Kaempferia rotunda (blackhorm,Sanskrit: भूमीचम्पा((In Kannada: Nela Sampige)) Hindi: भूमी चम्पा, Malayalam: ചെങ്ങനീർകിഴങ്ങ് / മലങ്കൂവ ) is a spicy plant and is having many medicinal uses in Ayurvedic and allopathic medicinal systems this plant is also called by these names:
- Bhumi champa
- Indian crocus
- Peacock ginger
- Round-rooted galangale
Kaempferia rotunda is found in various parts of India and adjoining regions but seldom in wild. The plant is groomed in small herbal nurseries for applications in medicine preparation. As its Sanskrit name 'bhoomi champa' (bloom from within earth) implies, the indigo coloured flower shoots right from within the soil. In fact, the flower emerges much in advance than the whitish leafy shoot. Both the flower and leaf are never seen at the same time.
The flower contains the toxin benzyl benzoate that is used to make ointments to treat scabies. This plant is boiled and its oil is used to treat itch. It has potential antioxidant effects.
- "Kaempferia rotunda – Bhumi Champa". Flowers of India. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Nair, R. Vasudevan. Controversial drug plants. Bio Briefs Series (in English). Biodiversity library (Illustrated ed.). Hyderabad: Universities Press India (pvt) Ltd., 2004. p. 257. ISBN 81-7371-469-X, 9788173714696 Check
- Nugroho, Bambang W. et al. (1996). "Insecticidal constituents from rhizomes of Zingiber cassumunar and Kaempferia rotunda". Phytochemistry 41 (1): 129–132. doi:10.1016/0031-9422(95)00454-8.
- J. Priya Mohanty, L. K. Nath, Nihar Bhuyan & G. Mariappan (2008). "Evaluation of antioxidant potential of Kaempferia rotunda Linn.". Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 70 (3): 362–364. doi:10.4103/0250-474X.43002. PMC 2792529. PMID 20046746.
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