Kadoka, South Dakota

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Kadoka, South Dakota
City
Motto: "Gateway To The Badlands"
Location in Jackson County and the state of South Dakota
Location in Jackson County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 43°50′7″N 101°30′44″W / 43.83528°N 101.51222°W / 43.83528; -101.51222Coordinates: 43°50′7″N 101°30′44″W / 43.83528°N 101.51222°W / 43.83528; -101.51222
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Jackson
Founded 1906[1]
Area[2]
 • Total 2.32 sq mi (6.01 km2)
 • Land 2.29 sq mi (5.93 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation 2,467 ft (752 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 654
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 685
 • Density 285.6/sq mi (110.3/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 57543
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-33180
GNIS feature ID 1261905[5]
Website http://www.kadokasd.com/
Correspondence from US Indian Service about Kadoka children at school in Rapid City, 1912

Kadoka is a city in Jackson County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 654 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Jackson County.[6]

History[edit]

Kadoka was founded in 1907 as a stop on the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Paul and Pacific Railroad. The town was designated county seat of the newly formed Jackson County in 1915.[7]

Geography[edit]

Kadoka is located at 43°50′7″N 101°30′44″W / 43.83528°N 101.51222°W / 43.83528; -101.51222 (43.835290, -101.512333).[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.32 square miles (6.01 km2), of which, 2.29 square miles (5.93 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water.[2]

Kadoka has been assigned the ZIP code 57543 and the FIPS place code 33180.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 222
1920 341 53.6%
1930 385 12.9%
1940 464 20.5%
1950 584 25.9%
1960 840 43.8%
1970 815 −3.0%
1980 832 2.1%
1990 736 −11.5%
2000 706 −4.1%
2010 654 −7.4%
Est. 2012 685 4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
2012 Estimate[10]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 654 people, 291 households, and 160 families residing in the city. The population density was 285.6 inhabitants per square mile (110.3/km2). There were 350 housing units at an average density of 152.8 per square mile (59.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 81.2% White, 0.5% African American, 13.3% Native American, and 5.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population.

There were 291 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.0% were non-families. 40.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 44.5 years. 24.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.4% were from 25 to 44; 25.1% were from 45 to 64; and 24.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.9% male and 53.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 706 people, 293 households, and 172 families residing in the city. The population density was 305.0 people per square mile (118.0/km²). There were 356 housing units at an average density of 153.8 per square mile (59.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.99% White, 0.14% African American, 13.03% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.14% from other races, and 2.55% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.28% of the population.

There were 293 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.0% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 21.4% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 22.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 86.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,875, and the median income for a family was $31,167. Males had a median income of $26,818 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,758. About 10.5% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.

Kadoka Airport[edit]

The City of Kadoka owns and operates the Kadoka airport. The airport has two turf runways. It is not entirely fenced so pedestrian traffic may approach the taxiways. The airport is located in the eastern part of the town near the Kadoka school athletic facilities.

Depot Museum[edit]

The town has a museum that occupies the building that used to be the train station. It is only open from 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. on certain days of the week.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SD Towns". South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-13. 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Hellmann, Paul T. (May 13, 2013). "Historical Gazetteer of the United States". Routledge. p. 990. Retrieved 30 November 2013. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved September 23, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved September 23, 2013.