KUNV

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KUNV
KUNV-FM.png
City of license Las Vegas, Nevada
Broadcast area Las Vegas Valley
Branding KUNV 91.5
Slogan Your Source For...
Frequency 91.5 (MHz)
First air date 1981
Format Jazz
ERP 15,000 watts
HAAT 335 meters
Class C1
Callsign meaning University of NeVada
Owner University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Website kunv.org

KUNV is a non-commercial, jazz-oriented campus radio station in Paradise, Nevada, broadcasting on 91.5 FM.

Sign-on[edit]

KUNV signed on the air on April 23, 1981 airing a variety of music programmed by the students of the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV). Two well-known long-running programs were "The Rock Avenue" and "Jazz Progressions." Late at night and on the weekends, various two-hour weekly specialty shows also ran for many years highlighting new releases and old favorites in reggae, blues, industrial music, ambient music, rap and hip-hop, underground heavy metal, punk rock and other forms of music that did not get any other airplay in Las Vegas outside of KUNV.

Early history[edit]

Originally, "campus radio" was heard only in the original Moyer Student Union Building (MSU) on closed circuit. The manpower was provided by a student run organization known as the UNLV Radio Club sponsored by an approved advisor from professional radio. The club office was a 6'x18' office on the little-known third floor of MSU. The only neighbor on the third floor of MSU was the UNLV newspaper, The Runnin' Rebel YELL. From '76 to '79, that studio was provided by the Communication Studies department in the Humanities Building. Although the official licensee of KUNV is the Board of Regents of the Nevada System of Higher Education (NSHE), funding and administrative control of the station was provided by the Consolidated Students of the University of Nevada (CSUN), the student government at UNLV. The Radio Club, a student committee under the aegis of CSUN, handled the call sign search, applied for the construction permit, developed a training plan, and established program design committee. The radio club hired the first KUNV General Manager, John Wennstrom, through funding provided by CSUN, who reported to the Dean of Students. Eventually the Radio Club became an official CSUN committee called the Radio Board, whose chairman was a UNLV Student, and whose members consisted of 3 additional students, a representative appointed by the Dean of Students, a representative from the Communications Studies Department, and a representative from the University information technology Department. CSUN provided funding and retained administrative control of the station until the mid-1990s, when the station changed its weekday format from its mixture of diverse offerings of alternative rock, jazz, Spanish language, specialty music, and public affairs programs, to a format that was primarily jazz only. Weekend diversity remained mostly untouched. At the same time, on-air staffing at the station, which consisted primarily of student and community volunteers, shifted to a mix of professional staff, community volunteers, and nationally syndicated programming provided by National Public Radio.

Call sign[edit]

The Call Sign Committee chaired by Susan Mueller, found the most wanted sign, KULV, was held by another university station [University of Laverne, California] KUNV was the only natural choice remaining. The Program Committee chaired by Bill Saxton, defined the public sound and policy of the station from the ground up. Officially, Saxton is credited with naming "Jazz Progressions," Bob Houck and Dave Matyas named "Rock Avenue," Beatrice Guitrerez named "Sabado Especiale," and Frankie D named "Senior Sounds" during those seminal meetings. In '79, Communication Studies designed the available studio out of existence. The training plan committee chaired by Rich Hunsaker, began search for space in earnest during fall of that year. A bathroom, actually designed for secondary use for the stage in the Moyer Auditorium/Ballroom on the second floor was chosen for use. All fixtures remained. The dressing area became the home for a rag-tag group of old, borrowed, equipment that made up the training facility and was reconnected to the closed circuit that remained in the MSU. "The voice of the campus, KJON (flushing sound)" became the top-of-the-hour-identification and Training Schedules were interleaved with "air" time.

