Location in the province of Benguet
|Region||Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)|
|District||Lone district of Benguet|
|• Mayor||Faustino Minas Aquisan|
|• Total||242.69 km2 (93.70 sq mi)|
|• Density||56/km2 (150/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||4th class|
The third highest mountain in the Philippines, Mount Pulag, is located in the territorial boundary of the vegetable farming town.
The name "Kabayan" was derived from the term "Kaba-ayan", from the Ibaloi word "ba-ay", a root crop vine thriving in the place. Most of the early Ibaloi settlements, in the area, which include Eddet and Duacan, were named after grasses in the heavily-forested area.
In the late 1800s, Spanish colonizers reached Kabayan via trails constructed throughout the mountain region. Organized into three rancherias, namely Adaoay, Kabayan, and Lutab (or Dutab), Kabayan was registered under the comandancia politico-militar of Benguet in 1846. Lutab (currently barangay Poblacion or Kabayan Central) was later integrated into the Kabayan rancheria.
During the American rule, Kabayan and Adaoay were established as two of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 by the Philippine Commission on November 22, 1900.
On August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly-created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. Six townships of Benguet were later abolished, including Adaoay, which was integrated into the township of Kabayan.
On June 25, 1963, then-President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet sub-province into regular municipalities. Kabayan was among them.
On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Kabayan remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.
*Italicized names are former names
Anchukey was registered as the least populous barangay in the province of Benguet, according to the 2010 Census of Population and Housing.
|Population census of Kabayan|
|Source: National Statistics Office|
|Abucot Elementary School||Eddet|
|Adaoay Elementary School||Adaoay|
|Anchokey Primary School||Anchokey|
|Asokong Pacso Elementary School||Gusaran|
|Asokong Pacso Elementary School - Annex||Pacso|
|Awing Primary School||Adaoay|
|Ballay Elementary School||Ballay|
|Batan Elementary School||Batan|
|Bashoy Elementary School||Bashoy|
|Bio B. Midol Elementary School||Ballay|
|Chapides Primary School||Gusaran|
|Duacan Primary School||Duacan|
|Eddet Elementary School||Adaoay|
|Kabayan Barrio Elementary School||Kabayan Barrio|
|Kabayan Central School||Poblacion|
|Lebeng Primary School||Bashoy|
|Lusod Elementary School||Lusod|
|Mongoto Elementary School||(Timbac)|
|Mt. Pulag Primary School||Bashoy|
|Tamang Elementary School||Batan|
|Tawangan Elementary School||Tawangan|
|Tinaleb Elementary School||Ballay|
|Adaoay National High School||Adaoay|
|Kamora National High School||Gusaran|
|Tawangan-Lusod National High School||Tawangan|
Kabayan is best known for the antiquated centuries-old mummies and Mount Pulag, the third highest mountain in the Philippines. The Kabayan mummy burial caves are officially proclaimed Philippine National Cultural Treasures pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 374, and is under consideration as a World Heritage Site. The mummified body of Apo Annu, a tribal leader, was stolen but recovered by an antique collector and was returned to the town. Archaeologists from various countries have visited the town to promote preservation of the mummies due to deterioration of the cadavers. The caves containing the cadavers of these mummies have been declared by Monument Watch as one of the "100 Most Endangered Sites" in the world.
- "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- "Kabayan Mummies". Mummy Tombs. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
- "Municipality of Kabayan: History of Kabayan". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- "Municipality of Kabayan, Benguet". Department of Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- Deem, James M. "Kabayan Mummies". Mummy Tombs. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- Baucas, Biano L. (1998). A Brief History of Kabayan, Benguet. Benguet, Philippines: Hamada Publishing. p. 43. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- "Kabayan Mummy Caves". World Monuments Fund. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
- "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 9 October 2014.
- "Executive Order No. 42, s. 1963: Declaring Certain Municipal Districts in the Philippines as Municipalities". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 25 October 2014.
- "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 18 September 2014.
- "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines), April 4, 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
- "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 12 August 2013.
- "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 4 July 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 4 July 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014.
- "Kabayan Mummy Burial Caves". Tentative Lists. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- "The Kabayan Branch". National Museum of the Philippines. Retrieved 13 August 2013.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Kabayan Mummies Verge Decay
- Benguet Mummies Now Off Limits to Visitors
|Atok||Bokod||Kayapa, Nueva Vizcaya|