|San Diego, California|
|Branding||Fox 5 San Diego (general)
Fox 5 News (newscasts)
|Channels||Digital: 19 (UHF)
Virtual: 69 (PSIP)
Antenna TV (DT2)
This TV (DT3)
|First air date||October 1, 1984|
|Call letters' meaning||San Diego's
|Former callsigns||KTTY (1984–1996)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
69 (UHF, 1984–2009)
|Former affiliations||Independent (1984–1995)
The WB (1995–2006)
The CW (2006–2008)
DT2: The Tube (2006–2007)
|Transmitter power||322.8 kW|
KSWB-TV, virtual channel 69 (UHF digital channel 19), is a Fox-affiliated television station located in San Diego, California, United States. The station is owned by the Tribune Broadcasting division of the Tribune Company. KSWB maintains studios on Engineer Road in the city's Kearny Mesa section (within a quarter-mile to the west of the studios of CBS affiliate KFMB-TV), and its transmitter is located southeast of Spring Valley.
Known on-air as "Fox 5 San Diego", the branding is derived from KSWB's primary cable position in the market on Time Warner Cable, Cox Communications and AT&T U-verse (as such, until 2011, the logo bug shown during the station's newscasts rotated between its common cable channel position and its over-the-air virtual channel number, 69).
- 1 History
- 2 Digital television
- 3 Programming
- 4 News operation
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
The station first went on the air on October 1, 1984 as KTTY, a locally-owned independent station. It ran a general entertainment format featuring dramas, classic movies, cartoons and religious programming that the other stations in the market declined to air. KTTY also aired a significant amount of paid programming. The station suffered from low ratings throughout its run as an independent. On January 11, 1995, KTTY became the San Diego charter affiliate of The WB Television Network, an upstart network that was majority owned by the Warner Bros. Entertainment division of Time Warner.
Tribune Broadcasting, whose corporate parent Tribune Company held a minority ownership stake in The WB, purchased the station from local interests in September 1996 and shortly thereafter, changed the station's call letters to the present KSWB-TV. After Tribune took ownership, the station added many off-network sitcoms to its schedule, with talk and court shows mixed onto the schedule as well throughout the remainder of the 1990s.
Transition to The CW
On January 24, 2006, Time Warner and CBS Corporation announced that they would shut down their respectively owned broadcast networks, The WB and UPN, and partner to launch The CW Television Network (the "CW" name representing the first initials of each of the network's corporate parents), an entirely new broadcast network that would include series from both networks and newer series. On that same date, The CW signed KSWB-TV as the network's San Diego affiliate as part of a ten-year affiliation agreement between the network and Tribune Broadcasting for the station and 15 of the group's other WB affiliates.
The CW officially made its debut on September 18, 2006 (Entravision-owned and Tecate, Baja California, Mexico-licensed UPN affiliate XHUPN-TV joined MyNetworkTV, another startup network run by Fox Entertainment Group that launched two weeks prior to The CW's debut, and changed its callsign to XHDTV-TV, identifying on-air as "XDTV"). Unlike many other former WB affiliates that also had call signs relating to its former affiliation, KSWB chose to retain the callsign that references the now-defunct network. The station was also the market's home of the NBA's Los Angeles Clippers until it switched to Fox, with the games produced by Los Angeles sister station KTLA (KTLA itself would lose the broadcast rights to the Clippers to regional sports networks Fox Sports West and Prime Ticket in 2009).
Affiliation swap with XETV
During a seminar by Sam Zell on March 25, 2008, it was revealed that Tribune Broadcasting (which Zell acquired as part of his 2007 takeover of the Tribune Company, which would result in the start of four-year-long Chapter 11 bankruptcy proceedings that year due to debt from Zell's leveraged buyout) had signed an affiliation agreement with Fox to make KSWB the network's new San Diego affiliate. This caught station management at Tijuana-licensed XETV-TV (channel 6) off guard as there was no knowledge about the impending loss of its Fox affiliation until the announcement was made public (that station's status as a Fox affiliate was contested unsuccessfully in a previous attempt by KUSI-TV (channel 51) to strip the affiliation from XETV in a 1995 U.S. Court of Appeals filing). Fox later cited concerns with having its programming airing on a Mexican-licensed station, even though XETV had broadcast its programming almost entirely in English for over half a century and was Fox's charter affiliate in the market since the network's 1986 inception.
