Kagerō-class destroyer

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Yukikaze 2.jpg
Yukikaze
Class overview
Name: Kagerō-class destroyer
Operators: Naval Ensign of Japan.svg Imperial Japanese Navy
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China Navy
Preceded by: Asashio class
Succeeded by: Yūgumo class
In commission: 1939–1947 (Japan),
1947–1966 (Republic of China)
Planned: 18 (1937) + 4 (1939)
Completed: 19
Cancelled: 3 (The dummy for the naval budget of the Yamato-class battleships)
Lost: 18
Retired: 1
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 2,000 long tons (2,032 t) standard
2,500 long tons (2,540 t) battle condition
Length: 118.50 m (388 ft 9 in) full,
116.20 m (381 ft 3 in) waterline
Beam: 10.80 m (35 ft 5 in)
Draught: 3.76 m (12 ft 4 in)
Propulsion: 3 × Kampon water tube boilers,
2 × Kanpon impulse turbines,
2 × shafts, 52,000 shp
Speed: 35.5 knots (40.9 mph; 65.7 km/h)
Complement: 239 (Kagerō, 1939)
Armament:

(Kagerō, 1939)
• 6 × Type 3 127 mm 50 caliber naval guns (3×2)
• 4 × 25 mm Type 96 AA guns
• 8 × Type 92 torpedo tubes (2×4)
16 × 610 mm Type 93 torpedoes
• 18 × Type 95 depth charges
• 2 × paravanes
(Kagerō, 1943)
• 6 × Type 3 127 mm 50 caliber naval guns (3×2)
• 8 × 25 mm Type 96 AA guns
• 8 × Type 92 torpedo tubes (2×4)
16 × 610 mm Type 93 torpedoes
• 18 × Type 95 depth charges
2 × paravanes
(Yukikaze, July 1944)
• 4 × Type 3 127 mm 50 caliber naval guns (2×2)
• 24 × 25 mm Type 96 AA guns
• 4 × 13 mm Type 95 AA guns
• 8 × Type 92 torpedo tubes (2×4)
16 × 610 mm Type 93 torpedoes
• 36 × Type 2 or Type 3 depth charges

(Yukikaze, April 1945)
• 4 × Type 3 127 mm 50 caliber naval guns (2×2)
• 27 × 25 mm Type 96 AA guns
• 4 × 13 mm Type 95 AA guns
• 8 × Type 92 torpedo tubes (2×4)
16 × 610 mm Type 93 torpedoes
• 36 × Type 2 or Type 3 depth charges

The Kagerō-class destroyers (陽炎型駆逐艦, Kagerō-gata Kuchikukan?) were a class of ships in service with the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. There were 19 ships total in the class. The IJN called them Destroyer Type-A (甲型駆逐艦, Kō-gata Kuchikukan?) from their plan name.

Description[edit]

This class was armed with six 5 in (127 mm)/50 cal. guns and eight 24 inch (610 mm) torpedo tubes for the "Long Lance" torpedo. At the time of introduction, these destroyers were among the most deadly destroyers afloat, primarily due to the excellent range and lethality of its 'Long Lance' torpedo. Only the lack of radar hindered their otherwise superb design. As with most pre-World War II ships, Kagerōs were also deficient in anti-submarine and anti-aircraft weaponry as designed. Over the course of the war these deficiencies were remedied, with depth charge capacity increased to 36 and the addition of four depth charge launchers; anti-aircraft weaponry also increased steadily from four 25 mm cannons at the start of the war to twenty-eight mounts by the war's end, which necessitated the removal of the X turret.

Wartime attrition was hard on the Kagerōs, with 18 of 19 ships lost. In all, six were sunk by air attack, five by submarine attack, five in battle with other surface forces, one by a mine, and the remaining two sunk by a combination of mines and air attack. The Yukikaze was the only Kagerō-class ship afloat at the end of the war.

