Kabaddi is a contact sport based on wrestling originated from very early Indian civilization. The word Kabaddi might be derived from Sanskrit roots (Kar-badhi, which means holding through hands)apart from this, it might be originated from tamil words Kai-pidi too,which literally meaning "(let's) Hold Hands". It might also have been originated from Kannada word - Kai hidi (Hold through hands). Since, the language Tamil is linguistically older, its understood that the word kabaddi should have been derived from the same (Ref: www.khedmele.com). It is the national game of Bangladesh, and the state game of Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Punjab in India. Also the youth of Pakistan are interested in playing this game.
Kabaddi is popular throughout South Asia, and has also spread to Southeast Asia, Japan and Iran. It is the national game of Bangladesh where it is known as Hadudu. It is the state game of Tamil Nadu where it is said to be founded as Sadugudu, Andhra Pradesh,Punjab and Maharashtra in India. It is played by the British Army for fun, to keep fit and as an enticement to recruit soldiers from the British Asian community. The game is also played extensively in the small town of Peebles in the Scottish Borders, mainly in the local primary school playground, where it is favoured to more traditional childhood past-times such as 'British bulldogs' and 'Kiss, Cuddle and Torture'.
India won world kabaddi cup in 2013 held at Guru Nanak Stadium, Ludhiana, (Punjab) India.
In the international team version of kabaddi, two teams of seven members each occupy opposite halves of a field of 10 m × 13 m in case of men and 8 m × 12 m in case of women. Each has three supplementary players held in reserve. The game is played with 20-minute halves and a five-minute halftime break during which the teams exchange sides.
The rules of the game are as follows. The teams take turns sending a "raider" into the other half. To win a point, the raider must take a breath, run into the opposing half, tag one or more members of the opposite team, then return to his home half before inhaling again. The raider will chant "kabaddi, kabaddi" with his exhaling breath to show the referee he has not inhaled.
The raider will be declared "out" and will not gain the point if he inhales before returning to his side, or returns without touching an opponent. The tagged defender(s) will be "out" if they do not succeed in catching the raider who tagged them. Wrestling the raider to the ground can prevent him escaping before he needs to inhale.
Defenders may not cross the centre line (the "lobby") of the field and the raider may not cross the boundary lines. However, there is one bonus line which can grant extra points for the raider if he manages to touch it and return successfully.
Players who are out are temporarily sent off the field. Each time a player is out, the opposing team earns a point. A team scores a bonus of two points (called a "lona"), if the entire opposing team is declared out. At the end of the game, the team with the most points wins.
- 1 Types of Kabaddi
- 2 History and development
- 3 International competitions
- 4 Federations
- 5 Asia Kabaddi Cup
- 6 UK Kabaddi Cup
- 7 Kabaddi World Cup
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Types of Kabaddi
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (January 2013)|
In Sanjeevani Kabaddi, one player is revived against one player of the opposite team who is out, one out, one in. The duration, the number of players, dimensions of the court, etc. have been fixed by the Kabaddi Federation of India. This form of Kabaddi is the closest to the present game. In this form of Kabaddi, players are put out and revived and the game lasts 40 minutes with a 5-minute break in between. There are nine players on each side. The team that puts out all the players on the opponent's side scores four extra points for a 'Lona'. The winning team is the one that scores most points after 40 minutes. The field is bigger in this form of Kabaddi and the 'chant' different in various regions. Modern Kabaddi resembles this form of Kabaddi especially with regard to 'out & in system' and 'Lona'.
This is played with seven players on either side, in a field of no specific measurements. The characteristic is that a player put out has to remain out until all his team members are out. The team that is successful in putting out all the players of the opponent's side secures a point. This is akin to the present system of 'Lona'. After all the players are put out, the team is revived and the game continues. The game continues until five or seven 'Lona' are secured. This form of Kabaddi has no fixed game time. The main disadvantage of the Gaminee type is that the player is not in position to give his best performance since he is likely to remain out for the better part of the match until a Lona is scored.
History and development
Modern Kabaddi is a synthesis of the game played in various forms under different names. Kabaddi received international exposure during the 1936 Berlin Olympics, demonstrated by Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal, Amaravati, Maharashtra. The game was introduced in the Indian Olympic Games at Calcutta in 1938. In 1950 the All India Kabaddi Federation came into existence and compiled standard rules. The Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI) was founded in 1973. After formation of the Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India, the first men's nationals were held in Madras (renamed Chennai), while the women's were in Calcutta (renamed Kolkata) in 1955.The AKFI has given new shape to the rules and has the right to modify them. The Asian Kabaddi Federation (AKF) was founded under the chairmanship of Mr. Janardan Singh Gehlot.
