Kaarst

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Kaarst
Saint Martin Church
Saint Martin Church
Coat of arms of Kaarst
Coat of arms
Kaarst is located in Germany
Kaarst
Kaarst
Coordinates: 51°13′N 06°37′E / 51.217°N 6.617°E / 51.217; 6.617Coordinates: 51°13′N 06°37′E / 51.217°N 6.617°E / 51.217; 6.617
Country Germany
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. region Düsseldorf
District Rhein-Kreis Neuss
Subdivisions 5
Government
 • Mayor Franz-Josef Moormann (CDU)
Area
 • Total 37.48 km2 (14.47 sq mi)
Elevation 35 - 45 m (−110 ft)
Population (2013-12-31)[1]
 • Total 42,165
 • Density 1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 41564
Dialling codes 02131
Vehicle registration NE
Website www.kaarst.de

Kaarst is a town in the district Rhein-Kreis Neuss, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Geography[edit]

Kaarst is located west of the city Neuss (5 km) and east of Mönchengladbach (12 km).

Division of the town[edit]

Kaarst consists of 5 subdivisions

  • Kaarst (23,495 inhabitants)
  • Büttgen (6,415 inhabitants)
  • Driesch (645 inhabitants)
  • Holzbüttgen (5,967 inhabitants)
  • Vorst (5,671 inhabitants)

History[edit]

Before 100 BC Celts lived in the area. Later the Franks came into this area as graves from the 7th century prove. The first written document is the Life of the first bishop of Münster. It describes how bishop Ludger walked from Budica through the forest of Hamrithi. Budica is the former name of Büttgen which now is a village belonging to the town Kaarst. Kaarst was mentioned for the first time as 'Karlesforst' in the year 1218. Karl was a very common name for frankish nobles. The most famous of them was king Charlemagne ('Karl der Große'). Lore says that Kaarst was founded by Charlemagne but this is not proven. Probably, Charlemagne used the forest of Hamarithi in order to hunt with his closest companions.

Kaarst and Büttgen had a prospering Christian life in the Middle Ages and they both have churches built in the 12th century. In the following centuries the area was influenced by the big wars and both villages were destroyed by Charles the Bold duke of Burgundy (Karl der Kühne, 1474–1475), in the 'Truchsässische Kriege' (1585 bis 1586) and in the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648). On a farm near Büttgen Jan van Werth was born in 1591 who became a famous general. During the Thirty Years' War, Kaarst got attacked several times by hostile armies, e.g. the one of Northern-Hesse (Northern-Hesse collaborated with Sweden and France, whereas the southern part of Hesse did not). Some time in 1642, a Hessian troop entered the city murdering bestially the local preacher and destroying the church's accommodation. It is not proved, but a legend says that a few Hessian soldiers had been somehow caught by farmers who rapidly found out what had happened in the church, reasoning them to lynch the aggressors immediately. From 1794 till 1814 Kaarst was part of France during the reign of Napoleon I. After conquering the Rhine area the French restructered the districts in 1798 and the city became a part of the Kanton Neuss. A relic of Napoleon I is the Nordkanal, a channel that was designed to connect the rivers Maas and Rhine.

In 1936 Büttgen had some 4,400 inhabitants and Kaarst only some 2,000.

In 1975 the villages Kaarst and Büttgen were annexed with the city of Kaarst with now having 33,500 inhabitants.

Politics[edit]

In the 2004 communal elections, Franz-Josef Moormann (CDU) was elected mayor of Kaarst with 60 percent of the valid votes. The result exceeded his numbers at the 1999 elections, where he took over the as mayor from Heinz Klever, who had held the post since 1974.

Transport[edit]

Kaarster See station is the western terminus of the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn line S 28. The town is also served by Kaarster Bahnhof, Kaarst Mitte/Holzbüttgen and Kaarst IKEA stations.

Kaarst is connected to the motorway system via the Bundesautobahn 52 and Bundesautobahn 57, which intersect here.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Jan von Werth General in the 30 year long war (born in Büttgen, 1591-1652)
  • Berti Vogts German football player and manager (born in Büttgen, *1946)

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]