KROQ-FM

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KROQ-FM
Kroq 2004.png
City of license Pasadena, California
Broadcast area Greater Los Angeles area
Branding 106.7 KROQ
Slogan The World Famous KROQ
Frequency 106.7 (MHz)
(also on HD Radio)
HD-2: New Wave/Classic Alternative "KROQ 2"
First air date November 1962
Format Modern rock
ERP 5,600 watts
HAAT 423 meters
Class B
Facility ID 28622
Callsign meaning "K-ROck(Q)"
Owner CBS Radio
(CBS Radio Inc. of Los Angeles)
Sister stations KAMP-FM, KCAL-TV, KCBS-FM, KCBS-TV, KNX, KRTH, KTWV
Webcast Listen Live
Website kroq.com

KROQ-FM (106.7 FM) — branded 106.7 KROQ — is a commercial modern rock radio station licensed to Pasadena, California serving the Greater Los Angeles area. The call sign is pronounced "kay rock." It is the flagship station of Loveline hosted by Dr. Drew Pinsky, and The Kevin and Bean Morning Show. The station has studios at the intersection of Venice Boulevard and Fairfax Avenue in the Crestview neighborhood in West Los Angeles, and the transmitter is based in the Verdugo Mountains.

History[edit]

KPPC[edit]

Main article: KPPC (defunct)

Originally, 106.7 FM was KPPC-FM, owned by the Pasadena Presbyterian Church. They broadcast religious programming with a co-owned AM station. As the church encountered difficulties operating the stations, they sold the two stations to an outside company, Crosby-Avery Broadcasting, with the church retaining the right to broadcast its services over both stations. Until 1969, the station still broadcast from the basement of the church.

In 1967, Tom and Raechel Donahue created a freeform progressive rock format at co-owned KMPX in San Francisco.[1] KMPX became a big success, and in 1968, the Donahues were sent to Pasadena to introduce the format to the ailing KPPC-FM.

The following year, after a few bounced paychecks, dress code regulations, and other rules changes, The Donahues and the disc jockeys at both KMPX and KPPC walked out on the stations in what was called by some at the time as "The Great Hippie Strike." The former KMPX and KPPC staffers were later hired at Metromedia-owned KSAN in San Francisco and KMET in Los Angeles. KPPC hired new staffers and kept the freeform format, though they floundered for several years following the strike. In 1969, the two stations were sold to the National Science Network.[2]

In April 1970, the studios were moved out of the church basement. In September of that year, the FM transmitter was moved to Flint Peak, a mountaintop adjacent to Pasadena, and the station's power was significantly upgraded.

KROQ AM and KROQ-FM[edit]

Country music station KBBQ (1500 AM) in Burbank became KROQ in September 1972, changing its format to Top-40 and hiring established disc jockeys from other stations.[3] The new KROQ called itself the "ROQ of Los Angeles". In 1973 KROQ's owners bought the struggling KPPC-FM from National Science Network, which was forced by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to sell their stations due to compliance issues, changed the calls to KROQ-FM and hired Shadoe Stevens to create a new rock format described as high energy "all-cutting-edge-rock-all-the-time" and began simulcasting as "The ROQs of L.A.: Mother Rock!"

KPPC (AM) was sold to Universal Broadcasting, and remained on the air with its limited-schedule of Wednesday evening and Sunday operation until subsequent owners took the station — by then renamed KBLV — off the air permanently in 1996.

The two stations were wildly successful initially with the new format, but poor money management plagued the enterprise. When concert promoter Ken Roberts (1941-2014) booked Sly and the Family Stone for one KROQ-sponsored show at the Los Angeles Coliseum and the station found itself unable to cover expenses, Roberts agreed to pay for the band to play the show in exchange for a small ownership stake in the station.[4] Roberts joined a sprawling ownership group which included a doctor, two dairymen, a political lobbyist, a secretary, and several other minor investors.[4] Roberts with his background in the music industry made him a logical choice for president of the struggling company in the minds of the other shareholders, and he was elected such at the first meeting he attended in 1974.[4]

Unfortunately, by 1974 the station's finances were already untenable following a year of commercial-free programming — a stunt implemented in an effort to gain market share.[4] The stations' debt load reached $7 million;[4] paychecks began to bounce and Shadoe Stevens and the bulk of the staff walked out, shutting the stations down. The closure would last for nearly two years.

