Kadalundi

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Kadalundi
Kadalundy
Village
Kadalundi is located in Kerala
Kadalundi
Kadalundi
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 11°8′0″N 75°49′0″E / 11.13333°N 75.81667°E / 11.13333; 75.81667Coordinates: 11°8′0″N 75°49′0″E / 11.13333°N 75.81667°E / 11.13333; 75.81667
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kozhikode
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 673302
Telephone code 0495
Nearest city Kozhikode
Lok Sabha constituency Beypore
Climate Tropical monsoon (Köppen)
Avg. summer temperature 35 °C (95 °F)
Avg. winter temperature 20 °C (68 °F)

Kadalundi is a village in Kozhikode district, Kerala, India. It is a coastal village close to the Arabian Sea. Kadalundi is famous for its bird sanctuary, which is home to various migratory birds during certain seasons and has been recently declared as a bio-reserve. It is the first community reserve in Kerala.

According to the Sangam literature, Thondi, the capital of Chera Kingdom, is now known as Kadalundi. Kadalundi had trade relations with foreign countries like Rome and Arabia. After the breakdown of the Chera Kingdom dynasty rooted in Kadalundi, Parappanad Kovilakam became the rulers of Kadalundi. They gave permission for the Dutch to build a fort in Kadalundi. Even though the fort collapsed after a war with Zamorians, we can see the remnants in Mulla in Kadalundi. Later the British became the rulers of Kadalundi and they built railway lines up to Chaliyam for the purpose of business. Later when Calicut became the center of trades the railway lines were removed but there are remnants such as railway well, lighthouse and forest dippo.

Thundi is an ancient seaport and harbor-town north to Muziris (Muchiri) in the Chera Kingdom (Keprobotos), modern day India on the Malabar Coast.[1][2] The exact location of the port is still unknown, modern day Kadalundi, Ponnani and Pantalayani Kollam[3] are often identified as Tyndis located in the Sangam age Tamil kingdom of the Cheras. Tyndis was a major center of trade, next only to Muziris, between the Cheras and the Roman Empire in the early centuries of the Christian era. A branch of the Chera royal family is also said to have established itself at Tyndis. It is also speculated that Tyndis (along with ports such as Naura, Bakare and Nelkynda) operated as a satellite feeding port to Muziris.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The official web portal of Government of Kerala. "History". Kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  2. ^ The official web portal of Government of Kerala. "Official Web Portal of Government of Kerala". Kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 2012-09-21. 
  3. ^ History.
  4. ^ Coastal Histories: Society and Ecology in Pre-modern India, Yogesh Sharma, Primus Books 2010