||This article includes inline citations, but they are not properly formatted. (October 2013)|
|The Brahmic script and its descendants|
|Languages||Kannada, Sanskrit, Konkani, Marathi|
|5th century-10th century|
The Kadamba script (known as Pre Old-Kannada script) marks the birth of a dedicated Kannada script that was used for Kannada language. It is a descendant of the Brahmi script Syllabic Alphabet or Abugida visually close to Kalinga script. The Kadamba script was developed during the reign of the Kadambas in the 4th - 6th centuries. The Kadamba script is also known as Pre-Old-Kannada script. This script later became popular in what is today the state of Goa and was used to write Sanskrit, Kannada, Konkani and Marathi.
The Kadamba script is one of the oldest of the southern group of south Asian scripts that evolved from the Brahmi script. By 5th century CE it became different from other Brahmi variants and was used in southern India (Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh). It evolved into the Old Kannada script by the 10th century CE and was used to write Kannada and Telugu languages.
Many scripts were derived from Kadamba script including Pyu script.
During (325 to 550 AD) the rule of Kadambas major change in the Brahmi script evolved into Kadamba Kannada script, letters were shorter and round in shape. During (325 to 1000 AD) the rule of Gangas southern parts of Karnataka the Kannada script used differently (also known as Ganga script) in rock edicts and copper plate inscriptions. During 6th to 10th century AD the Kannada script stabilized during the rule of Badami Chalukyas (called Chalukya script 500-1000 AD) and Rastrakutas.
Brahmi -> Kadamba -> Old Kannada -> Kannada and Telugu scripts
Beyond Brahmi the Indus text shaped Kannada script
It is identified from the Indus text that the presence of script for Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Sanskrit and Prakrit. There is a similarity of Kannada, Telugu and Tamil like consonants in Indus text. The analysis has traced the origins of the Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Prakrit and Devanagari scripts back to the Indus Civilisation. Kannada and Tamil signs identified in the Indus text, comb and arrow signs identified with medial vowel signs in Kannada. A match between fish like signs in Indus text and Kannada script found.
Indian Writing Systems Comparison
During the rule of Pallavas, the script accompanied priests, monks, scholars and traders into South East Asia. Pallavas developed a script based on Brahmi, main characteristics of the newer script are aesthetically matched and fuller consonant glyphs. Similar to Pallava script, also visible in the writing systems of Chalukya, Kadamba, Vengi at the time of Ikshvakus. Brahmi design iwas slightly different of the scripts of Cholas, Pandyas and Cheras. Pallava script very first significant developments of Brahmi in India, take care in combining rounded and rectangular strokes and adding typographical effects, was suitable for civic and religious inscriptions. Kadamba-Pallava script evolved into early forms of Kannada and Telugu scripts. Glyphs become more rounded and incorporate loops because of writing upon leaves and paper. The scripts which are decedent from Kadamba-Pallava script are Pyu script, Mon, Kawi, Lanna, Tham, Khom, Khmer, Thai, Lao and Tai Lue.
Inscriptions in Kadamba script
- Inscription of 4th Century AD of Vengi Vijayanandivarma in Kadamba script
- Gudnapur Inscription on 20-foot long stone pillar written in Kadamba script
- Copper plate inscriptions in Kadamba (Pre - Chalukya) script, Kadamba-Pallava script, Telugu-Kannada script are available at Chennai museum
South Indian and related scripts
- Ancient Philippine scripts
- Bhattiprolu script
- Gupta script
- Kalinga script
- Kannada alphabet
- Old Kannada
- Pallava script
- Pyu script
- Telugu alphabet
- Telugu-Kannada script
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- Evolution of Kannada script
- story of Indian scripts - Evolution
- Chalukya Kannada script 690 AD
- Chalukya Kannada script 578 AD
- Vengi Kannada script 4th century AD
- Pyu script Pallava a Pyu equivalent script
- Ancient scripts timeline - Kadamba scripts
- Indus writing is multilingual: a part-syllabic system at work
- Indian Scripts -Brahmi to Devanagari
- South Asian Writing Systems
- Development of Brahmi script, second column is Kadamba script
- Kannada is older than Tamil script
- Coins of Kadambas os Banavasi
- Comparison of Brahmi and Kadamba-Pallava script (Salankayana script)
- Evolution of Telugu Character Graphs
- Important Discoveries in the recent past Andhra Pradesh