KTVK

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"3TV" redirects here. For other uses, see Channel 3.
KTVK
KTVK logo 2013.png
ThisTV Phoenix.png
Phoenix, Arizona
United States
Branding 3TV (general)
3TV News (newscasts)
Slogan The Best Gets Better (general)
News that Matters to You (newscasts)
Everywhere, Always There (breaking news)
Channels Digital: 24 (UHF)
Virtual: 3 (PSIP)
Subchannels 3.1 Main programming
3.2 This TV
Translators (see below)
Affiliations Independent
This TV (DT2)
Owner Meredith Corporation
(KPHO Broadcasting Corporation)
First air date February 28, 1955
Call letters' meaning KTVK - "Because TV will be our middle name" (quote by Ernest McFarland)
Sister station(s) KPHO-TV, KASW
Former channel number(s) Analog:
3 (VHF, 1955–2009)
Former affiliations Primary:
ABC (1955–1995)
The WB (January–September 1995)
Secondary:
Fox Kids (1994–1995)
Transmitter power 1,000 kW
Height 501 m (1,644 ft)
Facility ID 40993
Transmitter coordinates 33°20′0.9″N 112°3′47.9″W / 33.333583°N 112.063306°W / 33.333583; -112.063306
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: Profile
CDBS
Website www.azfamily.com

KTVK, virtual channel 3 (UHF digital channel 24), is an independent television station located in Phoenix, Arizona, United States. The station is owned by Meredith Corporation, as part of a duopoly with CBS affiliate KPHO-TV (channel 5). The station also operates CW affiliate KASW under a shared services agreement, owned by SagamoreHill Broadcasting. The two stations share studio facilities located on the northwest end of the Central Avenue Corridor in Phoenix; KTVK's transmitter is located on South Mountain. Its signal is relayed across northern Arizona on a network of translator stations.

History[edit]

As an ABC affiliate[edit]

Former U.S. Senator Ernest McFarland, author of the GI Bill, was awed by the new medium of television. With a few friends, he formed the Arizona Television Company and applied for a television station license with the Federal Communications Commission. KTVK signed on the air as Phoenix's fourth television station on March 1, 1955 – shortly after McFarland was elected governor of Arizona – immediately becoming an ABC affiliate. McFarland quoted that he chose the KTVK call letters "because TV will be our middle name."[1]

KTVK cleared most of ABC's network schedule with the exception of some lower-rated daytime shows, as well as an occasional program during primetime hours. It soon built a translator network stretching across the entire state of Arizona, including Tucson. Occasionally, the station preempted ABC programming so as not to interfere with Tucson's local ABC affiliate, KGUN-TV. Despite the preemptions, ABC was generally satisfied with KTVK, as the station was one of the network's strongest affiliates. Even so, KTVK's news programming was a very distant second to longtime leader KOOL-TV (channel 10, now KSAZ-TV) for many years, even when KTAR-TV (channel 12)'s 1979 sale to the Gannett Company (and subsequent callsign change to KPNX) made KTVK the only locally-owned network affiliate in the market. When McFarland died in 1984, the station's ownership was taken over by his daughter Jewell and her husband Delbert Lewis.

KTVK logo used from 1986 to 1996; the "Circle 3" dates back to 1982 and is meant to be an offshoot of ABC's "Circle 7" logo, as the circle was used when KTVK was an ABC affiliate.

The station's fortunes began to improve significantly after several members of channel 10's (by now KTSP) news management staff defected to KTVK in 1986. An aggressive marketing campaign, a new brand (NewsChannel 3, one of the earliest uses of the "NewsChannel" brand that became popular with television stations in the 1990s), and a popular new anchor team finally helped make KTVK a truly competitive player in local news. By the late 1980s, KTVK was the top-rated television station in Arizona. The station slowly expanded its news programming during the late 1980s and early 1990s, eventually adding weekend morning newscasts with the launch of a two-hour program on Saturday mornings from 7 to 9 a.m. in 1993. KTVK's atmosphere was somewhat different from that of a typical major market Big Three network affiliate. McFarland ran his station as a "mom and pop" business, and had an open-door policy which the Lewises continued when they took over the station. Employee turnover was very low, and hugs were very common in the newsroom. This was an outgrowth of what would become the station's longtime slogan, "Arizona's Family".

