who travel to areas near Merdeka Square, can depart in neighboring Gondangdia or Juanda station.
- ^b East Suburban diesel trains are operated by PT Kereta Api (PTKA), serving trips from Jatinegara to Purwakarta.
- ^c South Suburban diesel trains are operated by PTKA, serving trips from Bogor to Sukabumi. There are two such services, one is commonly known as Bumi Geulis (diesel multiple unit) and the other is a new service called Pangrango Express with first and third class passenger coaches pulled by locomotive.
- ^d West Suburban diesel trains are operated by PTKA. They serve from Tanah Abang to Rangkasbitung.
- ^e Duri Station is planned to be the transit for Airport Commuter Train, which will be under construction in 2014.
- ^f Pasar Senen station only serve the Jatinegara - Depok/Bogor commuter service, while the Bogor/Depok - Jatinegara service doesn't stop here.
On 17 April 2012, PT KAI Commuter Jabodetabek (KCJ) spokesman announced that the new stations will be built at:
- Roxy (Central Jakarta)
- Matraman (East Jakarta)
- Tomang (West Jakarta)
- Bandengan (North Jakarta)
- Sukaresmi (Bogor)
KCJ will also refurbished old stations at:
- Tanah Tinggi
Ticketing and fares
|First 25 kilometers||2,000|
|Every next 10 kilometers||1,000|
|Ticket deposit||10,000 (refundable)|
In July 2013, the new ticketing system was adopted along with new fare system. The new electronic ticket or COMMET (Commuter Electronic Ticketing) was applied to ease the passengers along the travels. In this new system, passengers are given a single-trip card at the ticket counter, which must be tapped in entry gate and inserted into exit gate at the destination station. The ticket counters also sell multi-trip cards, which are tapped both at entry gate and exit gate. The multi-trip card is priced at IDR 50,000 (with IDR 30,000 credit inside the card). There were losses of around Rp4 billion from passengers not returning tickets and exiting not through exit gates. To prevent further losses, on August 22, 2013, the authority began to sell Tiket Harian Berjaminan (Daily Deposit Ticket) with deposit price of IDR 5,000 for the ticket (plus the train fare). The Daily Deposit Ticket is refundable for 7 days after the latest top-up date. Since December 9, 2013, passengers can use the BCA Flazz Card to travel by KRL Jabodetabek, which is currently used in Transjakarta Busway.  This soon followed by other prepaid cards. Since June 2014, Brizzi, Mandiri e-Money and BNI TAPCASH prepaid cards are usable for passenger use in the network, creating ease on the integration to Transjakarta since the cards are also eligible for use in the BRT network. 
The new fare system is called 'progressive fares', applicable to all lines. The fare is determined based on number of stations passed. The first five stations passed is charged at IDR 3000 and every next three stations charged at IDR 1000. Between July and November 2013, the charges were lowered to IDR 2000 and IDR 500 respectively, due to government subsidy. After one week of implementation of the new reduced ticket fares, the passengers increased by 30 percent especially from white-collar workers and executives from about 300,000 to 390,000 passengers per day, because of the cheaper price and the cars being relatively clean, comfortable, and the services suit their schedules. To anticipate increasing ridership and to make the services more convenient in the future, in early August 2013, KCJ added 10 cars in Bogor, and will add up to 170 cars by 2014. One year after e-ticket has been implemented, the passengers increase by 56.6 percent and who use multitrip e-ticket set at around 50 percent. In September 2014, total passengers of KA Commuter Jabodetabek is in the range of 600,000 to 650,000 per day.
On 1 April 2015 the station-based fare system changed into distance-based fare. Rp2,000 for the first 25 kilometer and Rp1,000 for the next 10 kilometer.
Most of KRL Jabodetabek rolling stock are air-conditioned second-hand rail cars imported from Japan serving alongside a minority of domestically made air-conditioned cars made by INKA (Industri Kereta Api Indonesia- Indonesian local train manufacturer).
