Kadambas of Goa

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Main article: Kadamba Dynasty
Kadambas of Goa
Shashthadeva I(Kantakacharya) 960 AD
Nagavarma ~
Guhalladeva I ~
Shashathadeva II ~
Guhalladeva II 1038 AD
Veeravarmadeva 1042–1054 AD
Jayakeshi I 1050–1080
Guhalladeva II alias Tribhuvanamalla 1080–1125
Vijayaditya I alias Vijayarka Ruling prince up to 1104
Jayakeshi II 1125–1148
Shivachitta paramadideva 1148–1179
Vishnuchitta alias Vijayaditya II 1179–1187
Jayakeshi III 1188–1216
Shivachitta Vajradeva 1193–1202
Sovideva Tribhuvanamalla 1216–1238
Shashthadeva III 1246–1265
Kamadeva(Husband of Kadamba princess Sovidevi) 1265–1310

The Kadambas were a dynasty who ruled Goa from the 10th to the 14th century CE. They took over the territories of the Silaharas and ruled them at first from Chandor, later making Gopakapattana their capital.[1] Their modern descendants still live in Goa.

Origins[edit]

According to the Talagunda inscription found in Shimoga in Karnataka, the Kadambas are of Brahmin origin, descended from Mayurasharma.[2]

Establishment of a separate dynasty[edit]

As a feudatory of the Chalukyas, Kadamba Shasthadeva was appointed as the Mahamandaleshwar of Goa by the Chalukya king, Tailapa II.[3] According to the Savai vere inscription, the Kadambas were allies of the Chalukyas, whom they helped to defeat the Rashtrakutas. Shashthadeva later conquered the city of Chandrapur from the Shilaharas and established the Goan Kadamba dynasty in 960 CE.[4]

Gopakapattana[edit]

King Shashthadeva conquered Goa, Port Gopakapattana and Kapardikadvipa and annexed a large part of South Konkan to his kingdom, making Gopakpattana his subsidiary capital. The next King, Jayakeshi I, further expanded the Goan kingdom. A Jain Sanskrit text, Dvayāśraya mentions the extension of his capital and that Port Gopakapattna had trade contacts with Zanzibar, Bengal, Gujarat and Sri Lanka. Gopakapattana was a pleasant commercial city, well connected with Old Goa and a trading hub for over 300 years. In the 1320s it was looted by Khilji general Malik Kafur. The Kadambas went back to Chandor, but returned to Gopakapattana when Muhammad bin Tughluq overcame Chandor.[1]

Administration[edit]

Gold coins issued by the Kadamba king of Goa, Shivachitta Paramadideva, c. 1147-1187

During the rule of the Kadambas, the name and fame of Goapuri reached its zenith. Goa's religion, culture, trade and arts flourished and the dynasty built many Shiva temples. They assumed titles like Konkanadhipati, Saptakotisha Ladbha Varaveera, Gopakapura varadhishva, Konkanmahacharavarti and Panchamahashabda.[5] They married the royalty of Saurashtra and even local chieftains. The kings patronized the Vedic religion and performed major fire sacrifices (yagna) such as the horse sacrifice (Ashvamedha). They popularized Shaivism and patronized Jainism in Goa.

The languages of Kadamba administration were Sanskrit, Kannada and Marathi. They introduced the Kannada language to Goa, where it exercised a profound influence on the local language. The Nagari, Kadamba, Halekannada and Goykanadi scripts were very popular. It is known from another inscription that Tribhuvanamalla established a Brahmapuri at Gopaka. Brahmapuris were ancient universities run by Brahmins, where Vedas, astrology, philosophy, medicine, and other subjects were taught.[5] They were found in Goa, Savoi verem, Gauli moula, and elsewhere.

Having ruled Goa for more than 350 years, the Kadambas lost their power to the Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri. They and the Muslim invasions destroyed the dynasty. Ruins of their palaces, mansions, temples and markets can still be seen in Chandor village.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b de Souza, Teotonio R. (1990). Goa Through the Ages: An economic history. Concept Publishing Company. pp. 11–15. ISBN 81-7022-259-1. 
  2. ^ George M. Moares (1931), The Kadamba Kula, A History of Ancient and Medieval Karnataka, Asian Educational Services, 1990, p10
  3. ^ Moraes (1931), pp.88–93[full citation needed]
  4. ^ Kamat, Varsha (Goa liberation day aniversery issue, December 2010). Sanskrutik Vartapatra (in Marathi,see chapter: Kadambancha suvarnakal). Pune: Sanskrutik Vartapatra. pp. 112(see pages 10–13). 
  5. ^ a b Gune, Vithal Trimbak (1979). Gazetteer of the Union Territory Goa, Daman and Diu I. Goa, Daman and Diu (India). Gazetteer Dept.