Kafr Ein

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Kafr Ein
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic كفر عين
 • Also spelled Kafr 'Ayn (official)
Kufur Ain (unofficial)
View of Kafr Ein, 2012
View of Kafr Ein, 2012
Kafr Ein is located in the Palestinian territories
Kafr Ein
Kafr Ein
Location of Kafr Ein within Palestine
Coordinates: 32°02′54″N 35°07′12″E / 32.04833°N 35.12000°E / 32.04833; 35.12000Coordinates: 32°02′54″N 35°07′12″E / 32.04833°N 35.12000°E / 32.04833; 35.12000
Governorate Ramallah & al-Bireh
Government
 • Type Village Council
 • Head of Municipality Mohammed Rifa'
Area
 • Jurisdiction 25,000 dunams (25 km2 or 10 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 1,743
Name meaning "The Village of the Spring"[1]

Kafr Ein (Arabic: كفر عين‎) is a Palestinian village in the Ramallah and al-Bireh Governorate, located northwest of Ramallah in the central West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), Kafr Ein had a population of 1,743 inhabitants in 2007.[2] Most of the village's population comes from 4 clans: Rifa', Abu Kharma, Daghrah, Barghouti and Rafati.[3]

History[edit]

Kafr Ein is transliterated as "spring village". The village contains ten springs and ten reservoirs, one of which was recently damaged.

It is believed that there is an ancient site at the top of a local mountain known as Haraek. Haraek is believed to contain a church and a mosque. According to local legend, the site was destroyed during the Crusades and the single villager who survived its destruction came down to found Kafr Ein.[4]

Kafr Ein was ruled by the Barghouti family throughout the later half of Ottoman rule of Palestine, located within the sheikhdom of Bani Zeid. It produced 52 qintars of olive oil annual, exporting it to Jerusalem or Nablus mainly for traditional soap-making.[5]

The French explorer Victor Guérin passed by the village in 1870, and noted that it "did not seem very considerable."[6] In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described "Kefr Ain" as a "small hamlet on a hill-slope, supplied by the Ain Matrun, in the valley south-west."[7]

In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, the village, called Kufr 'Ain, had a population of 376, all Muslims.[8]

In 1945 the population was 550, all Arabs, while the total land area was 7,145 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[9] Of this, 4,928 were allocated for plantations and irrigable land, 724 for cereals,[10] while 19 dunams were classified as built-up areas.[11]

Economy[edit]

Historically, like most Palestinian villages, Kafr Ein's inhabitants worked mostly as farmers and traders. Prior to the Second Intifada, around 10% of the village's residents worked in Israel. Kafr Ein's main cash crop is olives. However, lentils, grains and vegetables are also grown. There are an estimated 200 sheep and goats in the village.[4]

In 1980, electricity was connected to Kafr Ein. There are ten shops and a school in the village, as well another shared with Qarawat Bani Zeid. Many residents receive aid from the Red Cross and the UNRWA.[4]

Government[edit]

Kafr Ein is governed by a village council. The council is made up of six residents who represent the four major families. The current mayor, Mohammed Rifa' was appointed by the Palestinian National Authority in 1998.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 230
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.112.
  3. ^ Welcome To Kafr 'Ayn: Palestinian families Amban Rifa'. (Arabic)
  4. ^ a b c d Kafr Ein Village Profile International Women's Peace Service
  5. ^ Singer, Amy. (1994). [1] Cambridge University Press, pp.78-79.
  6. ^ Guérin, 1875, p.150
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 290
  8. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramallah, p. 16
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 65
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 112
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 162

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]