K M Shafiullah

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Major General Kazi Mohammad Shafiullah (Bir Uttam) was the 1st Chief of Army Staff of the Bangladesh Army. During the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, he was the Second in Command of Second East Bengal Regiment that revolted with six officers on the night of March 25, 1971. He became one of three brigade commanders, leading what was called the "S-force" (after his surname) during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.

He served as Chief of Army Staff from 5 April 1972 to August 25 1975. Prior to 5 April there was no appointment of Army Chief, thus Shafiullah is the first chief.

Bangladesh forces[edit]

Shafiullah was the Sector Commander of Bangladesh Forces Sector 3. His sector was mainly the opposite of Sylhet. The sector's areas were Dhaka, Mymensingh, Sylhet and parts of Comilla (present Brahmanbaria district).

Later three brigades were formed, each identified by the initial of the commander's surname. His formation was fully structured and formalised by the end of September. As of September ’71, Commander of Sector 3 was assigned to Major A.N.M Nuruzzaman. Major Shafiullah was among those attending the Pakistan surrender on 16 December 1971 at Race Course in Dhaka.

Chief of Army Staff[edit]

After the end of the war in December 1971, the Bangladesh government awarded him the Bir Uttam for his bravery and dedication, the second-highest military award in the country. He was appointed as the Chief of Army Staff of Bangladesh Army in 5 April '72 by the Awami League government under Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.[1]

Before 5 April '72 Colonel Osmani was the tri services commander, it is the 5th April when army chief appointment was made. Army command was given to Shafiullah, in 7 April air force to A K Khandker and navy to Nurul Haq.

Dismissed from the position in Aug 25, '75 by the following Mushtaq government, he retired from army. General Shafiullah quickly accepted an ambassadorial post overseas, along with fellow Bangladesh Air Force Chief of Air Staff Air Vice Marshal A.K. Khandker.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Singh, Nagendra Kr. (2003). Encyclopaedia Of Bangladesh (Set Of 30 Vols.). Anmol Publications PVT. LTD. p. 2. ISBN 978-81-261-1390-3. Retrieved 11 November 2010. 

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