Studio space[edit]

The search for studio space went on to include the first on-air facility, lovingly referred to as the "fish bowl." The studio was glass walled on three sides and was originally for the student living recreation director. It was the only student operated room that provided 24 hour access. It had access to the "courtyard" where numerous events were held, including inauguration day national anthem on 4/23/81. The 15KW Transmitter and antenna was housed atop the Humanities Building (Red/white pole still remains) until moved to Black Mountain for safety reasons as well as to increase broadcast footprint. Technical Director Hunsaker at the direction of Chief Engineer and Mentor Gordy Alsum built several studios for KUNV for the next decade or more. A studio was also built at the Dunes Hotel near the casino, to help with congestion. Imagine 50-70 staff revolving around a 15-by-15-foot (4.6 m × 4.6 m) glass room filled with lots of gear. Due to lack of student involvement for several months the station signed-off at 2 am and began operations at 6 am. The sign-off was Jimi Hendrix's version of the National Anthem. The last weeks that the station signed off were joined by more and more students in the courtyard to show enthusiasm for the station until going 24 hours became accepted later that year. Except on a few occasions to move the studio or repair the transmitter, the station has operated 24/7/365 since that first year.

The third-floor studio complex was designed by Hunsaker and approved for development in 1982. Less than 6 months later, Master Control, Secondary Control, News and Acoustic booth, two offices, music storage, and a central meeting and work area all grew out of the remaining space. Initially, Master Control was completed in less than 72 hours on the weekend before final exams in the spring of '82!

Music programming[edit]

From the early 1980s to the mid-1990s, KUNV's daily programming consisted of alternative and underground rock from the "Rock Avenue" (6pm to 10am), community affairs (10am to 12pm), and a blend of traditional jazz, jazz fusion and modern jazz on "Jazz Progressions" (12pm to 6pm.) As a community radio station, KUNV's mission was to give a voice to the music that was not played on commercial radio stations.

Due to the station's student run status, it was afforded inexpensive access to all the venues on the UNLV campus at the time. With the help of local producers, KUNV hosted many groups and artists, including SyproGyra (twice), Jean Luc Ponty, Weather Report, B52s, RomeoVoid, The Ramones, Husker Du, Echo and The Bunnymen, Jane's Addiction and Pat Metheny. Several performances were taken "direct-to-air" with technical co-ordination from Hunsaker. Also, dozens of "acoustic/unplugged" offering were spontaneously taken to air in the highly flexible and well outfitted studio complex. National Radio was served through that complex as John Madden provided commentary to the Holmes-Cooney World Championship prize fight via direct feed with the RKO Radio network. Multitudes of other feeds either originated or were simulcast from that complex.

Also, at this time in history the punk, new wave, ska, rockabilly and indie music scenes across America were growing. KROQ-FM in Los Angeles, 91X in San Diego, WLIR in New York were playing these artists along with only a handful of other commercial radio stations in America. With no commercial radio station in Las Vegas similar to these stations, and having Mtv launching with a playlist featuring many of these artists, KUNV provided programming for audiences craving alternative music. With a very strong 15,000 watt FM signal, which was very rare for a college radio station, KUNV broadcasts across the entire Las Vegas Valley.

Reputation[edit]

KUNV's Rock Avenue was consistently rated in the Top Ten of college radio programming in America from 1985 to 1992 by The Gavin Report, a music industry trade magazine. As the hub in Las Vegas at that time for alternative music, KUNV's Rock Avenue spawned a thriving local music scene. The teen nightclub That's Entertainment, as well as Alternative Thursday Nights at the Sports Pub and the Steak Out for listeners that were over 21, were consistently packed with hundreds of fans of KUNV DJs who spun records in the clubs. DJ BUBBY (Michael Harrison) spun at the cities first mega clubs the legendary SHARK CLUB and UTOPIA for over a decade. One of the most well-known of KUNV talk personalities is Jimmy Kimmel, while the most famous KUNV music DJ is Ken Jordan, now of the band The Crystal Method.

Many local venues built loyal followings with KUNV listeners by featuring Las Vegas local bands on a regular basis. These venues included Sound Stage, Pinola's, Room 13, Studio 25, Calamity Jayne's, T Mex, VFW halls and quite a few impromptu venues also. Some of the best local band shows occurred in the middle of the Las Vegas desert with generators and a stage made of plywood and cinder blocks. The most popular local bands to break out of the Las Vegas music scene and receive major airplay on KUNV included Sampson's Army, Rainy Daze, FSP, 5150, Subterfuge, Abeyance, Triple Ripple, Groove Garden, Heart of Thorns, Verjenet, VA, Young Brandos, Constant Moving Party, Endless Mindless, The Hellhounds of Harmony, Herd of Lemmings, Jimi Jackpot and The Hot Slots, and Vivian Circle (formerly GOWNS) who began in the garage of former DJ, George Difficult (Tennell).

