Kadnikov

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Kadnikov (English)
Кадников (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Vologda Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Vologda Oblast in Russia
Kadnikov is located in Vologda Oblast
Kadnikov
Kadnikov
Location of Kadnikov in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 59°30′N 40°20′E / 59.500°N 40.333°E / 59.500; 40.333Coordinates: 59°30′N 40°20′E / 59.500°N 40.333°E / 59.500; 40.333
Coat of Arms of Kadnikov (Vologda oblast) (1781).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of June 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative district Sokolsky District[1]
Town of district significance Kadnikov[2]
Administrative center of town of district significance of Kadnikov[2]
Municipal status (as of May 2013)
Municipal district Sokolsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Kadnikov Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Kadnikov Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 4,796 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
First mentioned 1492[6]
Town status since 1780[6]
Kadnikov on WikiCommons

Kadnikov (Russian: Ка́дников) is a town in Sokolsky District of Vologda Oblast, Russia, located on the bank of the Sodima River, 43 kilometers (27 mi) southeast of Vologda, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 4,796 (2010 Census);[4] 5,362 (2002 Census);[7] 5,312 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

It traces its history to 1492, when a patrol station was set up to protect the trade route heading from Moscow northward.[6] In 1780, it became the seat of Kadnikovsky Uyezd of Vologda Viceroyalty (since 1796—Vologda Governorate)[citation needed] and was granted town status.[6] The uyezd, one of the ten in the governorate, comprised vast areas in the central part of modern Vologda Oblast east and northeast of Lake Kubenskoye, as well as the south of modern Arkhangelsk Oblast.[citation needed] However, when a railway was constructed in 1894 from Vologda north to Arkhangelsk, the route bypassed Kadnikov.[citation needed] In the 20th century, the population of Kadnikov declined while that of neighboring Sokol, which is located 12 kilometers (7.5 mi) to the northwest, has grown, and Kadnikov lost its significance as the administrative center.[citation needed] When the uyezds were abolished on July 15, 1929, Kandikov was included into Sverdlovsky District (later renamed Sokolsky District) of Northern Krai.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated within Sokolsky District as the town of district significance of Kadnikov.[2] As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Kadnikov, together with Kadnikovsky and Zamoshsky Selsoviets of Sokolsky District (which comprise, correspondingly, twenty-two and eighteen rural localities, for the total of forty rural localities), is incorporated within Sokolsky Municipal District as Kadnikov Urban Settlement.[3]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are timber industry and food industry enterprises in Kadnikov.[9]

Transportation[edit]

One of the principal highways in Russia, M8, which connects Moscow and Arkhangelsk, crosses Sokolsky District running through the center of Kadnikov. Several kilometers northwest from Kadnikov, in Chekshino, another highway branches off east and runs to Totma and Veliky Ustyug. It provides the shortest connection between Vologda and the destinations in the eastern districts of Vologda Oblast, in particular, Nikolsk, Nyuksenitsa, and Kichmengsky Gorodok.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Ilyinsky Pogost

A historical interest attaches to Ilyinsky pogost, comprising a 17th-century five-domed church, a belfry, and a fenced burial ground. This complex is located several miles away from the town and is designated as a cultural heritage monuments of federal significance. The center of Kadnikov preserved a collection of historical buildings, thirty-five of which are designated as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[10]

The Kadnikov Museum of History was opened in 1985 and is located in one of the historical buildings in the center of Kadnikov.[11]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Resolution #178
  2. ^ a b c Law #371-OZ
  3. ^ a b c d Law #1121-OD
  4. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b c d Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 166. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  7. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Промышленные предприятия Сокольского муниципального района" (in Russian). Администрация Сокольского муниципального района. Retrieved October 25, 2011. [dead link]
  10. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved October 21, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Кадниковский районный исторический музей" (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved November 25, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1121-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Сокольского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №3057-ОЗ от 30 мая 2013 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований Сокольского муниципального района Вологодской области и о внесении изменений в Закон области "Об установлении границ Сокольского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1121-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Sokolsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #3057-OZ of May 30, 2013 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations in Sokolsky Municipal District of Vologda Oblast and on Amending the Law of Vologda Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of Sokolsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the day of the official publication.).