Transition[edit]

On May 23, 1994, New World Communications announced an affiliation deal with Fox in which twelve of its stations – including Phoenix's longtime CBS affiliate KSAZ-TV – would defect from their affiliations with ABC, CBS and NBC to join Fox.[2][3] CBS approached KTVK for an affiliation, but the Lewises turned the offer down, expecting a renewed pact with ABC. Much to the Lewises' surprise though, the E. W. Scripps Company forced ABC to move its Phoenix area affiliation to the company's then-Fox affiliate KNXV-TV (channel 15) as a condition of retaining ABC on the company's two biggest stations, WEWS-TV in Cleveland and WXYZ-TV in Detroit. KTVK then approached CBS in an effort to secure that network affiliation, but Meredith Corporation, owner of then-independent station KPHO-TV (channel 5), convinced CBS to move its affiliation there as a condition of keeping the CBS affiliation on its Kansas City station KCTV.

The Lewises appealed to the Federal Communications Commission on grounds that Scripps had "abused its license power for anti-competitive purposes", but their appeal was denied.[3] After nearly 40 years with ABC, the Lewises decided to turn KTVK into an independent station. Channel 3 immediately began purchasing more syndicated programming, increasing local news programming and gradually removed ABC network programs from its schedule.[3] In August 1994, it dropped Good Morning America and launched Good Morning Arizona in the 6-9 a.m. slot (the 6–7 a.m. slot had previously been occupied by a more traditional newscast). KNXV would begin airing Good Morning America beginning that September.

On December 15, 1994, KTVK also dropped Mike and Maty (of which KTVK had aired for only 30 minutes daily), World News Now and Nightline, which were also picked up by KNXV. At that point, ABC's cartoons also moved to KNXV; KTVK then dropped its Saturday morning newscast and began running Fox Kids (which had been turned down by KSAZ) instead. By then, KTVK was only airing primetime programming, sports and popular soap operas from ABC. KTVK renewed its local syndication rights to Oprah and Inside Edition, and purchased all available syndicated shows distributed by King World such as Wheel of Fortune and Jeopardy! (which was not renewed by KSAZ, and later moved to KNXV; both shows have since returned to KTVK), American Journal (which was not renewed by KPNX), Rolonda, Branded and The Little Rascals (the latter two were both selected to air on weekends).

WB affiliation[edit]

Variant of the "circle 3" logo inside a TV. The TV portion was used from 1996 to 2003.

KNXV officially became Phoenix's ABC affiliate on January 9, 1995, after which KTVK transitioned to a news-intensive schedule that retained all existing newscasts, with a half-hour tacked onto its weekday 5 p.m. newscast. KTVK nominally became the market's WB affiliate when that network debuted two days later on January 11, but since The WB initially had only one night of programming each week, KTVK chose to tape delay the network's Wednesday primetime schedule to air on Saturday nights. The WB added a second night of programming on Sundays that September, shortly before it dropped the network, which KTVK aired in pattern.

With The WB only occupying two nights of programming, KTVK was still essentially a de facto independent station. It also continued to broadcast Fox Kids programming on weekend mornings (a similar situation occurred in Canada where longtime CTV affiliate CJON-TV in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, retained news programming from CTV and simultaneously added news and entertainment programs from the rival Global after becoming an independent in 2002). A quirk of KTVK's scheduling of the Fox Kids lineup was that the station aired Animaniacs and Mighty Morphin Power Rangers on Sunday evenings, after the 5 p.m. news and before feature films at 7 p.m. The station aired Wheel, Jeopardy!, Star Trek: The Next Generation and several off-network sitcoms during primetime, and ran classic sitcoms and movies on weekends.