Spoken word programs[edit]

With its reputation established in Jazz and alternative music circles, KUNV broke new grounds in 1986 under Community Affairs Director JP Muntal. Despite its non-affiliation with NPR or PRI, the station's spoken word programs developed in a few months an audience of devotees to rival that of Rock Avenue and Jazz Progressions. In-house productions like the documentary series "SEXTANT" began to generate media interest and episodes about nuclear testing in Nevada were picked up nationally by "Pacifica", "Consider The Alternatives" and "New Voices". KUNV also contributed to domestic and international organizations such as TV4 in New York, Radio France International and Radio Australia. Further programming highlights included "HerStory", a documentary produced by Rita Lorraine Sparling on the plight of women behind bars in Nevada. The late '80's saw an unprecedented interest in radio production by communications students and faculty involvement. By the time Muntal became Program Director, KUNV was training nearly 30 students per semester in all aspects of broadcast writing from the Arts & Humanities to History and English as a second language

Format changes[edit]

The mid-90's saw the demise of Rock Avenue as a major part of the programming on KUNV and its replacement with a straight-ahead jazz format. Several factors lead to this decision. In the early 1990s, Although Rock Avenue led the market in Arbitron ratings for alternative rock format Las Vegas saw not one, but two new commercial radio stations sign on the air playing alternative modern rock music. This led KUNV Rock Avenue Music and Program Director Ducky Slaughter to focus further on diversified underground alternative music formats of rock and electronic music for the Rock Avenue, which included the addition of Las Vegas' first electronic dance format show Dimensional Dance, hosted by Matthew "DJ SHOE" Tuttle. Ducky Slaughter received the Gavin Magazine College Music Director of the year in 1998. Meanwhile, KNPR, another local public radio station, decided to drop their overnight straight-ahead jazz programming despite the large number of local jazz musicians supplying music to a plethora of Vegas clubs and showrooms. KNPR donated their jazz library to KUNV. Further, CSUN cut their funding for KUNV by 50%, thereby relinquishing control of the station to the UNLV Foundation. Finally, KUNV was facing scrutiny by UNLV administration due to FCC violations and listener complaints. In 1998, at the prompting of the UNLV Foundation and under the direction of then General Manager Don Fuller, KUNV removed Rock Avenue and shifted their weekday format to straight-ahead jazz programming. An onslaught of letters and phone calls were made to the station, both in support and in disdain of the change. Several protests were held and support concerts and events were organized that included the attendance of some government representatives, former KUNV staff and volunteers, and fans but UNLV administration and KUNV management decided against reinstating the programming. CSUN subsequently withdrew the remainder of their funding for the station. Students tried to launch new stations between 2003 and 2006, primarily online, but they did not receive sufficient student-body interest and CSUN withdrew their support for them.

Changes in location[edit]

Shortly after the programming change, in 1999, KUNV studios and business offices were moved to the former KWNR studios located at 1515 E. Tropicana Ave Ste 240, a few blocks away from campus. The move was due in part to renovations scheduled for the MSU but may also have been to remove the contested station from the campus community. The station operated off-campus for just over 10 years, primarily being run by a professional staff with a large number of community volunteers hosting air shifts. Student involvement over the decade slowly increased but the station was not well known to the student body and few students made the trip to the building.

In 2009 KUNV moved back onto the campus of UNLV in the newly built Greenspun Hall Of Urban Affairs building. The building houses top of the line TV and radio production facilities.

Current Operations[edit]

In August 2010, KUNV began HD broadcasting and launched an HD-2 station designed to showcase student programming. Students organized a club to manage the HD-2 station under the guidance of the professional staff at KUNV and are currently growing the programming on that station. The HD-2 station broadcasts an automated Triple A format when students are not actively on-air.

