Kadašman-Buriaš

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Kadašman-Buriaš, meaning “my trust is in the (Kassite storm-god) Buriaš,” was the governor of the Babylonian province of Dūr-Kurigalzu possibly late in the reign of Marduk-šāpik-zēri, who ruled ca. 1082–1069 BC. He was reportedly captured and deported during a campaign conducted by the Assyrian king Aššur-bel-kala during 1070 B.C.[1]

Biography[edit]

Although he bore a Kassite name, which features on a Kassite-Babylonian name list,[2] his father was Itti-Marduk-balāṭu, inscribed KI-˹dAMAR˺.[UTU]-˹TI˺.LA, an individual with a rather common Babylonian moniker. The only current extant source attesting to him is the “Broken Obelisk”[3] which is usually attributed to Aššur-bel-kala,[4] which describes his campaign during the eponym year of Aššur-rā’im-nišēšu, thought to be in his fourth year. It recalls: “In the same year (ina šattimma šiāti), in the month Šebat, the chariots and … went from Inner City (of Assur) and conquered the cities …-indišulu and …-sandu, cities which are in the district Dūr-Kurigalzu.”[5]

Adad-apla-iddina, as the king who was subsequently installed by Aššur-bel-kala, also has his father given as Itti-Marduk-balāṭu in the Eclectic Chronicle,[6] leaving the intriguing possibility that he was a brother of the former governor.[7] Some of the late 19th and early 20th century scholarly works erroneously give Kadašman-Buriaš as the name of the Kassite king Kadašman-Enlil II.

References[edit]

  1. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1999). "Kadašman-Buriaš". In Erich Ebeling, Bruno Meissner. Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie, Volume 5: Ia - Kizzuwatna. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 284–285. 
  2. ^ 5 R 4 IV 9.
  3. ^ The Broken Obelisk BM 118898, iii 4–7.
  4. ^ D. J. Wiseman (1975). "Assyria and Babylonia, c. 1200–1000 BC". In I. E. S. Edwards, C. J. Gadd, N. G. L. Hammond, S. Solberger. The Cambridge Ancient History, Volume 2, Part 2. Cambridge University Press. p. 467. 
  5. ^ A. K. Grayson (1976). Assyrian royal inscriptions, Volume 2. O. Harrassowitz. p. 53.  No. 238.
  6. ^ The Eclectic Chronicle (ABC 24) tablet, BM 27859, lines 8 to 11.
  7. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1968). A political history of post-Kassite Babylonia, 1158-722 B.C. (AnOr 43). Pontificium Institutum Biblicum. p. 143.