Kaeng Krachan National Park

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Kaeng Krachan National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Kaeng Krachan.jpg
Map showing the location of Kaeng Krachan National Park
Map showing the location of Kaeng Krachan National Park
Map of Thailand
Location Phetchaburi and Prachuap Khiri Khan provinces, Thailand
Nearest city Phetchaburi
Coordinates 12°45′0″N 99°36′0″E / 12.75000°N 99.60000°E / 12.75000; 99.60000Coordinates: 12°45′0″N 99°36′0″E / 12.75000°N 99.60000°E / 12.75000; 99.60000
Area 2,914.70 km²
Established June 12, 1981

Kaeng Krachan (Thai: แก่งกระจาน) is the largest national park of Thailand, located in the border area with Burma, limiting with the Tanintharyi Nature Reserve. It is a popular park owing to its location near the tourist town of Hua Hin.

Geography[edit]

The park covers parts of the districts Nong Ya Plong, Kaeng Krachan and Tha Yang of Phetchaburi Province, and of Hua Hin of Prachuap Khiri Khan Province. It consists mainly of rain forests within the eastern slope of the Tenasserim Mountain Range. The highest elevation is at 1,200 m. Two main rivers originate within the park area, the Pranburi River and the Phetchaburi River.

The Phetchaburi is blocked by the Kaeng Krachan Dam at the eastern border of the park. The dam creates a lake covering an area of 46.5 km². The dam was built in 1966.

History[edit]

The park was created on June 12, 1981 as the 28th national park of Thailand. Originally covering an area of 2,478 km², it was enlarged on December 27, 1984 to include the boundary area between Phetchaburi and Prachuap Khiri Khan provinces.

The park has been included in the list of ASEAN Heritage Parks. In 2005 it was also submitted to UNESCO for consideration as a future world heritage site.

The killing of wild elephants is a big problem at the park,[1] with the authorities being unable to control the poachers.[2] Some park officials are allegedly involved in the trade of elephant parts.[3]

Despite the National Park status, there are private plantations within the protected area of Kaeng Krachan National Park. Some of these are surrounded by electric fences which in June 2013 fatally electrocuted a young elephant.[4]

Fauna and Flora[edit]

The forests contain a great biodiversity of tropical vegetation, including tropical and subtropical broadleaf tree species and palms.

57 species of mammals and more than 400 bird species has been counted in the park.

References[edit]

External links[edit]