In January 2011, KUNV shifted its weekday daytime format from straight-ahead jazz to contemporary and smooth jazz. This change reflected what was done with "Jazz Progressions" and has received mostly positive feedback. The weekend programming continues to reflects the diversity and youthful energy of past with shows like the Word Up Show (hip hop) Neon Reverb (indie/ punk) and Future Sound (electronic music).

In November 2011, KUNV HD-2 launched The Morning Rebellion Show, a student-run morning show designed to offer training on how to assemble and execute a professional morning show. Industry professional Lynn Briggs mentors the ongoing program.

In March 2012, KUNV officially became known as 91.5 The Source, a name change intended to reflect that the station is the community's source for diverse programming unavailable on commercial radio. The station also became a Billboard reporter, making it one of very few public radio stations to ever hold that honor. During the same month the station also dropped its NPR affiliation and added PRI programming to its lineup, including the nationally syndicated "The Takeaway" program.

KUNV is also the Las Vegas home for American Public Media's A Prairie Home Companion, Whad'Ya Know? with Michael Feldman, and Car Talk reruns (the latter moved from KNPR upon ending production).

Former Staff and Volunteers[edit]

  • Tommy Walker(RIP) - CSUN Radio Club Adviser ( - 1979)
  • Bill Saxton - CSUN Radio Club Pres., Student Station Manager, Program Director and Jazz Progressions Director ( - 1982)
  • Susan Mueller - CSUN Radio Club VP ( - 1980)
  • Richard Hunsaker - CSUN Radio Club, Technical Director, Alumni Advisor, Live Remote Engineer, and Jazz DJ (1978–1992)
  • Phil Harringtom - Program Director and Tommy Touchdown (1982–1983)
  • Bruce F Dyer-Station Manager Program Director and Bernie Fuddle (1982-1984)
  • Tony Cordasco - Program Director (1983–1984), Sports Director (1981–1984)
  • John Wennstrom - General Manager (1981–1985)
  • Beatrice Guieterez - Sabado Especiale'
  • Frankie D - Senior Sounds
  • Mark Zimneac(RIP) - Jazz Progressions Music Director (1982)
  • Tom Hawley - Dr. Splice and Touchdown or was it Fuddle? (1980–1988)
  • Liz Axelrod - Rock Avenue DJ - Linda Axelrod and Tina Turntable - Touchdown Fuddle Show (1982-84)
  • Bryan E. Brooks (Jazz Progressions Music Director 1983-1988, Program Director 1985-1988, DJ 1982-1988)
  • Rob Rosenthal - "Rob Banks" (General Manager 1986-1993, DJ 1986-1993)
  • Ken Jordan (Rock Avenue Music Director 1982-1987, DJ 1982-1987)
  • Brett Greene (Rock Avenue Music Director 1987-1988, Program Director 1988-1990, DJ 1985-1990)
  • Chris Cox (DJ) (Rock Avenue DJ, Jazz Progressions DJ, Alternative Dance Hour, 1985–1990)
  • J.P. Muntal - (Program Director 1987-89) Producer/Host "Sextant", "Variances", "Panoramique"
  • Rita Lorraine Sparling - "91 Avenue Of The Arts", "HerStory"...
  • John C Midby - (Community Affairs Director 1987-89, "Panoramique")
  • Michael Harrison "Bubby" (Rock Avenue DJ)
  • Joel Habbeshaw (Rock Avenue Music Director 1988-1993, DJ 1987-1993)
  • Kevin Kew (RIP) "The Door Stop" (Rock Avenue Assistant Music Director 1988-1990, Program Director 1990-1993, DJ 1986-1993)
  • Johnny L Bacon - "The Shotgun" (Rock Avenue DJ 1987-1991)
  • Gina Mainwal "Gina The Jet" (Assistant Program Director 1985, Rock Avenue Music Director 1986, DJ 1984-1990)