Ships in class[edit]

Ship # Ship Laid down Launched Completed Fate
17 Kagerō (陽炎?)
means: Shimmer of hot air
3 September 1937
at Maizuru Naval Arsenal
27 September 1938 6 November 1939 Sunk 8 May 1943
18 Shiranui (不知火?)
means: Phosphorescent Foam
30 August 1937
at Uraga Dock Company
28 June 1938 20 December 1939 Sunk 27 October 1944
19 Kuroshio (黒潮?)
means: Black Tide (cf. Kuroshio Current)
31 August 1937
at Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard
25 October 1938 27 January 1940 Sunk 28 April 1943
20 Oyashio (親潮?)
means: Parental Tide (cf. Oyashio Current)
29 March 1938
at Maizuru Naval Arsenal
29 November 1938 20 August 1940 Sunk 8 May 1943
21 Hayashio (早潮?)
means: Swift Tide
30 June 1938
at Uraga Dock Company
19 April 1939 31 August 1940 Sunk 24 November 1942
22 Natsushio (夏潮?)
means: Summer Tide
9 December 1937
at Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard
23 February 1939 31 August 1940 Sunk 9 February 1942
23 Hatsukaze (初風?)
means: First Wind
3 December 1937
at Kōbe-Kawasaki Shipbuilding Yard
24 January 1939 15 February 1940 Sunk 12 November 1943
24 Yukikaze (雪風?)
means: Snowy Wind
2 August 1938
at Sasebo Naval Arsenal
24 March 1939 20 January 1940 Surrendered to Republic of China on 6 July 1947 at Shanghai, renamed DD-12 Tang Yan (丹陽), scrapped 1970
25 Amatsukaze (天津風?)
means: Heavenly Wind
14 February 1939
at Maizuru Naval Arsenal
19 October 1939 26 October 1940 Sunk 6 April 1945
26 Tokitsukaze (時津風?)
means: Season's Wind
20 February 1939
at Uraga Dock Company
10 November 1939 15 December 1940 Sunk 3 March 1943
27 Urakaze (浦風?)
means: Inlet Wind
11 April 1939
at Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard
19 April 1940 15 December 1940 Sunk 21 November 1944
28 Isokaze (磯風?)
means: Seaside Wind
25 November 1938
at Sasebo Naval Arsenal
19 June 1939 30 November 1940 Sunk 7 April 1945
29 Hamakaze (濱風?)
means: Beach Wind
20 November 1939
at Uraga Dock Company
25 November 1940 30 June 1941 Sunk 7 April 1945
30 Tanikaze (谷風?)
means: Valley Wind
18 October 1939
at Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard
1 November 1940 25 April 1941 Sunk 9 June 1944
31 Nowaki (野分?)
means: Pacific typhoon
8 November 1939
at Maizuru Naval Arsenal
17 September 1940 28 April 1941 Sunk 25 October 1944
32
33
34
3 destroyers The dummy for the naval budget of the Yamato-class battleships
112 Arashi (?)
means: Storm
4 May 1939
at Maizuru Naval Arsenal
22 April 1940 27 January 1941 Sunk 6 August 1943
113 Hagikaze (萩風?)
means: Clover Wind
23 May 1939
at Uraga Dock Company
18 June 1940 31 March 1941 Sunk 6 August 1943
114 Maikaze (舞風?)
means: Whirlwind
22 April 1940
at Fujinagata Shipbuilding Yard
13 March 1941 15 July 1941 Sunk 17 February 1944
115 Akigumo (秋雲?)
means: Autumn Cloud
2 July 1940
at Uraga Dock Company
11 April 1941 27 September 1941 Sunk 11 April 1944

See also[edit]

Media related to Kagero class destroyers at Wikimedia Commons

External links[edit]

Books[edit]

  • "Rekishi Gunzō". , History of Pacific War Vol.64 Mutsuki class destroyer, Gakken (Japan), May 2008, ISBN 4-05-605091-2
  • Collection of writings by Sizuo Fukui Vol.5, Stories of Japanese Destroyers, Kōjinsha (Japan) 1993, ISBN 4-7698-0611-6
  • Model Art Extra No.340, Drawings of Imperial Japanese Naval Vessels Part-1, Model Art Co. Ltd. (Japan), October 1989, Book code 08734-10
  • Daiji Katagiri, Ship Name Chronicles of the Imperial Japanese Navy Combined Fleet, Kōjinsha (Japan), June 1988, ISBN 4-7698-0386-9
  • The Maru Special, Japanese Naval Vessels No.41 Japanese Destroyers I, Ushio Shobō (Japan), July 1980, Book code 68343-42