Kabaw Valley

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The Kabaw Valley is a highland valley in northern Burma (Myanmar), western Sagaing division. It is drained by the Mu River. The valley is the home of a number of ethnic minorities including the Zo, the Mizo, the Kadu and the Kanan.

History[edit]

Kabaw valley historically was the border region between Burma and the Manipur Kingdom. It first came under Burmese rule in 1560 when Toungoo Dynasty made Manipur a tributary state. The region belonged to Burma until the early 18th century when it was occupied by Manipur. Starting in 1724, the Manipuris began frequent raids of Upper Burma until 1749. The Konbaung Dynasty recovered the valley in 1756, and made Manipur a tributary once more by 1758. Manipur remained a rebellion-prone tributary, prompting the Burmese to send expeditions in 1764–1765, 1768–1770, and 1775–1782. Manipur again became a Burmese tributary in 1814, and was annexed in 1819 after a rebellion.[1][2]

After the First Anglo-Burmese War (1824–1826), Burma ceded Manipur to the British but the exact border remained in dispute.[3] The British claimed the entire Kabaw valley. However, in 1830, the British, with the assistance of Henry Burney, agreed that Kabaw valley was not part of historical Manipur, and redrew the border in favor of the Burmese.[4] Nonetheless, some in Manipur still claim that the Kabaw Valley belongs in Manipur.[5]

According to Indian sources,[6] the Kabaw Valley is the site of a large training camp for the People's Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak.

Communities[edit]

At the head, the north end, of the valley lies the Manipur town of Humine, with the first Burmese town being Zedi.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thant Myint-U (2001). The Making of Modern Burma. Cambridge University Press. pp. 15–16. ISBN 9780521799140. 
  2. ^ Lt. Gen. Sir Arthur P. Phayre (1967). History of Burma (2 ed.). London: Susil Gupta. pp. 233–234. 
  3. ^ Hall, D. G. E. (1950) "Chapter XIII: The First Residency and the Annexation of Pegu (1826-1855)" Burma Hutchinson University Library, London, p. 108, OCLC 513262
  4. ^ Bečka, Jan (1995) Historical Dictionary of Myanmar Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, New Jersey, p. 56, ISBN 0-8108-2840-5
  5. ^ "Kabaw Valley was an Integral Part of Manipur: BJP State Unit" The Sangai Express 7 March 2011, the Newmai News Network, Imphal, Manipur, India
  6. ^ Das, Biswajyoti (22 October 2008) "India wants to seal border with Myanmar after blast" Reuters; archived here by WebCite
  7. ^ "Burma 1:250,000 topographic map, Series U542, Paungbyin, NG 46-16" U.S. Army Map Service, November 1955
  8. ^ Tarapot lists the towns of Kahambat, Woktong, Tammu, Mungsa and Samjok at Tarapot, Phanjoubam (2003) Bleeding Manipur Har-Anand Publications, New Delhi, India, page 222, ISBN 81-241-0902-8, but aside from Tammu being Tamu, identification of them is difficult.

Coordinates: 24°20′N 094°25′E / 24.333°N 94.417°E / 24.333; 94.417