Kaduthuruthy

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Kaduthuruthy
കടുത്തുരുത്തി
Kaduthuruthi, Kaduturutti
town
Kaduthuruthy is located in Kerala
Kaduthuruthy
Kaduthuruthy
Location in Kerala, India
Coordinates: 9°45′N 76°30′E / 9.75°N 76.50°E / 9.75; 76.50Coordinates: 9°45′N 76°30′E / 9.75°N 76.50°E / 9.75; 76.50
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kottayam
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration KL-

Kaduthuruthy is a town in Kottayam District, Kerala, South India.

Geography[edit]

Kaduturuthy is located at 9°45′N 76°30′E / 9.75°N 76.50°E / 9.75; 76.50.[1] It has an average elevation of 12 m (39 ft). The name Kaduthuruthy originated from ‘Kadal thuruth’ meaning near to the beach as it is believed that several centuries ago, the Arabian sea extended inward into the place, and that it receded due to a Tsunami.

Kaduthuruthy has a picturesque nature and ecosystem. It is a transit point between the hilly middle region of Kerala and backwater coastal land. The nearest main railway station is Kaduthuruthy.

History[edit]

The first Sandesha Kavyam (Message in Poetry) in Malayalam called "Unnuneeli Sandesham" gives an insight into the history of the place. The author is believed to be a member of one of the Travancore Royal Families. The work describes the grand harbour of the town in great detail, something amazing now as the sea is several miles away now. The sea is said to have receded some time in the 14th century possibly following an earthquake or a Tsunami.The name KADUTHURUTHY is also come from this place was earlier called "KADALTHURUTHU".

Thaliyil Mahadeva Temple (തളിയില്‍ മഹാദേവ ക്ഷേത്രം)[edit]

One among the famous Shiva Temples of Kerala. A Siva temple is known as Thali, when the consecration is only that of Lord Shiva and the Goddess Parvati is not installed in the premises. It is believed that the consecration at Vaikom was done at the same time. There also exist a replica of Ettumannor Shiva Idol, thus it is believed that visit to this temple is as good as visiting three famous Shiva Temple, namely Vaikom, Ettumannor and this temple. The temple is adjacent to Ernakulam -Ettumannor Road.

According to legend, the shivling (symbolic representation of the deity) was installed here by a demon named 'Khara’. that Khara (of the Khara Dhooshana demon duo) of Ramayana worshipped Shiva at Chidambaram and obtained from him three Shivalingams and journeyed holding one shivalingam on each hand and one in his mouth.Kadichiruthy Prathishitta later become as Kaduthuruthy . Other two shivlings were installed at the Ettumanoor Mahadeva Temple and Vaikom Mahadevar Temple. The name Kaduthuruthy, also believed to have emanated from this temple and etiology has it that Kadichu (bite) Irutthy (make some one sit).


Kaduthuruthy Valiaplly (ലോകമെങ്ങുമുള്ള ക്നാനായ മക്കളുടെ തലപ്പള്ളി)[edit]

Kaduthuruthy Valiapally (കടുത്തുരുത്തി വലിയ പളളി) / Ave Maria (ആവേ മരിയ) of Knanaya Community was established in AD 400. The present Kaduthuruthy St. Mary’s Valiya Palli is a third building in the name of Virgin Mary known as Kaduthuruthy Muthiyamma (കടുത്തുരുത്തി മുത്തിയമ്മ). Kaduthuruthy Valiya Palli had a glorious history in the past with its supreme position with the Vadakkumkur (present Vaikom) Kingdom. The history of this church is manifested with the history of the Knanaya community or the Jewish Christians known as Southist Syrian Christians(തെക്കു൦ഭാഗർ) now a day’s termed as Knanites (ക്നാനായക്കാ൪). The present building is the third building in Kaduthuruthy constructed in AD 1456 and it had a strong fort as mentioned in the song of the church. Thus the present church building is constructed with all its artistic splendour and characteristics of Gothic Art, to proclaim and celebrate the gospel of Jesus Christ in worship and value the heritage of biblical faith, tradition, liturgy and the rich variety of customs and tradition in Knanaya Community guided by the forefathers. This church belongs to the Archdiocese of Kottayam and is considered as the Head Church (തലപ്പള്ളി) for both knanaya Catholics and Knanaya Jacobites.

Kaduthuruthy Muthiyamma[edit]

