Kabayan, Benguet

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Official seal of Kabayan
Location in the province of Benguet
Location in the province of Benguet
Kabayan is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°37′N 120°51′E / 16.617°N 120.850°E / 16.617; 120.850Coordinates: 16°37′N 120°51′E / 16.617°N 120.850°E / 16.617; 120.850
Country  Philippines
Region Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR)
Province Benguet
District Lone district of Benguet
Barangays 13
 • Mayor Faustino Minas Aquisan
 • Total 242.69 km2 (93.70 sq mi)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 13,588
 • Density 56/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 2606
Dialing code 74
Income class 4th class

Kabayan is a fourth class municipality in the province of Benguet, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 13,588 people.[2]

The town is the site of centuries-old Ibaloi mummies buried inside caves scattered around its villages.[3]

The third highest mountain in the Philippines, Mount Pulag, is located in the territorial boundary of the vegetable farming town.



The name "Kabayan" was derived from the term "Kaba-ayan", from the Ibaloi word "ba-ay", a root crop vine thriving in the place. Most of the early Ibaloi settlements, in the area, which include Eddet and Duacan, were named after grasses in the heavily-forested area.[4]

Pre-colonial period[edit]

The first Ibaloi settlers in Benguet arrived at Imbose (or Embosi), located in present-day Kabayan.[4][5]

Mummification of the dead was practiced long before Spanish colonizers reached the place.[4][6]

Spanish period[edit]

In the late 1800s, Spanish colonizers reached Kabayan via trails constructed throughout the mountain region. Organized into three rancherias, namely Adaoay, Kabayan, and Lutab (or Dutab), Kabayan was registered under the comandancia politico-militar of Benguet in 1846.[5][4] Lutab (currently barangay Poblacion or Kabayan Central[7]) was later integrated into the Kabayan rancheria.[5]

The practice of mummification of the dead was discouraged by the Spaniards, until it eventually died out.[6][8]

American period[edit]

During the American rule, Kabayan and Adaoay were established as two of the 19 townships of the province of Benguet, upon the issuance of Act No. 48 by the Philippine Commission on November 22, 1900.[5][9][10]

On August 13, 1908, Benguet was established as a sub-province of the newly-created Mountain Province with the enactment of Act No. 1876. Six townships of Benguet were later abolished, including Adaoay, which was integrated into the township of Kabayan.[5][10]

Post-war Era[edit]

On June 25, 1963, then-President Diosdado Macapagal issued Executive Order No. 42 converting eight (8) of the thirteen (13) towns (designated as municipal districts) of Benguet sub-province into regular municipalities. Kabayan was among them.[11]

On June 18, 1966, the sub-province of Benguet was separated from the old Mountain Province and was converted into a regular province. Kabayan remained to be a component municipality of the newly established province.[10][12]


Kabayan is bounded by Buguias on the north, Kibungan on the northwest, Atok on the southwest, Bokod on the south, Kayapa on the southeast, and Tinoc on the northeast.


The 13 barangays of the Municipality of Kabayan[13]
Rank Barangay Population Rank Barangay Population
1 Ballay 2,623 8 Eddet 740
2 Bashoy 1,597 9 Tawangan 734
3 Poblacion (Central) 1,567 10 Duacan 709
4 Gusaran 1,330 11 Adaoay 670
5 Pacso 1,247 12 Kabayan Barrio 337
6 Batan 944 13 Anchukey 296
7 Lusod 794 Kabayan Total 13,588

*Italicized names are former names

Anchukey was registered as the least populous barangay in the province of Benguet, according to the 2010 Census of Population and Housing.[13]


Population census of Kabayan
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 10,306 —    
1995 10,510 +0.37%
2000 12,344 +3.51%
2007 12,657 +0.35%
2010 13,588 +2.62%
Source: National Statistics Office[2][14]


Elementary Schools[edit]

The 22 public elementary schools of Kabayan (2012-2013)[15]
School Barangay
Abucot Elementary School Eddet
Adaoay Elementary School Adaoay
Anchokey Primary School Anchokey
Asokong Pacso Elementary School Gusaran
Asokong Pacso Elementary School - Annex Pacso
Awing Primary School Adaoay
Ballay Elementary School Ballay
Batan Elementary School Batan
Bashoy Elementary School Bashoy
Bio B. Midol Elementary School Ballay
Chapides Primary School Gusaran
Duacan Primary School Duacan
Eddet Elementary School Adaoay
Kabayan Barrio Elementary School Kabayan Barrio
Kabayan Central School Poblacion
Lebeng Primary School Bashoy
Lusod Elementary School Lusod
Mongoto Elementary School (Timbac)
Mt. Pulag Primary School Bashoy
Tamang Elementary School Batan
Tawangan Elementary School Tawangan
Tinaleb Elementary School Ballay

Secondary Schools[edit]

The 3 public secondary schools of Kabayan (2013-2014)[16]
School Barangay
Adaoay National High School Adaoay
Kamora National High School Gusaran
Tawangan-Lusod National High School Tawangan


Kabayan is best known for the antiquated centuries-old mummies and Mount Pulag, the third highest mountain in the Philippines. The Kabayan mummy burial caves are officially proclaimed Philippine National Cultural Treasures pursuant to Presidential Decree No. 374, and is under consideration as a World Heritage Site.[17] The mummified body of Apo Annu, a tribal leader, was stolen but recovered by an antique collector and was returned to the town. Archaeologists from various countries have visited the town to promote preservation of the mummies due to deterioration of the cadavers. The caves containing the cadavers of these mummies have been declared by Monument Watch as one of the "100 Most Endangered Sites" in the world.[18]

Further information: Kabayan Mummies

Mount Pulag is a destination for mountaineers, hikers, including picnickers. At its summit, the climbers can see the surroundings of the whole north Luzon.


  1. ^ "Province: Benguet". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Kabayan Mummies". Mummy Tombs. Retrieved 17 September 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Municipality of Kabayan: History of Kabayan". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Municipality of Kabayan, Benguet". Department of Interior and Local Government - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  6. ^ a b Deem, James M. "Kabayan Mummies". Mummy Tombs. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  7. ^ Baucas, Biano L. (1998). A Brief History of Kabayan, Benguet. Benguet, Philippines: Hamada Publishing. p. 43. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  8. ^ "Kabayan Mummy Caves". World Monuments Fund. Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  9. ^ "Facts & Figures: Benguet Province". Philippine Statistics Authority - National Statistical Coordination Board - Cordillera Administrative Region. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c "History: Benguet Province". Province of Benguet (official website). Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  11. ^ "Executive Order No. 42, s. 1963: Declaring Certain Municipal Districts in the Philippines as Municipalities". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  12. ^ "Republic Act No. 4695: An Act Creating the Provinces of Benguet, Mountain Province, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "2010 Census of Population and Housing: Population Counts - Cordillera Administrative Region" (PDF). National Statistics Office (Philippines), April 4, 2012. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  14. ^ "Province of Benguet". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Masterlist of Public Elementary Schools for the School year 2012- 2013" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 4 July 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Masterlist of Secondary Schools (School Year 2013- 2014)" (XLSX). Department of Education (Philippines), 4 July 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2014. 
  17. ^ "Kabayan Mummy Burial Caves". Tentative Lists. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 
  18. ^ "The Kabayan Branch". National Museum of the Philippines. Retrieved 13 August 2013. 

External links[edit]