At first, there was speculation that CW network programming in the San Diego market would be brought in out-of-market from KSWB's Los Angeles sister station KTLA, which was then carried on cable locally through Cox Communications (on channel 14). Two other scenarios were also being entertained, including speculation that KUSI-TV would pick up the CW affiliation or that KSWB would re-activate its second digital subchannel (which had been silent since The Tube Music Network abruptly ceased operations in October 2007) and move the network's programming there. On July 2, 2008, Bay City Television/Grupo Televisa signed an affiliation agreement to bring The CW's programming over to XETV. With the Fox affiliation agreement, KSWB-TV's ten-year contract with The CW was rendered void, ending the station's two-year association with the network as it joined Fox on August 1, 2008, directly swapping affiliations with XETV-TV as the CW affiliation for the market was moved over to that station. In turn, XETV replaced KSWB as the default CW affiliate for DirecTV subscribers in the few areas of the western United States where a CW-affiliated station is not receivable over-the-air or through cable television.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|69.1||720p||16:9||KSWB||Main KSWB-TV programming / Fox|
|69.3||This TV||This TV|
In the analog era upon receiving the Fox affiliation, KSWB surpassed WSYT/Syracuse, New York (which broadcast on UHF channel 68) as the highest channel allocation of any Fox station in the country (and was tied with WUPA/Atlanta for the highest channel number of any CW affiliate during KSWB's two-year tenure with that network). It retains the highest PSIP channel number out of Fox's stations post-digital transition.
On October 1, 2010, the station began to carry This TV on its second digital subchannel, the first time since a short-lived affiliation with The Tube Music Network prior to that service ending operations in October 2007 that KSWB had carried a digital subchannel. The station then added Tribune-owned classic television service Antenna TV to a new 69.3 subchannel upon that network's January 1, 2011 debut.
KSWB shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 69, on February 17, 2009, the originally-planned date in which full-power television stations in the United States were to transition from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate (which was later pushed back five months to June 12, 2009). The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 19. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 69, which was among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition.
In addition to network programming and locally-produced newscasts, syndicated programming featured on KSWB-TV includes The Dr. Oz Show, Two and a Half Men, Family Guy, Bones, Jerry Springer and 30 Rock.
KSWB presently broadcasts 44½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 8½ hours on weekdays and one hour on weekends); in regards to the number of hours devoted to news programming, it is the second-largest local newscast output among San Diego's broadcast television stations (behind independent station KUSI-TV, which carries 50½ hours each week). In addition, the news department produces San Diego's Most Wanted, which airs on Saturdays before Fox primetime programming and is rebroadcast on Sundays after the 10 p.m. newscast; it is a local version of former Fox (and later Lifetime) series America's Most Wanted.
As a WB affiliate, KSWB launched its first news department on September 27, 1999 with a half-hour 10 p.m. newscast (called WB News at Ten), due to a corporate request by Tribune for its then-WB affiliates that did not already have news departments to begin producing their own local newscasts. This program was designed to compete against an established hour-long primetime newscast on KUSI and gained a competitor in XETV-TV's upstart news department when it launched its own newscast at 10 p.m. that December. On March 7, 2005, the station debuted The WB Morning Show, a simulcast of Los Angeles sister station KTLA's weekday morning newscast interspersed with half-hourly local news inserts presented by a solo anchor from KSWB's San Diego studios.
On September 22, 2005, KSWB announced that its news department would be shut down, laying off 29 of the department's 30 staffers (with the exception of Jeff Powers, who continued to anchor the 10 p.m. news until he left the station), the final 10 p.m. newscast produced by KSWB aired on October 28, 2005. Production of the 10 p.m. newscast was turned over to NBC station KNSD (channel 39) through a news share agreement on October 31. The broadcast retained the WB News at Ten title and 615 Music's Firepower News theme (which was originally commissioned by KSWB for its in-house newscasts), but now originated from KNSD's facility in downtown San Diego (local cut-ins during The WB Morning Show continued to originate from KSWB's Kearny Mesa studios). The agreement between KNSD and KSWB was similar to outsourced newscasts on other Tribune stations such as WPHL-TV/Philadelphia (whose 10 p.m. newscast became produced by WCAU following the 2005 shutdown of WPHL's news department, before production was turned over to WPVI-TV in 2012) and KRCW-TV/Portland (whose 10 p.m. newscast is produced by KGW).
To correspond with KSWB's affiliation change to The CW, the KTLA morning news simulcast and the KNSD-produced 10 p.m. news were renamed as The CW Morning Show and CW News at Ten accordingly on September 18, 2006. KNSD reporter Anne State assumed co-anchoring duties until April 2008, when she left for CBS-owned WBBM-TV/Chicago. Vic Salazar then solo anchored the 10 p.m. broadcast for the final months of KNSD's production of the program, until he left that station. In addition, the station also produced a public affairs show called Take 5, that aired Sunday evenings at 10:30 p.m.
After the announcement that KSWB would become San Diego's new Fox affiliate, the station reassumed production responsibilities for its newscasts, with the KTLA simulcast and KNSD-produced 10 p.m. news airing for the last time on July 31, 2008. The news department's second incarnation debuted upon the August 1 affiliation switch with a new weekday morning news program (initially airing from 5-9 a.m.) and a now hour-long 10 p.m. newscast, which have both been produced in high definition since the return of in-house news operations. The station also began using a logo and graphics package by Hothaus Creative based on the standardized look of Fox's owned-and-operated stations (variants of the KSWB graphics were adapted for use by other Fox affiliates owned by Tribune and some previously owned by Newport Television).
