KWGN-TV

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Not to be confused with KGWN-TV, the CBS-affiliated television station in Cheyenne, Wyoming, or WGN-TV, the CW-affiliated television station in Chicago, Illinois, that is a sister station to KWGN-TV.
KWGN-TV
Kwgn logo 2011.png
Denver, Colorado
United States
Branding Colorado's Own Channel 2 (general)
Channel 2 News (newscasts)
Slogan Colorado's Own
Channels Digital: 34 (UHF)
Virtual: 2 (PSIP)
Subchannels 2.1 The CW
2.2 This TV
Translators K14JZ-D Peetz
K49EX-D Anton
K31IQ-D Sterling
Affiliations The CW
Owner Tribune Broadcasting
(KWGN, LLC)
First air date July 18, 1952 (1952-07-18)
Call letters' meaning World's Greatest
Newspaper
(named after sister station WGN-TV; refers to former corporate cousin, the Chicago Tribune)
Sister station(s) KDVR
Former callsigns KFEL-TV (1952–1955)
KTVR (1955–1959)
KCTO (1959–1966)
Former channel number(s) Analog:
2 (VHF, 1952–2009)
Former affiliations Primary:
DuMont (1952–1956)
Independent (1956–1995)
The WB (1995–2006)
DT2: The Tube Music Network (2006–2007)
Transmitter power 1,000 kW
Height 318 m
Facility ID 35883
Transmitter coordinates 39°43′57.9″N 105°14′9.7″W / 39.732750°N 105.236028°W / 39.732750; -105.236028
Licensing authority FCC
Public license information: Profile
CDBS
Website kwgn.com

KWGN-TV, virtual channel 2 (UHF digital channel 34), is a CW-affiliated television station located in Denver, Colorado, United States. The station is owned by the Tribune Broadcasting subsidiary of the Tribune Media Company, as part of a duopoly with Fox affiliate KDVR (channel 31). The two stations share studio facilities located on East Speer Boulevard in Denver's Speer neighborhood (to the immediate south of the studios of KMGH-TV (channel 7)); KWGN maintains transmitter facilities located atop Lookout Mountain, near Golden. The station's signal is relayed on three low-power translators: K14JZ-D in Peetz, K49EX-D in Anton and K31IQ-D in Sterling.

On cable, the station is available on Comcast Xfinity channel 2, and in high definition on digital channel 656. KWGN is also available to subscribers of satellite provider Dish Network throughout the United States as part of its superstations package (for grandfathered subscribers that purchased the a la carte tier before Dish halted sales of the package to new subscribers in September 2013), and is carried on cable television providers in parts of the western United States. The station is authorized for cable and satellite distribution as a U.S. superstation by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission, however KWGN is not currently available on any pay television providers in that country.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

The station first signed on the air as KFEL-TV on July 18, 1952. Founded by Gene O'Fallon, it was the first television station to sign on in the state of Colorado and the first station on the VHF band to sign on the air following the Federal Communications Commission's decision to lift its freeze on television station licenses that year. The station originally operated as a primary affiliate of the DuMont Television Network (sharing the affiliation with KBTV (channel 9, now NBC affiliate KUSA)), but also cherry-picked programs from NBC, ABC and CBS. The station's original studio facilities were located in a remodeled brick warehouse at 550 Lincoln Street.

Gotham Broadcasting, owned by J. Elroy McCaw (who also owned radio station WINS in New York City), purchased the station from O'Fallon in 1955. John M. Shaheen, the founder of aviation services company Tele-Trip Inc., which later became a subsidiary of Mutual of Omaha, subsequently acquired a 50% ownership interest in the station.[1][2] Channel 2's call letters were changed that same year to KTVR; the station lost the DuMont affiliation when the network shut down on August 6, 1956, after which it became an independent station. During the late 1950s, the station was briefly affiliated with the NTA Film Network.[3] In 1959, the station changed its call letters to KCTO; that year, McCaw became the sole owner of channel 2, buying out Shaheen's share in the station.[4]

