Kačanik

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Kačanik/Kaçanik
Municipality and city
Kačanik (Качаник)
Kaçanik (Kaçaniku)
Kačanik from the west.jpg
Kačanik/Kaçanik is located in Kosovo
Kačanik/Kaçanik
Kačanik/Kaçanik
Location in Kosovo
Coordinates: 42°13′N 21°15′E / 42.217°N 21.250°E / 42.217; 21.250
Country Kosovo[a]
District District of Ferizaj
Government
Area
 • Total 221 km2 (85 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 33,454 (municipality)
 • Density 158.4/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Area code(s) +381 290
Car plates 05
Website Municipality of Kačanik

Kačanik or Kaçanik (Albanian: Kaçanik or Kaçaniku; Serbian: Качаник, Kačanik, pronounced [kâtʃaniːk]) is a town and municipality in southern Kosovo,[a] in the Ferizaj district. The municipality covers an area of 211 km2 (81 sq mi), including the town of Kačanik and 31 villages.[1] It has a population of approximately 33,454. With the exception of eight Roma and 30 Bosniaks,[2] the municipality is ethnically homogeneous Kosovo Albanian.[1]

In March 2011 the pilot municipal unit of Đeneral Janković was established within the Kačanik municipality, holding approximately 10,000 out of the 33,454 total inhabitants.[2]

History[edit]

The region of Kačanik was one of the pathways, which were employed during Central European (akin to the Lusatian culture) migrations in the southern Balkans between 1200 and 1150 BCE.[3] Roman era monuments include an altar that dates to 158-9 CE and is dedicated to a deity named Andinus (Deo Andino). The name Andinus appears among the central Illyrian and Dalmatian names, but the worship of Andinus seems to have been a local cult of southwestern Dardania as it doesn't appear in other parts of the Illyricum or the Roman Empire.[4] In Middle Ages[citation needed] this region was part of Serbia.[citation needed]

The town itself was founded by Koxha Sinan Pasha, who erected a tower, the town mosque which exists even today, a public kitchen for the poor (imaret), a school near the mosque, two hane (inns similar to caravanserais), one Turkish bath (hammam), the town fortress and a few mills on the Lepenac river. Çelebi, who traveled through Kosovo in 1660, wrote that the town's name derived from the Turkish word Kaçanlar in reference to a group of Albanian bandits that operated in Üsküb and used the region of Kaçanik as a hideout.[5]

Ottoman Empire[edit]

Kačanik was captured by the Ottomans in 1420s.[6] At that time Kačanik was only a village registered by the Ottomans in 1455 defter as nahiyah.[7][8]

Kačanik was founded by Koxha Sinan Pasha, who erected a tower, the town mosque which exists even today, a public kitchen for the poor (imaret), a school near the mosque, two hane (inns similar to caravanserais), one Turkish bath (hammam), the town fortress and a few mills on the Lepenac river. Çelebi, who traveled through Kosovo in 1660, wrote that the town's name derived from the Turkish word Kaçanlar in reference to a group of Albanian bandits that operated in Üsküb and used the region of Kaçanik as a hideout.[5]

Kačanik became known administratively as a town by the end of 16th century, and up to year 1891 it was a part of the Ottoman Sanjak of Üsküb, which again belonged to the Kosovo Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. In 1878, Kačanik was intended to become a part of the Principality of Bulgaria according to the Treaty of San Stefano, but per the Treaty of Berlin it was returned to the Ottomans.[9]

During the Albanian Revolt of 1910, the area of Kacanik was the battlefield between Ottoman and Albanian forces.[10]

After 1912 the town beacme part of the Kingdom of Serbia, and after 1918 part of Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (the first incarnation of Yugoslavia). From 1929 to 1941 Kačanik was part of the Vardar Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

In 1990, after the suspension of Kosovo's autonomy, the members of the Kosovan assembly gathered in the town and adopted the Kaçanik Constitution, based on which the Republic of Kosova was proclaimed in 1991.[11]

During the Kosovo War, Yugoslav forces including the army, police and paramilitary groups carried out operations in the town that led to high numbers of civilian casualties and mass flights of civilians from Kačanik.[12]

Economy[edit]

Considering that through Kačanik runs the main roadway that connects Pristina and Skopje, as well as the railway Kosovo Polje-Thessaloniki (constructed in 1879) Kačanik is an important place and a strategic economic focal point.

The Kačanik municipality is mainly known for the production of construction materials at several area companies. But there are many well cultivated farmlands and areas well suited for the development of farms, apiculture, arboriculture as well as various craftsman and artisans. The area is especially well suited for the development of winter and summer tourism. The area boasts some spectacular views and the downtown is home to a bus station, a small radio station, the remains of a Turkish fort, several streets lined with shops, banks, several large modern restaurants, and a weekly farmers market for produce, livestock and housewares.

Kačanik has an old tradition in private manufactures, especially when it comes to the production of calcareous stone, wood for construction purposes and other services and artisan skills.

Views of Kačanik[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes:

  1. ^ a b Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 107 out of 193 United Nations member states.

References:

  1. ^ a b OSCE Mission in Kosovo: Municipal profile of Kačanik, April 2008. Retrieved on 23 October 2008.
  2. ^ a b OSCEMission in Kosovo: Municipal profile of Đeneral Janković, April 2008. Retrieved on 23 October 2008.
  3. ^ I.E.S Edwards, ed. (1975-09-18). The migrations on the Greek mainland at the end of the Mycenaean age. The Cambridge Ancient History. Cambridge University Press. pp. 709–. ISBN 9780521086912. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Mirković, Miroslava (2002). Anthropology and Epigraphy - the Case of Central Balkan Region. Barcelona: International Congress of Greek and Latin Epigraphy. Retrieved 17 October 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Komuna Kacanik - Histori" (in Albanian). Municipality of Kaçanik. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  6. ^ Mihailo Maletić; Anton Berisha (1973). Kosovo nekad i danas. Borba-Radna jedinica ekonomiska politika. p. 130. Retrieved 18 April 2013. "Пошто су Качаник и Звечан пали у турске руке још двадесетих година XIV века" 
  7. ^ Istorijski Glasnik. 1965. p. 5. Retrieved 18 April 2013. 
  8. ^ Oliver J. Schmitt (2008). Kosovo: Kurze Geschichte einer zentralbalkanischen Landschaft. UTB. p. 70. ISBN 978-3-8252-3156-9. Retrieved 18 April 2013. "Die Osmanen aber hatten schon vor 1455 strategisch wichtige Plätze (Kacanik und Zvecan, nicht aber Novo Brdo) unter ihre Herrschaft gebracht." 
  9. ^ Тосева, Катерина (2008-03-03). "Сан Стефано — непостигнатият идеал" (in Bulgarian). News.bg. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  10. ^ Zürcher, Erik-Jan (1999-11-30). Sylvia Kedourie, ed. Kosovo Revisited: Sultan Resad's Macedonian Journey of June 1911. Seventy-five Years of the Turkish Republic. Psychology Press. pp. 26–. ISBN 9780714650425. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  11. ^ Sörensen, Jens Stilhoff (2009-05-20). State Collapse and Reconstruction in the Periphery: Political Economy, Ethnicity and Development in Yugoslavia, Serbia and Kosovo. Berghahn Books. pp. 189–. ISBN 9781845455606. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 
  12. ^ Krieger, Heike (2001-07-12). The Kosovo Conflict and International Law: An Analytical Documentation 1974-1999. Cambridge University Press. pp. 56–. ISBN 9780521800716. Retrieved 15 October 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°14′48″N 21°15′19″E / 42.24667°N 21.25528°E / 42.24667; 21.25528