Kagayaki

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Kagayaki
JNR kagayaki 485.jpg
A JR West 485 series 6-car EMU on a Kagayaki service (date unknown)
Overview
Service type Limited express
Status Discontinued
Locale Japan
First service 13 March 1988
Last service 22 March 1997
Successor Hakutaka
Former operator(s) JR West
Route
Start Kanazawa
End Nagaoka
On-board services
Class(es) Green + Standard
Technical
Rolling stock 485 series EMUs
Track gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Electrification 20 kV AC, 60 Hz overhead
Operating speed 120 km/h (75 mph)

The Kagayaki (かがやき?, "glitter" or "luster") was a limited express train service operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR West) in Japan from March 1988 until March 1997. The name is scheduled to be used for Hokuriku Shinkansen train services from March 2015.

Service outline[edit]

The Kagayaki services operated between Kanazawa and Nagaoka, stopping at Takaoka, Toyama, and Naoetsu only.[1] Services operated at a maximum speed of 120 km/h (75 mph).[2]

Formations[edit]

March 1988 – March 1990[edit]

From their introduction in March 1988, services were normally formed of 4-car 485 series dual-voltage (AC/DC) electric multiple units (EMUs) based at Kanazawa Depot, as shown below, with car 1 at the Kanazawa end.[3]

Car No. 1 2 3 4
Numbering KuHa 481 MoHa 484 MoHa 485 KuHa 481
Accommodation No Smoking.svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved

March 1990 – March 1991[edit]

From March 1990, services were normally formed of 6-car Kanazawa-based 485 series EMUs, as shown below, with car 1 at the Kanazawa end.[3]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuHa 481 MoHa 484 MoHa 485 MoHa 484 MoHa 485 KuHa 481
Accommodation No Smoking.svg Reserved No Smoking.svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved
Facilities Toilet Vending machine Toilet Toilet Toilet Phone

March 1991 – March 1992[edit]

From March 1991, services were normally formed of 6-car Kanazawa-based 485 series EMUs with a Green (first class) car, as shown below, with car 1 at the Kanazawa end.[3]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuRo 481 MoHa 484 MoHa 485 MoHa 484 MoHa 485 KuHa 481
Accommodation No Smoking.svg Green No Smoking.svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved
Facilities Toilet Vending machine Toilet Toilet Toilet Phone

March 1992 – March 1997[edit]

From March 1992, services were normally formed of 6-car Kanazawa-based 485 series EMUs, as shown below, with car 1 at the Kanazawa end and car 6 designated as a non-reserved seating car.[1][3] Car 1 was divided into smoking and no-smoking sections.[3]

Car No. 1 2 3 4 5 6
Numbering KuRo 481 MoHa 484 MoHa 485 MoHa 484 MoHa 485 KuHa 481
Accommodation No Smoking.svg Green No Smoking.svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved No Smoking.svg Reserved Smoking pictogram (black).svg Reserved No Smoking.svg Non-reserved
Facilities Toilet, phone Vending machine Toilet Toilet Toilet  

History[edit]

The Kagayaki service was introduced on 13 March 1988 as a limited express service operating between Kanazawa and Nagaoka, to provide a connection travelling to and from Tokyo via the Joetsu Shinkansen.[2] Services were initially formed of 4-car 485 series EMUs, with all cars reserved.[2] From March 1990, the trains used on these services were extended to 6-car sets, and from January 1991, a "Green" (first class) car was added to the formations.[2] One non-reserved seating car was included in the formations from March 1992, and at busy periods, trains often ran as 8-car formations.[2]

Kagayaki services were discontinued from 23 March 1997, with the opening of the Hokuhoku Line and the introduction of new Hakutaka services connecting with the Joetsu Shinkansen at Echigo-Yuzawa.[2]

Future developments[edit]

With the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen extension beyond Nagano to Kanazawa on 14 March 2015,[4] the Kagayaki name will be used for limited-stop services operating between Tokyo and Kanazawa.[5] 10 return workings daily are planned using 12-car JR East E7 series and JR West W7 series trainsets, with most trains stopping only at Omiya, Nagano, and Toyama en route.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 列車名鑑1995 [Train Name Directory 1995]. Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995. p. 62. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Teramoto, Mitsuteru (July 2001). 国鉄・JR列車名大辞典 [JNR & JR Train Name Encyclopedia]. Tokyo, Japan: Chuoshoin Publishing Co., Ltd. pp. 164–165. ISBN 4-88732-093-0. 
  3. ^ a b c d e JR特急電車編成表 1987~2012 [JR Limited Express EMU Formations - 1987-2012]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. February 2012. p. 126-139. ISBN 978-4-330-27012-8. 
  4. ^ "北陸新幹線、来年3月14日開業 東京―金沢2時間半" [Hokuriku Shinkansen to open 14 March next year: Tokyo - Kanazawa in two and a half hours]. Tokyo Shimbun Web (in Japanese). Japan: Chunichi Shimbun. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014. 
  5. ^ "北陸新幹線の列車名の決定について" [Hokuriku Shinkansen train names decided] (pdf). News release (in Japanese). Japan: JR East & JR West. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2013. 
  6. ^ "北陸新幹線 長野~金沢間開業に伴う運行計画の概要について" [Outline of service plans for opening of Hokuriku Shinkansen from Nagano to Kanazawa] (PDF). News release (in Japanese). Japan: JR East & JR West. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014.