Kaduthuruthy Muthiyamma

Kaduthuruthy St. Mary is known as Kaduthuruthy Muthiyamma (കടുത്തുരുത്തി മുത്തിയമ്മ). Kaduthuruthy Valiya Palli is one of the churches where Virgin Mary appeared in front of the devotees as an old woman (മുത്തിയമ്മ). Southists of Kaduthuruthy had been considering Virgin Mary is the patron of their church for the remembrance of their first set of churches in Kodungallur. According to Bishop Francis Roz in his report to Serra (1603/1604), says that he has read from a Chaldean book that there were 3 churches in Cranganore built by the Thomman Keenan and his descendents. Southist Syrian Christians built 3 churches in Kodungallur immediately after they had been given permission to settle down in Kodungallur by the Chera King. They are in the Name of Virgin Mary, St. Thomas and St. Kuriakose. The old wooden buildings constructed for the first 3 churches are said to have last for four hundred years. First church building in Kaduthuruthy in the name of Virgin Mary (കന്നിയുമ്മ) had constructed from wooden logs in a square shape and known as Square Church. Those churches in Kodungallur constructed by Thomman Keenan and his companions were completely destroyed later, as a result of a continuous clash between the neighbouring kings. But the church built in the name of St. Thomas had under gone many relocations and renovation, helped this church to survive till 15th century and had reconstructed by Portuguese after the destruction of Cranganore. According to Mar Jacob Abuna (1533), Dionysio (1578), Bishop Francis Roz (1604) on their report says that the church which stood in Cranganore had been there from the third century and was built by Thomas of Cana. It is the Syrian tradition of Southists to being faithful to the Virgin Mary, resulted them to accept Virgin Mary as the patron of the church built in Kaduthuruthy in fourth century. The same tradition is practiced in their other ancient churches like Udayamperoor, Mulanthuruthy, Kottayam Chungam and Kallissery. Later Southist community lost the control over the church in Mulanthuruthy and Udayamperoor. Their seamless faith is accounted by Virgin Mary and she revealed herself as an old woman in front of the devotees. This miraculous appearance of Virgin Mary happened during the erection of the historic granite cross of Kaduthuruthy Vallyapalli. The sculpture and carving work of the Cross from a single stone block had completed with a total height of 50 feet in AD 1596. It is believed that the iconic Kaduthuruthy Vallyapalli Cross is the highest open air cross in Asia, made out from a single block. Being monolithic in its shape, which in fact proclaiming the glory of Kaduthuruthy Vallyapalli and the Southists of Kaduthuruthy. As it is gigantic in structure, it was very difficult to upright the cross and to position in the courtyard of the Vallyapalli. During that time when they faced difficulty to upright the cross, Virgin Mary-the patron of the Kaduthuruthy Vallyapalli revealed herself as an old woman (Muthiyamma) and helped them to upright the cross miraculously by supporting the cross by her hand. Kaduthuruthy Vallyapalli is one of the churches blessed by Virgin Mary by appearing in front of the devotees as an old woman. There after the Blessed Virgin Mary residing in Kaduthuruthy Vallyapalli known as Kaduthuruthy Muthiyamma (കടുത്തുരുത്തി വാഴു൦ മുത്തിയമ്മ). Bishop Alexis Dom Menesis had carried out the inaugural blessing of the Cross situated on the courtyard of this Church, during the Holy Friday of 1599. Thousands of pilgrims are visiting the church during the first Friday celebration and 3-Nombu feast, praying to their Kaduthuruthy Muthiyamma by repeating scriptures as follows...

 “അമ്മേ, അമ്മേ അമലോത്ഭവയേ
 അളവില്ലാത്തൊരു സ്നേഹമായി
 രക്ഷാകര സഹകാരിണിയേ-കൃപ
 ചൊരിയുക ഞങ്ങൾക്കനവരത൦
 മുത്തിയമ്മേ-മുത്തിയമ്മേ
 കടന്തേരിയിലെ മുത്തിയമ്മേ”......

Religious architecture[edit]

Kaduthuruthy is a pilgrimage centre. Kaduthuruthy has several Christian churches Kaduthuruthy Valiya Palli, Kaduthuruthy Thazhathu palli, Muttuchira Holy Ghost Church etc. and many pilgrims visit this place. Kaduthuruthy Valiya Palli(AVE MARIA)was established in AD 400, and is one of the most ancient churches of India. The present church is the third building there. Many historical events took place in this church. It is believed that the highest open air stone cross of Asia is in the courtyard of this church. This cross was blessed on the Holy Friday of 1599 by Bishop Dom Menesis. There are many art works being performed to the base of this cross. Bishop Mar Chandy Parambil was consecrated bishop in this church. The architecture of this church is very famous. This is one of the very few churches which has conserved some elements of pre-Portuguese church architecture. This church belongs to the Archdiocese of Kottayam and called 'Thalappally' of Knanaya Community. Moonu Noyambu is the main feast of this church and is celebrated 18 days prior to the beginning of lent. Valiya Pally's St. Mary is known as MUTHIYAMMA. Purathu Namaskaram near the Stone Cross is a famous liturgical celebration of this church during Moonu Noyambu. Many pilgrims visit this church and offering prayers. ETTU NOYAMBU i.e. Birthday of St. Mary (8 September) is also an important feast of this church. 40 Hours Holy Adoration is also conducted every year in this church. Mar Kuriakose Kunnachery, the former Archbishop of Kottayam, is from this place and this parish.

Muttuchira Rooha D'Khudisha (Holy Ghost forane church), near to kaduthuruthy was established in AD 510.It is one of the oldest syrian catholic churches in India. Saint Alphonsa was brought up at Muttuchira near Kaduthuruthy.

The Mahadeva Temple, otherwise known as Thali Temple in the name of Hindu god shiva. There are several other well-known temples in the area. Mahadeva temple is one among the famous three temples which Khara (of the Khara Dhooshana demon duo) of Ramayana built along with Ettumanoor and Vaikom. A visit to three temples on the same day is believed to be very auspicious.

The famous sun temple Adityapuram is 3 kilometers away from Kaduthuruthy, which is known to be the second sun temple in India. The MAHAVISHNU temple Devarthananam is 3 kilometers away from kaduthuruthy(kaduthuruthy -piravavam road) The KAILASAPURAM SREEKRISHNA temple and MANGATTUKAVU BHAGHAVATHY temple are in the area.

Government & Politics[edit]

Kaduthuruthy assembly constituency is part of Kottayam (Lok Sabha constituency).[2]

Advocate Monce Joseph is the MLA of Kaduthuruthy . K. G. Balakrishnan, who was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India is a native of Kaduthuruthy - (Poozhikol).

References[edit]

External links[edit]