On September 14, 2009, KSWB debuted an hour-long 6 p.m. newscast that competes against local newscasts on KUSI-TV (an hour-long program), KNSD and KGTV (both a half-hour at 6), KFMB (at 6:30) and evening network newscasts on the three latter stations. This was part of a companywide expansion of early evening and in some cases, midday newscasts on Tribune's Fox affiliates (KCPQ/Seattle was the last of the company's seven Fox stations to expand its news programming with the June 2011 debut of a 5 p.m. newscast). This was followed two years later on September 26, 2011 by the launch of an hour-long 5 p.m. newscast on weeknights.
- WB News at Ten (1999–2006)
- The WB Morning Show (2005–2006; simulcast of morning news program from sister station KTLA/Los Angeles)
- CW News at Ten (2006–2008)
- The CW Morning Show (2006–2008; simulcast of morning news program from KTLA)
- Fox 5 News (2008–present)
- "All the News, Just 30 Minutes" (10 p.m. newscast; 2004–2006)
Current on-air staff
- Kathleen Bade - weeknights at 6:00 and 10:00 p.m.
- Paul Bloom - weekday morning freelance anchor
- Erica Fox - weekday mornings (9:00-10:00 a.m.); also reporter
- Jenn Karlman - weeknights at 5:00 p.m.; also 10:00 p.m. reporter
- Susan Lennon - weekends at 10:00 p.m.
- Andrew Luria - weeknights at 5:00, 6:00 and 10:00 p.m.
- Walter Makaula - weekends at 10:00 p.m.; also weeknight reporter
- Raoul Martinez - weekday mornings (4:30-10:00 a.m.)
- Shally Zomorodi - weekday mornings (4:30-9:00 a.m.)
- Weather team
- Aloha Taylor (AMS Seal of Approval; member, NWA) - primary meteorologist; weeknights at 5:00, 6:00 and 10:00 p.m.
- Chrissy Russo - weather anchor and traffic reporter; weekday mornings (4:30-10:00 a.m.)
- Brad Wills (NWA Seal of Approval) - weather anchor; weekdays at 4:30 a.m. and reporter in the mornings
- Kyle Hunter (AMS Seal of Approval) - weekends at 10 p.m.
- Sports team
- Ross Shimabuku - sports director; weeknights at 6:00 and 10:00 p.m.
- Troy Hirsch - sports anchor/reporter; weekends at 10:00 p.m.; also host of Game On
- Jaime Chambers - general assignment reporter
- Sharon Chen - general assignment reporter
- Christian De La Rosa - general assignment reporter
- Rich DeMuro - technology reporter
- Misha DiBono - general assignment reporter; also fill-in anchor
- Heather Ford - weekday morning reporter
- Jenny Hamel - general assignment reporter
- Matt Johnson - weekday morning reporter
- Kristina Lee - general assignment reporter
- Marie Luby - general assignment reporter
- Walter Morris - general assignment reporter
- Sherri Palmeri - general assignment reporter
- Trisha Skidmore - general assignment reporter
- Jason Sloss - general assignment reporter; also fill-in anchor
- Lynn Stuart - general assignment reporter
- Juliette Vara - freelance reporter
- Kristy Wolski - general assignment reporter
Former on-air staff
- Ali Fedotowsky - features/lifestyle reporter (now host of NBC's 1st Look)
- Kendis Gibson - anchor (now with WJLA-TV/Washington, D.C.)
- Loren Nancarrow - anchor/reporter (Deceased)
- Arthel Neville - anchor (now with Fox News Channel)
- Anne State - anchor (now with WITI-TV/Milwaukee)
- Warner Bros., Tribune Broadcasting & Jamie Kellner to Launch WB Network in 1994, TheFreeLibrary.com. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
- Tribune Broadcasting Joins with Warner Bros. to Launch Fifth Television Network, TheFreeLibrary.com. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
- Struggling WB, UPN to merge as the CW, U-T San Diego, January 25, 2006.
- UPN and WB to Combine, Forming New TV Network, The New York Times, January 24, 2006.
- Fox switching affiliates in S.D., U-T San Diego, March 25, 2008.
- "XETV, KSWB Battle For Fox Affiliation In San Diego".
- Trading places: Fox, CW switch network channels, U-T San Diego, August 1, 2008.
- It's official: XETV picks up The CW affiliation...
- XETV San Diego Becomes CW Affil Aug. 1
- RabbitEars TV Query for KSWB
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- CDBS Print
- 'KTLA Morning News' set to debut on Tribune-owned KSWB in March, U-T San Diego, February 2, 2005.
- KSWB news changes hands; 30 to lose jobs, U-T San Diego, September 22, 2005.
- Fox and CW changing channels, U-T San Diego, July 3, 2008.
- 'Fox 5': First the bad news and now the good news?, U-T San Diego, August 25, 2008.
- KTLA KSWB Morning Open
- Last KNSD produced CW newscast-Vic Salazar says good bye
- KSWB Fox 5 News at 10 2009 Open
- Fox5SanDiego.com - Official KSWB-TV website
- Fox5SanDiego.AntennaTV.tv - Official Antenna TV San Diego website
- SanDiego.ThisTV.com - Official This TV San Diego website
- Query the FCC's TV station database for KSWB-TV