Kadoma, Zimbabwe

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This article is about the city. For the district, see Kadoma District.
Kadoma
Kadoma Townhall
Kadoma Townhall
Coat of arms of Kadoma
Coat of arms
Kadoma is located in Zimbabwe
Kadoma
Kadoma
Coordinates: 18°20′24″S 29°54′00″E / 18.34000°S 29.90000°E / -18.34000; 29.90000Coordinates: 18°20′24″S 29°54′00″E / 18.34000°S 29.90000°E / -18.34000; 29.90000
Country Zimbabwe
Province Mashonaland West
District Kadoma District
City Kadoma Municipality
Founded 1890s
Elevation 1,183 m (3,881 ft)
Population (2012 Estimate)
 • Total 77,749
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)

Kadoma is a city in Zimbabwe.

Location[edit]

The city is located in Kadoma District, Mashonaland West Province, one of the 10 administrative provinces in Zimbabwe. This location lies approximately 166 kilometres (103 mi), by road, southwest of Harare, the national capital and largest city in the country.[1] This location lies on the main road, Highway A-5, between Harare and Bulawayo, approximately 305 kilometres (190 mi), further southwest of Kadoma.[2] The coordinates of Kadoma are:18° 20' 24.00"S, 29° 54' 0.00"E (Latitude:18.3400; Longtude:29.9000). Kadoma is situated at an elevation of 3,881 feet (1,183 m) above sea level.[3]

Overview[edit]

The city is at the centre of a mining area, which provides gold, copper and nickel. The most significant mine of the region is the Cam and Motor Mine, which is located in Eiffel Flats, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi), by road, northeast of Kadoma.[4] Cam and Motor is the largest gold producer in Zimbabwe's history. Under the present regime, Cam and Motor is owned by Rio Tinto Zimbabwe. Cotton is raised in the area and there was some development of related industries before 1990. The David Whithead Textile manufacturing company was opened in 1952. ZB Bank Limited, a commercial bank, maintains a branch in the city.[5] Another commercial bank, Royal Bank Zimbabwe, also maintains a branch here.[6]

History[edit]

The city of Katoma was known as Gatooma until 1982. Gatooma was founded in the 1890s as a mining camp, and constituted under a village management board in 1907. The settlement was named after the nearby kraal of Chief Katuma,[7] who is represented on the town's coat of arms by the mountain bearing his name and the chief's badge of office.[8]

The Specks Hotel was opened in 1907, and Jameson High School started the same year when Mrs Amelia Fitt, wife of the first mayor of Kadoma started to give classes to the town children in her house. In 1917 Gatooma Municipality was created. A public electricity supply was introduced in Kadoma in 1922. The Grand Hotel opened in 1925 and had a sprung floor for dancing, the first such floor in Zimbabwe.

Population[edit]

In 2004, the population of the city was estimated at 79,174.[9] The population of Kadoma was estimated at 77,749 in 2012.[10]

Sister City[edit]

The city of Kadoma is twinned with Stevenage in the United Kingdom.

City Country Year
Stevenage United Kingdom United Kingdom 1989

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]