Kabaddi was introduced and popularised in Japan in 1979. The Asian Amateur Kabaddi Federation sent Professor Sundar Ram of India to tour Japan for two months to introduce the game.
In 1979, a return test between Bangladesh and India was held at different places of India including Mumbai, Hyderabad, and Punjab. The Asian Kabaddi Championship was arranged in 1980 and India emerged as champion and Bangladesh runner-up. Bangladesh became runner-up again in 1985 in the Asian Kabaddi Championship held in Jaipur, India. The other teams in the tournament were Nepal, Malaysia and Japan. The game was included for the first time in the Asian Games in Beijing in 1990. India, China, Japan, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh took part. India won the gold medal and has also won gold at the following six Asian Games in Hiroshima in 1994, Bangkok in 1998, Busan in 2002, Doha in 2006 and Guangzhou in 2010.
An attempt to popularise kabaddi in Great Britain was carried out by Channel 4, who commissioned a programme dedicated to the sport. The programme, Kabaddi in the early 1990s, however, failed to capture viewer attention despite fixtures such as West Bengal Police versus the Punjab. Kabaddi was axed in 1992, but not before its presenter Krishnan Guru-Murthy suffered a collapsed lung while participating in the sport.[better source needed] Alt-rock band The Cooper Temple Clause formed a kabbadi team in 2001 and were, at one stage, ranked seventh in the British domestic standings.[better source needed]
Kabaddi World Cup
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (June 2011)|
The second Kabaddi World Cup tournament was held in 2007 with India winning over Iran in the final round. The Punjab government organised a Circle Style 2010 Kabaddi World Cup from 3 to 12 April 2010. On 12 April 2010 Indian team emerged as the winner after beating Pakistan in the finals. The opening match of the tournament was held in Patiala while the closing ceremony took place in Ludhiana. India won the first edition of the Circle Style Kabaddi World Cup, Beating rival Pakistan in a 58–24 victory. The final of this 10-day tournament was played at Guru Nanak Stadium.
Pro kabaddi league
Pro kabaddi league was introduced in 2014 in India based on Indian premier league.The first edition of the tournament had begun at 26 july 2014 with eight franchises based at eight different cities in india consisting of players from all over the world.The team jaipur pink panthers based at jaipur is owned by Bollywood star Abhishiek bachchan who said he wants to promote kabaddi. The other teams are namely U mumba based at mumbai,bengaluru bulls based ato bengaluru,delhi dabbangs based at delhi,puneri paltans based at pune,telugu titans based at vizag,bengal warriors based at kolkata and patna pirates based at patna.
The opening match was held at mumbai where Amitabh bachchan was found cheering for his son's team.Aishwarya rai was also present with Abhishek bachchan.Together with them bollywood stars Shahrukh khan,Aamir khan,Suniel shetty ,Sonali bendre,Farah khan,Boman irani and producer Ronnie screwvala cheering for his team U mumba were present at the stadium.
Indian star cricketer Sachin Tendulkar was present with his wife and daughter who said he enjoyed the speed,agility and strength of the players of the sport very much.
Rakesh kumar the captain of the indian kabaddi team who has received an Arjuna award and also the captain of patna pirates was also present at the inagural matches who said it is a pleasure to see kabaddi getting recognition through the tournament.
Rakesh kumar was the highest bought player in the auction by patna pirates for 12.80 lakhs held before the tournament.
World Kabaddi League
World Kabaddi League has been introduced in 2014. The First Season of the League would be played in August–December 2014. The league follows the Formula 1 touring sports format and will be played across four continents. The first season will be played from August 2014 to December 2014. Indian rapper Yo Yo Honey Singh bought a team and named in Yo Yo Tigers.Bollywood actors and actress Akshay Kumar and Sonakshi Sinha also bought a team in WKL United Singh's is a team of Bollywood actress Sonakshi Sinha 
The Kabaddi Federation of India (KFI) was founded in 1950, and it compiled a standard set of rules. The Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India (AKFI) was founded in 1973. The AKFI has given new shape to the rules and it has also the rights of modification in the rules. The Asian Kabaddi Federation was founded under the chairmanship of Sharad Pawar.