  • Carmelita Ramirez-Sanchez - "Carmelita Sanchez" (Rock Avenue Assistant Music Director 1987-1988, DJ 1985-1990)
  • Jimmy Kimmel (interview program 1984-1985)
  • Rodney The Rocket (Rock Avenue)
  • Candy Kane (Rock Avenue)
  • Randy Reinoso "Randy West" (Hot off the Press. The Rock Avenue. 1985-early 1990s)
  • Warren White - "Warren Peace" (Word Up 1988-1993)
  • Michael Dantzig (Rock Avenue)
  • Tom Bogan (Rock Avenue)
  • Stan Rankin' T (Reggae Hapenin's 1985–present)
  • Frank Difficult (Bisognio) (Difficult Listening, late 1980s)
  • George Difficult (Tennell) (Difficult Listening, late 1980s)
  • Terry Leaper (Rock Avenue)
  • Jim Briare (Original KJON 1981, Rock Avenue from the undertow, Touchdown Fuddle Comedy Talk, Difficult Listening, Interview Program)
  • Bob Bell (Rock Avenue DJ 1981-1984, Touchdown/Fuddle Comedy Show 1984-1985)
  • Gerald Helm (Rock Avenue DJ 1981-1984)
  • Doug Jablin (Exotic Excursions, Virtual Radio, Radiolucent)
  • Gregory Crosby (Virtual Radio 1993-1995, Radiolucent 1995-1996)
  • Keith Haubrich, AKA "DJ Cheese Omelet" (1995-1998 - Rock Ave., The Still Hour, Audio Apocalypse, Virtual Radio, RadioLucent)
  • Bob Briare (Original KJON, Rock Avenue DJ, from the undertow, Touchdown Fuddle Comedy Talk Show)
  • Tim Briare (Rock Avenue)
  • Wes "Bannon" Jebb -(Rock Avenue)
  • Shawn Estes (Rock Avenue DJ 1987-1991)
  • Mickey Bohn - "The Bone" (Rock Avenue)
  • Max S. Fellwalker "Maximum" (Rock Avenue 1989-1991)
  • Kristi Carlson (Rock Avenue)
  • Neil Hoff "The Breeze" (Jazz Progressions)
  • Dominick Brascia "PUNK ROCK DOM" (Early 1980s)
  • Bruce Thompson (Jazz Progressions - Early 1980s)
  • Jerry Burn (Olivarez) 1983-Mid 1990's (Community Affairs-Connections, Rock Avenue, Lunch With The P.M.R.C., 1988-Mid 1990's)
  • Bruce Bullet - 1991-1993
  • Andy Shmuckler - 84-85 ( cast member of Touchdown/Fuddle comedy show)
  • Heather Brandes (Rock Avenue)
  • Dayvid Figler "Virtual Dave" (Rock Avenue 1993-1995)
  • Ivy "Poizen Ivy" Hover (Rock Avenue, 1989–1997)
  • Ducky Slaughter (Rock Avenue, 1996-1998 Music Director, Program Director)
  • "Jared Dean" Blanchard (DJ 1991 - 1994, Locals Only, Assistant Music Director, Program Director)
  • "Michelle" Saunders - Touceda (Rock Avenue & Danceteria DJ 89-94, Assistant Program Director)
  • Dayna "Ariel" Cramer (Rock Avenue DJ 1989-1994)
  • Todd "O'neal" Olcott (Rock Avenue DJ 1983-84,89,98. Sports Reporter 83-84.)
  • Roy Hessinger (Rock Avenue & Luminous Basement DJ 1994-1998, Assistant Program Director, Program Director)
  • Eric Casillas- "Eric", late 80's, neo-Punk
  • Andrea, late 80's- alternative + intellectual musik
  • Christene Willis- "Ruby Lee", after midnight, late 80's, (Glam, Glitter and Goth); Rock-n-Bowl
  • Lewis Southers (Rock Avenue, Difficult Listening, Luminous Basement 1987 - 1994)
  • Jason Feinberg (Rock Avenue, The Still Hour (Goth/Industrial), Music Director) (1994–1997)
  • Donna DeChristopher a.k.a. "The Goddess Of The Airwaves" (Rock Avenue DJ 1987-1997)
  • Bradford Colton - "Bradford" (Rock Avenue 1991-1997)
  • Jeffrey Morris - (Virtual Radio, Exotic Excursions)

Jennifer Gilroy - "Jennifah-Oh-Jenny" (Development Director 1992-1996, Rock Avenue DJ 1994-1996)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°00′28″N 115°00′23″W / 36.0078°N 115.0064°W / 36.0078; -115.0064