As an independent station[edit]

KTVK owned a substantial programming inventory, but did not have enough room on its schedule to air it all, even after dropping ABC. As such, KTVK entered into an agreement with the Brooks family to program the soon-to-launch KASW (channel 61) under a local marketing agreement, with KTVK leasing the new station's entire broadcast day. KASW signed on the air and took over the WB affiliation on September 22, 1995, officially rendering channel 3 as a true independent station; Fox Kids programming moved to channel 61 soon afterwards as KTVK reinstated newscasts on Saturday mornings. When KASW debuted, the Arizona Television Company officially changed its name to MAC America Communications, after its founder's nickname, "Mac." By this time, the company had grown to include two FM radio stations and a magazine; on November 4, 1996, MAC America launched Arizona NewsChannel, a cable news channel operated as a joint venture with Phoenix's major cable provider Cox Communications.[4] KTVK ran talk shows during the late morning and afternoon hours between newscasts during this period, along with a mix of newsmagazines, game shows, sitcoms and drama series during primetime, and a mix of classic sitcoms, classic movies and talk show reruns in late night. Weekends had a lesser amount of newscasts, along with a mix of movies and classic sitcoms. Most of the older shows also ran on KASW at different times.

KTVK returned to the NewsChannel 3 branding in 2003, resulting in this variation used until 2005.

In 1998, when the team joined Major League Baseball's National League, KTVK became the original over-the-air broadcaster of the Arizona Diamondbacks. Television rights to the team's games remained with KTVK through the end of the 2007 season, when the team opted to move all of its English-language broadcasts (not counting national telecasts) to cable on regional sports network Fox Sports Arizona.[5] In the fall of 1998, KTVK briefly aired The Howard Stern Radio Show; both KTVK (which aired the program after its 10 p.m. news) and Lubbock, Texas Fox affiliate KJTV-TV pulled the program from their schedules after two episodes.[6]

Variation used from 2005 to 2007.

MAC America decided to sell off most of its media assets, including KTVK, in 1999, but was very selective about a buyer. It wanted to sell to a company that would continue to keep a local presence at the station (particularly important to the Lewises, as KTVK was the last locally-owned station in the market) and allow the station to continue its growth of the last decade. In the end, it sold KTVK, the LMA with KASW and its share of the Arizona NewsChannel to the Belo Corporation in 1999, ending 44 years of McFarland-Lewis ownership[7] (Belo would buy KASW outright in 2001). In 2000, Belo and Cox partnered to create a new Spanish-language channel, ¡Más! Arizona, that launched on October 16 of that year.[8] In recent years, KTVK has further expanded its newscasts, added more talk shows and completely moved away from older shows. KASW made similar gradual changes as well. In 2003, KTVK's airings of Oprah were ranked as the top-rated syndicated program in the market. That year, KTVK declined to renew its syndication rights to Wheel of Fortune and Jeopardy! (both shows then moved to KNXV, before returning to KTVK in September 2012).

Helicopter crash[edit]

On July 27, 2007, KTVK's news helicopter "News Chopper 3" was involved in a mid-air collision when another news helicopter, belonging to KNXV-TV, struck it from behind.[9] The collision occurred above Steele Indian School Park (near Third Street and Indian School Road), while both aircraft were covering a police pursuit in downtown Phoenix.[10] All four people aboard both helicopters were killed, including KTVK pilot Scott Bowerbank and photographer Jim Cox.[11] An investigation conducted by the Federal Aviation Administration and National Transportation Safety Board determined that the accident was caused by both pilots' inability to see one another and avoid a collision with the other helicopter.[9]

Sale to Meredith[edit]

On June 13, 2013, the Gannett Company, the owner of KPNX and the Arizona Republic, acquired Belo. As FCC rules restrict one company from owning more than two television stations in the same market, Gannett announced that it would spin off KTVK and KASW to Sander Media, LLC (operated by former Belo executive Jack Sander). While Gannett intended to provide services to the stations through a shared services agreement, KTVK and KASW's operations would have remained largely separate from KPNX and the Republic.[12] Despite objections to the Gannett-Belo merger by anti-consolidation groups (such as the Free Press) and pay television providers (due to ownership conflicts involving television stations and newspapers both companies owned in other markets, the use of Sander as a third-party licensee to buy stations that would be operated by the owner of a same-market competitor, concerns over any future operational consolidation of the stations involved in the deal, and the Gannett and Sander stations colluding in retransmission consent negotiations),[13][14] the FCC granted approval of the deal on December 20.[15]

