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Origin : Suryavansha alias Solar clan, descended from the Suryavanshi arya king Kadam Original kingdom: Kedar meaning Shankar(Kandahar in present-day Afghanistan), Second kingdom: Vanwas (Banavasi in Karnataka), Third kingdom: Palshika (Halasi in Karnataka), Fourth kingdom: Gopapattan (Goa), Colour of sign, canopy, horse and throne: Red clour, Heraldic sign (Nishan): Sun on flagpole, Clan goddess (Kuladaivat): Tulja Bhavani.
Naikidevi (Daughter Of Shivchitta Permadi - Kadam King Of Goa) - Battle of Kayadara (Gujarat), 1178 - Defeat of Muhammed Ghori
The Battle of Gujarat or Kayadara (1178) was a defeat suffered by Muhammad of Ghur during his first campaign against a Hindu ruler in India. Muhammad's first campaign had been against the Muslim rulers of Multan in 1175 and had ended in victory. In 1178 he turned south, and led his army from Multan to Uch and then across the desert towards the Gujarat capital of Anhilwara (modern Patan).
Gujarat was ruled by the young Raja Bhimdev II (ruled 1178-1241), a member of the Solanki dynasty (one of several Chalukya dynasties), although the age of the Raja meant that the army was commanded by his mother Naikidevi. Muhammad's army had suffered greatly during the march across the desert, and Naikidevi inflicted a major defeat on him at the village of Kayadra (near to Mount Abu, about forty miles to the north-east of Anhilwara). The invading army suffered heavy casualties during the battle, and also in the retreat back across the desert to Multan.
Muhammad of Ghur never returned to Gujarat. An army led by Qutb ud-din Aibak, his deputy in India, invaded in c.1195-97 and plundered the capital, but then returned to Delhi. Gujarat wasn't annexed by the Sultanate of Delhi until 1297.
Kuramdevi Daughter of Naikidevi and Defeat of Qutb-ud-din Aibak(Muhammad Ghori's General)
Sometime in the 1170s, the young princess Kuramdevi (she could not have been much over 13 years of age, the age considered maturity at the time), became wife of Samar Singh Deva, the rawal of Chittorgarh. Samar Singh was a Chauhan Rajput, a descendant of the heroes who had captured Chittorgarh, probably the most famous fortress in all India, sometime in the middle of the 12th century.Samar Singh her Husband got Killed in the 2nd Battle Of Tarain fought by Prithiviraj Chauhan against Muhammad Ghori.Kuramdevi would eventually follow her husband, but first she had unfinished business to tend to. She raises an army to avenge and defeat Qutb-ud-din Aibak who was behind her husbands death. ---- As Per Prithviraj Raso
The two forces met near the old Amber fort, and the Rajputs won. At the head of her army, Kuramdevi drove deep into the Muslim ranks, deep enough for her to confront the Muslim general himself and to engage him in a personal duel during which she managed to bury her sword deep into his flesh, wounding him so severely that he tumbled from the saddle. In alarm his attendants carried him away. Seeing him fall, seeing his body thus carried from the fight and, consequently, believing him dead, others in the Muslim ranks near the site gave way to panic. The panic spread, and soon Qtub-ud-din’s entire army was in full flight. Kuramdevi believed she had killed Qtub-ud-din. The battle thus ended, she regrouped her army and led it back south. Returning to Chittorgarh, she mounted the pyre and became sati.
- Maratha Empire
- Maratha clan system
- List of Maratha dynasties and states
- Kadamba dynasty
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