The Governing body of Kabaddi in Asia is Asian Kabaddi Federation (AKF) headed by Mr. Janardan Singh Gehlot. AKF is affiliated to Olympic Council of Asia. Parent body to regulate the game at international level is International Kabaddi Federation (IKF). India won the world cup in December 2013 by defeating Pakistan in finals at Punjab
In 1979, a return test between Bangladesh and India was held at different places of India including Mumbai, Hyderabad, and Punjab. The Asian Kabaddi Championship was successfully arranged in 1980 and India emerged as the champion and Bangladesh as the runners-up. Bangladesh became runners-up again in 1985 in Asian Kabaddi Championship held in Jaipur, India. The other teams included in the tournament were Nepal, Malaysia and Japan. Kabaddi was played as a demonstration sport at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin. The game was included for the first time in Asian Games held in Beijing in 1990. Eight countries took part including India, China, Japan, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Bangladesh. India won the gold medal and has since won gold at the following three Asian Games in Hiroshima in 1994, Bangkok in 1998, Busan in 2002, and in Doha 2006.
In 2014, India introduced the Pro Kabaddi League, an eight-city league with games to be played on a caravan basis with each team playing each other twice in July and August, 2014. In a significant value addition to Kabaddi, these were carried live on prime time TV by the international broadcaster, Star Sports for millions to view across India and the world.
The governing body for Kabaddi in Pakistan is Pakistan Kabaddi Federation. Kabaddi is played in all parts of Pakistan, especially rural areas, in one form or the other. It is also popular sport of the sub-continent and in many parts of India and Bangladesh, Kabaddi is played with equal zeal and enthusiasm. Its forms and styles vary from region to region. Malik Mushtaq was the best player of kabbadi in Pakistan. He was declared man of the tournament in Canada at the World Kabbadi Cup 1981. In Pakistan, Faisalabad is known as the nursery of Kabaddi. It has produced many world class players. Lahore, Gujranwala, Qasoor, Nankana Sahib, Sahiwal, Okara, Bahawalpur, Multan, Bahawalnagar are the other centres of kabaddi where circle style kabaddi is very famous. It is also called the Village game of Punjab, Pakistan.
Kabaddi (Bengali: কাবাডি) is a very popular game in Bangladesh, especially in the villages. Often called the 'game of rural Bengal', it is now the National Game of Bangladesh. In some areas Kabaddi is still known as [Ha-Du-Du], but Ha-Du-Du had no definite rules and was played with different rules in different areas. [Ha-Du-Du] was renamed Kabaddi and given the status of the National Game in 1972.
The Bangladesh Amateur Kabaddi Federation was formed in 1973. It framed rules and regulations for the national game. In 1974 Bangladesh played a Kabaddi test match with a visiting Indian team, which played test matches with the district teams of Dhaka, Tangail, Dinajpur, Jessore, Faridpur and Comilla. In 1978, the Asian Amateur Kabaddi Federation was formed at a conference of delegates from Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan in the Indian town of Villai. Kabaddi is one of the most popular games in schools of Bangladesh.
Kabaddi-like games are common in certain rural regions of Iran and in these areas it is a popular game for children and adults. In Iran there are different names that they call this game according to the area. In some areas – especially in the center of Iranian plateau, Khorasan and Mazandaran Kabaddi is known as Zu/Zou (Persian: زو), in Gilan as Do-Do (Persian: دودو), in Khuzestan as Ti-Ti (Persian: تیتی) and in Sistan and Baluchestan as Kabaddi/Kabedi/Kavedi/Kaveddi/Kavaddi (Persian: کودّی، کبدی).
In Iran, the Community of Kabaddi was formed in 1996, in same year they joined the Asian Kabaddi Federation and in 2001 they joined the International Kabaddi Federation. The Iran Amateur Kabaddi Federation was formed in 2004.
Kabaddi was brought to the United Kingdom by Indian immigrants and Pakistani immigrants. The governing body for kabaddi in the United Kingdom is the England Kabaddi Federation UK. The UK also played host to the 2013 UK Kabaddi Cup.
Women's kabaddi was first introduced in the 2010 Guangzhou Asian Games. India won gold and Thailand were runner-up with silver. Bangladesh and Iran were knocked out in the semi-finals and shared bronze.
The following national teams played in the 2010 Guangzhou Asian Games:
Asia Kabaddi Cup
The Asia Kabaddi Cup has been held twice in consecutive years. The Inaugural tournament was held in the year 2011 in Iran. In 2012, the Asia Kabaddi Cup was held in Lahore, Punjab from 1 to 5 November. It is considered one of the biggest events for circle style kabaddi.
In 2012 ASIA Kabaddi Cup held in Lahore, Pakistan in 2012 was won by Pakistan against India with a technical win with score 37–31 after Indian team rejected to play further.