Under Tribune ownership[edit]

In September 1965, the station was acquired by Tribune Broadcasting – then known as WGN Continental Broadcasting.[5][6] After the sale was finalized in March 1966, the new owners changed the call letters to KWGN-TV after its new sister station and the company's flagship, WGN-TV in Chicago (the WGN calls refer to the longtime slogan of the company's former flagship newspaper, the Chicago Tribune, "World's Greatest Newspaper"; the newspaper division was split into a separate company in August 2014[7]). At the time of its purchase, KWGN became Tribune's fourth television station property – after WGN-TV, WPIX in New York City, and KDAL-TV (now KDLH) in Duluth, Minnesota, the latter of which was owned by Tribune from 1960 to 1978.

When WGN Continental Broadcasting bought channel 2, it gave the station a significant technical overhaul, allowing it to broadcast programming in color.[8] KWGN promoted itself as Colorado's only all-color station, because all of its local programs were produced in the format. Denver's three major network affiliates – KOA-TV (channel 4, now KCNC-TV), KLZ-TV (channel 7, now KMGH-TV) and KBTV – were broadcasting national network programs in color, but had yet to equip their studios with color cameras for local programming production. As an independent station, KWGN aired a mix of off-network sitcoms and dramas, cartoons, movies, syndicated game shows and locally produced programs such as Blinky's Fun Club, a local edition of the Romper Room franchise, Fred & Fay, Denver Now, Afternoon at the Movies with Tom Shannon and public affairs program Your Right to Say It.

Beginning in the 1960s, the station started building a massive network of translators across the state. Around this time, KWGN became a regional superstation (long before that term was coined by Atlanta station WTBS). At its height, it was available on nearly every cable system in Colorado and Wyoming, as well as portions of Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, South Dakota, Utah and Washington. KWGN was attractive to cable systems because its programming had no duplication with programs seen on the local network affiliates within their given markets. Additionally, it was the only independent station that was available in much of the region until the 1980s. It remained the only independent station in Denver – and indeed, in all of Colorado – until eventual sister station KDVR (channel 31) signed on in August 1983. To this day, KWGN remains available on most cable systems in Colorado and Wyoming, as well as on several systems in western Nebraska and Kansas.

The station moved its operations from the Lincoln Street facility to a new building in suburban Greenwood Village in 1983. As one of the strongest independent stations in the country, KWGN was approached by Fox to affiliate with the upstart network upon its October 1986 debut. Channel 2 turned down the affiliation, most likely because most of the smaller markets in its vast cable footprint had enough stations to provide Fox affiliates. The affiliation instead went to KDVR.

WB affiliation[edit]

On November 2, 1993, the Warner Bros. Television division of Time Warner and the Tribune Company announced the creation of The WB Television Network; KWGN and the majority of Tribune's other independent stations (except for Atlanta's WGNX, which joined CBS one month prior to The WB's launch) were tapped to serve as the nuclei for the new network.[9][10] KWGN became a charter affiliate of The WB when it launched on January 11, 1995; however, its existing lineup was largely unaffected at first, since The WB initially ran programming only on Wednesday evenings, gradually adding additional nights of programming between September 1995 and September 1999; by that time, the network offered primetime programming on Sunday through Friday evenings, along with children's programming on weekdays and Saturdays.

In October 1995, Fox Television Stations proposed a divestiture of KDVR (which it had acquired from Renaissance Broadcasting three months earlier) to Qwest Broadcasting, a company backed by Quincy Jones and Tribune Broadcasting; in the sale proposal, Fox would have moved its programming to KWGN, whille the WB affiliation would have moved to KDVR after the sale to Qwest was finalized.[11] However, this deal never came to fruition.

In 1996, the station altered its longstanding "Denver's 2" branding to "Denver's WB2," to reflect its network affiliation; the "WB2" branding continued to be used in some form for the remainder of KWGN's tenure with the network. During its existence as a WB affiliate, KWGN also served as the network's default affiliate for most of Colorado, including the Colorado Springs/Pueblo and Grand Junction markets – a status that was reflected under the "WB2 Colorado" moniker that was used during the final years of The WB's run.