Train without air conditioning (mainly economy class) are no longer operated as PT. KCJ (the operator) begins the single-service operation of air-conditioned for KRL Jabodetabek which means all train must be air-conditioned. One set of ex-economy class (Holec) has been retrofitted with air conditioning by PT. INKA. Moreover, PT. KAI (parent company of KCJ) stated that the economy class train are not feasible to use and the maintenance cost is high due to old age of train (some were made in 1976).
Trains are generally formed of 6 or 8 cars, with a capacity of 80 - 110 passengers per car. With the arrival of the ex- Japanese JR 205 series, PT. Kereta Api Indonesia will begin operation of 10-cars-consisted trainset.
Most KRL Ekonomi will be scrapped, and some will be preserved if there is a plan to preserve the first modern EMU in Indonesia.
Non-AC rolling stock (economy class)
- KRL Ekonomi Holec (Retired, some train was modified become KRD (Diesel Commuter Train))
- KRL Ekonomi Rheostat (KL3 series) (scrapped or stored)
- KRL Hitachi (stored)
- KRL ABB Hyundai (Retired, some train was modified become KRD (Diesel Commuter Train))
AC rolling stock
- 103 series (ex-JNR/JR rolling stock)
- 203 series (ex-JNR/JR rolling stock)
- 205 series (ex-JNR/JR rolling stock)
- Toei 6000 series (ex-Toei Mita Line rolling stock)
- Tokyu 8000 series (ex-Tokyu rolling stock)
- Tokyu 8500 series (ex-Tokyu rolling stock)
- Tōyō Rapid 1000 series (ex-Tōyō Rapid Railway rolling stock)
- Tokyo Metro 05 series (ex-Tokyo Metro Tōzai Line rolling stock)
- Tokyo Metro 5000 series (ex-Tokyo Metro Tōzai Line rolling stock)
- Tokyo Metro 6000 series (ex-Tokyo Metro Chiyoda Line rolling stock)
- Tokyo Metro 7000 series (ex-Tokyo Metro Yūrakuchō Line rolling stock)
- KRLI (INKA)
- KRL i9000 KfW-Bombardier-INKA
- KRL Holec AC (former KRL Ekonomi Holec trains retrofited with AC from 1994-2001)
||This section contains a gallery of images.|
- Syailendra. "KRL Ekonomi Non-AC Dihapus Sejak Hari Ini". Tempo.co. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
- Agustin Setyo Wardani (February 3, 2015). "2014, Sebanyak 200 Juta Orang Naik Kereta Jabodetabek".
- "Penambahan Jadwal Commuter Line dan Ancaman Kemacetan". March 27, 2015.
- Willy Widianto (March 3, 2015). "http://www.tribunnews.com/metropolitan/2015/03/03/krl-priok-stasiun-kota-beroperasi-1-april-perlintasan-liar-di-ancol-ditutup".
- "5 new stations to be built for commuter trains". April 17, 2012.
- "Tiket Harian Berjaminan Bikin Bingung". August 23, 2013.
- "Naik KRL Sekarang Bisa Pakai Tiga Kartu Prabayar Bank BUMN". June 16, 2014.
- "Train commuters up by 30 percent". July 8, 2013.
- Ana Shofiana Syatiri (August 18, 2014). "Sejak Tarif Progresif Berlaku, Penumpang KRL Naik Drastis".
- Hertanto Soebijoto (September 11, 2014). "Mulai Hari Ini KRL Commuterline Lintas Bogor-Jakarta Ditambah".
- "Mulai 1 April, Tarif KRL Berubah". February 27, 2015.
Media related to KRL Jabotabek at Wikimedia Commons
- KRL Jabotabek website (Indonesian)
- Jabotabek Railnews (Japanese)
- KRL Jabodetabek (Japanese)
- KRL-Mania - KRL Jabotabek community site (Indonesian)