Kadawedduwe Jinavamsa Mahathera
Sri Kalyani Yogasrama Samstha
1 April 1907
|Died||13 July 2003
|Teacher||Matara Sri Ñāṇindasabha Mahathera|
|Students||Nauyane Ariyadhamma Mahathera|
Kadawedduwe Sri Jinavamsa Mahathera (Pali: Siri Jinavaṃsa, sometimes spelled Jinawansa) was a Sri Lankan Bhikkhu (Buddhist monk). He was the founder of Sri Kalyani Yogasrama Samstha, a reform movement within the Sri Lankan Rāmañña Nikāya.
Ven. Jinavamsa Mahathera was born Don Dinesh on 1 April 1907 in the Kadawedduwa village in Matara. He was the fourth and youngest child in the family. Don Dinesh had his primary education at the Yatiyana Vernacular School.
When Dinesh was 10 years old, he was invited to stay and attend upon Ven. Kadawedduwe Siri Sugunatissa Mahathera, the elder brother of Dinesh's father and the abbot of Srivardhanaramaya, a temple in Yatawara. There, Dinesh learnt Pali and Sanskrit from the Ven. Kothmale Siri Saddhammavamsa Mahathera. In 1921, at the age of 14, Don Dinesh received Pabbajja with the name Kadawedduwe Jinavamsa, with Ven. Sugunatissa Mahathera as his Upajjhaya. In 1927, at the age of 20, Ven. Jinavamsa received Upasampada, with Ven. Sri Ñāṇindasabha Mahathera as his preceptor.
In 1932, Ven. Jinavamsa founded the ‘Granthakara Pirivena’ with 5 students. Later it was registered as a grant aided Pirivena under the Government on the recommendation of C. W. W. Kannangara. Ven. Jinavamsa obtained the monastic degree ‘Rajakeeya Panditha’ in 1945, and was awarded honorary membership of the Oriental Languages Society in 1946.
Ven. Jinavamsa Mahathera left the Granthakara Pirivena and adopted a life of a forest monk in 1950. He was accompanied by Ven. Gatamanne Vimalavamsa Thera, one of his closest disciples. With the Ven. Matara Sri Nanarama Mahathera as the chief preceptor, Ven. Jinavamsa Mahathera founded the Sri Kalyani Yogasrama Samstha on 18 June 1951, and 12 lay aspirants were given the ‘going forth’ in the new organization on this date. The main Ramanna Nikaya gave permission to the Yogasrama Samstha to manage its own administration and conduct its own Upasampada.
During the early years of the Yogasrama Samstha, Ven. Jinavamsa Mahathera travelled throughout the network of forest monasteries which numbered around 150. Later he settled down at the Gunawardena Yogasrama in Galduva, Ambalangoda, and made it the organization headquarters. Ven. Nauyane Ariyadhamma Mahathera was his foremost student, and closely assisted him in his teaching and administrative duties.
On 11 July 2003, two days before he died, Ven. Jinavamsa Mahathera called all his students in the monastery to his residence and gave a Dhamma talk, in which he mentioned that he would not last more than two days. On 13 July 2003, an Uposatha day, he died peacefully.
The Sri Lanka Ramanna Nikaya awarded Ven. Jinavamsa Mahathera the titles of ‘Śrī Āryavilāsa Vaṃsālaṇkāra Saddharmavāgīśvarācārya’ and ‘Mahopādhyāya’. The Sri Lanka Amarapura Maha Sangha Sabha awarded the honorary title of ‘Paṭipatti Sobhana Gaṇapāmokkhācariya’, appreciating his service to the Sasana. Ven. Jinavamsa Mahathera was invited to be the head of the Ramanna Nikaya when the post fell vacant, but he politely refused.
- A Brief Biography of Right Reverend Kadawedduwe Sri Jinawansa Maha Thera, Dikhena Vipassana Meditation Center, 2003
- Prematunge, Sajitha (16 November 2008), Reservoir for nimalawa aranya senasana, Sunday Observer (Colombo)
- Prematunge, Sajitha (26 August 2007), Simplicity and contentment:A glimpse of Aranya life, Sunday Observer (Colombo)
- Venerable Kadavadduwe Jinavamsa: The Great Reformer, The Island (Colombo), 29 July 2003
- President Kumaratunga condoles, The Island (Colombo), 21 July 2003