CW affiliation[edit]

On January 24, 2006, Time Warner and CBS Corporation announced that the two companies would shut down The WB and UPN and combine the respective programming from the two networks to create a new "fifth" network called The CW.[12][13] With the announcement, Tribune Broadcasting signed ten-year agreements for KWGN and 16 of the company's 18 other WB-affiliated stations (three of which it would sell to other groups shortly before The CW launched) to become charter affiliates of The CW. In preparation for the affiliation switch, the station retitled its newscasts from WB 2 News to News 2 on August 14, 2006. The affiliation switch took place on September 18, 2006, the day after The WB ended operations, upon which it changed its general branding to "CW 2" (former UPN affiliate KTVD (channel 20) would end up affiliating with MyNetworkTV, whose launch was announced by News Corporation nearly one month after the CW launch announcement on February 22[14][15]).

On July 7, 2008, KWGN removed references to its CW affiliation from its branding in both station promotions and its on-air logo, as part of a decision by Tribune Broadcasting to de-emphasize the network brand from its CW-affiliated stations as a result of the network's relatively weak ratings, choosing to reposition them as more "local" stations; KWGN began referring to itself simply as "2," featuring the CW branding era's "2" logotype within a solid circle logo.

LMA with KDVR[edit]

On September 17, 2008, Tribune Company announced that it would enter KWGN into a local marketing agreement with Local TV, owners of Fox affiliate KDVR, effective on October 1, 2008,[16] as a result of the formation of a "broadcast management company" that was created to provide management services to stations owned by both Tribune Broadcasting and Local TV. Although it was the longer-established of the two stations, KWGN served as the junior partner in the virtual duopoly. As a result, the station would migrate its operations into KDVR's studio facility on Speer Boulevard in downtown Denver (based near the same location where KWGN's original studios were located during the station's first 30 years on the air). The move resulted in both stations combining their news departments and sharing certain syndicated programming.

On March 30, 2009, KWGN changed its on-air branding once again to "2 the Deuce," in an attempt to appeal to younger viewers and become more involved in local issues. On March 1, 2010, the locally produced talk show Everyday with Libby and Natalie (which debuted in 2008) was renamed as simply Everyday and moved to KWGN from KDVR (effectively changing timeslots as a result moving from late afternoons to late mornings with the program's station switch); Libby Weaver co-hosted the program with Natalie Tysdal until June 1, 2009, after which Weaver was replaced by Chris Parente. After Peter Maroney took over as general manager of KDVR/KWGN following the 2009 departure of Dennis Leonard, other noticeable changes to the station took hold with the locally produced consumer talk program Martino TV (which also moved to KDVR) being replaced in its 11:00 a.m. timeslot by repeats of Maury.

In May 2010, KWGN dropped "The Deuce" branding and temporarily began to simply identify by the station's call letters. The following month, the station changed its website domain from 2thedeuce.com to KWGN.com to reflect the branding change; that September, the station rebranded itself as "Channel 2, The CW". That fall, the station dropped Live! with Regis and Kelly from its schedule, which moved to sister station KDVR; this left WGN-TV (which itself lost rights to the talk show in September 2013) and St. Louis sister station KPLR-TV as the only Tribune-owned stations and two of the few CW affiliates that carry the show. On July 22, 2011, KWGN debuted a new on-air appearance and branding (becoming known as "Colorado's Own Channel 2," resembling the former "Denver's 2" identity from the 1980s and early 1990s), as well as reformatting its local news programming to a more traditional format.[17] On July 1, 2013, Tribune announced it would purchase Local TV outright for $2.75 billion.[18] The sale was finalized on December 27,[19] creating a legal duopoly between KDVR and KWGN.

