Kaagaz Ke Phool
|Kaagaz Ke Phool|
|Directed by||Guru Dutt|
|Written by||Abrar Alvi|
|Music by||S. D. Burman|
|Editing by||Y.G. Chawhan|
|Release dates||2nd January, 1959|
|Running time||148 minutes|
The film was a box office disaster in its time but was later resurrected as a world cinema cult classic in the 1980s. The film's music was composed by S. D. Burman and the lyrics were written by Kaifi Azmi, giving hits like "Waqt ne Kiya Kya Haseen Situm", sung by Geeta Dutt.
The film tells, in flashback, the story of Suresh Sinha (Guru Dutt), a famous film director. His marriage to Bina (Veena) is on the rocks because her wealthy family sees filmmaking as a job lacking in social status. He is also denied access to his daughter Pammi (Naaz) who is sent to a private boarding school in Dehradun.
On a rainy night Sinha meets a woman Shanti (Waheeda Rehman) and gives her his coat. She comes to the film studio to return the coat, unintentionally disrupting the shooting by walking in front of the camera. While reviewing the rushes, Sinha recognises her potential as a star in the making and casts her as Paro in Devdas. Shanti goes on to become an acclaimed star. Shanti and Suresh, two lonely people, come together. Their liaison is hotly debated in gossip columns and results in Pammi's friends tormenting her in school. Pammi pleads with Shanti to leave Sinha's life and allow her parent’s marriage another chance. Moved by Pammi’s plea Shanti throws away her career and becomes a school teacher in a small village. Pammi decides to live with her father who also fights the case in court against his in laws but is defeated and had to let pammi go with her mother. This and Shanti’s departure drives Suresh to alcohol, a downhill slide in his career and consequent decline in his fortunes. Shanti is forced to return to films since she has a contract with the studio. Producer of the films agrees to hire him because of Shanti but he refuses due to his ego and refuses to go back.He did not want to get job because of star status of Shanti; so she is unable to help him, as he is too far-gone for redemption. In the final scene, Sinha, remembering his glorious past, dies in the empty film studio in the director's chair, a lonely and forgotten man.
Many claim that the film is semi-autobiographical and that Guru Dutt portrayed his angst in the movie. At the time of production of the film, Guru Dutt's marriage to Geeta Dutt was under strain due to his liking for Waheeda Rehman. This was openly known causing Guru Dutt's personal life to resemble that of the protagonist in the movie. However, the forecast of his own (Guru Dutt's) death, to parallel the sad and imminent death of the protagonist in the film, is debatable.
Another explanation for the inspiration is Guru Dutt's association with Gyan Mukherjee,is considered to be an homage to Mukherjee. the famous 1940s director whose Kismet (1943) had made him into a household name. The life and subsequent failures of Mukherjee, whom Guru Dutt had joined in 1950, influenced him deeply. Many think that Kaghaz ke Phool was based on Gyan Mukherjee's life and failures, as Guru Dutt's previous film Pyaasa had been dedicated to him.
- Waheeda Rehman - Shanti
- Guru Dutt- Suresh Sinha
- Kumari Naaz (Baby Naaz) - Pramila 'Pammi' Sinha
- Johnny Walker - Rocky ("Suresh Sinha's" brother-in-law)
- Mahesh Kaul - Rai Bahadur B.P. Verma ("Suresh Sinha's" Father-in-law)
- Veena (Veena Sapru) - Bina (wife of Suresh Sinha)
- Minoo Mumtaz - Veterinarian
- Ruby Myers (as Sulochna Devi)
- Sheila Vaz
- Vikram Kapoor
- Mohan Choti
- Munshi Muqqa
- V. Ratra
- Tony Walker
- Tun Tun - Telephone Operator
- Pratima Devi - Mrs. Varma(Rai Bahadur's girlfriend)
- Filmfare Best Cinematographer Award - V.K. Murthy
- Filmfare Best Art Direction Award - M.R. Acharekar
- Dekhi Zamane Ki Yaari - Mohammad Rafi
- Waqt Ne Kiya Kya Haseen Sitam -Geeta Dutt
- San San Woh Chali Haawa - Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle
- Hum Tum Jise Kehta Hain - Mohammad Rafi
- Ek Do Teen Chaar aur Paanch - Geeta Dutt
- Ulte Seedhe Dao lagaye - Mohammad Rafi, Asha Bhosle
Trivia - According to author and eminent musicologist Rajesh Subramanian,20th Century Fox were shooting a film in India when Guru Dutt requested the company's manager to lend the lens. On seeing the trail rushes the filmmaker decided to shoot his forthcoming venture in Cinemascope. And India got its first Cinemascope film... Kagaz Ke Phool.
Yash Raj Films released a commemorative DVD of the movie. Included in the special features is a three-part documentary produced by Channel 4 (U.K) on life and works of Guru Dutt. His close associates and some of his family members remember him, his life and work. Also included in special feature is tribute to Geeta Dutt by Lata, where she sings "Waqt Ne Kiya Kya Haseen Sitam".
- "2002 Sight & Sound Top Films Survey of 253 International Critics & Film Directors". Cinemacom. 2002. Retrieved 2009-04-19.
- Helio San Miguel (2012). World Film Locations: Mumbai. Intellect Books. p. 22. ISBN 978-1-84150-632-6.
- Reference to Guru Dutt's association with Gyan Mukherjee.
- Kaagaz Ke Phool (1959)-Awards Internet Movie Database.