1976 relaunch[edit]

In 1976, the FCC ordered KROQ to return to the airwaves or surrender the stations' licenses.[5] With barebones equipment, KROQ returned to the airwaves, broadcasting initially from the transmitter location, followed by a penthouse suite in the Pasadena Hilton Hotel, then across the street from the Hilton (117 S. Los Robles).

Ken Roberts returned to the reborn station in a more forceful ownership role, buying out his partners one by one until he remained the sole owner of the station.[4] Shadoe Stevens was re-hired as a programming consultant and air personality with others like Los Angeles radio legends "The Obscene" Steven Clean and Frazer Smith.

KROQ's 1976 rebirth was perfectly timed with the emergence of punk rock and New Wave and KROQ quickly became the voice of the burgeoning Los Angeles scene, with disc jockey Rodney Bingenheimer joining the station and introducing many new and local bands, including The Sex Pistols, The Ramones, The Go-Gos, and The Runaways on his massively influential Sunday night show.[6] As punk expanded its hold on the music scene of the late 1970s, KROQ steadily adding more of it to their freeform format, cementing their place in the Los Angeles market.[7] The station's proximity to Hollywood and the Los Angeles punk rock scene gave it a unique place in the development of the alternative rock genre, and KROQ quickly became one of the most influential radio stations in broadcast history.

Shadoe Stevens once again left the station and Rick Carroll took over as program director in late 1979 and took the new music and combined it with a Top 40 formatic structure.[7] While for a time station still mixed the new music of the Talking Heads and Blondie with established artists such as The Rolling Stones, AC/DC and Lynyrd Skynyrd, by 1982 the station had fully committed to a post-New Wave modern rock orientation. KROQ became an even greater success as the "Rock of the Eighties" was born.

Carroll, as a consultant, took the "Rock of the 80s" format to other stations, including 91X in San Diego, KMGN FM in Bakersfield, California, KYYX in Seattle and The Quake in San Francisco.

In 1986, KROQ was purchased at a then record $45 million by Infinity Broadcasting,[8] which merged with CBS in 1997, and is now owned by CBS Radio.

KROQ helped to launch the careers of previously low-key Southern California bands The Offspring, The Red Hot Chili Peppers, Sublime, and No Doubt. They pride themselves on being "world famous" for their discovery of up-and-coming artists and are often the first US station to promote new rock bands before their large-scale success.

KROQ today[edit]

Originally located at 117 S. Los Robles Ave. in Pasadena, the station moved to 3500 W. Olive Ave. in Burbank in 1987 as part of the purchase agreement and to be closer to the music industry. In 2002, the station was moved to a facility at 5901 Venice Boulevard in the Crestview neighborhood in West Los Angeles.

Unlike most other (Class B, but with grandfathered greater than B facilities) FM stations in Los Angeles whose transmitters are atop Mount Wilson, KROQ's (Class B) transmitter is located on Tongva Peak (which replaced Flint Peak in Glendale at an altitude of 2500 ft), which results in somewhat weaker signal coverage.

In 2004, KROQ began broadcasting in HD Radio for a higher quality broadcast. On February 20, 2006, KROQ added streaming music from the radio station to its website. On June 9, 2006, KROQ launched an HD sub-carrier, KROQ HD-2, which airs new wave and alternative tracks from the 1980s which were popular during KROQ's 80's heyday (and is also branded "KROQ 2: Roq of the 80s"). This somewhat justified the dropping of the long-running Flashback Lunch, until then nearly the sole remnant of the new wave and '90s modern rock days.

In February 2010, CBS Radio, which controls the live stream, blocked access for listeners outside of the United States. Ironically, the station still uses the "World Famous KROQ" slogan to this day.

Steve Jones, from Indie 103.1, began a Sunday night show in 2010, called "Jonesy's Jukebox" that runs from 7-9PM.[9]

Awards[edit]

The station was awarded Radio Station of the Year in 1992 and 1993 by Rolling Stone magazine readers poll issues.

