|Highest point||Mount Morungole|
|Population||540,500 (2011 Est.)|
|Founded||split from Kotido District|
Kaabong District is bordered by South Sudan to the northwest, the Republic of Kenya to the northeast, and the east, Moroto District to the southeast, Kotido District to the south and Kitgum District to the west. The district headquarters at Kaabong, are located approximately 155 kilometres (96 mi), by road, northwest of Moroto, the largest town in the sub-region.
Kaabong has one county, Dodoth. This is divided into one town council, Kaabong, and thirteen sub-counties: Karenga, Lobalangit, Kawalakol, Kapedo, Lolelia, Lodiko, Kathile, Sidok, Kalapata, Kamion, Kaabong East, Kaabong West and Loyoro.
Kaabong District became functional on 1 July 2005. Prior to that, it was known as Dodoth County in Kotido District. The district is part of the Karamoja sub-region, home to an estimated 1.2 million Karimojong. The other districts in the sub-region are:
Kaabong District has a rocky landscape with hills and valleys. The vegetation is primarily bushes and shrubs. The climatic/weather conditions of Kaabong District are more diverse with various soil types, vegetation and altitudes. There are some areas that contain savannah vegetation, but most of the district is semi-arid with thorny shrubs. There is only one annual season of cultivation.  Kidepo Valley National Park is located in the district, 63 kilometres (39 mi), by road, north of the district headquarters at Kaabong.
The national census in 2002 estimated the population of the district at approximately 379,800. The annual population growth in the district was estimated at 4.0%. In 2011, it is estimated that the population of Kaabong District was approximately 540,500. See table below:
|Kaabong District Population Trends|
Animal husbandry is the main economic activity in the district. A great majority of the district population are nomadic pastoralists who roam the landscape looking for grass and water for their animals. Agriculture is not widely practiced in the central part of the district, though its importance has increased in recent years. It is the primary activity in the western belt of the district and in the northeastern corner, especially Kamion.