|Music of Haiti|
|Media and performance|
|Nationalistic and patriotic songs|
|National anthem||La Dessalinienne|
|Music of Martinique|
|Nationalistic and patriotic songs|
|National anthem||La Marseillaise|
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Kadans is the French Antilles Cadence, a modern Haitian Méringue popularized by the talented sax player Webert Sicot in 1960s. When Sicot left Nemours Jean-Baptiste compas music band he called his music cadence to differentiate it from compas; however, either compas music or cadence is a Meringue.
Haitian musicians to Dominica & the French Antilles (Guadeloupe and Martinique) brought with them the kadans, a sophisticated form of music that quickly swept the island and helped unite all the former French colonies of the Caribbean by combining their cultural influences.
Kadans is the French creole term for cadence.
The Haitian kompa or cadence rampa was introduced to the French Antilles, Dominica and other Caribbean countries during the early 1960s. Haïtian immigrants to Martinique & Guadeloupe, mostly musicians, brought with them the kadans (compas or cadence) - a modern Méringue that helped unite all the former French colonies of the Caribbean by combining their cultural influences.
Webert Sicot, the originator of the first cadence band, recorded three LPs albums with French Antilles Promoters: two in Guadeloupe "Cilini disques" and one in Martinique "Balthazar". Often the band had a six months-contract to perform every week end at l'auberge Guadeloupeenne an Martinique. Many Haitian artists have since toured the Caribbean on a regular basis with their powerful meringue (compas or cadence) for the great pleasure of these friendly people, nice public who have since adopted the dance and the music style.
From the late 50s til today, Haitian artists and bands have been touring the Caribbean: In 1962 Ensemble Webert Sicot has toured Trinidad and Tobago for two weeks playing every night at the Hilton hotel chaine. They toured very often the Islands of Aruba, Curaçao, French Guyanne, Bahamas and many others.
50s-60s, talented Haitian artists and leading bands such as the Sicot brothers (Webert and Raymond), Joe Troillot, Nemours Jean-Baptiste, the very talented Maestro Michel Desgrottes, Garry French, Emile Volel, Ensembe Les guais troubadours with the popular Louis Lahens, orchestre Citadelle, jazz Guignard, etc. introduced their meringue (compas or cadence) to the Caribbean. Boa des iles and la Bananeraie would be favorite night-clubs for these bands. In Martinique, several music groups became popular with Nemours' compas tunes. Ensemble Abricots (Bienvenue, festival-compas), Les Djoubap’s (Isabelle), Combo Jazz (electronique compas, pa gadem sou cote), Georges Plonquitte (vini danse compas direct) etc. have all within a year conquered the public with the many tunes or compositions of Nemours.
Haitian bands were asked to integrate Antillean musicians thus Haitian influential Les Guais troubadours had French Antillean musicians. Guais troubadour, with influential singer Louis Lahens played a very important role in the schooling of Antillean to the meringue compas music style. The band that recorded more than 3 albums in the French Antilles, was also the a coaching band for the French Antilleans to the style.
From the 60s to the 80s les Vickings, Les loups noirs, les ambassadeurs, les shleu shleu, ibo combo, Etoile du soir, les difficiles de Petion, les Gypsies de Petion ville, Tabou combo, Les Freres Dejean, les blousons verts, volo volo, Jet-X, Afro combo, Toto necessite, Rodrigue Millien, Coupe Cloue, Shougar combo, Les skah shah, Magnum band, Tropicana, Septan Trional and a great many have all toured in these Islands to coach artists. These were followed by the Antillean mini-jazz bands like Les Gentlemen, Les Vikings de Guadeloupe, Les Leopards, Tabou # 2...and bands like Exile One, la Perfecta, Simon Jurade, kassav, etc.
Cadence-lypso or Dominica kadans
Cadence-lypso is the Dominica kadans introduced in the early 60s by the Sicot brothers. The most influential figure in the promotion of Cadence-lypso was the Dominican group Exile One(based on the island of Guadeloupe) that featured calypso music from the English speaking Caribbean and the cadence rampa from Haiti, hence the name cadence-lypso. It was pushed in the 1970s by groups from Dominica, and was the first style of Dominican music to find international acclaim.
Aside from Exile One, other bands included the Grammacks, Black Roots, Black Machine, Naked Feet, Belles Combo, Mantra, Black Affairs, Liquid Ice, Wafrikai, Midnighte Groovers and Milestone, while the most famous singers included Bill Thomas, Chubby Marc, Gordon Henderson, Linford John, Janet Azouz, Sinky Rabess, Tony Valmond, Jeff Joseph, Mike Moreau and Anthony Gussie. Ophelia Marie is a popular singer of cadence in the late 1970s.
Gordon Henderson, the band leader and founder coined the name "Cadence-lypso" in his full band that used a full-horn section and was the first to use the synthesizers in kadans. Many mini-jazz from Haiti and the French Antilles followed this format. Exile One was the first Caribbean band to sign a production contract with major label Barclay Records. The first to export kadans music to the four corners of the globe: Japan, the Indian Ocean, Africa, North America, Europe, The Cape Verde islands.
Musical features of cadence
Cadence music is characterized by a constant up tempo rhythm, hence the name cadence. Its percaussive aspect come from the drum, an accentuated use of cymbals and, to a lesser extent, the high hat plus a distinct beat of the cowbell, tok, to-tok, tok-tok-tok, and conga drum beating a dash of méringue.
- Les Aiglons
- Les Bookélos
- Exile One
- Experience 7
- Les Gentlemen
- Les Leopards
- Maxi Twenty
- Les Vikings
- Les Typical Combo
- La Perfecta
- Puissance 8
- La Sélecta
- Simon Jurad & Opération 78
- Steel Jazz
- Super Combo
- Super Sterne
- Tabou N°2