In 2007, the station was nominated for the top 25 markets Alternative station of the year award by Radio & Records magazine. Other nominees included WBCN in Boston, Massachusetts, KTBZ-FM in Houston, Texas, KITS in San Francisco, California, KNDD in Seattle, Washington, and WWDC in Washington, DC.[10]

Staff[edit]

Notable former staff[edit]

Current staff[edit]

Notable concerts and communities[edit]

KROQ-related albums[edit]

  • KROQ Calendar & New Music, a compilation of new singles that premiered in the subsequent year (1995–present)
  • Rodney on the ROQ, Vol. 1 a classic punk compilation from KROQ's Rodney Bingenheimer
  • Rodney on the ROQ, Vol. 2 more good punk from KROQ's Rodney Bingenheimer
  • Rodney on the ROQ, Vol. 3 even more punk from KROQ's Rodney Bingenheimer
  • At KROQ, a CD-single by Morrissey
  • On KROQ's Loveline, CD by Hagfish
  • The Best of KROQ's Almost Acoustic Christmas (1999), a compilation of concerts recorded at the Acoustic Christmas
  • Kevin & Bean's Super Christmas (2006)
  • Kevin & Bean's Christmastime In The 909 (2004)
  • Kevin and Bean: The Year They Recalled Santa Claus (2003)
  • Kevin and Bean: Fo' Shizzle St. Nizzle (2002)
  • Kevin and Bean: Swallow My Eggnog (2001)
  • Kevin and Bean: The Real Slim Santa (2000)
  • Kevin and Bean: Last Christmas (1999)
  • Kevin and Bean: Santa's Swingin' Sack (1998)
  • Kevin and Bean: A Family Christmas in Your Ass (1997)
  • Kevin and Bean: Christmastime in the LBC (1996) - cassette tape
  • Kevin and Bean: How the Juice Stole Christmas (1995) - cassette tape
  • Kevin and Bean: No Toys for OJ (1994) - cassette tape
  • Kevin and Bean: Santa Claus, Schamanta Claus (1993) - cassette tape
  • Kevin and Bean: We've Got Your Yule Logs Hangin' (1992) - cassette tape
  • Kevin and Bean: Bogus Christmas (1991) - cassette tape
  • Kevin and Bean: Feel the Warmth of Kevin and Bean's Wonderful World of Christmas (The White Album) (1990) - LP
  • Kroqing in Pasadena, a single from XTC (198?)
  • Richard Blade's Flashback Favorites, Volumes 1–6 (1993)

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas, Susan Jeanne (1 April 1999). Listening in: radio and the American imagination, from Amos 'n' Andy and Edward R. Murrow to Wolfman Jack and Howard Stern. Times Books. p. 270. ISBN 978-0-8129-2546-3. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  2. ^ Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 12 August 1972. p. 27. ISSN 00062510. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  3. ^ Historic Los Angeles Hilltops
  4. ^ a b c d e f Elaine Woo, "Ken Roberts Dies at 73; Promoter Transformed KROQ-FM into a Powerhouse," Los Angeles Times, July 4, 2014.
  5. ^ Broadcasting. Broadcasting Publications. January 1982. p. 102. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  6. ^ Commonly known as "Rodney on the ROQ," Bingenheimer also produced a regular Top 10 list for the monthly punk fanzine Flipside.
  7. ^ a b Los Angeles Magazine. Emmis Communications. November 2001. pp. 90–. ISSN 15229149. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Himmelsbach, Erik (December 3, 2006). "The alternative revolution". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 8, 2011. 
  9. ^ Roberts, Randall (October 6, 2010). "Steve Jones and "Jonesy's Jukebox" to return to the LA airwaves -- via KROQ". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 29, 2011. 
  10. ^ "2007 Industry Achievement Awards". Radio and Records. September 28, 2008. 
  11. ^ laradio.com. Where are they now?
  12. ^ Borzillo, Carrie (1994-12-24). KROQ Holiday Bauble Decorates Album Chart. Billboard Magazine. Nielsen Business Media. p. 16. Retrieved 8 April 2011. 
  13. ^ Puig, Claudia (February 18, 1994). "Live-Wire Jim Trenton Does Radio With Pictures : Television: In his new life as a feature reporter on KTTV-TV's 'Good Day L.A.,' the Poorman draws on the loopy style that was his signature on KROQ-FM". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 April 2011. 
  14. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°11′47″N 118°15′33″W / 34.19639°N 118.25917°W / 34.19639; -118.25917