As the sale was completed on December 23, 2013,[16] Sander/Gannett then sold KTVK to the Meredith Corporation, owner of CBS affiliate KPHO-TV. The license assets of KASW were sold to SagamoreHill Broadcasting, however Meredith will operate that station through a shared services agreement.[17] The sale was approved on June 16, 2014,[18] and the sale was completed on June 19.[19] On August 7, 2014, Meredith bought the station's studio, with an intent to re-locate KPHO into the larger facilities of KTVK.[20]

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[21]
3.1 1080i 16:9 KTVK-HD Main KTVK programming
3.2 480i 4:3 THIS-TV This TV

On October 20, 2009, KTVK added This TV to its 3.2 digital subchannel.[22]

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

KTVK shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 3, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 24.[23][24] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 3.

As part of the SAFER Act,[25] KTVK kept its analog signal on the air to inform viewers of the digital television transition through a loop of public service announcements from the National Association of Broadcasters. KTVK's "nightlight" service was originally intended to last 30 days, but was instead discontinued two weeks after the analog-to-digital transition on June 26.[26]

Programming[edit]

Syndicated programs seen on KTVK include Wheel of Fortune, Jeopardy!, The Insider, Inside Edition, Entertainment Tonight, Dr. Phil, The Meredith Vieira Show, Steve Harvey, The Queen Latifah Show, The Doctors, Hot in Cleveland, and Everybody Loves Raymond. Even with the station's loss of the ABC affiliation in 1995, KTVK overall has been one of the nation's strongest and most successful independent stations. Without a network affiliation, KTVK fills the two primetime hours preceding its hour-long 9 p.m. newscast with syndicated programs.

Local programming[edit]

Newscasts[edit]

KTVK presently broadcasts 55 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with nine hours on weekdays and five hours on weekends); in regards to the number of hours devoted to news programming, it is the highest local newscast output among all broadcast television stations in the state of Arizona, surpassing Fox owned-and-operated station KSAZ (which runs 52 hours each week), the two stations produce the same amount of local newscasts (nine hours) on weekdays. The station's sports department also produces a half-hour sports wrap-up program called the 3TV Sports Show, airing on Sunday evenings after the 9 p.m. newscast.

As KTVK's affiliation with ABC began to wind down in 1994, the station gradually increased its news programming output, eventually carrying just over 40 hours a week by 1997. Besides relaunching its weekday morning newscast as the originally three-hour Good Morning Arizona and debuting the half-hour First News that preceded the program and retaining its other existing newscasts, KTVK added a half-hour newscast at 5:30 p.m. weeknights (creating a 90-minute early evening news block by bridging the 5 and 6 p.m. newscasts). Unlike other former Big Three affiliates that joined one of the post-1986 networks or became an independent station, KTVK did not initially carry a primetime newscast; the station began producing a half-hour 9 p.m. newscast for KASW when that station signed on in September 1995. Primetime newscasts on KTVK began with the launch of an hour-long 8 p.m. newscast in the late 1990s, which was later discontinued and replaced with syndicated programming on June 23, 2008, when the station launched an hour-long 9 p.m. newscast (which competes with the 9 p.m. newscast on Fox-owned KSAZ).

One of the station's flagship programs is Good Morning Arizona, one of the country's original long-form local morning newscasts. Running weekdays from 4:30 to 10 a.m., and weekends from 6 to 10 a.m., the show has long been the top-rated local morning news program in Phoenix and the highest-rated program of its kind in the United States. The program has its own budget, writers and on-air staff. The program was also simulcast on sister station KMSB in Tucson until February 2012, when Raycom Media-owned KOLD-TV began producing a morning newscast for the Fox affiliate as part of a shared services agreement involving KMSB and fellow sister station KTTU.[27] The station is unique in that while it uses a unified brand for its news operation, it uses individual titles for specific newscasts. Besides Good Morning Arizona, the station's early evening newscasts are titled Good Evening Arizona; its now-defunct 11 a.m. newscast was formerly titled Good Day Arizona, its 8 p.m. newscast was formerly known as Arizona Tonight @ 8 and its 10 p.m. newscast was previously called Tonight Arizona and later The NewsShow, the latter titles were later dropped in favor of the conventional news brand and daypart naming.