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station's digital channel is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[20]
2.1 16:9 720p KWGN-DT Main KWGN-TV programming / The CW
2.2 4:3 480i THISTV This TV

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

KWGN shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 2, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 34.[21][22] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 2.

Programming[edit]

Outside of the CW network schedule, Syndicated programs featured on KWGN-TV include talk shows Maury and The Steve Wilkos Show; and off-network reruns including Seinfeld, Mike & Molly, and Two and a Half Men among others. The station also produces the hour-long lifestyle program Colorado's Best, which debuted in September 2012 and airs after the weekday morning newscast at 9:00 a.m.

News operation[edit]

Channel 2 News at 7 p.m. newscast title card.

KWGN-TV presently broadcasts 25 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with five hours every weekday). Unlike most Tribune-owned stations that maintain news operations, KWGN does not air any local newscasts on weekends. There is a considerable amount of sharing between KWGN and KDVR in regards to news coverage, video footage and the use of reporters; though both outlets maintain their own primary on-air personalities (such as news anchors and meteorologists) that only appear on one station; several KWGN on-air staffers that remained with the station after the LMA was formed simultaneously joined KDVR's news department with the consolidation of news operations.

Channel 2 was the first television station in the Denver market to air a locally produced nightly primetime newscast. The 9:00 p.m. newscast, which debuted shortly after the station signed on, remained a constant through several ownership changes. In 1966, the newscast was expanded to one hour – becoming the only hour-long newscast in the market at that point. Titled The Big News, the program heavily concentrated on local stories because filmed national and international news reports were not available through news feeds to stations that lacked a network affiliation during that period. If a major national story occurred, anchor Ron Voigt would read the wire copy while black-and-white wire photos supplied by the Associated Press were shown on-camera.

From the late 1960s until 1975, The Big News had two regular commentators to provide news analysis, George Salem and Gene Amole. The final segment of the newscast was titled "Speak Out" and was often devoted to phone calls from viewers. The program was also known for its meteorologist, Ed Bowman (known as "Weatherman Bowman"), who came to KWGN from KOA-TV-AM. Bowman frequently discussed the jet stream during his forecast segment, which he represented on-air by drawing large arcs over a map of the continental United States. The station's sports director during the 1960s and early 1970s was Fred Leo, who had provided play-by-play analysis for many of the area's professional sports teams. KWGN's newscast grew to be a strong competitor to the primetime network programs it competed against in the 9:00 timeslot on KBTV/KUSA, KOA-TV/KCNC and KLZ-TV/KMGH.

The first time that KWGN programmed news outside its established 9:00 slot was in 1997, when it premiered an hour-long midday newscast at 11:00 a.m. The program lasted three years, and was cancelled in the fall of 2000. On July 16, 2000, legitimate competition sprang up for KWGN's primetime newscast for the first time when KDVR debuted the hour-long Fox 31 News at 9 O'Clock, which gradually became an avid competitor to KWGN's longer-established late newscast. Also in 2000, the station debuted a weekday morning newscast titled WB2day (which eventually adopted the present title Daybreak in 2012), a mix of news, entertainment and lifestyle features that initially aired for three hours from 6:00 to 9:00 a.m. In 2004, KWGN added an hour onto the newscast from 5:00 to 6:00 a.m., expanding it to four hours. The program grew to beat competing local and national morning news programs in certain age demographics. An 11:00 a.m. newscast returned to the schedule on September 11, 2006. On July 7, 2008, KWGN branched out its news programming into early evenings for the first time with the launch of a half-hour 5:30 p.m. newscast, anchored by Kellie MacMullan and Ernie Bjorkman.[23] One month later on August 4, 2008, the station expanded its 11:00 a.m. newscast to one hour.