UK Kabaddi Cup
The UK Kabaddi has been happening for many years, but received major recognition during the 2013 UK Kabaddi Cup. It will be one of the biggest international level kabaddi tournaments to happen in England. It featured the national Kabaddi teams from, India, England, Pakistan, USA, Canada and a local club team, Golden Temple (SGPC).
Kabaddi World Cup
- Men World Cup
The Kabaddi World Cup was first played in 2004 and then in 2007 and 2010. So far India is the unbeaten champion in Kabaddi World Cup. Pakistan and Iran are the next most successful nations, with the former being runners-up thrice and the latter twice. Note that Pakistan did not play the first two editions of the Kabaddi World-Cup (2004 and 2007) due to political tensions with the host nation India.
Results of Kabaddi World Cup to date:
|2004|| India 55 – 27 Iran
|2007|| India 29 – 19 Iran
|2010|| India 58 – 51 Pakistan
|2011|| India 59 – 25 Canada
|2012|| India 59 – 22 Pakistan
|2013||India 48 – 39 Pakistan|
- Women World Cup
The Women's Kabaddi World Cup was first played in 2012 in Punjab , India. India won the championship defeating Iran in the finals.India retained the title in 2013 by defeating the debutants New Zealand in the finals. 
Results of Kabaddi World Cup to date:
|2012||India 25 – 19 Iran|
|2013||India 49 - 21 New Zealand|
2ND WORLD CUP KABADDI FOR WOMEN 2013 held in India. The Indian women's kabaddi team successfully defended their title. They defeated the New Zealand women's kabaddi team in the finals.
1ST WORLD CUP KABADDI FOR WOMEN 2012 Final Match PLAYERWISE DETAIL SCORE CARD OF INDIA VERSUS I.R OF IRAN Toss won by Team I.R. OF IRAN, Choice = Court
|1 Point||2 Bonus||3 Other||4 Catch||1+2+3+4 Total||Lona point||Total point||Player Name and Chest No.|
|3||3||3||Abhilasha Mhatre (India)|
|2||1||3||3||Priyanka Negi (India)|
|Rashamita Sahoo (India)|
|7||1||8||8||Mamatha Poojari – Captain (India)|
|Deepika Henary Joseph – Vice Captain (India)|
|Vindyavasini Sinha (India)|
|3||3||3||Kavita Devi (India)|
|R. Nagalakshmi (India)|
|13||2||0||8||23||2||25||INDIA Team Total|
|2||1||1||4||4||Salimeh Abdollahbakhsh (Iran)|
|1||1||1||Farideh Zarif Doost (Iran)|
|1||1||1||Zohreh Torbatinezhad (Iran)|
|2||2||2||Zahra Masoumabadi (Iran)|
|1||1||1||3||3||Sedigheh Jafarikalokan (Iran)|
|4||3||1||8||8||Ghazal Khalaj (Iran)|
|Roghayeh Abdollahi (Iran)|
|Mona Norouzianfar (Iran)|
|Hajar Shahin Kamal Aghaei (Iran)|
|Nirouyar Fatema (Iran)|
|Zahra Raitiminejad ( Manager ) (Iran)|
|Azam Maghsodlou ( Head coach ) (Iran)|
|7||6||0||6||19||0||19||I.R OF IRAN Team Total|
- Films about kabaddi
- Okkadu (2003)
- Kabaddi Kabaddi (2003)
- Ghilli (2004)
- Vennila Kabadi Kuzhu (2009)
- Bheemli Kabadi Jattu (2010)
Pop culture references In the 1993 movie 'Little Buddha' in which Keanu Reeves plays the Siddhartha Gautama, a game of kabbadi is depicted. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Little_Buddha
- Gofran Faroqi (2012). "Kabadi". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
- "Origin, History and Development of Kabaddi". Retrieved 20 April 2008.
- "India Take Kabaddi Gold". rediff.com. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
- تاریخچه کبدی، فدراسیون کبدی جمهوری اسلامی ایران
- کَوَدّی کَوَدّی یا کَبَدی کَبَدی؟، محمد تهامینژاد، انسانشناسی و فرهنگ، سهشنبه، 23 آذر 1389 — 01:05
- "India win first women's Kabaddi World Cup". Hindustan Times. 4 March 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kabaddi.|
- World Kabaddi Cup 2013 Updates
- International Kabaddi Federation
- Asian Amateur Kabaddi Federation
- Amateur Kabaddi Federation of India
- Iran Kabaddi Federation
- Japan Kabaddi Association
- italian kabaddi federation
- International Kabaddi Teams
- India International Kabaddi Team
- A Game Called Kabbadi – slideshow by The New York Times