|Elevation||700 ft (200 m)|
Kafue is a town in the Lusaka Province of Zambia on the north bank of the Kafue River, after which it is named. It is the southern gateway to the central Zambian plateau on which Lusaka and the mining towns of Kabwe and the Copperbelt are located.
Kafue is at the south-eastern foot of a range of granite hills rising 200 m and extending over an area of about 250 km², and occupies a shelf of land between the hills and the river, just high enough to avoid its annual flood. The town extends along some shallow valleys between the hills. A 400 m wide strip of small farms and gardens separates the town from a bend of the river which is about 300 m wide in the dry season and 1.3 km wide in the rainy season, sometimes inundating a floodplain 10 km wide on the opposite bank, which consequently is uninhabited save for a few small villages or farms on higher ground.
The Kafue River's 50 km wide floodplain, the Kafue Flats, is a 240 km long east-west barrier to road and rail connections between the centre of the country and the south. Kafue lies at the eastern end of the floodplain where the river enters the Kafue Gorge and flows down the Zambezi Escarpment into the middle Zambezi rift valley. Consequently it's strategically located at the only place where north-south road and rail can easily cross the Kafue River and squeeze through the gap between floodplain and escarpment. The Kafue Railway Bridge on the Lusaka–Livingstone line is at the south end of the town, and the Kafue Bridge 9 km to south-east carries one of the busiest sections of the Great North Road across the river and brings it through the town, from where it continues 50 km north to Lusaka. In the other direction the road connects to the Zimbabwe border at the Chirundu Bridge, and the main southern highway to Livingstone, Botswana and Namibia branches off it just south of the Kafue Bridge.
The river is not used for commercial water transport. To the west it is too shallow and meandering and does not go near any centres of population, to the east is not navigable due to the Kafue Gorge and dam. However, subsistence fishing and recreational boating and sports fishing takes place on a 60 km stretch of the river above the dam.
According to the 2010 Zambia Census of Population and Housing, Kafue has a total population of 219,000 of which 108,939 are males and 110,061 are females.
Among people aged 15 years and above, 73.11% are Protestant, 11.08% belong to other religions, and 15.80% are not affiliated with any religion.
Member of Parliament
The member of parliament for Kafue district is Honourable Obvious Summerton Mwaliteta of the Patriotic Front Party. Hon. Mwaliteta received 8,435 votes (33.70% against votes cast) followed by Mr Bradford Machila of MMD who received 6,292 votes (25.14% against votes cast) during the Zambia National Assembly Elections held on 20 September 2011.
Agriculture and fishing are the traditional occupations of the area, and a commercial farming area extends along the edge of the Kafue Flats for 35 km north-west of the town. Commercial fishing operations of any size are limited to fish farming. Kafue has a larger proportion of manufacturing industries than most other towns outside the Copperbelt, having an industrial estate with housing and services called Kafue Estates. The industries there include:
- Nitrogen Chemicals of Zambia (agricultural fertilisers)
- Bata Tannery (shoe leather) - No longer operational.
- Textiles - Kafue Textiles - No longer operational.
- UNIVERSAL Mining and Chemical Industries Limited (UMCIL), Kafue integrated Iron and Steel plant (Direct Reduced Iron). Phase one of the project was completed in 2007 and is now fully operational, producing 7,000 tonnes of finished rolled iron and steel products per month for the local and regional markets.
- Lee Yeast Zambia - The Sole manufacturer of baking yeast (and other baking products) in Zambia.
- Alliance Ginnery Zambia - Cotton Ginning company.
- Fens Zambia - Manufacturer of spray race equipment and commercial trailers.
- Kafue River Cliff - A modern 4 star Hotel located on the banks of the Kafue River operated by the LSA group.
Other industries in or near the town:
- Mukambi Safari Lodge - Surrounded by one of the largest areas of unspoilt wilderness in the world, Mukambi Safari Lodge overlooks the majestic Kafue River and is situated a comfortable 3 hour drive from Lusaka Zambia.
- Kafue National Park - Zambia's oldest and largest national park
- Kafue Fisheries Ltd was first established in 1981 with a five hectare pilot scheme. Over the succeeding years, the project has grown to its present size of 60 hectare ponds situated in the centre of 1800 hectare wildlife and cattle scheme. The whole aquaculture system is based on an integrated pig and fish enterprise with annual production of Tilapia exceeding 700 tonnes and 4000 pigs of the ‘heavy hog’ class.
- Kafue Quarry produces construction aggregate for road building and general construction.
- Kafue Gorge Upper Power Station (990 megawatts (1,330,000 hp) generation capacity) operated by the Zambia Electricity Supply Company (ZESCO) generates hydroelectricity 30 kilometres (19 mi) downstream from the town, and at the end of the rainy season its reservoir extends back to the town.
- Camerapix: "Spectrum Guide to Zambia." Camerapix International Publishing, Nairobi, 1996.
- Google Earth accessed 2007.
- Terracarta/International Travel Maps, Vancouver Canada: "Zambia, 2nd edition", 2000
- Zambia Statistics accessed 20 July 2013.