After entering into the local marketing agreement with KDVR, major changes were made to KWGN's news programming. First on January 12, 2009, the station discontinued its 5:30 p.m. newscast as KDVR expanded its own early evening newscast to an hour starting at 5:00 p.m.[24] On March 2, 2009, KWGN moved its newscasts to a temporary set in preparation for its March 30 move from its Greenwood Village facility to KDVR's studios on Speer Boulevard. Subsequently on March 30, when KWGN's operations were formally integrated with KDVR, channel 2 shifted its flagship 9:00 p.m. newscast to 7:00 p.m. to avoid competing with KDVR's primetime newscast; as a result, the newscast traded timeslots with The CW's primetime schedule, which the station began airing on a one-hour delay from 8:00 to 10:00 p.m. at the network's permission (this also effectively resulted in the newscast being reduced to airing only on Monday through Friday evenings in part due to The CW airing a three-hour primetime lineup on Sundays at the time; although The CW turned its Sunday primetime slots over to the network's affiliates in September 2009, the 7:00 p.m. newscast remains a weeknight-only broadcast as of 2014).[25] KWGN discontinued the 11:00 a.m. newscast once again on May 29, 2009, which was replaced the following Monday with Martino TV, a lifestyle program featuring paid segments from local businesses. At that time, KWGN began broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition.[citation needed]

Notable former on-air staff[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "$800,000 in sales get FCC approval." Broadcasting - Telecasting, Aug. 1, 1955, pg. 80. [1]
  2. ^ "Founders picks up option, purchases half of KFEL-TV." Broadcasting - Telecasting, Sept. 26, 1955, pg. 103. [2]
  3. ^ "Require Prime Evening Time for NTA Films", Boxoffice, November 10, 1956: 13 [dead link]
  4. ^ "Storer buys KPOP; KVAN, KTVR sold." Broadcasting, Mar. 16, 1959, pg. 9.[3]
  5. ^ "WGN Inc. buying VHF in Denver." Broadcasting, Sept. 6, 1965, pg. 57. [4]
  6. ^ "WGN gets KCTO, but FCC split on policy." Broadcasting, Mar. 7, 1966, pg. 9. [5]
  7. ^ Channick, Robert. "Tribune Publishing targets Aug. 4 for spinoff". chicagotribune.com. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 23 June 2014. 
  8. ^ "KWGN(TV) starts with a bang." Broadcasting, Mar. 14, 1966, pg. 58
  9. ^ Warner Bros., Tribune Broadcasting & Jamie Kellner to Launch WB Network in 1994, TheFreeLibrary.com. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
  10. ^ Tribune Broadcasting Joins with Warner Bros. to Launch Fifth Television Network, TheFreeLibrary.com. Retrieved 12-10-2010.
  11. ^ Flint, Joe (16 October 1995). "Qwest's Station Quest". Variety. Retrieved 4 April 2013. 
  12. ^ 'Gilmore Girls' meet 'Smackdown'; CW Network to combine WB, UPN in CBS-Warner venture beginning in September, CNNMoney.com, January 24, 2006.
  13. ^ UPN and WB to Combine, Forming New TV Network, The New York Times, January 24, 2006.
  14. ^ "News Corp. to launch new mini-network for UPN stations". USA Today. February 22, 2006. Retrieved January 21, 2013. 
  15. ^ News Corp. Unveils MyNetworkTV, Broadcasting & Cable, February 22, 2006.
  16. ^ Denver, St. Louis To Get Fox-CW Duops, TVNewsCheck, September 16, 2008.
  17. ^ KWGN – Colorado’s Own Channel 2 set to Launch July 22nd
  18. ^ Channick, Robert (July 1, 2013). "Acquisition to make Tribune Co. largest U.S. TV station operator". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved July 1, 2013. 
  19. ^ Company Completes Final Steps of Transaction Announced in July, Tribune Company, December 27, 2013.
  20. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for KWGN
  21. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  22. ^ Station Search Details
  23. ^ KWGN-TV to launch 5:30 p.m. newscast, Denver Business Journal, July 2, 2008.
  24. ^ Fox31 boosts early-evening news to an hour, Denver Business Journal, January 6, 2009.
  25. ^ Channel 2 shuffles primetime, The Denver Post, March 18, 2009.

External links[edit]