Even with the station's loss of the ABC affiliation in 1995, KTVK's newscasts have continued to receive decent ratings, though it has news viewership outside of Good Morning Arizona has declined somewhat in recent years. Although KPNX's ratings increased rapidly as it remained with NBC at a time when that network rocketed to the top of the ratings, KTVK remained the dominant news station in Arizona well into 2003; KTVK held the evening news crown that year while KPNX led in late news.[28] Its evening newscast, "Good Evening Arizona," regularly beats the national network newscasts on KPHO, KPNX and KNXV in the ratings. The Saturday edition of Good Morning Arizona had the highest ratings of any other newscast in Phoenix during the February 2010 ratings period. KTVK currently advertises that Good Evening Arizona places #1 in the ratings during the 4:30-6:30 p.m. time period.

On April 26, 2007, KTVK became the second television station in the Phoenix market (after NBC affiliate KPNX) to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition. On March 1, 2009, KTVK began to share a news helicopter operated by Helicopters Inc., as part of a Local News Service agreement with KPHO-TV and KPNX; the helicopter is named "News Chopper 20", as a combination of the over-the-air virtual channel numbers of the three stations (3, 5 and 12).[29][30][31]

On January 25, 2010, Good Morning Arizona expanded by one hour (running from 4:30 to 10 a.m.), with the addition of an hour at 9 a.m., resulting in the discontinuance of the 11 a.m. newscast.[32] On August 22, 2011, KTVK launched a weeknight 10 p.m. newscast, bringing the station's daily news output to nine hours each weekday, and also marking the return of a local newscast to that timeslot since the station's early days as an independent station.[33] As of August 9, 2014 KTVK expanded it's weekend morning newscast "Good Morning Arizona" from its original 7:00 a.m. start time to a new 6:00 a.m. start time. Also, beginning September 9 KTVK will add an extra half hour to the weeknight show of "Good Evening Arizona" which now runs from its 4:30-6:30 p.m. to its new time 4:00-6:30 p.m. http://m.bizjournals.com/phoenix/news/2014/08/05/channel-3-expanding-its-local-news-coverage-in.html

News/station presentation[edit]

Newscast titles[edit]

  • Your Esso Reporter (1955–1962)
  • KTVK News (1962–1970s)
  • Big 3 News (1970s)
  • Total News (1970s–1980s)
  • Eyewitness News 3 (1980s–1986)
  • NewsChannel 3 (1986–2004)[34]
  • 3TV News (2004–present)[35]

Station slogans[edit]

On-air staff[edit]

Notable former on-air staff[edit]
Television.svg This film, television or video-related list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it with reliably sourced additions.

Other locally-produced programs[edit]

In addition to its local newscasts, KTVK also broadcasts other locally-produced programs: Politics Unplugged, airing on Sundays after the Good Evening Arizona newscast, is a weekly public affairs program focusing on political issues on the state and national levels. AAA Highroads on Sundays at 4:30 p.m., is a half-hour travel and lifestyle show about interesting places and travel activities in Arizona and beyond, with features from the Arizona chapter of the American Automobile Association focusing on topics related to travel, automotive, insurance and driving safety. "Caring For Arizona" on Saturdays at 6:30 A.M., is a half-hour show with local doctors discussing advancements in medical technology. Your Life A to Z is a talk show discussing topics that interest women ranging from beauty tips to health news, airing on Monday through Saturday mornings following Good Morning Arizona.

