|• Arabic||كفر قود|
|• Also spelled||Kafr Qad (official)|
|• Type||Village council|
|Name meaning||The village of Qud|
Kafr Qud (Arabic: كفر قود, also spelled Kafr Qad) is a Palestinian village in the Jenin Governorate in the northern West Bank, located west of Jenin. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS) census, it had a population of 1,143 in 2007.
Kafr Qud, like the rest of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and in the census of 1596, the village appeared as "Kafr Qud" in the nahiya of Jabal Sami in the liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 19 households and 5 bachelors, all Muslim. Taxes were paid on wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, occasional revenues, goats and beehives.
Edward Robinson identified Kafr Qud with "Caparcotia" when he visited the village on 21 April 1844. On 14 June 1870 Victor Guérin noted that Kafr Qud was "hidden in the mountains with groves of olives and fig trees ... and very probably the place is Caparcotani of Ptolemy and the Peutinger map." He estimated the population to be 300. In 1882 Kafr Qud was described as a "good-sized village in a recess among the hills" in the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Kufr Qud had a population of 161; 8 Christians and 153 Muslims. This was almost unchanged in the 1931 census, when Kafr Qud had 41 occupied houses and a population of 162; 9 Christians and the rest Muslim. In 1945 the population was 250, with 5463 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. 908 dunams were used for plantations and irrigable land, 2,170 dunams for cereals, while 14 dunams were built-up (urban) land.
Kafr Qud is situated in the northern Dothan Valley on narrow ravine below the Jabal Shibli mountain to the north. It has an average elevation of 330 meters above sea level. The Bir al-Balad (also known as "Bir Kafr Qud") spring inside the village serves as the closest source of water. It is located south of the road connecting al-Hashimiya with Jenin, and nearby localities include the former to the northwest, Kufeirit to the southwest, al-Manshiyya to the south and Burqin to the east.
The ancient site in the middle of Kafr Qud is small and surrounded by a gully near the Bir al-Balad spring. Most of the modern housing was built east of the site, although ancient building material is highly present in some walls. In 1979 the built-up area of the village amounted to roughly 15 dunams.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 147
- 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p. 105.
- Dauphin, 1998, p. 751
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 128.
- Zertal, 2004, p. 99.
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, p. 158
- Robinson, 1856, p. 121
- Guerin, 1875, p. 224
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 47
- Zertal, 2004, p. 100.
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Jenin, p. 30
- Mills, 1932, p. 70
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 54
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 99
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 149
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922 (PDF). Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dauphin, Claudine (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations. BAR International Series 726 (in French). III : Catalogue. Oxford: Archeopress.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster.
- Robinson, Edward, Eli Smith (1856): Biblical Researches in Palestine and the Adjacent Regions, A journal of travels 1838 & 1852 vol 3
- Zertal, Adam (2004). The Manasseh Hill Country Survey 1. Boston: BRILL. ISBN 9004137564.