Rebroadcasters[edit]

KTVK is rebroadcast on the following translator stations:

KTVK is available on cable in Yuma, the Imperial Valley, California and Coachella, California Country Cable services.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ NewsChannel 3 History, archived from the original on February 2, 2007, retrieved February 15, 2007 
  2. ^ Carter, Bill (May 24, 1994). "FOX WILL SIGN UP 12 NEW STATIONS; TAKES 8 FROM CBS". The New York Times. Retrieved October 22, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c Meisler, Andy (August 29, 1994). "Murdoch's Raid Brings a Shuffling of TV Stations in Phoenix". New York Times. p. 2. Retrieved October 22, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Cox, KTVK team for news channel." Electronic Media 18 November 1996: 30.
  5. ^ FSN Arizona to broadcast every Diamondbacks home game, select road games in HD, Engadget, March 31, 2008.
  6. ^ Spring, Greg. "King of all media loses some subjects." Electronic Media 7 September 1998: 2-3.
  7. ^ "COMPANY NEWS; BELO TO ACQUIRE $315 MILLION IN ASSETS FROM MAC". New York Times. July 3, 1999. Retrieved 2009-10-22. 
  8. ^ "Dallas, Atlanta-Based Firms to Launch Spanish-Language Cable Channel." Dallas Morning News 29 September 2010.
  9. ^ a b "Aircraft Accident Report Midair Collision of Electronic News Gathering Helicopters KTVK-TV, Eurocopter AS350B2, N613TV, and U.S. Helicopters, Inc., Eurocopter AS350B2, N215TV", NTSB, January 28, 2009, archived from the original on May 18, 2009, retrieved November 20, 2012 
  10. ^ "4 Dead As 2 Helicopters Tracking Police Pursuit Collide". KPHO-TV. 2007-07-27. Retrieved 2007-07-27. 
  11. ^ "Two helicopters crash while covering chase". AZFamily.com. 2007-07-27. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-07-27. 
  12. ^ Brown, Lisa (June 13, 2013). "Gannett to buy TV station owner Belo for $1.5 billion". St. Louis Post-Dispatch. Retrieved June 13, 2013. 
  13. ^ Free Press, Others Ask FCC To Deny Some Gannett/Belo Transfers, Broadcasting & Cable, July 24, 2013.
  14. ^ Public Interest Groups, Cable Companies Oppose Gannett-Belo Merger, AdWeek, July 25, 2013.
  15. ^ http://transition.fcc.gov/Daily_Releases/Daily_Business/2013/db1220/DA-13-2423A1.pdf
  16. ^ Gannett Completes Its Acquisition of Belo, TVNewsCheck, Retrieved 23 December 2013
  17. ^ Meredith to Expand TV Portfolio with Deal to Add Stations in Phoenix, St. Louis, Meredith press release, December 23, 2013.
  18. ^ http://licensing.fcc.gov/cgi-bin/ws.exe/prod/cdbs/pubacc/Auth_Files/1626002.pdf
  19. ^ Gannett-Sander Complete Phoenix Sale, TVNewsCheck, Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  20. ^ "Channel 5 buys Channel 3’s Phoenix studios for $9.9 million". Phoenix Business Journal. 7 August 2014. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  21. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KTVK
  22. ^ "Belo’s WFAA, KTVK Add This TV", Broadcasting & Cable, September 22, 2009, retrieved September 22, 2009 
  23. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  24. ^ "CDBS Print", FCC CDBS database, retrieved November 20, 2012 
  25. ^ "UPDATED List of Participants in the Analog Nightlight Program" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. June 12, 2009. Retrieved June 4, 2012. 
  26. ^ Phoenix TV goes digital, can you still see our signal?, KNXV-TV, retrieved June 12, 2009 
  27. ^ Fox 11 to lay off news staff, cancel newscast in Feb., Tucson Sentinel, November 15, 2011.
  28. ^ Miller, Mark K. "Tough Fight in News". Broadcasting and Cable 16 June 2003: 15.
  29. ^ "3 TV stations to share helicopter to cover the news". azcentral. February 24, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-25. 
  30. ^ "Channels 5, 3, 12 To Share Chopper". KPHO. February 25, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-25. 
  31. ^ "Phoenix TV stations to share news helicopter". KTAR. February 25, 2009. Retrieved 2009-02-26. 
  32. ^ KTVK Expands Local News Coverage, TVNewsCheck, January 14, 2010.
  33. ^ KTVK Phoenix To Launch 10 P.M. News, TVNewsCheck, August 8, 2011.
  34. ^ KTVK 10pm News Open from 1992 on YouTube
  35. ^ KTVK 3TV 9PM NEWS OPEN on YouTube

External links[edit]